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Tourism-LiveJust came back from North Korea, AMA!

Oct 1st 2016 by bustead • 22 Questions • 3934 Points

Hi Reddit. As the title says, my name is Dr. Lynn Webster. I’m VP of Scientific Affairs at PRA Health Sciences (PRAHS) and a past president of the American Academy of Pain Medicine. Much of my life I have worked to develop new, safer medications for pain and addiction. One of the areas of my research is to test abuse-deterrent formulations of pain medications. We’re in the middle of conducting these types of studies right now.

It’s no secret there’s an opioid/painkiller abuse crisis in the United States. A disturbing number of people have died due to abusing opioids. A recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates the financial cost exceeds 78 billion dollars annually. But, of course, far more important is the cost in human lives. The CDC states opioids are involved in 40 deaths each day in America. This is a staggering number. It is equivalent to a jumbo jet airplane crashing every 10 days. No wonder every governmental agency, including the White House, is involved in trying to curb this epidemic.

Nearly everyone in America knows someone who has developed an addiction or overdosed on opioids. There is no discrimination with this disease. It affects every social economic class. While opioids are necessary and help some people, they can be dangerous if not taken as directed. They can also be made safer.

The good news is that we are working hard to make opioids and other medications safer and more effective. The company I work for, PRA Health Sciences, is continually exploring ways to make existing and new drugs safer.

The way we study the abuse potential of drugs is to give the drugs to people and ask them how much they like the drug. The goal is to reduce “liking” in drugs while retaining the needed effect on pain receptors. We have volunteers compare the new drug, or drug formulation, with a drug that is commonly abused. The FDA requires that we conduct these studies in people who use these drugs for recreational purposes. These are people who are not addicted to the drugs but who are using the medication without a prescription.

In the past few years, the FDA has approved several of these abuse deterrent formulations. Early research suggests the abuse deterrent formulations are safer and associated with less harm.

It is my hope that, one day, we will have medications that cannot be abused but will provide relief to those who need the help.

In the meantime, I am happy to respond to your questions. Ask about the clinical trials, types of drugs we study, risks of opioids, addiction, or anything in the field of pain management or addiction. I will do my best to answer your questions.

Additional Reading and Verification:

For more information check out my book, The Painful Truth, blog, and documentary, as well as the following articles.

Edit: Thanks for your time, Reddit! This was a lot of fun. Thanks to everyone who asked questions–I hope it’s been informative. Feel free to continue to answer questions and I’ll try to answer as many as I can over the next day or so.

Q:

Will they "punish" you if you refuse to bow to Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il's statues?

A:

in Dick Tracey, there was a scene where Dick Tracey jumps on top of a pole and slides down. And everytime I watch this movie I notice how hard the stunt double hits the pole. Did you watch this happen?


Q:

Why do I feel so dead inside?

A:

What evidence is there for the external validity of tests like the IAT? Are we certain we're studying biases rather than familiarity for example?

Additionally, as someone pursuing a career in science, how can I make sure I view others based on the merits of their work, rather than letting my unconscious bias take over?


Q:

What do you think about cannabis research as a potential alternative for opiates?

A:

Yes. You will be asked again to bow. If you refuse again you will:

  1. Be locked in your hotel room for the entirety of the trip and be sent home knowing that you will never be able to go to DPRK again.

  2. Be forced to write a letter explaining your actions and apologizing to "the people of DPRK" and give that to your guides. They may also get into trouble for your actions.

If you fail to write that letter or if you do anything more to incite DPRK further, you maybe arrested and by that point, you will most likely be sentenced to hard labor or shot.


Q:

That was me!

A:

Daily life is taking more than you're giving yourself; whether work, personal situations, etc. It's crucial to find something that fulfills -whether reading, gaming, creating, volunteering, working out, etc. The more you do for you, while still making sure to be considerate of the people around you, the easier it is to combat and keep depression at bay.

(Disclaimer: we are not medical professionals and the above advice is to be taken with a grain of salt. If you're truly going through a hard time: friends, family, and professional assistance can help).


Q:

Hi! As a nerd I appreciate your question on external validity. Instead of re-inventing the wheel I'll direct you to project implicit's IAT FAQs https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/background/faqs.html But I will say that this test is highly controversial, so it has gone through the validity ringer more so than many other reputable psychological measures ( I have also linked other comments to our state of the science reports, a few of them have entire sections dedicated to the IAT/measurement for future reading)

As for your second point, this is a lifelong journey that we all must approach with a ton of humility and patience. But getting out of your comfort zone and interacting with folks that come from different background and being more mindful of your decisions is a great place to start!

A:

This is something that I've been recommending for some time. I've recommended the DEA reschedule cannabis so that research can be conducted more easily. It may well be a good substitute for opioids. BUT we need the research.

Edit: Here's an op-ed I wrote on the subject.


Q:

Did they tell you this?

A:

Hey Warren,

With a career of incredible movies spanning decades, box office successes, magazine covers, talk shows, red carpets, and Oscar nominations... do you sometimes find it overwhelming to be the husband of Annette Bening?


Q:

Finally what I was looking for in an AMA.

A:

Thanks for your response. Is there any further information available about the validity? I see the research has shown it is unlikely this test measures familiarity, but I'd like to know whether there are correlations with serious problems like hate crime. Such a correlation would provide more actionable information than what I've seen regarding the test so far.

Some further questions: Do scores on the IAT change after diversity training? Also, if the test doesn't measure familiarity, does this mean attempts to increase diversity will not be successful at removing the attitudes that caused the lack of diversity in the first place?


Q:

Is there any way you can see the end to the stalemate of "cannabis is schedule 1 so it's really hard to research, and we won't make it schedule 2 until there is more research"?

Apart from just every state ignoring federal law one by one?

A:

I was told that on a briefing section held by the travel company.


Q:

The best thing that ever happened to me is Annette Bening.

A:

A pleasure to be of service ;) Anything else we can do for you?


Q:

I've referenced the State of the Science implicit bias review in other posts. But we include a whole chapter on assessments and measurement on this year's edition http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf starts at pg 51. There are a lot of research articles out there but of course there are limited access if you are not at a university or have a subscription so I try to refer to the SOTS whenever possible and I'd be happy to point you in the right direction if you wanted more leads.

I am not sure about hate crime specifically, but the salience of an event could definitely increase peoples likelihood of making or retrieving those associations

Hey sorry to leave this hanging! It must have slipped through! I really appreciate your thoughtful questions. I think there may be a couple things going on. My perception of the IAT's response is that it is not measuring novelty vs familiarity, Whereas the case for diversity of more of a perspective-taking/ empathy building argument rather than making the case for mere exposure. This is my perception on the matter so I wont speak for those who are more involved in the IAT or diversity work broadly.

A:

It is a Catch-22. The research has not been done because we can't do the research. Only the government can make sense of that.

I think when nearly every state in the Union legalizes marijuana, Congress will force the DEA to reschedule cannabis. I actually have an op-ed coming out in Pain Medicine News in its November issue on this topic.


Q:

Thanks for the explanation. I was wondering about this ever since I found out you could actually go to NoKor as a tourist.

One more thing: Were you told what things you were not allowed to bring? Say, anything SoKor-made, etc.? Are the guides strict in implementing rules?

A:

What is your best memory about filming Bonnie and Clyde? Best regards for you and your wife from a fan of both in Mexico.


Q:

Write a haiku for me please

A:

Mostly just curious, but are you aware of any studies or meta-analyses of how implicit bias and confirmation bias work alongside one another, particularly regarding political beliefs?

For others: confirmation bias is the system that essentially makes us assign more importance to an event that supports a pre-existing belief. It seems that a particularly strong implicit bias combined with confirmation bias could inadvertently drag people into certain political beliefs (i.e. regarding who uses welfare, etc.)

If not, researchers, feel free to borrow/steal this idea for your next study.


Q:

Thank you so much for your work. Do you have any suggestions for conversations with doctors who are decreasing/ending our opioid prescriptions? My doctor of 12 years is leaving her practice, and now I have to start all over again. I have an invisible illness - chronic daily migraine. I have tried many, many things, including a nerve stimulator surgery, where I was disabled for months due to a MRSA infection, and the darn thing had to be removed. My opioid dosage has not increased in years. Anyway, just looking for some concrete ideas to get my point across to the doctor that a very small amount of opioids continues to help me function. BTW - best of luck with your research. I think we can all agree that making opioids irrelevant in the future is the goal.

A:

GPS devices and professional cameras. Other than that you are good to go PS: If you smartphone has GPS, just be quiet about it. Guards these days seems to be more lenient these days


Q:

That my mother and father visited me on the set for the first time since it was the first movie I produced. My mother was a smoker. She and my father sat in and witnessed a production meeting. I saw her smoking and I asked her in front of the group if she loved me. There was an embarrassing silence. She said to me, ‘Of course, I love you. Why would you ask a question like that?’ I then said, ‘Well if you love me, will you put that cigarette out and never smoke another one?’

She stared down at the cigarette in her hand for a while and then she put it out. She never smoked another cigarette.

A:

Another day Another mystery

The spider crawls from within history

OUCH! another bite

Seasons change.

The spider hides again

Deep inside.

OUCH! More.

Not sure what that was

Is this even a Haiku?


Q:

Yes Yes you rock! One of my favorite implicit bias studies has the intersection of confirmation bias. Here: http://www.nextions.com/wp-content/files_mf/14468226472014040114WritteninBlackandWhiteYPS.pdf However, this is not one related to politics. Unfortunatly I do not know one off the top of my head related to IB, CB, and politics (but that certainly doesn't mean one doesn't exist). We spend most of our time in the race lit so there may be ones on politicians and gender that I do not know of as well. However, there is some really good lit on IB and politics and race: http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf page 72 has that year's write ups of politics and voting. Thanks!

A:

It is extraordinarily sad for me to see the way people in pain are treated. Sounds like you are one of them. My recommendation is to be very transparent with your physician. Ask that he or she spend time to understand your needs and then you have to reciprocate their respect and fear of the DEA.


Q:

Is it scary?

A:

How sick and tired are you of people asking if Ned Beatty is your brother? Have you two met?


Q:

No, you forgot "It's snowing on Mt Fuji"

A:

That's awesome, thank you so much for doing this.


Q:

Could you potentially elaborate on your statement of addiction and overdose not being the "only risks associated with these medications"? What other risks are there at large thru the majority of these trialed medications?

A:

Part of it is. Apart from the train ride home (seen above for how I smuggled the money and photos out) I would say the 38th line was very tense. Guards everywhere and we were yelled at by one of them when we had to get out from one of the blue houses. He was clearly annoyed at our slow pace:

http://imgur.com/a/O6dc3


Q:

I actually can't remember someone ever asking me that question. Ned Beatty and I don’t know each other very well but I admire his work.


Q:

They like me they really like me haha but really I'm just happy to get the work out there and I am so thankful for folks that appreciate it! Thanks you rock!

A:

Thank you. My area of work is very interesting and rewarding when we can make a difference in other people's lives. I'm not sure what you mean by pushback, but the pharmaceutical companies are profit-drive and react to incentives. When there's a potential for profit, they will be there.


Q:

How many days did you stay there?

Were you on an organized tour or what? Did you have any chance to just walk around on your own?

Do you speak any Korean?

A:

What inspired you to make Reds?


Q:

Ok, easy one, where did the idea come from?

A:

Hi,

I found a study online where you were supposed to press right for good or bad things, then press right for homosexual or heterosexual things. I guess it was trying to see if you implicitly wanted to say one sexuality or another was good or bad.

Are you familiar with the study? I think it came from Harvard. What do you think about that as a methodology?


Q:

The demand for opioids can be met with illegal supplies.

In light of that product substitution risk, are you at all concerned that ADFs might lead opioid-dependent populations towards black market opioids? (eg counterfeit non-ADF formulations, heroin, etc)

A:
  1. I stayed there for 5 days. 4 in Pyongyang and 1 in Kaesong (a city near 38th parallel). Pyongyang is relatively modern but Kaesong was a nightmare. Can you imagine a "hotel" with no power or water supply?

  2. Yes I was on a tour. In fact you cannot go in alone as far as I know. We didn't get any chance to walk around with no supervision but we did walk around in the streets in Pyongyang. It was a rather unbelievable experience and I saw more than I expected. The other "free" session is the visit to a shopping mall owned by the Chinese. (Most likely a mall reserved for the elites). We were allowed to shop there and had quite some fun.

  3. No I do not.


Q:

Arrogance.

A:

The answer is as easy as the inquiry ;)

Truthfully, we had a few friends over and were playing a few card games. A bottle of scotch, some laughs, some dialogue, and the idea came.

The replies we usually get it "What a simple concept" -because it is.

Now, this isn't to discredit the work which followed. Having ideas is the easy part. Putting them into motion, all the way through the end is the part which we're proud of. From Trademarking, Registering businesses in the proper states, Legalities, Contracts with freelancers, Site / Marketing concepts, finding the right models and honing in on a specific tone (vintage/grindhouse, etc) all took months; even after our first release, there was much work to do -improving, editing, amending, and trying our best to grow.

Concept was quasi-easy / Road to completion is continuing process.


Q:

Instead of re-inventing the wheel I'll direct you to project implicit's IAT FAQs https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/background/faqs.html But I will say that this test is highly controversial, so it has gone through the validity ringer more so than many other reputable psychological measures ( I have also linked other comments to our state of the science reports, a few of them have entire sections dedicated to the IAT/measurement for future reading)

Sorry to just copy and paste to another response but I believe this is the test you are referring to. I think it's one of the best tools for assessing implicit associations/evaluations. That being said, no tool is perfect and it's not the only options out there. In my personal opinion, I often recommend using the IAT. Thanks!

A:

I'm always concerned that someone might use an illegal supply of opioids that could be laced with lethal substitutes. There are several reasons why people might move to illicit drug supplies.

One would be because they are no longer able to access medication to treat their pain. Another reason is that they were using the medicine for the wrong purpose and actually had the disease of addiction. There are other reasons as well, but regardless I am concerned that our introduction of safer treatment options might lead some individuals to seek more dangerous substitutes. That doesn't mean we shouldn't try to make the formulations safer.


Q:

What tour company did you go with?

A:

What are some pragmatic things you could suggest an actor do to come across charismatic and engaging on screen?


Q:

Can i play with my grandma ?

A:

That handout is an interesting read for sure. Would you happen to have any handouts like this that cover privileges others have (red and yellow black and white etc.)? I'm really interested in seeing them.

The book looks like a good read, I'll be sure to check it out.


Q:

I really think part of the problem is they cannot easily differentiate in a blood test. Fentanyl breaks down into morphine and down the opiate line. All they can really tell is that it was an opioid OD. There are always a slew of different forms in the system.

A:

I can't tell you that as I don't want to cause them any trouble (I am a smuggler right?) but I can recommend a Hong Kong based company for you:

http://www.easternvision.hk/


Q:

To stop thinking about trying to come across as charismatic and engaging.

A:

It wouldn't be the first time. All depends on your Grannie's humor ;)

Some cards would be a bit awkward, we imagine.

So, how cool is this Grandma?


Q:

Great! Here's a link to a buzzfeed video that included other factors like gender, class etc. As a research conscious person I won't go on record for vouching for buzzfeed's reporting accuracy, etc., but it is a good illustration of how privilege intersects multiple identities. Additionally, a lot of research focuses on the Black-White dichotomy, but there are a good bit of studies that go into the types of implicit biases that we all hold for other groups--one example is a study that showed that kids as young as middle school internalized the stereotype that Asians are good at math. A write up of the article is found on page 34 of our review: http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/2015-kirwan-implicit-bias.pdf

A:

Actually, the CDC cannot usually determine cause of death. They can report if an opioid is present, contributes, or probably caused a death. In most instances, deaths are associated with multiple drugs. It's also true that heroin metabolizes to morphine. In June 2016, the CDC revised the unintentional overdose deaths downward by almost 4,000 annual deaths to take into account the probably involvement of heroin–rather than morphine–in the overdose deaths. Yet even one death is tragic.


Q:

Hopefully no one will recognize it based on the details you already supplied from your itinerary. Not suggesting you delete your post, but maybe if you think it might be necessary.

A:

How does the tabloid press of today compare to 25, and 50 years ago? Is it really that much worse?


Q:

Definitely the coolest . She suggested that we play this ;)

A:

This is helpful, but I was hoping for something more like the first link you had that was relevant in the same scope applied elsewhere. Does anything like that exist? Or is something like that in the works by any chance? I really am interested in seeing the full scope of privilege in a neat list like that first one you provided.

On a side note, I have found that the black-white dichotomy is a very good starting point. There differences between the two that make them unique are staggering, and can really open the mind to how people are different, and would view and interact in the world differently.

EDIT: I'm sorry, but I do not see a link to the buzzfeed vid. Try again?


Q:

Dr. Webster, when do you foresee the government doing anything to help chronic pain patients who are now going from functioning to bedbound due to discontinuance of their pain meds?

A:

I may if I am to go back to NK in a later date. We will see


Q:

Woops, too much multitasking :). Here you go: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hD5f8GuNuGQ

A:

In order for policymakers to help people in pain, there will need to be a movement comparable to the level of activity put forth by AIDS patients and advocates in the 80s. We have to have a groundswell of voices demanding that patients are treated with humanity.


Q:

What were the people like towards you? We're they hostile or very friendly? Where did you stay? I imagine there aren't too many hotels in an isolationist country.

A:

Are you going to be in any Marvel movies or Star Warses?


Q:

Is the original game not a drinking game? And the expansion pack turns it into one?

A:

As a professor of communication I'm happy to see you engaging with the material in such a wonderful way.


Q:

That's kind of a big request of people in excruciating pain, isn't it?

A:
  1. Some of them were friendly (eg the accountant I met in the grand people's study house) but some just outright ignore you (eg students in the football school). See above for my answer.

  2. I stayed in 2 hotels: yanggakdo international hotel in Pyongyang and a traditional hotel in Kaesong. Yanggakdo international hotel is decent (certainly not the best but definitely passable) with a casino (yes casino), swimming pools, bowling alley... Basically a well rounded hotel. The one in Kaesong though was a nightmare. The bathtub was broken and only hot water (>70°C) came out of the tap. The power went out 5 times in a row during the night and there were so many insects that I found a mosquito in my soup


Q:

No but our hilarious and romantic leading man in Rules Don't Apply, Alden Ehrenreich, is the new Han Solo.

A:

The original has both. It's a bit more casual, like a dirty-man's uno: but with the occasional: Chug a beer/take a shot card (about 1/3 of the deck has drinking rules).

The "Extreme-Drunkard" expansion has 18 cards that mix-up additional mini-games and challenges into the set, all resulting in drinking and other silly stuff (Never have I ever, Beer Pong, and various twists on popular booze-oriented party-games).

The video on the expansion page shows a collection of the cards, and explains it a bit


Q:

Thank you so much! I'm better inside the internet than I am in-person haha

A:

Yes it is. That's why we need to find surrogates to help advocate for people in pain (and why I'm doing this AMA today). I'm trying to support the needs of people in pain.


Q:

How much did your tour trip cost?

A:

Are you surprised Mickey One never found a big, cult audience?


Q:

Cool! Thank you for the explanation.

A:

Have you done any research about the autistic brain and implicit bias? From my experience it seems that bias is one of the byproducts of having social programming, which autistic people are missing to a large extent.


Q:

To be fair I have watched my MIL go the opposite direction. She was functional and able until she got addicted to opiates. They now have her on fentanyl patches and barely gets out of the house but for appointments. She complains about pain constantly from a damaged nerve that left no physical impairment and varies greatly day to day. She is severely addicted and it seems to cause her a great deal of pain.

On the other hand I also have a severely herniated disk in the same area, and worked as well as went to school for 2+ years before surgery. But without taking opiates at all. I fully recovered, where as she allegedly didn't even though her disk was herniated for less than a year.

A:

Less than $1200. Inculding the flight to Shenyang, where we met up with the group travelling there


Q:

I have not, nor do I know of any. Because of how psychological research is conduct, studies almost always rely on a random sample or a sample similar to that being tested (e.g. matching participants based on race or gender). So I don't think the field as a whole knows much about individual differences in the population.. That is a very interesting point!

A:

There is up to a ten-fold difference in response to the same level of pain stimulus from one individual to another. It is unfair to judge somebody else's response to pain based upon your response. I'm glad you are doing well.


Q:

How did you smuggle the note out?

A:

Got any good Hunter S Thompson stories?


Q:

Advice on how to deal with this on-again-off-again-mostly-mist bullshit storm we are stuck with for the next couple days? The storm is ruining one of the last fun outdoor weekends of the year.

A:

What are some small steps that people can take to minimize the negative effects of implicit bias in hiring?


Q:

How can we separate the drug interactions in the brain between pain and addiction?

Feel free to go all geek on me!

A:

Stuff it into a pillow next to my SD card. The border guard actually sat next to the pillow when he was checking my laptop. Luckily he didn't check my pillow :D


A:

What are you into? We just read about a rave that's taking place in Brooklyn tonight - called "Tomb Raver".

On the lighter side, a movie-night is always good. Or maybe shack up at your favorite bar.

Let us know what you dig, and we'll see if there's anything floating around we can grab and relay to you ;)


Q:

Great Question! There are several strategies to reduce one's own individual biases (such as mindfulness, taking breaks, decreasing distractions etc..), but for hiring it's really important to build bias safeguards into the hiring process. An example could be ensuring that all hiring involves a multi-stage review. Another way is by removing identifiers (such as name, gender and race) from resumes and hiring materials. Utilizing data and concrete evaluation criteria is also a big one.. it removes the subjectivity from interviews just thinking someone is a good "fit"-- subjective and ambiguous evaluations are ones that are more likely to rely on bias.

A:

I'm not sure I understand your question. Most drugs are not associated with addiction. There are medications that work in the brain that both treat pain and cause addiction. This is why we need to find safer, more effective therapies.


Q:

Did you get sick from the food? I heard some tourists get sick from the seafood there.

A:

Tell us about working with Lily Collins. She seems like an actress with a lot of talent who hasn't gotten a chance to showcase it. Thoughts?


Q:

I love dancing, adventure, art, restaurants (particularly the ones with "exotic" cuisine.) I am planning on going to Applefest in Warwick on Sunday so maybe I will dig out a movie for tonight. Which one do you say would be a good fit for the weather?

A:

removing identifiers (such as name, gender and race) from resumes and hiring materials

We're a small company, this is where I'll start.

Thanks!


Q:

Why is it we haven't seen such a major push of guidelines with regards to other types of controlled substances such as stimulants/adhd medications? I've heard some chatter about more restrictions for some people on them but for the most part there aren't expensive urine screens, regular pill counts (if any at all), or the requirement of needing a visit every 28-30 days for a new script. I'm curious about the focus on opioids only when there are many other types of meds that are able to be "abused".

A:

Didn't try seafood so I don't know about that. However I can tell you that food is more than enough for all of us. We were stuffed from the first meal to the last. While it was not the best in the world, it is certainly good. For example this is what we ate in Kaesong, a city near 38th line: http://imgur.com/a/7ToJ8 Steamed insam chicken big enough for 3 people to share.


Q:

I feel Lily Collins has an unlimited potential in movies. She makes brave choices, it's hard to take your eyes off of her on screen and her chemistry with Alden Ehrenreich was both hilarious and moving.

A:

Are you into Horror? If so, what type / decade? Literally staring at a massive DVD collection and would be happy to pick something appropriate ;)


Q:

Great! feel free to PM me in the future to let me know how it goes!

A:

You're absolutely correct. There are many drugs that are commonly abused. The reason why there is a focus on opioids is just because of the number of people who have overdosed and died.


Q:

Sounds like kimmy put you up for this

A:

If someone made a biopic about your life, which actor would you want to play you and why?


Q:

I am not but I am very open and decently receptive so throw your best at me, corny or terrifying, and I will give it a shot!

A:

If minority kids grow up believing in negative biases about themselves, could that cause them to under-perform and would they then still be at a disadvantage even with a blind evaluation of their accomplishments?


Q:

[deleted]

A:

Well some may think it is all a show. I think it is just how the top 0.1% in North Korea spend their lives.


Q:

Ronald Reagan. Or maybe Barack Obama. I might add that Ronald Reagan, who was a friend of mine, once said to me (not joking) that he did not know how anyone could be President now without being an actor.

A:

here we go....

  • Hollywood Chainsaw Hookers (some vintage silliness)
  • Dead and Breakfast (if you like Shawn of the Dead)
  • Street Trash (Oldschool Splatter)
  • Jack Frost 2 (it's like Saved By The Bell meets Leprechaun)
  • Tromeo & Juliet (Troma - doesn't get any better/weirder ..+ LEMMMY for Motorhead)
  • Zombi 2 (Italian Zombie film that takes place on an island)
  • Frankenhooker (NYC Times Sq Sleeze and Comedy; also see Basket Case)
  • Dead Alive (Peter Jackson before he became THE Peter Jackson)
  • Diabolical Dr. Z (Oldschool B/W film; trippy and was introduced to us by a Satanist on the Lower East Side.lol)
  • Prince of Darkness (John Carpenter film that's part of his endof the world trilogy of films: The Thing and Mouth of Madness being the other ones. People give this one shit, but we found it terrifying. Mouth of Madness is awesome too.
  • ANY of the Return of the Living Dead films (funny, entertaining ..BRAIIINSS)
  • Cannibal Ferox (a less appreciated film, in the vein of Cannibal Holocaust)
  • Brainscan (A cheesy semi-slasher flick, featuring the kid from Terminator 2; great 90's flashback)

Could. Go. On. Forever. :)


Q:

Great question. This reasoning is exactly why desegregation occurred in the first place. The iconic doll study (more modern recreations shown here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkpUyB2xgTM .. sorry for bad video quality) Gave evidence of the harm in internalizing negative stereotypes. This isn't implicit bias research, but stereotype threat research shows just how detrimental those internalized biases can be for our young people.

A:

Belbuca and Bunavail are buprenorphine formulations. Buprenorphine is an opioid. Belbuca is for chronic pain and Bunavail is for opioid addiction. I think both can be effective in a subset of the population. They appear to have less risk than other types of opioids.


Q:

Did you find out if supreme leader actually poops or not?

A:

There is a long standing rumor in the imdb trivia section that you were at one time working on a Pokémon movie. Is there any truth to that rumor?


Q:

Looks like I'm taking October off of work to watch everything haha thanks! Stay dry

A:

How do you think implicit bias affects education? I'm doing a big paper about this, and it'd be interesting to hear your perspective on it.


Q:

Hey i'm a former opiate junkie, wasted away my 20's.
I've been clean for 2 years, but rely on my CBD oil for sleep, and also THC oil and vape flower for daily anxiety/depression. It has been wonderful!!
So my question, can CBD lower you THC level in your body?? I've read this and just wondering if it's rumors or what?? Could you expand a little. Thanks for doing this AMA <3

A:

Nope. I am not allowed to question the authority of NK propaganda... I mean news reports.


A:

Rock on.


Q:

It affects it a lot!! This is actually my area of interest and the last couple years of our State of the Science have some really interesting studies related to implicit bias in education. http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf starts on page 34 for the 2016 version. the Okonofua and Eberhardt piece is my favorite. We also have work specifically dedicated to school discipline on our website (although not solely IB we do use that as a lens for understanding what the data analyses reveal : http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/researchandstrategicinitiatives/school-discipline/ Hope you find something you can use and good luck on your paper!

A:

I've not heard that before, but it's not something that I would predict.


Q:

Any fake stores like in The Interview?

A:

one of my fave lines from REDS - 'well its Thanksgiving - why don't you come as a turkey" Written or from history?


Q:

Question for OP or anyone that's played: How is the replay value?

I've found a lot of these games are fun ~3 times and then get really old really fast once the shock value is gone. Exploding cats and un-expanded Cards against humanity come to mind.

And to OP, what were some unexpected challenges going from an idea to production. What problems occur that you just don't read about in "Buisness for Dummies" or what have you?

And thanks for the AmA, this is a super chill thread.

A:

I was born in America but my parents were both born in Italy

they came over...my mom became a citizen and my father,well, um he isn't a citizen

I refer myself as being "American"

That prefaced--am I correct in calling myself "American" and not "Italian American"?

I only have citizenship to this country


Q:

I believe CBD could be the next big thing for pain managment, if big pharma ever lets it truly see the light of day (which would mean they would have their sticky hands in there). What your thoughts??

A:

too many to count. They said the Kim Il Sung visited a farm and the rice there grew 300% faster after he left.


Q:

Written.

A:

Excellent question. Honest answer: depends on the crew. When you first play, or show it to people who have never seen it, the fun is in reading the cards out loud as you play along, etc. It's a freaking reward when people laugh from something in the game and/or find something hysterical or amusing. When it's familiar, you can play it like any other card game where, if someone drops down the Anal card -- you know what that action is. So, it becomes a nice time killer. A literal card game. When used as a drinking game at parties, the replay value is much higher.

Like anything else, it's all about what mood your in. Sometimes we play and go nuts, other times -after 15 minutes we get side tracked and the party moves on. Not everyone feels like playing a game all the time. So, truthfully, it fluctuates.

Re: your second question- It's interesting as, despite available resources, every experience is unique and you figure it out as you go along. From day one, our intention was to go by the books and make sure we secure the concept, business, taxes, yada-yada. We still have a LONG way to go, and would dance like mad monkeys if we obtained even 1% of CAH's success. As mentioned in a previous reply, showing support for the companies and people who influence and inspire you goes A LOT further than screaming into the void. A lot of the friends and business partners made was a direct result of showing love to the artists and companies we look up to; additionally, the greatest asset any company or business has is it's employees and customers. It's imperative to value and respect them -otherwise, you're nothing. From day 1, we've made a lot of friends and have kept in touch with a lot of the people who supported our first AMA and releases of the game. Everyone's trying to do something -we're no different. We're not special.


Q:

You are correct in identifying yourself in however you feel best represents you. People choose both ways and there's not right answer. But people may refer to you as the other just out of habit so just let them know if that doesn't feel right to you. Hope that helps!

A:

It appears CBD is very effective for certain types of seizures. We do not have good data on its effectiveness for treatment of pain. The barrier to researching and producing CBD products are mostly regulatory and not by pharma.


Q:

Everyone talks about how authoritarian the NK regime is, lots of government involvement in peoples lives. When you were there, did you see a lot of government influence? If you did, what was the craziest thing that the government tried to influence?

A:

You've been such an influence on my personally since Dick Tracy when I was 12. My passion for film and acting are thanks to you. Also your love of politics encouraged me to vote at 18. How do you feel about this years election??


Q:

Any stories about something that was super frustrating during the games development/production/etc that you look can look back on and laugh about now?

A:

This is something that I have been thinking about recently, with the rise of Islamic extremism, the Black lives matter movement, and the way women are viewed. I've been thinking lately that part of it is ignorance of individuals, the fear of the unknown and unfamiliar, and negative bias. Therefore, is there a way that we can start to change the implicit bias of some people? (It seems that ALL white people to Muslims, blacks, and Hispanics are racists and participate in implicit bias - which itself is just negative bias)


Q:

Do you think pharmaceutical companies would jump at the chance to research CBD for pain management if those regulatory constraints were lifted?

A:

You have no idea how crazy it is. You will have to bow to every Kim Il Sung statue in doors and you better be respectful to the "Eternal President", "Dear Leader" and "Great Marshal". By the way this is a photo of North Koreans rallying in support of the new policies of the party:

http://imgur.com/a/ptdxk

This is what you see in North Korea whenever there is a major event. We were stunned by the sheer scale of people standing there praising their leader. Our guide told us that she had done the same back in high school so I guess this is rather common in NK


Q:

I’ve spent a lot of my life in political activism. I campaigned for Jack Kennedy, I campaigned with Bobby Kennedy and quit movies for a while to work with George McGovern and help him try to get us out of Vietnam. I’ve remained a lifelong Democrat although I have as many friends who are Republicans. What concerns me most at the moment is that the commercialization of the use of technology may be creating a cacophony of opinions that obliterates voices of wisdom.

A:

Sending our cards-concepts/images to manufacturers, and receiving letters of rejection was rather funny. Even US based companies, they outsource overseas -and a lot of countries in Asia have very strict rules with XXX material. We still have those rejection letters; definitely something to laugh about. We're happy with our current printer/model and, until given any reason to leave, we'll stay with them. At the moment though, we may start looking for alternatives as we've been getting some attractive offers. Funny how that works, huh? lol


Q:

Well, there are only two "interventions" that consistently facilitate the change of our biases from negative to positive (or negative to neutral, etc). This is different than ways to stop the expression of bias even if those biases still exist.

So the interventions that can change the biases themselves are "intergroup contact" which is just a researchy way of saying that being around people that aren't like you AND forming meaningful relationships with them is always going to change your perspective, because you no longer see someone as a representation of a larger group or stereotype, you can see the people around you as individuals (appropriately called "individuation"). The second is mindfulness, by training your attending, and regulation, we can all exert more top-down control on automatic processes like implicit bias. But this takes a considerable amount of time and effort (they both do) this does not happen overnight.

A:

Yes, they would. There are at least two companies today developing CBD products. Pharmaceutical companies will only invest when they can own intellectual property. They cannot afford to develop products if they cannot get a return on their investments. There are several more companies looking at developing these medications, provided the regulations allow them to get that return.


Q:

So would you say the people genuinely love their leader given the numbers at those rallies?

A:

How was it working with the great Robert Altman? Did you pick up anything from him ?


Q:

All told, how long did the game take to complete from the idea to it reaching the first shelf?

Also, let me know if you're looking for someone in your digital media department :-D

A:

Wow 70% is much larger than I would have guessed. Still not "everyone" but a large majority. Thanks for the info!


Q:

I have additional question: How often do you run these trials and how do you ensure they're safe? Given that opiates are pretty addictive, this seems like a pretty big concern, recreational users or not.

A:

Some may I guess. Heavy propaganda+good life=genuine loyalty to Kim. Most people in NK will most likely not be able to enjoy that sort of living standards though.


Q:

Bob Altman was a lot of fun to work with. He was brilliantly flexible and improvisational.

A:
  • About 6-9 months until the first prototype was delivered.
  • and, sure, always open to hear of any offers and symbiotic partnerships. Feel free to send us a message.

Q:

Exactly! Not everyone has all of the same biases, but there area certainly overarching trends, I will say that biases are a part of being human so we do all have them to some extent, but it may not be toward those identities that are highlighted in the media

A:

One, we are conducting trials on a continual basis. Our trials are not just about opioids. We may study antidepressants, stimulants, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, new chemical entities, etc...

And two, safety is our number one concern. We are very familiar with the doses that are administered and monitored continuously during a clinical trial. Furthermore, the FDA reviews all protocols to be sure they are safe for the subjects.


Q:

Wait, tourists have to bow too? Really?

A:

Who is an actor that you admired starting out, that doesn't get their due?


Q:

I'm from India and I just came across this AMA.. And it seems amazing.. Hats off.. So my Question is.. How do I get this game in my country?

A:

Are there any empirical ways to measure implicit bias through acquisition?


Q:

Hi Dr. Webster and kudos to you for trying to solve this epidemic while some other officials seem to be in denial. 1. Do you believe that Kratom can be used as a substitute for more addictive and deadly opioid painkillers? 2. Do you believe that the denial of the opioid epidemic, especially in colleges and schools, directly effects the overdose rate(whether positively or negatively? 3. How do you feel on the decriminalization of opioid painkillers in order to help addicts instead of hurting them. And as to your question I believe that providing safer alternatives to opioid painkillers or providing better treatment for addiction will help to ease the death rate in this crisis, this as well as providing EDUCATION (NOT D.A.R.E propaganda that never worked on us as kids at all) about the dangers of opioid use. Those are my questions and thanks!

A:

Yea. Unless you want to write a letter to "apologize to the people of DPRK"


Q:

Steve Hill who unfortunately passed away recently.

A:

International shipping is possible at checkout, however for a destination like India, it's costly. In these situations (for customers in distant countries), we take a more personal approach and ship units ourselves (not through the warehouse/website) from a personal stock in our homes (via paypal and direct communication with the customer). This allows a nice chunk of [international] shipping/handling costs to be saved on their end. In these cases, it's a loss and/or even split for us - but seeing the game in places like Greece, Japan, Australia, etc is worth it. Once we get alternative manufacturers, warehouses, and/or stock somewhere in Europe - International orders would be far more cost effective for the customer.


Q:

I'm not sure I understand the question. I also forgot to eat because I'm so excited to be on the Internets, so I'm not on my A-game. Can you clarify?

A:
  1. I don't believe we have the research to state what Kratom can do. It does appear to have potential, but we need the research.

  2. I'm not sure anyone's denying that there's an opioid crisis in America. We must recognize this is a serious problem and address it head-on.

  3. I don't know what you mean by decriminalized. If you mean there won't be any regulation around opioids, I would be concerned that this would contribute harm to a subset of people in society. We should be able to provide treatments whether opioids or not under a regulatory environment.


Q:

What was the your scariest or most intense moment you had while in NK?

A:

To me there is something special about Shampoo that I can't put my finger on. Would you say that It's a Hal Ashby movie or Hal Ashby/Warren Beatty movie? What was your involvement behind the scenes?


Q:

How did you guys get on to this job? i.e. game developer What made you want to do this?

A:

I took an implicit bias test online. There were a variety of different tests to determine (for example) whether you had an implicit bias as women being less competent than men, and one to see if you saw blacks as more dangerous than whites. There was no IB test regarding if you see men as more dangerous than women, though. This is a significant stereotype that seemed to be missing from the tests.

Have you ever studied whether people have an implicit bias to see men as more dangerous than women? If so, what were the results? If not, why not?


Q:

Without divulging any obviously NDA-protected information, might i inquire what receptor pathways you're investigating to create the "perfect" painkiller? It's been 70 years of searching by the pharmaceutical industry, and the best opioid receptor-acting drugs seem to be the the classics and then investigational, functionally-selective agonists that don't trigger beta-arrestin recruitment (and even here, despite what seems to be a reduced propensity for tolerance, addiction, and overdose, it's not holy grail: never mind that it hasn't been studied in humans.)

Personally, I believe that different types of pain warrant different treatments, and there will always be a place for opioid drugs in acute, visceral pain. However, when it comes to chronic or neuropathic pain, the efficacy just doesn't seem to be there, and this is where I would be targeting research at what the exact mechanisms here are underpinning the difference in pain propagation and why MOR agonists are poor modulators of it.

In a nut shell, I guess, are you investigating further modulators of the opioid system, or are you looking at other neural systems (e.g. cannabinoid receptors, TOLL receptors)? Thanks for your time!

A:

When I was on my way out, I stuffed the NK banknotes into a pillow (I took a train out and there were beds on the train) and stored all my photos into my extra SD card (which is stuffed into the same pillow). The guard came in at the checkpoint and asked me to turn on my laptop for inspection. He then sat next to my pillow and start clicking on my destop randomly. Luckily he didn't find my SD card or my banknotes, otherwise I guess I would have made international news.


Q:

I would call it a Hal Ashby/Robert Towne/Warren Beatty movie. We were all happily involved.

A:

Honestly - took a risk. Hit 30, wanted to do something that aligned more with the things we like,as shown when we refer to companies like Troma, Girls and Corpses, and all those other businesses that do what they do and keep the art of bizarre going. Half Fun/Half "what the hell - go for it, etc". We've all been involved in various things, so the aspect of "random" has always been there. This was just another form of it.

Personally speaking, at the time, a company I worked for was firing everyone and consolidating nationwide offices into a single office in UTAH. People who were with the company for [literally] 35+ years were booted. To see something like that was terrifying. It was time to get weird ...or, at least, try. <shrugs shoulders> ;)


Q:

In terms of the implicit bias literature, I do not conduct my own experimental research, my work focuses on aggregating other's research into a literature review. Just had to get that out there because I don't want to misrepresent myself (although I do perform data analyses and other research duties for some of my other work). To my knowledge there is not specific implicit bias test regarding that stereotype, but there maybe some evidence in more of the gender norms literature (although it may not be purely implicit bias). We focus on race at my workplace so I'm definitely not the most knowledgeable when it comes to specific stereotypes within other populations. Good luck if you do search. Let me know if you find anything.

A:

We're looking at all of the above receptors. You are precisely correct that the treatment of pain requires a multi-modal approach. There will not be one medication that is effective for all types of pain.

I think the way we will advance treating pain will be more personalized than the shotgun approach of using opioids of the past. I often use the analogy of cancer therapy. Chemotherapy targets many different sites to be effective. Pain therapy will need to target many different sites to also be effective. The future looks good, but it will take some time to get there.


Q:

Were you ever worried for your safety/life?

Do they still put up this big show of perfection?

Have you managed to truly interact with any North Koreans, or was it all just a part of the show?

A:

So Dick Tracy reboot?


Q:

Have you contacted any prominent streamers or let's players like @JesseCox to help get the word out on your game?

A:

From what I understand, Implicit Association Tets (IAT) are conducted to reach many of the conclusions on the subject of implicit bias. IATs have been pretty unreliable, and historically have not shown any significant correlation with behavior outside of the test lab. What techniques were used to simulate real world behaviors, as opposed to biases seen on small sample sized tests, and how do you prove these biases aren't measuring in-group vs out-group biases, but more specifically racism, sexism, etc?

Additionally, what future do you believe this research will have on the real world. I ask because even strong proponents of IAT studies do not believe they should be used in the courtroom, the ultimate test for judging behavior. If it is not recognized as trusted science, what exactly are the purpose of implicit bias studies? We struggle to fix individual cases of racism. What makes anyone think a problem affecting 100% of people can be fixed if it can barely be proven to exist? Do you fear that calling people unknowingly biases (typically attached with a demeaning term, like racist, sexist, homophobe, etc) is in itself a form of bigotry? We don't accuse people of crimes in this manner. Proven, intentional behavior is the only standard we can judge people on, do you not agree?


Q:

I plan on taking Vivitrol when I leave my inpatient rehab 10/10. My nurse explained to me that you can still overdose while on Vivitrol while not getting high. How is that? Also, what physiological/ psychological roll does NA play in recovery?

A:
  1. I did worry about my life when I was on my way out because I was carrying lots of photos (legal and illegal ones), the banknotes and a laptop with a game that is banned in NK. I was really scared when I went through the border checks but I made it out alive :D

  2. Well I would say they tried their best to present their best to us. For instance we went to a theme park in Pyongyang at night. When we got there the park was about to be closed but after a small discussion with our guides, the workers started the rides again just for us. Is it a big show? Well that's up to your own judgement.

  3. I did went to a local football school and talked to kids there. They pretended that they do not understand English and ignored us. What I can say is we got our A$$ kicked by some 11 year old kids in a friendly match!


A:

That's actually one thing we have yet to delve into. People have suggested getting involved with streamers, yet it's uncharted territory for us. Any other people you would recommend? Thanks for the question ....and for the tip! -pun not intended, but we can roll with it ;)


Q:

Well, I do need to disclose my own viewpoint that I disagree with the unreliability of IATs. However, there is a problem with using the results in a real world situation (such as courts) because even if biases are present (as indicated by the IAT) it doesn't mean that people always act on biases in all times, there are plenty of circumstances that can increase or decreased our reliance on bias, so precluding individuals bases on a score is a little problematic. However, it is a great use as a talking point (some studies recommend it as such for the voir dire process, not as a form of exclusion).

To another one of your points, the IAT's track demographic data, so it happens that people hold implicit biases against their own ingroup. Eg. overweight folks internalize the negative feelings toward their weight because being skinny is often more valued, so even someone who is overweight may have a pro-skinny bias.. just an example.

I'd say the main reason implicit bias literature developed in the first place is because we keep perpetuating discriminatory behavior even when people don't explicitly support discriminatory values. It's a way of understanding why biased practices happen in the absence of overt racists.

To your final point, "disparate impact" is a standard for court that doesn't rely on individual intent or implicit bias, but in the result that occurs.

So even though we disagree about the IAT, I appreciate your critical thinking around the issue, especially in the application for courts

A:

Yes, you can still overdose on an opioid while taking Vivitrol. Vivitrol is now Naltrexone. Naltrexone and opioids compete for the receptor. If the receptor is flooded with large amounts of opioid, it can override the effect of Naltrexone.

NA can be very supportive if you are in the correct group. NA can be a community of support.


Q:

a laptop with a game that is banned in NK. I was really scared when I went through the border checks but I made it out alive :D

What we're the security checks like on the way out, and what game?

A:

Do you ever miss living in Virginia?


Q:

Well I'm trans so I had the tip handled.

Yes, @Totalbiscuit does a game night stream, @Mangaminx like stuff like this, @lomadia to point you towards yogscast members who do game night streams.

Edit might be too much for some of them but look around for streamers.

@TiffanyStarrXXX does gaming and she's a porn star not a lot of gaming views on her channels unsure of her concurrent twitch views.

@SkyWilliams might do it he has a fucked up sense of humor.

A:

[deleted]


Q:

As a recovering addict of opiates, and a person who consistently has ankle/leg pain, what other treatments do you suggest? Everyday I struggle with pain (restless nights, pain at work, and sometimes my leg/ankle will go to "sleep") and OTC medication do not work, but I will not let myself fall back into addiction even with the "cravings" I have. Only when the pain is at its worst do I even consider taking an opiate, but I'm glad I haven't yet.
I do think Endo Pharmacy's formulation on the ER Oxymorphone is nearly 95% tamper proof, but the bioavailability of oxymorphone orally is not enough to subdue the pain. I think if they use that formula with Oxycodone it would be a more effective medicine and more tamper resistant.

A:

They search your bags and computers randomly by hand and my copy of wargame red dragon escaped from being launched :D


Q:

I love Virginia but I love where I live – California.

A:

Thanks for the referrals ;) xoxo


Q:

You're right, I only used the example to illustrate more of a skin-tone place of origin expectation, purely anecdotal.

Regarding the IQ tests, these are very historically biased against other background and cultures--even to the point that some states won't allow them in their assessment of disability process. This happens because the normative sample for many of these tests were biased in the first place or weighted moral/etiquette decisions as a measure of intelligence. One example (I believe it was the WISC) included a question about what you would do if you found a wallet-- this question purportedly assesses raw intelligence, but it's easy to see how contextual factors like poverty could influence this measure.

I definitely do believe that IQ, temperament, or physical ability are very environmentally driven and not an accurate measure of genetic differences, especially as they pertain to race (but also gender). One thing that we've learned from implicit bias research is that seemingly unbiased ratings (such as the quality of a memo) can be influenced by race or gender, even if all other factors are identical (e.g. exact same memo but written race of the author was changed).

To get at the genetic vs social construction of race, here's a really good article in Science mag http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6273/564

I'm not sure I understand your last paragraph, could you explain further?

Finally, I don't think this disagreement means that dialogue should be hindered. And I appreciate your openness in discussing the issue

A:

There are many treatment options for you -- I cannot list them all here. Most are non-opioid. I recommend you find a physician who practices inter-disciplinary medicine. That person should be very helpful to you.


Q:

What was your contingency plan if they didn't like something they found?

A:

Will you ever write an autobiography??


Q:

Thanks my ass if this helps you blow up you're buying me a burrito. And not from Chipotle somewhere good with concrete floors! :) but seriously though good luck and I prefer batbacoa or lingua.

A:

Has there ever been a study on implicit bias when it comes to dating and relationships? Specifically, apps like Tinder and OkCupid. I remember an extensive data analysis by OkCupid on race and preferences across genders and geographies which I found fascinating but it was pure/raw data analysis rather than a social science analysis.


A:

To delete all my photos and take away my stuff. Really that's all I can do. Come to think of it I was beyond stupid


Q:

Yes.

A:

If you only knew how much we love Burritos....

If you're in New York, we got you covered! (The good shit! we promise.)


Q:

I think I saw one come on my radar recently, but a lot of these are more anecdotal and don't get published in research journals (which is where most of our article logging takes place). But I think apps and technology will be the next focal area of where implicit bias can take place-- I can already say that we will probably have a few articles on tech in the next years addition's of the State of the Science, based on what's come through already. Not a dating app, but Airbnb just went on record addressing that their platform let to discrimination. I give them a huge amount of credit for taking on the issue and releasing a statement/practices to improve how their company works. Great question, I'd be curious to see more in the future.

A:

Please go here.


Q:

What game on your laptop!?

A:

What is your connection to Nova Scotia?


Q:

Indiana. But I could make the trip for a good burrito. Good luck game looks fun.

A:

Thank you. I see tech companies funding research on social science for discrimination studies (including implicit bias). There is so much money and resources put in within tech companies to make them an EEO with almost no results. The work you do is extremely important and unique that might actually help achieve results.


Q:

How do you feel about the impending ban on Kratom, a non narcotic substance that has helped many opiate addicts, one being myself, wean off of opiates?

A:

Wargame red dragon. A realistic military RTS


Q:

My mother was from Nova Scotia.

A:

We know a few spots in New York that airmail their delicious Pizza -maybe we can find one that'll speed air-freight a killer Burrito?


Q:

Thank you so much for your kind words and thoughtful questions! Feel free to PM me in the future if you see anything related to dating apps/technology, I'm always trying to find the most current application for implicit bias work.

A:

Kratom is a potential therapy, but it needs to be researched. The DEA should not schedule it in a way that makes it more difficult for us to conduct the appropriate research.


Q:

For your first question, North Korea is one of the safest countries to visit, simply because you are watched 100% time.

A:

What is your favorite memory filming Ishtar?


Q:

wait, devs of porn game dont watch porn?

A:

Hi! This is one of those things that bugs me...as a professional, how nasty is that gray area of "Is this implicit bias, or are we jumping at shadows?" I'm wondering what a professional's perspective is, since it's a perspective I don't (and can't, as it's not my line of work) have.

To give a little more insight into the context I'm working with...as someone who isn't a professional, especially coming from a position where the most visible are those who come at it with a "this is a foregone conclusion, and now have to justify it" approach, it seems to be pretty common among the laymen; that worries me, since it seems like it would undermine all you guys are trying to accomplish.


Q:

One of my friends left a smartphone in a pizza restaurant. He got it back 4 hours later. That will not happen in Vietnam!

A:

Standing holding two camels on a street in Marrakesh with Dustin Hoffman staring at one another.


Q:

Of course we do. Moderation is key ;)

A:

Well the very nature of implicit bias makes it difficult to identify. Without research I doubt someone could definitively point it out in ow others act, much less in their own actions. That being said, so much about mitigating bias depends on building those safeguards so we don't have to always analyze every single decision we make to try to identify bias.. that's not a good use of anyone's time.. well maybe it's a good use of my time but I digress... haha

edit: just wanted to say this comes up a lot in our work and I want to stress that preventing bias and "jumping at shadows" or even feeling like the sky is falling, can be a fine line.. it takes some delicacy and humility and practice. Great observation/question!


Q:

How was North Korean pizza?

A:

Hi Warren!

Thanks for doing this ama!

Do you see any relation in the character you played Senator Bulworth and Donald Trump? Both guys that didn't give a fuck what they said and somehow get more popular for doing it?

Also what is your opinion of Donald Trump?


Q:

What institutions do you primarily focus on, and which institutions have given the more fascinating results?

How often do you run into explicit bias when researching or teaching about implicit bias, and what methods do you use to curve explicit bias?

In Malcolm Gladwell's Blink, eliminating bias (implicit and otherwise) required fully blind tests. Is there a simpler method of minimizing implicit bias rather than conducting interviews/auditions blindly?

Does the IAT do anything beyond proving specific biases; and if so what does it show?

A:

Tasted real pale comparing to the American counterpart. The fruit slices on them tasted odd but hey, at least you can listen to NK propaganda songs while you eat!


Q:

What Jay Bulworth is saying is very, very different from that which Mr. Trump is saying.

A:

I mainly focus on education, and somewhat housing. Not sure if fascinating in the right word but education is always depressing and full of disparities haha-- but i love the neuroscience and perception work, it really demonstrates how automatic processes are impacted by race--e.g. we're really bad at accurately perceiving the emotions of faces that are outside our racial group.

Blinding resumes is a great tool but even that isn't perfect--our job experience and activities may provide information that cues the reader to think about our gender or race. But anything to reduce distractions/ cognitive load and keep the evaluators accountable (e.g. utilizing data) decreases the likelihood that someone will rely on their biases when making decisions. I gave some feedback specific to hiring elsewhere in this thread if that's what you're interested in!

The IAT tests both evaluations (good vs bad) and stereotypes (gender-career association) but doesn't have any application in the test itself. However other researchers use the IAT to examine how our biases predict those actions.


Q:

Did you enjoy my glorious country?

A:

What was your favorite location to film in?


Q:

How do you recommend one identifies and quantifies bias in scientific papers?

A:

Of course Great Marshal! I enjoyed it so much that I can get my daily ration of grassroots!


Q:

Hollywood.

A:

Hello sorry to get to this late, also on mobile so I apologize if my spelling is a mess. Most research studies will use an implicit bias measure such as the implicit association test (IAT) or The attitude miss attribution procedure (AMP) I've linked to the state of the science report elsewhere in the thread which included a full section on measures and methodology used in the field. Also the IAT is available online by searching "project implicit" if you're curious. Hope that helps!


Q:

Did you hear any mainstream music or media over there?

A:

What is the best thing about getting paid to make things up?


Q:

I have found yellow submarine somewhere in the grand people's study house, as well as some old Chinese songs. NK citizens can also watch selected Chinese TV programs (eg CCTV documentary about World war 2) but that's about it. You can, however, watch RT, BBC and CCTV programs in your hotel room.

A:

Well fortunately for me, my main job is conducting literature reviews that consist of really innovative work being done across the country-- so all volumes of the State of the Science are stuffed full of citations and only contain our perspective if noted.. so there's really not too many opportunities to make stuff up on my end ;)


Q:

How were the people there? Did they treat you any differently from what you expected?
Also how was the food?

A:

Food is, as I said above, more than enough. In the first night in Pyongyang we had dinner in our hotel and we were surprised by the quantity of food they were offering. I was stuffed after the first round but then they served us a second round. I did felt guilty that we didn't finish all of the food, especially while we were in NK


Q:

I hope you didn't already answer this but what are some things we outsiders believe about North Korea that are false.

What were the people you met like?

A:
  1. People tend to think that everyone in DPRK is poor as F*** but in reality some parts of Pyongyang can be rich! For example see here:

http://imgur.com/a/NjANw

Looks modern enough to me. Of course it is reserved for the elites.

  1. They are more knowledgeable than I thought. They spoke good English (or Chinese) and some of them can be friendly. I would say people I met in grand people's study house seemed to be good people to me. The guides are friendly and funny either! I remember one of our guides got drunk with us. We taught her to swear in Chinese and Russian and she started her oral practice immediately by cursing her ex for 5 minutes non-stop!

Q:
  1. What can imperialist swines do to be more like great Korea?

  2. What can imperialist swine leaders do to imitate success of our Glorious Leader?

A:
  1. Start by using all their money on nukes instead of feeding their own people. Then build death camps everywhere.

  2. The glorious leader can never be imitated!


Q:

What was your favourite Nth Korean meal?

A:

Steamed insam chicken! That tasted real good but you cannot finish that alone. Better share one every 3 people or so!

http://imgur.com/a/7ToJ8