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MedicalI'm an NHS 111 overnight call handler. AMA!

Sep 29th 2016 by amazingoomoo • 43 Questions • 443 Points

Hello Reddit. I'm Colin Cantwell. Please be patient with me as I am 84 and this is my first time on Reddit. You may not have heard about me, as I like to keep out of the limelight, but I'm sure you've seen projects I've worked on. I'm looking forward to getting to know you and answering your questions!

A short list of my most favorite experiences are: * Being accepted to Frank Lloyd Wright's architectural school * Working with NASA to inform the public on the first unmanned space flights * Being Walter Cronkite's “Hal 9000” NASA connection during live broadcast of the first moon landing * Inventing the first real color monitor for Hewlett Packard * Writing my first book CoreFires - a labor of love 20 years in the making

I've worked on the following movies & shows: * Lead star ship designer for Star Wars - I drew the original designs for the X-Wing, A-Wing, Star Destroyer, TIE Fighter, & Rebel cruisers. I was also the one who designed and sculpted the Death Star and gave it it's trench * 2001, A Space Odyssey - I worked closely with Stanley Kubrick and persuaded him not to start the movie with a 20 minute conference table discussion * Buck Rogers in the 25th Century * Close Encounters of a Third Kind * War Games

I have a deep interest in science - especially quantum physics and space travel. I could not have picked a better time to have been born. So much has happened so quickly! Our dreams of space flight are maturing and I believe one day soon we’ll be exploring the next waiting wonders of our galaxy.

Two short anecdotes to get us started - When I was a boy, I was diagnosed with TB as well as partial retinal detachment. The cure was to confine me to a dark room with a heavy vest across my chest to prevent coughing fits. I spent nearly TWO YEARS of my childhood immobilized in this dark room. Suffice to say, nothing else could slow me down after that!

George Lucas gave me the project of designing a “Death Star”. I didn't originally plan for the Death Star to have a trench, but when I was working with the mold, I noticed the two halves had shrunk at the point where they met across the middle. It would have taken a week of work just to fill and sand and re-fill this depression. So, to save me the labor, I went to George and suggested a trench. He liked the idea so much that it became one of the most iconic moments in the film!

My latest project is a book series called CoreFires. I've made it available for free in the hopes that readers will find in it a sense of wonder and excitement. It's space science fiction of course! You can read the description here

You can see my original Pre-Star Wars artwork here My book is available for free here This also enters you in a contest for a free signed print of my original Pre-Star Wars star ship designs. You can also get CoreFires for free on Amazon here for the next 3 days

I hope that's enough to get us started. AMA!

Q:

Most non-emergency are-you-serious-right-now call you've got?

A:

What do you think about cannabis research as a potential alternative for opiates?


Q:

Do you need special camera to record the feed footage?

If yes, how many angels does it take and how much does it cost?

A:

What do you consider to be your biggest achievement, both on and off screen?


Q:

in Dick Tracey, there was a scene where Dick Tracey jumps on top of a pole and slides down. And everytime I watch this movie I notice how hard the stunt double hits the pole. Did you watch this happen?

A:

Why do I feel so dead inside?


Q:

What evidence is there for the external validity of tests like the IAT? Are we certain we're studying biases rather than familiarity for example?

Additionally, as someone pursuing a career in science, how can I make sure I view others based on the merits of their work, rather than letting my unconscious bias take over?

A:

What do you think about cannabis research as a potential alternative for opiates?


Q:

Do you need special camera to record the feed footage?

If yes, how many angels does it take and how much does it cost?

A:

What do you consider to be your biggest achievement, both on and off screen?


Q:

Hiya, a man called last night saying he had left his medication at his friends house and wanted more. I said I can get a doctor to issue a repeat prescription and he said "no just pick it up from my friends house" I said no! Who are we gonna send out? I said "I'm not sending an ambulance to pick up your medication and bring it to your house." All my colleagues thought it was hilarious.

A:

This is something that I've been recommending for some time. I've recommended the DEA reschedule cannabis so that research can be conducted more easily. It may well be a good substitute for opioids. BUT we need the research.

Edit: Here's an op-ed I wrote on the subject.


Q:

Hi! At the moment yes, you need a special camera for recording the depth video -- we use the Structure sensor + iPad with an app we will release for free in about a week for point-and-shoot recording of 3D depth video. It requires 8.5 angels and $375. That's now - but, Apple just released a phone that can record and process the volumetric video suitable for volumetric display, so I expect in the next year or so, a lot more folks will have depth cameras in their pockets.

A:

Working on higher dimension physics and quantum physics.


Q:

That was me!

A:

Daily life is taking more than you're giving yourself; whether work, personal situations, etc. It's crucial to find something that fulfills -whether reading, gaming, creating, volunteering, working out, etc. The more you do for you, while still making sure to be considerate of the people around you, the easier it is to combat and keep depression at bay.

(Disclaimer: we are not medical professionals and the above advice is to be taken with a grain of salt. If you're truly going through a hard time: friends, family, and professional assistance can help).


Q:

Hi! As a nerd I appreciate your question on external validity. Instead of re-inventing the wheel I'll direct you to project implicit's IAT FAQs https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/background/faqs.html But I will say that this test is highly controversial, so it has gone through the validity ringer more so than many other reputable psychological measures ( I have also linked other comments to our state of the science reports, a few of them have entire sections dedicated to the IAT/measurement for future reading)

As for your second point, this is a lifelong journey that we all must approach with a ton of humility and patience. But getting out of your comfort zone and interacting with folks that come from different background and being more mindful of your decisions is a great place to start!

A:

This is something that I've been recommending for some time. I've recommended the DEA reschedule cannabis so that research can be conducted more easily. It may well be a good substitute for opioids. BUT we need the research.

Edit: Here's an op-ed I wrote on the subject.


Q:

Hi! At the moment yes, you need a special camera for recording the depth video -- we use the Structure sensor + iPad with an app we will release for free in about a week for point-and-shoot recording of 3D depth video. It requires 8.5 angels and $375. That's now - but, Apple just released a phone that can record and process the volumetric video suitable for volumetric display, so I expect in the next year or so, a lot more folks will have depth cameras in their pockets.

A:

Working on higher dimension physics and quantum physics.


Q:

But you do need to Register first. You can do this by texting Register to 999

A:

Is there any way you can see the end to the stalemate of "cannabis is schedule 1 so it's really hard to research, and we won't make it schedule 2 until there is more research"?

Apart from just every state ignoring federal law one by one?


Q:

Hi Shawn, Very excited to see what is possible with the Volume display! A few questions about the new display: 1.What is the size of the Volume display? 2.Can you see anything on the sides and top? 3.Will you be able to connect multiple Volumes together, if you wanted a larger display? 4.Can you see in-between the projected slices? 5. I just got a L3D cube from you guys a couple weeks ago, does this mean you will no longer be selling/supporting the L3D cubes?

A:

As someone who designed the Death Star, were you embarrassed when a design flaw allowed a solo rebel fighter to destroy it with a single shot? Was Vader mad at you? What about the Emperor? Who took the blame for the whole thing?


Q:

Hey Warren,

With a career of incredible movies spanning decades, box office successes, magazine covers, talk shows, red carpets, and Oscar nominations... do you sometimes find it overwhelming to be the husband of Annette Bening?

A:

Finally what I was looking for in an AMA.


Q:

Thanks for your response. Is there any further information available about the validity? I see the research has shown it is unlikely this test measures familiarity, but I'd like to know whether there are correlations with serious problems like hate crime. Such a correlation would provide more actionable information than what I've seen regarding the test so far.

Some further questions: Do scores on the IAT change after diversity training? Also, if the test doesn't measure familiarity, does this mean attempts to increase diversity will not be successful at removing the attitudes that caused the lack of diversity in the first place?

A:

Is there any way you can see the end to the stalemate of "cannabis is schedule 1 so it's really hard to research, and we won't make it schedule 2 until there is more research"?

Apart from just every state ignoring federal law one by one?


Q:

Hi Shawn, Very excited to see what is possible with the Volume display! A few questions about the new display: 1.What is the size of the Volume display? 2.Can you see anything on the sides and top? 3.Will you be able to connect multiple Volumes together, if you wanted a larger display? 4.Can you see in-between the projected slices? 5. I just got a L3D cube from you guys a couple weeks ago, does this mean you will no longer be selling/supporting the L3D cubes?

A:

As someone who designed the Death Star, were you embarrassed when a design flaw allowed a solo rebel fighter to destroy it with a single shot? Was Vader mad at you? What about the Emperor? Who took the blame for the whole thing?


Q:

Haahahahaha is this the IT crowd scene

A:

It is a Catch-22. The research has not been done because we can't do the research. Only the government can make sense of that.

I think when nearly every state in the Union legalizes marijuana, Congress will force the DEA to reschedule cannabis. I actually have an op-ed coming out in Pain Medicine News in its November issue on this topic.


Q:

Sweet! If you happen to be based in New York, please come by our lab in Brooklyn - I'd love to show you how to create in this new super weird but IMHO wonderful system with some of the tools we've developed (including a full featured Unity SDK. Also, I'm so stoked to hear you have a L3D Cube - we will absolutely continue to support the various varieties of the L3D Cube. Even though both are types of volumetric displays, the sort of things you can create in the L3D Cube and Volume are pretty different. So, I see these systems as complementary.

A:

I sold armament to both sides... so not embarrassed.


Q:

The best thing that ever happened to me is Annette Bening.

A:

A pleasure to be of service ;) Anything else we can do for you?


Q:

I've referenced the State of the Science implicit bias review in other posts. But we include a whole chapter on assessments and measurement on this year's edition http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf starts at pg 51. There are a lot of research articles out there but of course there are limited access if you are not at a university or have a subscription so I try to refer to the SOTS whenever possible and I'd be happy to point you in the right direction if you wanted more leads.

I am not sure about hate crime specifically, but the salience of an event could definitely increase peoples likelihood of making or retrieving those associations

Hey sorry to leave this hanging! It must have slipped through! I really appreciate your thoughtful questions. I think there may be a couple things going on. My perception of the IAT's response is that it is not measuring novelty vs familiarity, Whereas the case for diversity of more of a perspective-taking/ empathy building argument rather than making the case for mere exposure. This is my perception on the matter so I wont speak for those who are more involved in the IAT or diversity work broadly.

A:

It is a Catch-22. The research has not been done because we can't do the research. Only the government can make sense of that.

I think when nearly every state in the Union legalizes marijuana, Congress will force the DEA to reschedule cannabis. I actually have an op-ed coming out in Pain Medicine News in its November issue on this topic.


Q:

Sweet! If you happen to be based in New York, please come by our lab in Brooklyn - I'd love to show you how to create in this new super weird but IMHO wonderful system with some of the tools we've developed (including a full featured Unity SDK. Also, I'm so stoked to hear you have a L3D Cube - we will absolutely continue to support the various varieties of the L3D Cube. Even though both are types of volumetric displays, the sort of things you can create in the L3D Cube and Volume are pretty different. So, I see these systems as complementary.

A:

I sold armament to both sides... so not embarrassed.


Q:

What was the most disgusting/repulsive call you had?

A:

How did you go from clinical practice to working for a pharmaceutical? I am a second year internal medicine resident who is strongly considering a career in conducting clinical trials. Were you sure you would like it?


Q:

Hello Shawn,

What's your advice for starting an invention company from scratch? Like the steps involved and such? I'm trying to start one with my 3D printed models I make on the side, and sell at my high school, so any advice helps within that field.

Also, how large do you think this competition of holograms will be in the future as it progresses? Especially since Microsoft has joined in with their "hololens" I believe it's called?

Thanks!

A:

I can't believe how much you have influenced my life and imagination, and I have never heard of you until now.

What do you think of the new Lego sets that have everything (including Tie Fighters) planned out for kids? How is that similar to models you may have had growing up, and how is it different?

Also:

Inventing the first real color monitor for Hewlett Packard

Wait, what? How old were you when you did that? What was your contribution?

Thank you for sharing your creativity and architectural efforts and passion with us.


Q:

What is your best memory about filming Bonnie and Clyde? Best regards for you and your wife from a fan of both in Mexico.

A:

Write a haiku for me please


Q:

Mostly just curious, but are you aware of any studies or meta-analyses of how implicit bias and confirmation bias work alongside one another, particularly regarding political beliefs?

For others: confirmation bias is the system that essentially makes us assign more importance to an event that supports a pre-existing belief. It seems that a particularly strong implicit bias combined with confirmation bias could inadvertently drag people into certain political beliefs (i.e. regarding who uses welfare, etc.)

If not, researchers, feel free to borrow/steal this idea for your next study.

A:

How did you go from clinical practice to working for a pharmaceutical? I am a second year internal medicine resident who is strongly considering a career in conducting clinical trials. Were you sure you would like it?


Q:

Hello Shawn,

What's your advice for starting an invention company from scratch? Like the steps involved and such? I'm trying to start one with my 3D printed models I make on the side, and sell at my high school, so any advice helps within that field.

Also, how large do you think this competition of holograms will be in the future as it progresses? Especially since Microsoft has joined in with their "hololens" I believe it's called?

Thanks!

A:

I can't believe how much you have influenced my life and imagination, and I have never heard of you until now.

What do you think of the new Lego sets that have everything (including Tie Fighters) planned out for kids? How is that similar to models you may have had growing up, and how is it different?

Also:

Inventing the first real color monitor for Hewlett Packard

Wait, what? How old were you when you did that? What was your contribution?

Thank you for sharing your creativity and architectural efforts and passion with us.


Q:

It's a toss up. You get tired of all the diarrhoea and stuff like that, it just doesn't do anything for me any more. I had a man who had really bad constipation once and was having everything to relieve it and suddenly it just came in a torrent and he was describing it in detail "it's all in my chair it's going down my leg it smells so bad" and I unfortunately retched down the phone. The other one is a man I asked what colour his phlegm was and he went "hang on" and proceeded to make loads of revolting gargling throat-clearing coughing noises, before spitting something out and then going "green."

How fucking foul.

A:

I don't work for pharmaceutical companies. Our clinical research organization (CRO) contracts with pharmaceutical companies to conduct the trials.

I spent most of my career in clinical practice, but while always having a hand in clinical research. Now, I am full time in clinical research which is very rewarding!


Q:

Hi Joseph! My brother Ryan also runs an invention company, so I've seen this path in life from two angles. It's fucking crazy and will make you feel true pain. I recommend it only if you feel you absolutely can't do anything else.

But yeah, you should do it. It's awesome.

re: hololens. I think AR systems like Magic Leap's system and Hololens are awesome, as a piece of the future - but not the whole future. What we're aiming to do in Looking Glass is create a third option - a counterweight to a future that requires the world to be VR/AR geared up all the time. I think creating in 3D should mostly be done in a natively social way (i.e., without VR/AR headgear or 3D glasses) and Volume is one step along that path. There will be more steps.

A:

Haven't kept track of the new Lego sets. I developed the 4x4 pixel cells in fill colors that let the three gun CRTs produce over 5000 fill colors. It was my first color computer other than green. A few years ago.


Q:

That my mother and father visited me on the set for the first time since it was the first movie I produced. My mother was a smoker. She and my father sat in and witnessed a production meeting. I saw her smoking and I asked her in front of the group if she loved me. There was an embarrassing silence. She said to me, ‘Of course, I love you. Why would you ask a question like that?’ I then said, ‘Well if you love me, will you put that cigarette out and never smoke another one?’

She stared down at the cigarette in her hand for a while and then she put it out. She never smoked another cigarette.

A:

Another day Another mystery

The spider crawls from within history

OUCH! another bite

Seasons change.

The spider hides again

Deep inside.

OUCH! More.

Not sure what that was

Is this even a Haiku?


Q:

Yes Yes you rock! One of my favorite implicit bias studies has the intersection of confirmation bias. Here: http://www.nextions.com/wp-content/files_mf/14468226472014040114WritteninBlackandWhiteYPS.pdf However, this is not one related to politics. Unfortunatly I do not know one off the top of my head related to IB, CB, and politics (but that certainly doesn't mean one doesn't exist). We spend most of our time in the race lit so there may be ones on politicians and gender that I do not know of as well. However, there is some really good lit on IB and politics and race: http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf page 72 has that year's write ups of politics and voting. Thanks!

A:

I don't work for pharmaceutical companies. Our clinical research organization (CRO) contracts with pharmaceutical companies to conduct the trials.

I spent most of my career in clinical practice, but while always having a hand in clinical research. Now, I am full time in clinical research which is very rewarding!


Q:

Hi Joseph! My brother Ryan also runs an invention company, so I've seen this path in life from two angles. It's fucking crazy and will make you feel true pain. I recommend it only if you feel you absolutely can't do anything else.

But yeah, you should do it. It's awesome.

re: hololens. I think AR systems like Magic Leap's system and Hololens are awesome, as a piece of the future - but not the whole future. What we're aiming to do in Looking Glass is create a third option - a counterweight to a future that requires the world to be VR/AR geared up all the time. I think creating in 3D should mostly be done in a natively social way (i.e., without VR/AR headgear or 3D glasses) and Volume is one step along that path. There will be more steps.

A:

Haven't kept track of the new Lego sets. I developed the 4x4 pixel cells in fill colors that let the three gun CRTs produce over 5000 fill colors. It was my first color computer other than green. A few years ago.


Q:

My mistake.

A:

Here's my question: what is your take on the pharmaceutical lobby bankrolling the anti legalization efforts of medicinal cannabis and do you think cannabis is a safer alternative than methadone/suboxone for helping people stave off opioid/opiate addiction?


Q:

Do you think Joe Flacco is elite?

A:

What inspired the X-wing? It just looks so cool


Q:

What inspired you to make Reds?

A:

No, you forgot "It's snowing on Mt Fuji"


Q:

That's awesome, thank you so much for doing this.

A:

Here's my question: what is your take on the pharmaceutical lobby bankrolling the anti legalization efforts of medicinal cannabis and do you think cannabis is a safer alternative than methadone/suboxone for helping people stave off opioid/opiate addiction?


Q:

Do you think Joe Flacco is elite?

A:

What inspired the X-wing? It just looks so cool


Q:

As long as people don't ring 111 I'm happy 😂

A:

I'm not aware of the opposition by pharmaceutical companies that you reference. Medical cannabis is usually not an alternative to methadone or suboxone but clearly cannabis is safer than methadone or suboxone. As you probably know, there have been no reported overdose deaths from cannabis. We do not know the benefits of cannabis–but the harm is substantially less than methadone or suboxone.


Q:

Joe Flacco is volumetric.

A:

It had to be ultracool and different from all the other associations with Aircraft etc. In other words it had to be Alien and fit in with the rest of the story. . A dart being thrown at a target in a British pub gave me the original concept and then it went forward from there.


Q:

They like me they really like me haha but really I'm just happy to get the work out there and I am so thankful for folks that appreciate it! Thanks you rock!

A:

I'm not aware of the opposition by pharmaceutical companies that you reference. Medical cannabis is usually not an alternative to methadone or suboxone but clearly cannabis is safer than methadone or suboxone. As you probably know, there have been no reported overdose deaths from cannabis. We do not know the benefits of cannabis–but the harm is substantially less than methadone or suboxone.


Q:

Joe Flacco is volumetric.

A:

It had to be ultracool and different from all the other associations with Aircraft etc. In other words it had to be Alien and fit in with the rest of the story. . A dart being thrown at a target in a British pub gave me the original concept and then it went forward from there.


Q:

Most obvious problem that the patient was unable to self-diagnose?

A:

Do you foresee these drugs becoming available over the counter? Since there would be no risk of addiction or overdose.


Q:

What would you most like to tell us that no one has asked about?

A:

You have worked with some very famous individuals. Who did you get along with best on a personal level?


Q:

What are some pragmatic things you could suggest an actor do to come across charismatic and engaging on screen?

A:

Ok, easy one, where did the idea come from?


Q:

Hi,

I found a study online where you were supposed to press right for good or bad things, then press right for homosexual or heterosexual things. I guess it was trying to see if you implicitly wanted to say one sexuality or another was good or bad.

Are you familiar with the study? I think it came from Harvard. What do you think about that as a methodology?

A:

Do you foresee these drugs becoming available over the counter? Since there would be no risk of addiction or overdose.


Q:

What would you most like to tell us that no one has asked about?

A:

You have worked with some very famous individuals. Who did you get along with best on a personal level?


Q:

Believe it or not, heart attacks. The first two questions asking about chest pain is

Have you had previous heart attack? If they say yes then it says

Is this pain the same as previous heart attack? If they say yes it sends an emergency ambulance and makes you think about Darwin and survival of the fittest if 111 wasn't there.

A:

Addiction and overdose are not the only risks associated with medications. Some of these new medications may be available over-the-counter, while others should not be available over the counter because of the risks associated with them beyond addiction or overdose.


Q:

Q: Why would anyone want to use this thing? A: Great question! There are many applications for volumetric display, but the few I am personal obsessed with are in medicine, 3D creation for more and more people, and reliving memories in a way that is more similar to how I remember things.

Most hospitals in 10 years will display CT scans, MRI, 4D ultrasound in volumetric displays like Volume; I think this is important because patients have a right to see what is happening inside of them.

And within a year or two, more and more people will record their lives with 3D depth cameras (increasingly being built into phones) and volumetric display is a very low-friction way to relive those memories. I now have more depth video of my two kids Jane and Ben than I have regular videos, and those depth videos are the recordings I care most about. I think more and more folks will feel this way soon.

A:

I had great relationships with everyone. But Stanley kubrick and I became friends. I used to go to his house at midnight and discuss events related to the film over turkey sandwiches. This evolved into a discussion after he had fired his fourth composer. At that time I suggested that he use many of the pieces of music that became part of the movie 2001 Space Odyssey. This includes the now well known theme song.


Q:

To stop thinking about trying to come across as charismatic and engaging.

A:

The answer is as easy as the inquiry ;)

Truthfully, we had a few friends over and were playing a few card games. A bottle of scotch, some laughs, some dialogue, and the idea came.

The replies we usually get it "What a simple concept" -because it is.

Now, this isn't to discredit the work which followed. Having ideas is the easy part. Putting them into motion, all the way through the end is the part which we're proud of. From Trademarking, Registering businesses in the proper states, Legalities, Contracts with freelancers, Site / Marketing concepts, finding the right models and honing in on a specific tone (vintage/grindhouse, etc) all took months; even after our first release, there was much work to do -improving, editing, amending, and trying our best to grow.

Concept was quasi-easy / Road to completion is continuing process.


Q:

Instead of re-inventing the wheel I'll direct you to project implicit's IAT FAQs https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/background/faqs.html But I will say that this test is highly controversial, so it has gone through the validity ringer more so than many other reputable psychological measures ( I have also linked other comments to our state of the science reports, a few of them have entire sections dedicated to the IAT/measurement for future reading)

Sorry to just copy and paste to another response but I believe this is the test you are referring to. I think it's one of the best tools for assessing implicit associations/evaluations. That being said, no tool is perfect and it's not the only options out there. In my personal opinion, I often recommend using the IAT. Thanks!

A:

Addiction and overdose are not the only risks associated with medications. Some of these new medications may be available over-the-counter, while others should not be available over the counter because of the risks associated with them beyond addiction or overdose.


Q:

Q: Why would anyone want to use this thing? A: Great question! There are many applications for volumetric display, but the few I am personal obsessed with are in medicine, 3D creation for more and more people, and reliving memories in a way that is more similar to how I remember things.

Most hospitals in 10 years will display CT scans, MRI, 4D ultrasound in volumetric displays like Volume; I think this is important because patients have a right to see what is happening inside of them.

And within a year or two, more and more people will record their lives with 3D depth cameras (increasingly being built into phones) and volumetric display is a very low-friction way to relive those memories. I now have more depth video of my two kids Jane and Ben than I have regular videos, and those depth videos are the recordings I care most about. I think more and more folks will feel this way soon.

A:

I had great relationships with everyone. But Stanley kubrick and I became friends. I used to go to his house at midnight and discuss events related to the film over turkey sandwiches. This evolved into a discussion after he had fired his fourth composer. At that time I suggested that he use many of the pieces of music that became part of the movie 2001 Space Odyssey. This includes the now well known theme song.


Q:

Do you have any repeat offenders? Such as a person calling a lot for the slightest thing?

A:

All medications have side effects


Q:

At that time I suggested that he use many of the pieces of music that became part of the movie 2001 Space Odyssey.

Just wanted to show my appreciation for this. 2001 is one of my favorite films, and while I couldn't possibly say what the best thing about it is, the music is certainly way up there. Did you have anything to do with the use of The Blue Danube during the docking sequence? One of the highlights of the film, in my opinion.

For those unfamiliar: https://vimeo.com/42097740

Edit: better quality source with full scene

A:

How does the tabloid press of today compare to 25, and 50 years ago? Is it really that much worse?


Q:

Can i play with my grandma ?

A:

That handout is an interesting read for sure. Would you happen to have any handouts like this that cover privileges others have (red and yellow black and white etc.)? I'm really interested in seeing them.

The book looks like a good read, I'll be sure to check it out.


Q:

All medications have side effects

A:

hey there! I'm a bioinformatics undergrad interested in primarily the 3d modeling and animation of subatomic structures, specifically proteins. I was wondering if you can see such 3d technology being especially applicable to my underdeveloped interest?


Q:

At that time I suggested that he use many of the pieces of music that became part of the movie 2001 Space Odyssey.

Just wanted to show my appreciation for this. 2001 is one of my favorite films, and while I couldn't possibly say what the best thing about it is, the music is certainly way up there. Did you have anything to do with the use of The Blue Danube during the docking sequence? One of the highlights of the film, in my opinion.

For those unfamiliar: https://vimeo.com/42097740

Edit: better quality source with full scene

A:

Ooooooh yes we do. We have repeat callers who ring all the time from making up life threatening symptoms muncheausens style, to people who phone to make sure they can eat cheese before bed.


Q:

Thank you. My area of work is very interesting and rewarding when we can make a difference in other people's lives. I'm not sure what you mean by pushback, but the pharmaceutical companies are profit-drive and react to incentives. When there's a potential for profit, they will be there.

A:

found

All of the other music, but the Blue Danube was Kubrick's idea


A:

It wouldn't be the first time. All depends on your Grannie's humor ;)

Some cards would be a bit awkward, we imagine.

So, how cool is this Grandma?


Q:

Great! Here's a link to a buzzfeed video that included other factors like gender, class etc. As a research conscious person I won't go on record for vouching for buzzfeed's reporting accuracy, etc., but it is a good illustration of how privilege intersects multiple identities. Additionally, a lot of research focuses on the Black-White dichotomy, but there are a good bit of studies that go into the types of implicit biases that we all hold for other groups--one example is a study that showed that kids as young as middle school internalized the stereotype that Asians are good at math. A write up of the article is found on page 34 of our review: http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/2015-kirwan-implicit-bias.pdf

A:

Thank you. My area of work is very interesting and rewarding when we can make a difference in other people's lives. I'm not sure what you mean by pushback, but the pharmaceutical companies are profit-drive and react to incentives. When there's a potential for profit, they will be there.


Q:

Yes, absolutely - email me at smf [at] lookingglassfactory.com and I'd love to go over how to get started!

A:

found

All of the other music, but the Blue Danube was Kubrick's idea


Q:

Here in the US, you can be fined for calling 911 for a non emergency. Do you just have to deal with these callers over and over?

A:

I suppose what I meant was "Do you think there will be any resistance to manufacturing/promoting the use of alternative medications, when opiates are so popular, and the addictive nature of them keeps demand fairly steady?"


Q:

How did you wind up working on Star Wars?

A:

Are you going to be in any Marvel movies or Star Warses?


Q:

Definitely the coolest . She suggested that we play this ;)

A:

This is helpful, but I was hoping for something more like the first link you had that was relevant in the same scope applied elsewhere. Does anything like that exist? Or is something like that in the works by any chance? I really am interested in seeing the full scope of privilege in a neat list like that first one you provided.

On a side note, I have found that the black-white dichotomy is a very good starting point. There differences between the two that make them unique are staggering, and can really open the mind to how people are different, and would view and interact in the world differently.

EDIT: I'm sorry, but I do not see a link to the buzzfeed vid. Try again?


Q:

I suppose what I meant was "Do you think there will be any resistance to manufacturing/promoting the use of alternative medications, when opiates are so popular, and the addictive nature of them keeps demand fairly steady?"

A:

How did you wind up working on Star Wars?


Q:

Well technically we can fine them but they usually come down to mental health disorders and disabilities so it gets a bit tricky. If someone believes they are right in calling, even if they aren't, it's unfair to prosecute people. If people just take the piss as a laugh with mates then we would, but thinking about it I've only had a single prank call in 18 months on the job. And they obviously give fake details so it's very hard to find someone to prosecute. The threat is there but realistically it's very difficult to follow through with.

A:

The demand for opioids can be met with illegal supplies. There won't be any resistance from pharmaceutical companies if alternative medications can be profitable. Keep in mind insurance companies also play a major role in what drugs are profitable.


Q:

I built miniatures of my own space ship designs and built terrains. I had friends that worked on American Graffiti who introduced me to George Lucas. George saw some of my minatures and liked them well enough that he invited me to discuss a project… which eventually became Star Wars

A:

No but our hilarious and romantic leading man in Rules Don't Apply, Alden Ehrenreich, is the new Han Solo.


A:

Woops, too much multitasking :). Here you go: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hD5f8GuNuGQ


Q:

The demand for opioids can be met with illegal supplies. There won't be any resistance from pharmaceutical companies if alternative medications can be profitable. Keep in mind insurance companies also play a major role in what drugs are profitable.

A:

I built miniatures of my own space ship designs and built terrains. I had friends that worked on American Graffiti who introduced me to George Lucas. George saw some of my minatures and liked them well enough that he invited me to discuss a project… which eventually became Star Wars


Q:

iirc Section 5 (i.e. a danger to self or others) is what most people view as being 'Sectioned' - but you describe the real world more accurately. I have had family members go missing then re-appear days later at a police station calmly explaining about the fact they are hearing voices and they are getting scared now. Sometimes it takes losing your grip to realise you are falling.

A:

Dr. Webster, when do you foresee the government doing anything to help chronic pain patients who are now going from functioning to bedbound due to discontinuance of their pain meds?


Q:

well that didnt take long to take down..

A:

Are you surprised Mickey One never found a big, cult audience?


Q:

Fantastic game! Has there ever been an idea for a card that just doesn't fit for whatever reason?

A:

This! I love you. I'm currently a senior at a university studying Communication, and I love stuff like this. We've learned about stereotyping, and what it does for both good and bad. The bad is obvious: it can create harsh communicative environments, racism, conflict both major/minor, etc. The good about stereotyping is something I think everyone should know. I have been told by my passionate professors that stereotyping helps us generate more understanding about an individual or culture, most times in order to maintain a conversation with a person or something in which we aren't familiar. Only when you really get to know a person is when stereotypes generally drop because it isn't necessary anymore to place that person in a category for us to understand than better.


Q:

Dr. Webster, when do you foresee the government doing anything to help chronic pain patients who are now going from functioning to bedbound due to discontinuance of their pain meds?

A:

well that didnt take long to take down..


Q:

One of my most touching calls was a woman who had schizophrenia and she said she knew that she needed to take her medication and it would help her get better but the voices won't let her. She kept saying I know they aren't really there, I know it's in my mind but it's so loud. She said she has tried so hard to take her medication and she even managed to swallow it but they made her be sick to get it out again. It surprised me because she had a very clear understanding of what was going on but just couldn't do it. She was in tears not knowing what to do.

It makes you think, does she just have mental health problems, or are we all oblivious to these voices that are really there that control our lives, and a very small number of people actually hear them? Sounds like a good premise for a novel.

A:

In order for policymakers to help people in pain, there will need to be a movement comparable to the level of activity put forth by AIDS patients and advocates in the 80s. We have to have a groundswell of voices demanding that patients are treated with humanity.


Q:

Keep trying.. It'll be up again

A:

No.


Q:

<beavis and butthead> --hehe "...fit".

Most cards tend to flow with general pornographic terms and references. The sub-titles we like to have fun with; that's where we toss in pop culture nods and silly statements.

The one card missing, which we should definitely add is "Furry". A lot of people have asked for that. In the meantime, we have: THE DONKEY SHOW

A:

Awe I'm blushing! Great feedback. I'd also say that the other side of having positive biases (as a opposed to negative biases) can be bad as well. Meaning I may give someone the benefit of the doubt, when they really deserve some additional feedback. We often only focus on how stigmatized groups have it worse off, instead of acknowledging that privileged groups often get off easy, and are missing genuine moments to receive critical feedback, learn and improve. Great point!


Q:

In order for policymakers to help people in pain, there will need to be a movement comparable to the level of activity put forth by AIDS patients and advocates in the 80s. We have to have a groundswell of voices demanding that patients are treated with humanity.

A:

Keep trying.. It'll be up again


A:

That's kind of a big request of people in excruciating pain, isn't it?


Q:

Hello Mr. Cantwell, thanks for this AMA!

So for my question(s): How much artistic freedom did you have when working with George Lucas? Did you brainstorm designs together or did you pitch a selection of which George Lucas then picked his favorites?

A:

Got any good Hunter S Thompson stories?


Q:

What's the deal with the crabs card? I'm not even sure what you're supposed to do with it. It reads like you can't take a turn until you get rid of it, but how are you supposed to get rid of it if you can't take a turn?? How are you supposed to play when you get crabs?

A:

What are some small steps that people can take to minimize the negative effects of implicit bias in hiring?


Q:

That's kind of a big request of people in excruciating pain, isn't it?

A:

Hello Mr. Cantwell, thanks for this AMA!

So for my question(s): How much artistic freedom did you have when working with George Lucas? Did you brainstorm designs together or did you pitch a selection of which George Lucas then picked his favorites?


Q:

Really hard!!! We've had repeat callers who plague our service 20-50+ times a day and it's taken two years to get one of them sectioned.

A:

Yes it is. That's why we need to find surrogates to help advocate for people in pain (and why I'm doing this AMA today). I'm trying to support the needs of people in pain.


Q:

I had freedom from the getgo. And for a particular story, questioned him about the various scenes and what they would need. I remember asking him about the size of a satellite by asking if it was bigger then Burbank.

A:

Yes.


Q:

When someone is exposed with Crabs, you're right. They can't take a turn until they shake the bug.

The player can get rid of it through the actions of any other player. If another player puts down a card that instructs everyone to shuffle a card back into the deck, or trade cards, that's when this person can get rid of it.

So, all it takes is the right card from someone else to either rid yourself of crabs -- or pass it to someone else.

A:

Great Question! There are several strategies to reduce one's own individual biases (such as mindfulness, taking breaks, decreasing distractions etc..), but for hiring it's really important to build bias safeguards into the hiring process. An example could be ensuring that all hiring involves a multi-stage review. Another way is by removing identifiers (such as name, gender and race) from resumes and hiring materials. Utilizing data and concrete evaluation criteria is also a big one.. it removes the subjectivity from interviews just thinking someone is a good "fit"-- subjective and ambiguous evaluations are ones that are more likely to rely on bias.


Q:

Yes it is. That's why we need to find surrogates to help advocate for people in pain (and why I'm doing this AMA today). I'm trying to support the needs of people in pain.

A:

I had freedom from the getgo. And for a particular story, questioned him about the various scenes and what they would need. I remember asking him about the size of a satellite by asking if it was bigger then Burbank.


Q:

Do you have a Minor Injuries Unit in your local area, and has it helped keep the A&E free of people who aren't actually dying but can't wait for their GP's next free appointment slot?

A:

To be fair I have watched my MIL go the opposite direction. She was functional and able until she got addicted to opiates. They now have her on fentanyl patches and barely gets out of the house but for appointments. She complains about pain constantly from a damaged nerve that left no physical impairment and varies greatly day to day. She is severely addicted and it seems to cause her a great deal of pain.

On the other hand I also have a severely herniated disk in the same area, and worked as well as went to school for 2+ years before surgery. But without taking opiates at all. I fully recovered, where as she allegedly didn't even though her disk was herniated for less than a year.


Q:

Damn, that is very impressive, you did some amazing stuff! My question is, how did you get into movie industry? Oh and another one, who did you enjoy working with the most?

Thank you, sir!

A:

Tell us about working with Lily Collins. She seems like an actress with a lot of talent who hasn't gotten a chance to showcase it. Thoughts?


Q:

Advice on how to deal with this on-again-off-again-mostly-mist bullshit storm we are stuck with for the next couple days? The storm is ruining one of the last fun outdoor weekends of the year.

A:

Do you constantly have to defend your chosen area of study?


Q:

Why is it we haven't seen such a major push of guidelines with regards to other types of controlled substances such as stimulants/adhd medications? I've heard some chatter about more restrictions for some people on them but for the most part there aren't expensive urine screens, regular pill counts (if any at all), or the requirement of needing a visit every 28-30 days for a new script. I'm curious about the focus on opioids only when there are many other types of meds that are able to be "abused".

A:

Damn, that is very impressive, you did some amazing stuff! My question is, how did you get into movie industry? Oh and another one, who did you enjoy working with the most?

Thank you, sir!


Q:

Yes and no, but often the out of hours gp are in the walk in centre so they get really busy and the unhelpful receptionists start turning people away and sending them to A&E so it defeats the objective.

A:

There is up to a ten-fold difference in response to the same level of pain stimulus from one individual to another. It is unfair to judge somebody else's response to pain based upon your response. I'm glad you are doing well.


Q:

I was the first animation major UCLA and actually suggested that they add that department. I created some of my own animation and then worked on some industrial shorts and expanded from there. Each person had special qualities. I respected and liked them all. No Favorites.

A:

I feel Lily Collins has an unlimited potential in movies. She makes brave choices, it's hard to take your eyes off of her on screen and her chemistry with Alden Ehrenreich was both hilarious and moving.


Q:

What are you into? We just read about a rave that's taking place in Brooklyn tonight - called "Tomb Raver".

On the lighter side, a movie-night is always good. Or maybe shack up at your favorite bar.

Let us know what you dig, and we'll see if there's anything floating around we can grab and relay to you ;)

A:

Hey, a question about my life and not the research! Thanks stranger! Honestly, no. I think the people who know me see it as a good fit, even if they do not fully support or understand the work I do. It's a good conversation starter/ ice breaker and a lot of people have at least heard the term and ask questions out of general curiosity rather than from opposition; which is why I love doing stuff like this-- Usually I'd just be doing the same thing on a friday evening, but tispy at a bar, and with less positive feedback haha!


Q:

You're absolutely correct. There are many drugs that are commonly abused. The reason why there is a focus on opioids is just because of the number of people who have overdosed and died.

A:

I was the first animation major UCLA and actually suggested that they add that department. I created some of my own animation and then worked on some industrial shorts and expanded from there. Each person had special qualities. I respected and liked them all. No Favorites.


Q:

We (i work in nhs24 in Scotland) have access to a poisons database.

Ingestion of any essential oil is a direct referral to A&E unless your symptoms are life threatening or require immediate ambulance assessment.

A:

Why is it we haven't seen such a major push of guidelines with regards to other types of controlled substances such as stimulants/adhd medications? I've heard some chatter about more restrictions for some people on them but for the most part there aren't expensive urine screens, regular pill counts (if any at all), or the requirement of needing a visit every 28-30 days for a new script. I'm curious about the focus on opioids only when there are many other types of meds that are able to be "abused".


Q:

Mr. Cantwell -

First thanks much for doing this. I'm a huge fan of your designs. I recently visited the Udvar-Hazy location of the US National Air and Space Museum in Dulles, Virginia and saw the original model for the mothership from Close Encounters of the Third Kind there. I noticed quite a few easter eggs hidden in it (I think there was a small R2D2?).

Being a Cold War kid, the movie War Games had a tremendous impact on me growing up. Still one of my favorites. What were your primary responsibilities with that film?

Bonus question: what was it like working with Walter Cronkite?

A:

If someone made a biopic about your life, which actor would you want to play you and why?


Q:

I love dancing, adventure, art, restaurants (particularly the ones with "exotic" cuisine.) I am planning on going to Applefest in Warwick on Sunday so maybe I will dig out a movie for tonight. Which one do you say would be a good fit for the weather?

A:

Have you done any research about the autistic brain and implicit bias? From my experience it seems that bias is one of the byproducts of having social programming, which autistic people are missing to a large extent.


Q:

[deleted]

A:

Mr. Cantwell -

First thanks much for doing this. I'm a huge fan of your designs. I recently visited the Udvar-Hazy location of the US National Air and Space Museum in Dulles, Virginia and saw the original model for the mothership from Close Encounters of the Third Kind there. I noticed quite a few easter eggs hidden in it (I think there was a small R2D2?).

Being a Cold War kid, the movie War Games had a tremendous impact on me growing up. Still one of my favorites. What were your primary responsibilities with that film?

Bonus question: what was it like working with Walter Cronkite?


Q:

Yeah essential oils are killer. Someone drank olbas oil once and had chest pain and we sent an emergency ambulance for it.

A:

You're absolutely correct. There are many drugs that are commonly abused. The reason why there is a focus on opioids is just because of the number of people who have overdosed and died.


Q:

What were your primary responsibilities with that film? Bonus question: what was it like working with Walter Cronkite? All of the graphics on the big screens in the War Room were my designs, programmed during the previous night before filming. At that time I had "key man" insurance in case I didn't survive the pressure, since I was the only person doing the graphics.

Working with Walter was great!!

A:

Ronald Reagan. Or maybe Barack Obama. I might add that Ronald Reagan, who was a friend of mine, once said to me (not joking) that he did not know how anyone could be President now without being an actor.


Q:

Are you into Horror? If so, what type / decade? Literally staring at a massive DVD collection and would be happy to pick something appropriate ;)

A:

I have not, nor do I know of any. Because of how psychological research is conduct, studies almost always rely on a random sample or a sample similar to that being tested (e.g. matching participants based on race or gender). So I don't think the field as a whole knows much about individual differences in the population.. That is a very interesting point!


Q:

Belbuca and Bunavail are buprenorphine formulations. Buprenorphine is an opioid. Belbuca is for chronic pain and Bunavail is for opioid addiction. I think both can be effective in a subset of the population. They appear to have less risk than other types of opioids.

A:

What were your primary responsibilities with that film? Bonus question: what was it like working with Walter Cronkite? All of the graphics on the big screens in the War Room were my designs, programmed during the previous night before filming. At that time I had "key man" insurance in case I didn't survive the pressure, since I was the only person doing the graphics.

Working with Walter was great!!


Q:

Yeah, they're a bit more coloured and modern looking. Most RA's won't replace the old ones for a new one unless they are broken or lost/stolen.

Some clinical staff can eat through them from the usage so end up with the new ones, where as admin staff will mostly need to put it in the card reader once or twice a day. I use mine once a month at most.

A:

[deleted]


Q:

Where did the inspiration for the star ships in star wars come from? Which is your favorite ship you designed? Which ships from other franchises are your favorite?

A:

There is a long standing rumor in the imdb trivia section that you were at one time working on a Pokémon movie. Is there any truth to that rumor?


Q:

I am not but I am very open and decently receptive so throw your best at me, corny or terrifying, and I will give it a shot!

A:

If minority kids grow up believing in negative biases about themselves, could that cause them to under-perform and would they then still be at a disadvantage even with a blind evaluation of their accomplishments?


Q:

Could you please just invent one that doesn't make me hallucinate? I'm going to need surgery sooner or later in life and as of right now I'm fucked.

A:

Where did the inspiration for the star ships in star wars come from? Which is your favorite ship you designed? Which ships from other franchises are your favorite?


Q:

I've only had this one for about a year...

A:

Belbuca and Bunavail are buprenorphine formulations. Buprenorphine is an opioid. Belbuca is for chronic pain and Bunavail is for opioid addiction. I think both can be effective in a subset of the population. They appear to have less risk than other types of opioids.


Q:

Check out the earlier answer about the X-Wing . I knew the Tie Fighter had to be so Alien, so different from all of the Star Wars ships that it would remain a surprising mystery. It took lots of deep thought, but I think I succeeded. It just came out of my mind. They are all an embodiment of the Star Wars adventure as a whole… no favorite

A:

No.


Q:

here we go....

  • Hollywood Chainsaw Hookers (some vintage silliness)
  • Dead and Breakfast (if you like Shawn of the Dead)
  • Street Trash (Oldschool Splatter)
  • Jack Frost 2 (it's like Saved By The Bell meets Leprechaun)
  • Tromeo & Juliet (Troma - doesn't get any better/weirder ..+ LEMMMY for Motorhead)
  • Zombi 2 (Italian Zombie film that takes place on an island)
  • Frankenhooker (NYC Times Sq Sleeze and Comedy; also see Basket Case)
  • Dead Alive (Peter Jackson before he became THE Peter Jackson)
  • Diabolical Dr. Z (Oldschool B/W film; trippy and was introduced to us by a Satanist on the Lower East Side.lol)
  • Prince of Darkness (John Carpenter film that's part of his endof the world trilogy of films: The Thing and Mouth of Madness being the other ones. People give this one shit, but we found it terrifying. Mouth of Madness is awesome too.
  • ANY of the Return of the Living Dead films (funny, entertaining ..BRAIIINSS)
  • Cannibal Ferox (a less appreciated film, in the vein of Cannibal Holocaust)
  • Brainscan (A cheesy semi-slasher flick, featuring the kid from Terminator 2; great 90's flashback)

Could. Go. On. Forever. :)

A:

Great question. This reasoning is exactly why desegregation occurred in the first place. The iconic doll study (more modern recreations shown here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkpUyB2xgTM .. sorry for bad video quality) Gave evidence of the harm in internalizing negative stereotypes. This isn't implicit bias research, but stereotype threat research shows just how detrimental those internalized biases can be for our young people.


Q:

I assume you are asking for a safer and more effective medication. There are many companies working to develop those products now. Hopefully they'll be available to you soon.

A:

Check out the earlier answer about the X-Wing . I knew the Tie Fighter had to be so Alien, so different from all of the Star Wars ships that it would remain a surprising mystery. It took lots of deep thought, but I think I succeeded. It just came out of my mind. They are all an embodiment of the Star Wars adventure as a whole… no favorite


Q:

How much training do you have to go through? And what qualifications are needed?

A:

Hey i'm a former opiate junkie, wasted away my 20's.
I've been clean for 2 years, but rely on my CBD oil for sleep, and also THC oil and vape flower for daily anxiety/depression. It has been wonderful!!
So my question, can CBD lower you THC level in your body?? I've read this and just wondering if it's rumors or what?? Could you expand a little. Thanks for doing this AMA <3


Q:

If you weren't doing what you're doing now, (which is awesome by the way) what do you think you would have pursued as a career?

A:

one of my fave lines from REDS - 'well its Thanksgiving - why don't you come as a turkey" Written or from history?


Q:

Looks like I'm taking October off of work to watch everything haha thanks! Stay dry

A:

How do you think implicit bias affects education? I'm doing a big paper about this, and it'd be interesting to hear your perspective on it.


Q:

Hey i'm a former opiate junkie, wasted away my 20's.
I've been clean for 2 years, but rely on my CBD oil for sleep, and also THC oil and vape flower for daily anxiety/depression. It has been wonderful!!
So my question, can CBD lower you THC level in your body?? I've read this and just wondering if it's rumors or what?? Could you expand a little. Thanks for doing this AMA <3

A:

If you weren't doing what you're doing now, (which is awesome by the way) what do you think you would have pursued as a career?


Q:

No qualifications. It's a seven week course which involves a full anatomy and body systems training, system training (you may have heard of NHS Pathways) and then trial and love assisted calls, before were released on our own.

A:

I've not heard that before, but it's not something that I would predict.


Q:

LOL ...Too many to count. But I was accepted by Frank Lloyd Wright to Taliesen to study architecture with him. Unfortunately, he died before I was able to work with him.

A:

Written.


Q:

Rock on.

A:

It affects it a lot!! This is actually my area of interest and the last couple years of our State of the Science have some really interesting studies related to implicit bias in education. http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf starts on page 34 for the 2016 version. the Okonofua and Eberhardt piece is my favorite. We also have work specifically dedicated to school discipline on our website (although not solely IB we do use that as a lens for understanding what the data analyses reveal : http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/researchandstrategicinitiatives/school-discipline/ Hope you find something you can use and good luck on your paper!


Q:

I've not heard that before, but it's not something that I would predict.

A:

LOL ...Too many to count. But I was accepted by Frank Lloyd Wright to Taliesen to study architecture with him. Unfortunately, he died before I was able to work with him.


Q:

You get many prank calls? If so how quickly can you usually tell it's someone wasting your time?

A:

I believe CBD could be the next big thing for pain managment, if big pharma ever lets it truly see the light of day (which would mean they would have their sticky hands in there). What your thoughts??


Q:

Hi there! What's your favorite thing that you've built over the years, for work or for yourself, and why?

A:

You've been such an influence on my personally since Dick Tracy when I was 12. My passion for film and acting are thanks to you. Also your love of politics encouraged me to vote at 18. How do you feel about this years election??


Q:

You guys clearly outsource and handle different aspects of growing this company -- to great success and I applaud this achievement!

My question: Where can I find high-quality work as a freelancer, and what do you expect from your freelancing contracts? Any bad/great standout experiences or learning curves from the production end?

A:

This is something that I have been thinking about recently, with the rise of Islamic extremism, the Black lives matter movement, and the way women are viewed. I've been thinking lately that part of it is ignorance of individuals, the fear of the unknown and unfamiliar, and negative bias. Therefore, is there a way that we can start to change the implicit bias of some people? (It seems that ALL white people to Muslims, blacks, and Hispanics are racists and participate in implicit bias - which itself is just negative bias)


Q:

I believe CBD could be the next big thing for pain managment, if big pharma ever lets it truly see the light of day (which would mean they would have their sticky hands in there). What your thoughts??

A:

Hi there! What's your favorite thing that you've built over the years, for work or for yourself, and why?


Q:

Not very often. I think I've only had one or possibly two. But I can remember it was almost immediate. The people want to tell you what's wrong straight away because that's the "funny" bit. But we have to take all their telephone numbers, address, names etc and match all their details to an NHS medical record first, which of course they don't want to do. So they often just blurt it out and you can hear people laughing and sniggering. I wish they would be a bit cleverer about it, at least put me through my paces! It's just boring when they're so obvious and blatant about it. I think the call in question the girl had allegedly done such a big shit that it had ripped her vaginal/anal wall open and now she had a vaganus. Really tedious lowbrow shit.

A:

It appears CBD is very effective for certain types of seizures. We do not have good data on its effectiveness for treatment of pain. The barrier to researching and producing CBD products are mostly regulatory and not by pharma.


Q:

An 8x4 foot model of the Copreties canyon on Mars in three dimensions created by using the shadow angles of the first images of the planet. I finished it in a few days then photographed it with a travelling snorkel camera for the San Diego museum.

A:

I’ve spent a lot of my life in political activism. I campaigned for Jack Kennedy, I campaigned with Bobby Kennedy and quit movies for a while to work with George McGovern and help him try to get us out of Vietnam. I’ve remained a lifelong Democrat although I have as many friends who are Republicans. What concerns me most at the moment is that the commercialization of the use of technology may be creating a cacophony of opinions that obliterates voices of wisdom.


Q:

First off, Thanks -really. It's been a learning experience and quite the educational one at that.

We've had good experiences and bad experiences with freelancers. What happens often is that someone will claim to understand the work and what's required, but then delivers nothing as agreed upon. Then, when you point this out, the artist begins to get frustrated and things get a bit complicated from there. Many freelancers will simply take a job for the cash -but care little for honoring the specifics of a gig. On the bright side, even in these cases, clear communication - and positive feedback goes way further than getting all pissy about it (which we used to). Running a business can be frustrating and one learns, rather quickly, how to improve the interpersonal skills in such situations. Granted, our vision and direction are rather specific -so, when someone is hired to produce a video or piece of art in "Grindhouse" fashion, it's hard not to be disappointed when a comic-sans, cartoon, is delivered. lol

You used the term learning-curve, and that's exactly what it is. Nobody is perfect and, often, [if capable] it's better to do something yourself. We handle a lot of the art and design directions on our end [again, when we can] -for that very reason.

As for positive experiences, we found a director on reddit -and spent 5 months producing this video. Despite the massive production, at no point was there any issue or frustration. The director was professional, did everything perfectly, and was a wonderful person to communicate with, bounce ideas with, and handle said work. Same for with the crew who recorded this reaction video.

In the end, you'll always have a balance of both scenarios in the spectrum. We've learned to be more patient - but also to not trust anyone who comes along. We used to hire and trust people at random (poor business decision), and it didn't take long to realize that every market is saturated and not everyone claims to be or do what they say.

Again, this is good and bad. Ideally, we love finding people who have a skill and are looking for a project/outlet to build their portfolio. The result: together we grow, and trust is built. The people on top are already there. Fresh talent and humble approaches (on all our parts) yields better results. It's risky though: you can go to a "firm" or "production house", and they'll hand you shit. Meanwhile, the eager/aspiring artist will give you his best, and work with you to complete the project. The artist who worked with us for the majority of the project, when we first started, definitely did an amazing job and we most-definitely appreciate what he brought to the table. Gotta give it to him. We both went a little mad working on it, but it all worked. Every business relationship is different I suppose. Sometimes a brand becomes a product of the eclectic mix of all parts together. It's a freelance world. That's the crazy part. There's a lot of people out there. Win some/Lose some; hell, people could easily say that about us as clients. lol

Where can you find work? Reddit is a fantastic resource -yet, more importantly, networking; whether events, social media, etc. People get A LOT further in life and business when supporting others work and art. In this day and age, we're all screaming for attention. It's best to step back -support those who you admire and whose work you love, and then it comes back your way.

  • Edit: Formatting.
A:

Well, there are only two "interventions" that consistently facilitate the change of our biases from negative to positive (or negative to neutral, etc). This is different than ways to stop the expression of bias even if those biases still exist.

So the interventions that can change the biases themselves are "intergroup contact" which is just a researchy way of saying that being around people that aren't like you AND forming meaningful relationships with them is always going to change your perspective, because you no longer see someone as a representation of a larger group or stereotype, you can see the people around you as individuals (appropriately called "individuation"). The second is mindfulness, by training your attending, and regulation, we can all exert more top-down control on automatic processes like implicit bias. But this takes a considerable amount of time and effort (they both do) this does not happen overnight.


Q:

It appears CBD is very effective for certain types of seizures. We do not have good data on its effectiveness for treatment of pain. The barrier to researching and producing CBD products are mostly regulatory and not by pharma.

A:

An 8x4 foot model of the Copreties canyon on Mars in three dimensions created by using the shadow angles of the first images of the planet. I finished it in a few days then photographed it with a travelling snorkel camera for the San Diego museum.


Q:

Just how awful is the IT system you use?

A:

Do you think pharmaceutical companies would jump at the chance to research CBD for pain management if those regulatory constraints were lifted?


Q:

What was the atmosphere when making 2001? Was it "this man is a genius and this movie will be amazing" or "what in the hell is going on?"

A:

How was it working with the great Robert Altman? Did you pick up anything from him ?


Q:

Any stories about something that was super frustrating during the games development/production/etc that you look can look back on and laugh about now?

A:

That is just proving that muslims, blacks, and hispanics can be racist too...


Q:

Are their ways to predict when regular or recreational use becomes addiction? And probably a sensitive question: what is your definition of problematic opiate use?

A:

What was the atmosphere when making 2001? Was it "this man is a genius and this movie will be amazing" or "what in the hell is going on?"


Q:

It's a good system! Pathways is very helpful and clever. It knows more than I do sometimes.

A:

Yes, they would. There are at least two companies today developing CBD products. Pharmaceutical companies will only invest when they can own intellectual property. They cannot afford to develop products if they cannot get a return on their investments. There are several more companies looking at developing these medications, provided the regulations allow them to get that return.


Q:

Three years of "What the H?" and genius? By the end of production there was no question of extraordinary genius. I was so happy to be involved.

A:

Bob Altman was a lot of fun to work with. He was brilliantly flexible and improvisational.


Q:

Sending our cards-concepts/images to manufacturers, and receiving letters of rejection was rather funny. Even US based companies, they outsource overseas -and a lot of countries in Asia have very strict rules with XXX material. We still have those rejection letters; definitely something to laugh about. We're happy with our current printer/model and, until given any reason to leave, we'll stay with them. At the moment though, we may start looking for alternatives as we've been getting some attractive offers. Funny how that works, huh? lol

A:

Great point. Knowledge of implicit bias is really great for correcting the biases that each of us have internally, but gets pretty depressing if you are on the receiving end of one of those biased groups (and we all are to some extent in one identity/setting or another).

First, I think knowing about implicit bias or "microaggression" provides a language for talking about these experiences without pointing fingers.

But this is only one step, there are all sorts of other structural, historic, and policy issues to consider for what perpetuates disparities in job interviews (keeping with your example). I am not one to say that there is a "best process" for grappling with the experience of discrimination. This is unique to everyone and can be very traumatizing. Unfortunately, it is often the task of the person who is discriminated against to educate the discriminator. This is why it is so important to uplift implicit bias work, to help everyone have a more healthy skepticism of our thoughts and actions.


Q:

Addiction occurs when the use of an opioid is associated with craving and compulsive use despite harm. Problematic opioid use occurs when it's used for a non-medical or inappropriate purpose and when the potential risks exceed the potential benefits.

A:

Three years of "What the H?" and genius? By the end of production there was no question of extraordinary genius. I was so happy to be involved.


Q:

Do you ever get an influx of calls about a particular issue after it's been featured on TV?

A:

Are their ways to predict when regular or recreational use becomes addiction? And probably a sensitive question: what is your definition of problematic opiate use?


Q:

Hi Mr. Cantwell! Big fan of your work! Can I ask; what id the best thing a director can do for you?

A:

Who is an actor that you admired starting out, that doesn't get their due?


Q:

All told, how long did the game take to complete from the idea to it reaching the first shelf?

Also, let me know if you're looking for someone in your digital media department :-D

A:

How can we try to minimize the effect of implicit bias in our actions?

Is their any way for an institution, for example a police department, to implement procedures to try to minimize implicit bias.


Q:

What are your thoughts/opinions on right to die? Are you familiar with the "death bag"? If so, do you think it's better or worse than, say, intentionally overdosing on Fentanyl.

A:

Hi Mr. Cantwell! Big fan of your work! Can I ask; what id the best thing a director can do for you?


Q:

Yes!! Someone phoned up because their child banged their head and had no symptoms. They said they usually wouldn't have called but "cos of that kid on eastenders, with the seizures..." I never saw the episode but I can only imagine...

A:

Addiction occurs when the use of an opioid is associated with craving and compulsive use despite harm. Problematic opioid use occurs when it's used for a non-medical or inappropriate purpose and when the potential risks exceed the potential benefits.


Q:

Make movies

A:

Steve Hill who unfortunately passed away recently.


Q:
  • About 6-9 months until the first prototype was delivered.
  • and, sure, always open to hear of any offers and symbiotic partnerships. Feel free to send us a message.
A:

Instituting accountability is the first step for any major organization. Having traceable goals and ways to measure them. For police officers it may be analyzing race or gender disparities in traffic stops and instituting internal checks and balances to work against those. This could also mean body cameras or simply just using professional development time to learn about how biases manifest in any given system. The effects of bias in the criminal justice system look very different than the effects of bias in education, even though some of the same implicit associations or stereotypes fuel those decisions. The State of the Science (my organization's publication) includes a section on mitigation strategies in each edition. They are all available online here http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/researchandstrategicinitiatives/implicit-bias-review/


Q:

I don't believe my opinion is important. I do realize that some people intentionally overdose to escape pain, but I believe this is a very personal issue that each individual has to process for themselves.

A:

Make movies


Q:

If I call my dr's office or a nurse on call type thing in the US when I'm sitting on the fence about an issue, they always say "come in" which I assume is about liability concerns or them not getting revenue. Is that true with 111 too? Do you have liability concerns? How many times to you refer a person to be seen in person vs. not?

A:

What are your thoughts/opinions on right to die? Are you familiar with the "death bag"? If so, do you think it's better or worse than, say, intentionally overdosing on Fentanyl.


Q:

Do you have any of your original drawings, designs, or mock-ups for any Star Wars concepts that you can share?

A:

To me there is something special about Shampoo that I can't put my finger on. Would you say that It's a Hal Ashby movie or Hal Ashby/Warren Beatty movie? What was your involvement behind the scenes?


Q:

I'm from India and I just came across this AMA.. And it seems amazing.. Hats off.. So my Question is.. How do I get this game in my country?

A:

I took an implicit bias test online. There were a variety of different tests to determine (for example) whether you had an implicit bias as women being less competent than men, and one to see if you saw blacks as more dangerous than whites. There was no IB test regarding if you see men as more dangerous than women, though. This is a significant stereotype that seemed to be missing from the tests.

Have you ever studied whether people have an implicit bias to see men as more dangerous than women? If so, what were the results? If not, why not?


Q:

Do you have any of your original drawings, designs, or mock-ups for any Star Wars concepts that you can share?

A:

We always err on the side of caution and go with worst case scenario. The call handlers don't have full medical training like the nurses or paramedics do, but the system we use has been designed for us by expert medical staff, so we have to be very careful not to 'step outside' of our role and stick to the systems. If we do, we put ourselves at risk. It seems silly but if we so much as tell you to take paracetamol (Americans call it acetaminophen I think) when the advice isn't presented on the system, and then you have an allergic reaction and die, we would get the flak.


Q:

I don't believe my opinion is important. I do realize that some people intentionally overdose to escape pain, but I believe this is a very personal issue that each individual has to process for themselves.

A:

None of the actual originals, but you can see the original concept prints on my website http://colincantwell.com/home2


Q:

I would call it a Hal Ashby/Robert Towne/Warren Beatty movie. We were all happily involved.

A:

International shipping is possible at checkout, however for a destination like India, it's costly. In these situations (for customers in distant countries), we take a more personal approach and ship units ourselves (not through the warehouse/website) from a personal stock in our homes (via paypal and direct communication with the customer). This allows a nice chunk of [international] shipping/handling costs to be saved on their end. In these cases, it's a loss and/or even split for us - but seeing the game in places like Greece, Japan, Australia, etc is worth it. Once we get alternative manufacturers, warehouses, and/or stock somewhere in Europe - International orders would be far more cost effective for the customer.


Q:

In terms of the implicit bias literature, I do not conduct my own experimental research, my work focuses on aggregating other's research into a literature review. Just had to get that out there because I don't want to misrepresent myself (although I do perform data analyses and other research duties for some of my other work). To my knowledge there is not specific implicit bias test regarding that stereotype, but there maybe some evidence in more of the gender norms literature (although it may not be purely implicit bias). We focus on race at my workplace so I'm definitely not the most knowledgeable when it comes to specific stereotypes within other populations. Good luck if you do search. Let me know if you find anything.

A:

None of the actual originals, but you can see the original concept prints on my website http://colincantwell.com/home2


Q:

Most if not all mobile phone operators redirect 911 to 999, but landlines don't.

A:

Were you always interested in space?


Q:

So Dick Tracy reboot?

A:

How did you guys get on to this job? i.e. game developer What made you want to do this?


Q:

From what I understand, Implicit Association Tets (IAT) are conducted to reach many of the conclusions on the subject of implicit bias. IATs have been pretty unreliable, and historically have not shown any significant correlation with behavior outside of the test lab. What techniques were used to simulate real world behaviors, as opposed to biases seen on small sample sized tests, and how do you prove these biases aren't measuring in-group vs out-group biases, but more specifically racism, sexism, etc?

Additionally, what future do you believe this research will have on the real world. I ask because even strong proponents of IAT studies do not believe they should be used in the courtroom, the ultimate test for judging behavior. If it is not recognized as trusted science, what exactly are the purpose of implicit bias studies? We struggle to fix individual cases of racism. What makes anyone think a problem affecting 100% of people can be fixed if it can barely be proven to exist? Do you fear that calling people unknowingly biases (typically attached with a demeaning term, like racist, sexist, homophobe, etc) is in itself a form of bigotry? We don't accuse people of crimes in this manner. Proven, intentional behavior is the only standard we can judge people on, do you not agree?

A:

Were you always interested in space?


Q:

I don't know. It's like Schrödinger's cat. I don't want to open that box in case it does work!! To confuse things further there is also a 112 number. I'm still not clear on what that's for.

A:

Yes, from early childhood.


Q:

Yes.

A:

Honestly - took a risk. Hit 30, wanted to do something that aligned more with the things we like,as shown when we refer to companies like Troma, Girls and Corpses, and all those other businesses that do what they do and keep the art of bizarre going. Half Fun/Half "what the hell - go for it, etc". We've all been involved in various things, so the aspect of "random" has always been there. This was just another form of it.

Personally speaking, at the time, a company I worked for was firing everyone and consolidating nationwide offices into a single office in UTAH. People who were with the company for [literally] 35+ years were booted. To see something like that was terrifying. It was time to get weird ...or, at least, try. <shrugs shoulders> ;)


Q:

Well, I do need to disclose my own viewpoint that I disagree with the unreliability of IATs. However, there is a problem with using the results in a real world situation (such as courts) because even if biases are present (as indicated by the IAT) it doesn't mean that people always act on biases in all times, there are plenty of circumstances that can increase or decreased our reliance on bias, so precluding individuals bases on a score is a little problematic. However, it is a great use as a talking point (some studies recommend it as such for the voir dire process, not as a form of exclusion).

To another one of your points, the IAT's track demographic data, so it happens that people hold implicit biases against their own ingroup. Eg. overweight folks internalize the negative feelings toward their weight because being skinny is often more valued, so even someone who is overweight may have a pro-skinny bias.. just an example.

I'd say the main reason implicit bias literature developed in the first place is because we keep perpetuating discriminatory behavior even when people don't explicitly support discriminatory values. It's a way of understanding why biased practices happen in the absence of overt racists.

To your final point, "disparate impact" is a standard for court that doesn't rely on individual intent or implicit bias, but in the result that occurs.

So even though we disagree about the IAT, I appreciate your critical thinking around the issue, especially in the application for courts

A:

Yes, from early childhood.


Q:

Hello there, fellow NHS drone! As an interested party, what do you think of your IT Department?

A:

Mr. Cantwell, first I wanted to thank you for inspiring a childhood of space dreams and imaginings. Second, I was wondering if any of the EU novel authors consulted you when they designed ships and weapons, or wrote about their in-universe designers?


Q:

Do you ever miss living in Virginia?

A:

Have you contacted any prominent streamers or let's players like @JesseCox to help get the word out on your game?


Q:

Hello Kelly! I brought this up to my science teacher last week and he wouldn't answer my question. And whenever I bring this up as a genuine inquiry online, others are fast to call me names instead of engaging in an honest discussion.

We can talk about animals honestly and objectively. For example, no one get upset when you state that Siberian Huskies and Beagles are both dogs who can mate with each other, after all they are of the same species. But they also look different, have different colored eyes/fur, and most importantly have different temperaments that allow them to good at different things. No one finds these differences offensive, they are just what they are. But apply this line of thinking to people and everyone gets up in arms. Is it that hard to believe similar genetic differences exist between people and even genders? Whenever these differences are pointed out you will find words "racist" or "bigot" attached to them. For example there is nothing bigoted about pointing out that men physically stronger than women. Or that African Americans are more prone to diabetes than Caucasians. Why is the topic so snuffed, even when the science behind genetics all proves that the differences are there?

I guess my questions to you is why are discussions that focus on biological and hereditary differences so taboo in social science? Don't you feel like they stifle honest discussions? Furthermore, what are you doing to keep these discussions honest?

A:

Mr. Cantwell, first I wanted to thank you for inspiring a childhood of space dreams and imaginings. Second, I was wondering if any of the EU novel authors consulted you when they designed ships and weapons, or wrote about their in-universe designers?


Q:

I only spoke to them once and they were helpful, why? Are you IT?

A:

No authors knocked on my door. Where did I go wrong? Maybe next time.


Q:

I love Virginia but I love where I live – California.

A:

That's actually one thing we have yet to delve into. People have suggested getting involved with streamers, yet it's uncharted territory for us. Any other people you would recommend? Thanks for the question ....and for the tip! -pun not intended, but we can roll with it ;)


Q:

Thanks for sharing this question! Especially since talking about race and gender can be difficult. I think where there may be a potential barrier in this conversation is whether differences are in fact genetic/biological or environmental. First, these difference influences on behavior, skin color etc.. are not mutually exclusive (see some discussion on epigenetics for review.. this is not may area of expertise but is a very extensive body of work). Race in a purely skin tone sense is a very poor predictor of genetic ancestry-- If you can see my profile picture, I am very White but my mom's side of the family is actually from Columbia-- this is an example of why race as we understand and perceive it is more socially constructed that biological or genetic. For gender it is a little more complicated because both biological and social factors construct gender. In terms of your specific diabetes example, many health adversities experienced by minority groups are a product of having poor food access, or living in a more adverse environment (we would call this an environmental determinant of health or structural disadvantage) vs. any biological differences.

To your other points, I think having an open honest dialogue around race is exactly what we need. Hope this helps your searching. I think there are ways to facilitate productive dialogue and challenge ourselves regarding our own biases, but there are a lot of factors to consider. We have some resources for facilitating discussions around race if you are interested. Just PM me if so!

edit: TLDR: Skin tone does not equal race or ancestry so much of how humans understand race is socially constructed, gender too (but not to the same degree in all cases) and our environment is a huge determinant of social differnces edit 2: typo

A:

No authors knocked on my door. Where did I go wrong? Maybe next time.


Q:

What was the best question on reddit that you chose not to answer?

A:

Were the panels on either side of the TIE fighter originally designed to be Solar Panels or Radiation Vents? I would love to know how you mixed practical "realism" into your ship designs.

Thank you so much for your vision and work.


Q:

Will you ever write an autobiography??

A:

Well I'm trans so I had the tip handled.

Yes, @Totalbiscuit does a game night stream, @Mangaminx like stuff like this, @lomadia to point you towards yogscast members who do game night streams.

Edit might be too much for some of them but look around for streamers.

@TiffanyStarrXXX does gaming and she's a porn star not a lot of gaming views on her channels unsure of her concurrent twitch views.

@SkyWilliams might do it he has a fucked up sense of humor.


Q:

Thank you. I see tech companies funding research on social science for discrimination studies (including implicit bias). There is so much money and resources put in within tech companies to make them an EEO with almost no results. The work you do is extremely important and unique that might actually help achieve results.

A:

Were the panels on either side of the TIE fighter originally designed to be Solar Panels or Radiation Vents? I would love to know how you mixed practical "realism" into your ship designs.

Thank you so much for your vision and work.


Q:

I think I answered all of them!

A:

The other early Star Wars vehicles were echoes of the Fifties, but the TIE Fighters had to be instantly perceived as something Alien and somewhat timeless. Above all they ship and panels had to be mysterious and threatening.


Q:

Yes.

A:

Thanks for the referrals ;) xoxo


Q:

Thank you so much for your kind words and thoughtful questions! Feel free to PM me in the future if you see anything related to dating apps/technology, I'm always trying to find the most current application for implicit bias work.

A:

The other early Star Wars vehicles were echoes of the Fifties, but the TIE Fighters had to be instantly perceived as something Alien and somewhat timeless. Above all they ship and panels had to be mysterious and threatening.


Q:

Hey, thank you for doing this AMA. I used to be a 111 call handler back in 2013 when it first launched in my county.

I guess my question would be, how has the role of the Clinical Advisor changed since you first started, if at all?

I'm hoping they have been allowed more input into the patient dispositions should the 111 handler not feel comfortable with what the Pathways system has provided.

Good luck and take care.

A:

I may be too late for this to be seen and/or answered, but here goes nothing! I'm a young industrial designer trying to find my way into something I enjoy, and design of this nature for movies has always been one of the things on my short list of "pipe dream jobs". So I suppose I have 2 questions!

  1. What was your design background and how did you use that to get into design in film?

  2. What advice would you give to a young designer such as myself about venturing into the realm of prop, set, or any other type of design in the film industry?

Thanks so much!


Q:

What is your connection to Nova Scotia?

A:

Thanks my ass if this helps you blow up you're buying me a burrito. And not from Chipotle somewhere good with concrete floors! :) but seriously though good luck and I prefer batbacoa or lingua.


Q:

Hi! This is one of those things that bugs me...as a professional, how nasty is that gray area of "Is this implicit bias, or are we jumping at shadows?" I'm wondering what a professional's perspective is, since it's a perspective I don't (and can't, as it's not my line of work) have.

To give a little more insight into the context I'm working with...as someone who isn't a professional, especially coming from a position where the most visible are those who come at it with a "this is a foregone conclusion, and now have to justify it" approach, it seems to be pretty common among the laymen; that worries me, since it seems like it would undermine all you guys are trying to accomplish.

A:

Were there any parts of the moon landing broadcast that you thought looked questionable at first, or was your analysis pretty much open and shut?


Q:

Hi, thanks for the question :) the role hasn't changed much since I started but clinicians do have a lot of input on dispositions (call outcomes, for those uninitiated). If you reach an inappropriate dispo you can query it and state your concerns and the clinicians usually agree with you and take the call and change it. . Of course you try to remain impartial when speaking to a clinician but you can use a subtle tone of voice change or certain words to win them round to your way of thinking. They are medically trained but I'm talking to the patient and I can hear the pain and call handlers and clinicians respect these things. I'm sad to hear it didn't use to be like that.

A:

I came early to trade shows and helped unload trucks to get to know people. You can learn about my background in earlier posts.


Q:

My mother was from Nova Scotia.

A:

If you only knew how much we love Burritos....

If you're in New York, we got you covered! (The good shit! we promise.)


Q:

Well the very nature of implicit bias makes it difficult to identify. Without research I doubt someone could definitively point it out in ow others act, much less in their own actions. That being said, so much about mitigating bias depends on building those safeguards so we don't have to always analyze every single decision we make to try to identify bias.. that's not a good use of anyone's time.. well maybe it's a good use of my time but I digress... haha

edit: just wanted to say this comes up a lot in our work and I want to stress that preventing bias and "jumping at shadows" or even feeling like the sky is falling, can be a fine line.. it takes some delicacy and humility and practice. Great observation/question!

A:

I was deeply involved in Apollo 11 both before and during the mission. I sat a few feet from Walter Cronkite and functioned as the "Hal 9000" computer that fed information to Walter as he was broadcasting live online. Half way through the final descent, I alerted Walter to my detection of an orbit change that would consume more fuel, but allow coasting a little further than the planned target. When the other TV stations had the ships landed according to their NASA manual, I determined that the the Apollo had not yet landed. This was later confirmed that I had the accurate version of landing.


Q:

How do you mentally deal with your job?

A:

Were there any parts of the moon landing broadcast that you thought looked questionable at first, or was your analysis pretty much open and shut?


Q:

What is your favorite memory filming Ishtar?

A:

Indiana. But I could make the trip for a good burrito. Good luck game looks fun.


Q:

Thank you for a thoughtful answer!

A:

I may be too late for this to be seen and/or answered, but here goes nothing! I'm a young industrial designer trying to find my way into something I enjoy, and design of this nature for movies has always been one of the things on my short list of "pipe dream jobs". So I suppose I have 2 questions!

  1. What was your design background and how did you use that to get into design in film?

  2. What advice would you give to a young designer such as myself about venturing into the realm of prop, set, or any other type of design in the film industry?

Thanks so much!


Q:

I smoke. I compartmentalise. I remember being new and I had a suicidal woman and she hung up and when I tried to call back it just kept ringing. I broke down and cried loudly. It stays with you. But time goes on and you get more calls like that and you (I hate this phrase) put your work hat on and you learn to do what needs to be done. I find these days I get more panicky when I'm being abused than when I'm dealing with a heart attack. I just get on with it now. You do get really horrid calls occasionally that strike a nerve and the management know that and are happy to accommodate extra cigarette time or down time and a debrief etc. You're very well cushioned.

A:

I was deeply involved in Apollo 11 both before and during the mission. I sat a few feet from Walter Cronkite and functioned as the "Hal 9000" computer that fed information to Walter as he was broadcasting live online. Half way through the final descent, I alerted Walter to my detection of an orbit change that would consume more fuel, but allow coasting a little further than the planned target. When the other TV stations had the ships landed according to their NASA manual, I determined that the the Apollo had not yet landed. This was later confirmed that I had the accurate version of landing.


Q:

Standing holding two camels on a street in Marrakesh with Dustin Hoffman staring at one another.

A:

We know a few spots in New York that airmail their delicious Pizza -maybe we can find one that'll speed air-freight a killer Burrito?


Q:

Thoughtful questions deserve thoughtful answers (even though I might not be the most thoughtful or coherent at this time haha!)

A:

I came early to trade shows and helped unload trucks to get to know people. You can learn about my background in earlier posts.


Q:

How many calls do you get from people that are too stoned/tripping and believe that they are "going to die" etc?

A:

How do you keep comng up with different and unique designs for vehicles for so long?


Q:

Hi Warren!

Thanks for doing this ama!

Do you see any relation in the character you played Senator Bulworth and Donald Trump? Both guys that didn't give a fuck what they said and somehow get more popular for doing it?

Also what is your opinion of Donald Trump?

A:

Hi Kelly:

I'm a recruitment advisor who trains search committees on best practices in recruiting. Part of my training goes over how implicit bias (we call it unconscious bias) can affect decision making in the hiring process. Two questions for you:

1) Any recent studies you could link to that demonstrate bias in hiring practices with regards to women and/or people of color?

2) In your opinion, what is the best way for someone to limit implicit bias in their hiring decisions? (My advice to them is to be aware that they have bias and acknowledge it, then to be vigilant in the applicant review process by slowing down and not letting "autopilot" take over.)

Thanks!


Q:

How do you keep comng up with different and unique designs for vehicles for so long?

A:

I've never had a call like that! I've had drunk people slurring and being stupid and drunk like people are, but I've never had anyone high. Although people have admitted to doing cocaine before. And you wonder why you have chest pain...


Q:

Not so much anymore. I no longer have my 1000 nurney drawers.

A:

What Jay Bulworth is saying is very, very different from that which Mr. Trump is saying.


Q:

Hello! Finally something I can do ;) Fortunately the implicit bias literature for hiring is quite rich!

1) As far as resources go, I have to keep shamelessly plugging our State of the Science Reports http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/researchandstrategicinitiatives/implicit-bias-review/ I believe all except the 2013 edition have an entire section dedicated to employment decisions!

2) The two that are great first steps are coming up with objective evaluation criteria (preferably numeric) around the job description. Bias happens when we subjectively think someone is a good "fit" esp. if that person reminds us of ourselves (affinity bias). Giving someone a 4/5 on a leadership experience rating is much less likely to invite bias than a written summary of "is a good leader" .. etc, Second is to have a blind review as part of the search stage. That doesn't mean resumes always have to have identifiers removed (e.g. race, age, gender, name) but it should happen at some part in the process to ensure that quality ratings are consistent with and without identifiers (it helps if half the committee gets blinded resumes and half doesn't, or organizing it some other way). I hope that's a good starting point!

A:

Not so much anymore. I no longer have my 1000 nurney drawers.


Q:

My hypochondriac friend called the NHS24 hotline in a panic after experiencing pain into his groin/lower abdomen.

After much googling he discovered the term 'blue balls' without understanding the correct context and called using that term to describe his problem. "Hello, can I speak with a nurse I believe I have verticulitis or blue balls".

What's the weirdest call you've had from an obvious hypochondriac?

A:

Conversations with Kubrick, Star Wars design of the awesome X-wing (every boy's love in the 80s), writing sci-fi, what a great experience. Did you work with McQuarrie at all? What's your favorite beer you're drinking this month?


Q:

What was your favorite location to film in?

A:

Thanks for the response! We definitely use rubrics with the criteria as relevant to the job as possible.

Wondering what you think about this: our organization values diversity to the extent that we ask our candidates to talk about diversity in their cover letters and during interviews. We believe that diversity in the workplace has an inherent benefit to all, and therefore are willing to consider a candidate's diversity (and cultural competency) along with all the other more standard job relevant criteria.


Q:

Conversations with Kubrick, Star Wars design of the awesome X-wing (every boy's love in the 80s), writing sci-fi, what a great experience. Did you work with McQuarrie at all? What's your favorite beer you're drinking this month?

A:

Hahaahah!! Bet that went down well!! Someone rang up after doing three solid poos in three days, and was scared they had IBS. what? Also a man with rectal bleeding was beside himself sobbing and wailing because he was certain it was bowel cancer. He genuinely thought he was going to die, totally inconsolable.


Q:

Yes, I was designing in the same room as Ralph was doing his wonderful paintings of my designs. No beer.

A:

Hollywood.


Q:

THAT IS AWESOME!!! I think a lot of folks fail to realize how much an institutional culture can do for countering the norms of society. If your organization champions diversity internally, then that becomes the new norm/expectation! Great work! You should be doing an AMA haha

A:

Yes, I was designing in the same room as Ralph was doing his wonderful paintings of my designs. No beer.


Q:

In working with such famous figures like Lucas and Kubrick, what has the most memorable moment with them?

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What institutions do you primarily focus on, and which institutions have given the more fascinating results?

How often do you run into explicit bias when researching or teaching about implicit bias, and what methods do you use to curve explicit bias?

In Malcolm Gladwell's Blink, eliminating bias (implicit and otherwise) required fully blind tests. Is there a simpler method of minimizing implicit bias rather than conducting interviews/auditions blindly?

Does the IAT do anything beyond proving specific biases; and if so what does it show?


Q:

In working with such famous figures like Lucas and Kubrick, what has the most memorable moment with them?

A:

Attending the Premiers.


Q:

I mainly focus on education, and somewhat housing. Not sure if fascinating in the right word but education is always depressing and full of disparities haha-- but i love the neuroscience and perception work, it really demonstrates how automatic processes are impacted by race--e.g. we're really bad at accurately perceiving the emotions of faces that are outside our racial group.

Blinding resumes is a great tool but even that isn't perfect--our job experience and activities may provide information that cues the reader to think about our gender or race. But anything to reduce distractions/ cognitive load and keep the evaluators accountable (e.g. utilizing data) decreases the likelihood that someone will rely on their biases when making decisions. I gave some feedback specific to hiring elsewhere in this thread if that's what you're interested in!

The IAT tests both evaluations (good vs bad) and stereotypes (gender-career association) but doesn't have any application in the test itself. However other researchers use the IAT to examine how our biases predict those actions.

A:

Attending the Premiers.


Q:

Have you discussed Cosmic Biodesics with any major physicists? Have you been able to establish a mathematical foundation for it?

Are you watching Elon Musk's presentation about colonizing Mars which is happening in an hour? http://www.spacex.com/mars
Any advice for his spaceship designs?

A:

Have you discussed Cosmic Biodesics with any major physicists? Have you been able to establish a mathematical foundation for it?

Are you watching Elon Musk's presentation about colonizing Mars which is happening in an hour? http://www.spacex.com/mars
Any advice for his spaceship designs?


Q:

I am continuing to explore Cosmic Biodesics and allied subjects and will be coming back to it shortly. As of yet it has not been discused with any major physicists. Have been too busy to track Elon Musk's work, but thanks for the heads up.

A:

I am continuing to explore Cosmic Biodesics and allied subjects and will be coming back to it shortly. As of yet it has not been discused with any major physicists. Have been too busy to track Elon Musk's work, but thanks for the heads up.


Q:

Mr. Cantwell, I was wondering if there are any plans to bring 2001 A Space Odyssey back to the theater? I was born around the time it came out, and had only ever seen the movie on regular tube tv's. A few years ago I got to see it on an HD TV shown in HD and was absolutely blown away. I can't even imagine what it must have been like back in 1968 to see this in the theater. I would love to see it on the big screen.

A:

Mr. Cantwell, I was wondering if there are any plans to bring 2001 A Space Odyssey back to the theater? I was born around the time it came out, and had only ever seen the movie on regular tube tv's. A few years ago I got to see it on an HD TV shown in HD and was absolutely blown away. I can't even imagine what it must have been like back in 1968 to see this in the theater. I would love to see it on the big screen.


Q:

Certain theaters do bring back 2001 upon occasion, but this is random. I would also like to see it on the big screen again.

A:

Certain theaters do bring back 2001 upon occasion, but this is random. I would also like to see it on the big screen again.


Q:

Hello Mr. Cantwell! thanks for doing his AMA!

First off, I'm a huge star wars fan - and pretty much have been for as long as I can remember.

My first question; what is your opinion on the derivative ships from your original designs? Most notably the ARC-170 (X-Wing) & to a lesser extent the Jedi Starfighters.

Do you like the designs from a 'lore' standpoint that dictates these designs eventually became yours?

Second question; what was your favorite ship design in the Star Wars universe? (Made by you or not, whichever answers the question!)

Thanks again!

A:

Hello Mr. Cantwell! thanks for doing his AMA!

First off, I'm a huge star wars fan - and pretty much have been for as long as I can remember.

My first question; what is your opinion on the derivative ships from your original designs? Most notably the ARC-170 (X-Wing) & to a lesser extent the Jedi Starfighters.

Do you like the designs from a 'lore' standpoint that dictates these designs eventually became yours?

Second question; what was your favorite ship design in the Star Wars universe? (Made by you or not, whichever answers the question!)

Thanks again!


Q:

I am happy that my basic concepts have been given new life in the current Star Wars versions. I have no favorite design. They all served their individual purposes.

A:

I am happy that my basic concepts have been given new life in the current Star Wars versions. I have no favorite design. They all served their individual purposes.


Q:

What was it like working with George Lucas? I got into filmmaking watching you both behind the scenes on DVD.

A:

Mr. Cantwell, Did you have any input or ties to the Force Awakens or any of the new Star Wars films? If not, what did you think of the new takes on your classic ship designs? I was a big fan of the redesigned X-Wing myself.


Q:

Fun and exciting.

A:

No ties to the recent Star Wars movies. But I enjoyed seeing the new life of the originals in recent films.


Q:

Mr. Cantwell, Did you have any input or ties to the Force Awakens or any of the new Star Wars films? If not, what did you think of the new takes on your classic ship designs? I was a big fan of the redesigned X-Wing myself.

A:

What was it like working with George Lucas? I got into filmmaking watching you both behind the scenes on DVD.


Q:

No ties to the recent Star Wars movies. But I enjoyed seeing the new life of the originals in recent films.

A:

Fun and exciting.


Q:

Do you own any of the Lego sets of the ships you designed? The Star Wars Legos were always my favorite.

A:

Do you own any of the Lego sets of the ships you designed? The Star Wars Legos were always my favorite.


Q:

Since I created the space ships for the very first Star Wars movie, there were no Star War's Lego sets. However, I worked with plastic model parts. I called them nurneys and had a thousand drawers of nurneys which I dragged around from place to place until a couple of years ago. .

A:

Since I created the space ships for the very first Star Wars movie, there were no Star War's Lego sets. However, I worked with plastic model parts. I called them nurneys and had a thousand drawers of nurneys which I dragged around from place to place until a couple of years ago. .


Q:

How does it feel to have the same exact name as me, a lame 9th grader?

A:

How does it feel to have the same exact name as me, a lame 9th grader?


Q:

Pretty good to me

A:

Pretty good to me


Q:

So, who designed the Y-Wing?

A:

So, who designed the Y-Wing?


Q:

I did. Along with the original Millennium Falcon concept, the X-Wing, the original Imperial Cruiser concept, the TIE Fighter and the Death Star

A:

I did. Along with the original Millennium Falcon concept, the X-Wing, the original Imperial Cruiser concept, the TIE Fighter and the Death Star


Q:

What is your favorite fictional starship that you did not design?

A:

What is your favorite fictional starship that you did not design?


Q:

Too many to remember. I enjoy sci-fi including stories that take place in higher dimensions.

A:

Too many to remember. I enjoy sci-fi including stories that take place in higher dimensions.


Q:

What was it like working with Stanley Kubrick?

A:

What was it like working with Stanley Kubrick?


Q:

My best memories were 1. Making 2001 2. Driving a Mini Cooper in a parking lot 3. Watching rushes with a dozen apes I worked closely with Stanley and shed tears while he was Moviola editing HAL's demise.

A:

My best memories were 1. Making 2001 2. Driving a Mini Cooper in a parking lot 3. Watching rushes with a dozen apes I worked closely with Stanley and shed tears while he was Moviola editing HAL's demise.


Q:

What do you think of the prequel trilogy and the sequel trilogy?

A:

What do you think of the prequel trilogy and the sequel trilogy?


Q:

I think the prequels were too "animated" and lacking character development. The latest film was getting back to the original Star Wars roots and I enjoyed it.

A:

I think the prequels were too "animated" and lacking character development. The latest film was getting back to the original Star Wars roots and I enjoyed it.


Q:

Hi Colin! I grew up playing with and enjoying your designs.

What is the best book you've read recently, and could you name a couple of your favorite authors? Where does a maxi-nerd like you go to get his maxi-nerd fix?

A:

Having such a successfull carreer that you've had, and hosting this AMA, do you ever contemplate on changing your name to Canwell?


Q:

Well, actually the best and only book I have read recently is the space adventure I wrote, CoreFires. It has consumed most of my time for many months. You can learn about it on my website http://colincantwell.com/home2

A:

Good point... I'll think about it


Q:

Having such a successfull carreer that you've had, and hosting this AMA, do you ever contemplate on changing your name to Canwell?

A:

Hi Colin! I grew up playing with and enjoying your designs.

What is the best book you've read recently, and could you name a couple of your favorite authors? Where does a maxi-nerd like you go to get his maxi-nerd fix?


Q:

Good point... I'll think about it

A:

Well, actually the best and only book I have read recently is the space adventure I wrote, CoreFires. It has consumed most of my time for many months. You can learn about it on my website http://colincantwell.com/home2


Q:

Were the models in the original Buck Rogers and Flash Gordon film serials a big inspiration to you?

A:

Were the models in the original Buck Rogers and Flash Gordon film serials a big inspiration to you?


Q:

Not really.

A:

Not really.


Q:

What a great AMA. Some of your designs don't quite seem to make sense even though they look really cool, so I'm curious how much you allowed aerodynamics vs "photodynamics" ( space aerodynamics) vs art influence the designs? Given the amount of influence that sci-fi has on technology, you think some future development might make them practical?

A:

What a great AMA. Some of your designs don't quite seem to make sense even though they look really cool, so I'm curious how much you allowed aerodynamics vs "photodynamics" ( space aerodynamics) vs art influence the designs? Given the amount of influence that sci-fi has on technology, you think some future development might make them practical?


Q:

80% looks, 10% aerodynamics, 10% whimsy

A:

80% looks, 10% aerodynamics, 10% whimsy


Q:

What new technology are you really looking forward to seeing become a reality?

A:

What new technology are you really looking forward to seeing become a reality?


Q:

Breakthroughs in genetic engineering

A:

Breakthroughs in genetic engineering


Q:

Your house must be full of amazing things. Any pictures of anything you made, or you particularly enjoy, that you would like to share with us?

A:

Your house must be full of amazing things. Any pictures of anything you made, or you particularly enjoy, that you would like to share with us?


Q:

We moved into a small house about 2 years ago, se we don't have anything in our house. However, if you go to my website http://colincantwell.com/home2 you can find Star Wars stories, information about my book CoreFires and also concept prints of the designs I did before George hired me.

A:

We moved into a small house about 2 years ago, se we don't have anything in our house. However, if you go to my website http://colincantwell.com/home2 you can find Star Wars stories, information about my book CoreFires and also concept prints of the designs I did before George hired me.


Q:

What was Kubrick like as a director? Was he as uncompromising as people say he was?

A:

What was Kubrick like as a director? Was he as uncompromising as people say he was?


Q:

He was beyond compromising and continually creating the NEW that we'd soon call genius.

A:

He was beyond compromising and continually creating the NEW that we'd soon call genius.