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IamA Voice Actor AMtSA!

Oct 1st 2016 by SethHendrix_VA • 43 Questions • 112 Points

Hello Reddit. I'm Colin Cantwell. Please be patient with me as I am 84 and this is my first time on Reddit. You may not have heard about me, as I like to keep out of the limelight, but I'm sure you've seen projects I've worked on. I'm looking forward to getting to know you and answering your questions!

A short list of my most favorite experiences are: * Being accepted to Frank Lloyd Wright's architectural school * Working with NASA to inform the public on the first unmanned space flights * Being Walter Cronkite's “Hal 9000” NASA connection during live broadcast of the first moon landing * Inventing the first real color monitor for Hewlett Packard * Writing my first book CoreFires - a labor of love 20 years in the making

I've worked on the following movies & shows: * Lead star ship designer for Star Wars - I drew the original designs for the X-Wing, A-Wing, Star Destroyer, TIE Fighter, & Rebel cruisers. I was also the one who designed and sculpted the Death Star and gave it it's trench * 2001, A Space Odyssey - I worked closely with Stanley Kubrick and persuaded him not to start the movie with a 20 minute conference table discussion * Buck Rogers in the 25th Century * Close Encounters of a Third Kind * War Games

I have a deep interest in science - especially quantum physics and space travel. I could not have picked a better time to have been born. So much has happened so quickly! Our dreams of space flight are maturing and I believe one day soon we’ll be exploring the next waiting wonders of our galaxy.

Two short anecdotes to get us started - When I was a boy, I was diagnosed with TB as well as partial retinal detachment. The cure was to confine me to a dark room with a heavy vest across my chest to prevent coughing fits. I spent nearly TWO YEARS of my childhood immobilized in this dark room. Suffice to say, nothing else could slow me down after that!

George Lucas gave me the project of designing a “Death Star”. I didn't originally plan for the Death Star to have a trench, but when I was working with the mold, I noticed the two halves had shrunk at the point where they met across the middle. It would have taken a week of work just to fill and sand and re-fill this depression. So, to save me the labor, I went to George and suggested a trench. He liked the idea so much that it became one of the most iconic moments in the film!

My latest project is a book series called CoreFires. I've made it available for free in the hopes that readers will find in it a sense of wonder and excitement. It's space science fiction of course! You can read the description here

You can see my original Pre-Star Wars artwork here My book is available for free here This also enters you in a contest for a free signed print of my original Pre-Star Wars star ship designs. You can also get CoreFires for free on Amazon here for the next 3 days

I hope that's enough to get us started. AMA!

Q:

If you could voice one established character from any cartoon universe, who would it be?

A:

Do you need special camera to record the feed footage?

If yes, how many angels does it take and how much does it cost?


Q:

What do you consider to be your biggest achievement, both on and off screen?

A:

in Dick Tracey, there was a scene where Dick Tracey jumps on top of a pole and slides down. And everytime I watch this movie I notice how hard the stunt double hits the pole. Did you watch this happen?


Q:

Why do I feel so dead inside?

A:

What evidence is there for the external validity of tests like the IAT? Are we certain we're studying biases rather than familiarity for example?

Additionally, as someone pursuing a career in science, how can I make sure I view others based on the merits of their work, rather than letting my unconscious bias take over?


Q:

What do you consider to be your biggest achievement, both on and off screen?

A:

I'm not sure why (and I'm including video games here) but I'm obsessed with James Hong as Covetous Shen in Diablo 3. The accent plus the acting make me want to listen to it over and over again.


Q:

Hi! At the moment yes, you need a special camera for recording the depth video -- we use the Structure sensor + iPad with an app we will release for free in about a week for point-and-shoot recording of 3D depth video. It requires 8.5 angels and $375. That's now - but, Apple just released a phone that can record and process the volumetric video suitable for volumetric display, so I expect in the next year or so, a lot more folks will have depth cameras in their pockets.

A:

Working on higher dimension physics and quantum physics.


Q:

That was me!

A:

Daily life is taking more than you're giving yourself; whether work, personal situations, etc. It's crucial to find something that fulfills -whether reading, gaming, creating, volunteering, working out, etc. The more you do for you, while still making sure to be considerate of the people around you, the easier it is to combat and keep depression at bay.

(Disclaimer: we are not medical professionals and the above advice is to be taken with a grain of salt. If you're truly going through a hard time: friends, family, and professional assistance can help).


Q:

Hi! As a nerd I appreciate your question on external validity. Instead of re-inventing the wheel I'll direct you to project implicit's IAT FAQs https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/background/faqs.html But I will say that this test is highly controversial, so it has gone through the validity ringer more so than many other reputable psychological measures ( I have also linked other comments to our state of the science reports, a few of them have entire sections dedicated to the IAT/measurement for future reading)

As for your second point, this is a lifelong journey that we all must approach with a ton of humility and patience. But getting out of your comfort zone and interacting with folks that come from different background and being more mindful of your decisions is a great place to start!

A:

Working on higher dimension physics and quantum physics.


Q:

Ahh, Covetous Shen! Good call, great voicework there.

A:

Hi Shawn, Very excited to see what is possible with the Volume display! A few questions about the new display: 1.What is the size of the Volume display? 2.Can you see anything on the sides and top? 3.Will you be able to connect multiple Volumes together, if you wanted a larger display? 4.Can you see in-between the projected slices? 5. I just got a L3D cube from you guys a couple weeks ago, does this mean you will no longer be selling/supporting the L3D cubes?


Q:

As someone who designed the Death Star, were you embarrassed when a design flaw allowed a solo rebel fighter to destroy it with a single shot? Was Vader mad at you? What about the Emperor? Who took the blame for the whole thing?

A:

Hey Warren,

With a career of incredible movies spanning decades, box office successes, magazine covers, talk shows, red carpets, and Oscar nominations... do you sometimes find it overwhelming to be the husband of Annette Bening?


Q:

Finally what I was looking for in an AMA.

A:

Thanks for your response. Is there any further information available about the validity? I see the research has shown it is unlikely this test measures familiarity, but I'd like to know whether there are correlations with serious problems like hate crime. Such a correlation would provide more actionable information than what I've seen regarding the test so far.

Some further questions: Do scores on the IAT change after diversity training? Also, if the test doesn't measure familiarity, does this mean attempts to increase diversity will not be successful at removing the attitudes that caused the lack of diversity in the first place?


Q:

As someone who designed the Death Star, were you embarrassed when a design flaw allowed a solo rebel fighter to destroy it with a single shot? Was Vader mad at you? What about the Emperor? Who took the blame for the whole thing?

A:

I'm grabbing things out of my pantry now.


Q:

Sweet! If you happen to be based in New York, please come by our lab in Brooklyn - I'd love to show you how to create in this new super weird but IMHO wonderful system with some of the tools we've developed (including a full featured Unity SDK. Also, I'm so stoked to hear you have a L3D Cube - we will absolutely continue to support the various varieties of the L3D Cube. Even though both are types of volumetric displays, the sort of things you can create in the L3D Cube and Volume are pretty different. So, I see these systems as complementary.

A:

I sold armament to both sides... so not embarrassed.


Q:

The best thing that ever happened to me is Annette Bening.

A:

A pleasure to be of service ;) Anything else we can do for you?


Q:

I've referenced the State of the Science implicit bias review in other posts. But we include a whole chapter on assessments and measurement on this year's edition http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf starts at pg 51. There are a lot of research articles out there but of course there are limited access if you are not at a university or have a subscription so I try to refer to the SOTS whenever possible and I'd be happy to point you in the right direction if you wanted more leads.

I am not sure about hate crime specifically, but the salience of an event could definitely increase peoples likelihood of making or retrieving those associations

Hey sorry to leave this hanging! It must have slipped through! I really appreciate your thoughtful questions. I think there may be a couple things going on. My perception of the IAT's response is that it is not measuring novelty vs familiarity, Whereas the case for diversity of more of a perspective-taking/ empathy building argument rather than making the case for mere exposure. This is my perception on the matter so I wont speak for those who are more involved in the IAT or diversity work broadly.

A:

I sold armament to both sides... so not embarrassed.


Q:

Ahh, Covetous Shen! Good call, great voicework there.

A:

Hello Shawn,

What's your advice for starting an invention company from scratch? Like the steps involved and such? I'm trying to start one with my 3D printed models I make on the side, and sell at my high school, so any advice helps within that field.

Also, how large do you think this competition of holograms will be in the future as it progresses? Especially since Microsoft has joined in with their "hololens" I believe it's called?

Thanks!


Q:

I can't believe how much you have influenced my life and imagination, and I have never heard of you until now.

What do you think of the new Lego sets that have everything (including Tie Fighters) planned out for kids? How is that similar to models you may have had growing up, and how is it different?

Also:

Inventing the first real color monitor for Hewlett Packard

Wait, what? How old were you when you did that? What was your contribution?

Thank you for sharing your creativity and architectural efforts and passion with us.

A:

What is your best memory about filming Bonnie and Clyde? Best regards for you and your wife from a fan of both in Mexico.


Q:

Write a haiku for me please

A:

Mostly just curious, but are you aware of any studies or meta-analyses of how implicit bias and confirmation bias work alongside one another, particularly regarding political beliefs?

For others: confirmation bias is the system that essentially makes us assign more importance to an event that supports a pre-existing belief. It seems that a particularly strong implicit bias combined with confirmation bias could inadvertently drag people into certain political beliefs (i.e. regarding who uses welfare, etc.)

If not, researchers, feel free to borrow/steal this idea for your next study.


Q:

I can't believe how much you have influenced my life and imagination, and I have never heard of you until now.

What do you think of the new Lego sets that have everything (including Tie Fighters) planned out for kids? How is that similar to models you may have had growing up, and how is it different?

Also:

Inventing the first real color monitor for Hewlett Packard

Wait, what? How old were you when you did that? What was your contribution?

Thank you for sharing your creativity and architectural efforts and passion with us.

A:

Cheerios.


Q:

Hi Joseph! My brother Ryan also runs an invention company, so I've seen this path in life from two angles. It's fucking crazy and will make you feel true pain. I recommend it only if you feel you absolutely can't do anything else.

But yeah, you should do it. It's awesome.

re: hololens. I think AR systems like Magic Leap's system and Hololens are awesome, as a piece of the future - but not the whole future. What we're aiming to do in Looking Glass is create a third option - a counterweight to a future that requires the world to be VR/AR geared up all the time. I think creating in 3D should mostly be done in a natively social way (i.e., without VR/AR headgear or 3D glasses) and Volume is one step along that path. There will be more steps.

A:

Haven't kept track of the new Lego sets. I developed the 4x4 pixel cells in fill colors that let the three gun CRTs produce over 5000 fill colors. It was my first color computer other than green. A few years ago.


Q:

That my mother and father visited me on the set for the first time since it was the first movie I produced. My mother was a smoker. She and my father sat in and witnessed a production meeting. I saw her smoking and I asked her in front of the group if she loved me. There was an embarrassing silence. She said to me, ‘Of course, I love you. Why would you ask a question like that?’ I then said, ‘Well if you love me, will you put that cigarette out and never smoke another one?’

She stared down at the cigarette in her hand for a while and then she put it out. She never smoked another cigarette.

A:

Another day Another mystery

The spider crawls from within history

OUCH! another bite

Seasons change.

The spider hides again

Deep inside.

OUCH! More.

Not sure what that was

Is this even a Haiku?


Q:

Yes Yes you rock! One of my favorite implicit bias studies has the intersection of confirmation bias. Here: http://www.nextions.com/wp-content/files_mf/14468226472014040114WritteninBlackandWhiteYPS.pdf However, this is not one related to politics. Unfortunatly I do not know one off the top of my head related to IB, CB, and politics (but that certainly doesn't mean one doesn't exist). We spend most of our time in the race lit so there may be ones on politicians and gender that I do not know of as well. However, there is some really good lit on IB and politics and race: http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf page 72 has that year's write ups of politics and voting. Thanks!

A:

Haven't kept track of the new Lego sets. I developed the 4x4 pixel cells in fill colors that let the three gun CRTs produce over 5000 fill colors. It was my first color computer other than green. A few years ago.


Q:

Ahh, Covetous Shen! Good call, great voicework there.

A:

Do you think Joe Flacco is elite?


Q:

What inspired the X-wing? It just looks so cool

A:

How sick and tired are you of people asking if Ned Beatty is your brother? Have you two met?


Q:

No, you forgot "It's snowing on Mt Fuji"

A:

That's awesome, thank you so much for doing this.


Q:

What inspired the X-wing? It just looks so cool

A:

Vinegar.


Q:

Joe Flacco is volumetric.

A:

It had to be ultracool and different from all the other associations with Aircraft etc. In other words it had to be Alien and fit in with the rest of the story. . A dart being thrown at a target in a British pub gave me the original concept and then it went forward from there.


Q:

I actually can't remember someone ever asking me that question. Ned Beatty and I don’t know each other very well but I admire his work.


Q:

They like me they really like me haha but really I'm just happy to get the work out there and I am so thankful for folks that appreciate it! Thanks you rock!

A:

It had to be ultracool and different from all the other associations with Aircraft etc. In other words it had to be Alien and fit in with the rest of the story. . A dart being thrown at a target in a British pub gave me the original concept and then it went forward from there.


Q:

Ahh, Covetous Shen! Good call, great voicework there.

A:

What would you most like to tell us that no one has asked about?


Q:

You have worked with some very famous individuals. Who did you get along with best on a personal level?

A:

What inspired you to make Reds?


Q:

Ok, easy one, where did the idea come from?

A:

Hi,

I found a study online where you were supposed to press right for good or bad things, then press right for homosexual or heterosexual things. I guess it was trying to see if you implicitly wanted to say one sexuality or another was good or bad.

Are you familiar with the study? I think it came from Harvard. What do you think about that as a methodology?


Q:

You have worked with some very famous individuals. Who did you get along with best on a personal level?


Q:

Q: Why would anyone want to use this thing? A: Great question! There are many applications for volumetric display, but the few I am personal obsessed with are in medicine, 3D creation for more and more people, and reliving memories in a way that is more similar to how I remember things.

Most hospitals in 10 years will display CT scans, MRI, 4D ultrasound in volumetric displays like Volume; I think this is important because patients have a right to see what is happening inside of them.

And within a year or two, more and more people will record their lives with 3D depth cameras (increasingly being built into phones) and volumetric display is a very low-friction way to relive those memories. I now have more depth video of my two kids Jane and Ben than I have regular videos, and those depth videos are the recordings I care most about. I think more and more folks will feel this way soon.

A:

I had great relationships with everyone. But Stanley kubrick and I became friends. I used to go to his house at midnight and discuss events related to the film over turkey sandwiches. This evolved into a discussion after he had fired his fourth composer. At that time I suggested that he use many of the pieces of music that became part of the movie 2001 Space Odyssey. This includes the now well known theme song.


Q:

Arrogance.

A:

The answer is as easy as the inquiry ;)

Truthfully, we had a few friends over and were playing a few card games. A bottle of scotch, some laughs, some dialogue, and the idea came.

The replies we usually get it "What a simple concept" -because it is.

Now, this isn't to discredit the work which followed. Having ideas is the easy part. Putting them into motion, all the way through the end is the part which we're proud of. From Trademarking, Registering businesses in the proper states, Legalities, Contracts with freelancers, Site / Marketing concepts, finding the right models and honing in on a specific tone (vintage/grindhouse, etc) all took months; even after our first release, there was much work to do -improving, editing, amending, and trying our best to grow.

Concept was quasi-easy / Road to completion is continuing process.


Q:

Instead of re-inventing the wheel I'll direct you to project implicit's IAT FAQs https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/background/faqs.html But I will say that this test is highly controversial, so it has gone through the validity ringer more so than many other reputable psychological measures ( I have also linked other comments to our state of the science reports, a few of them have entire sections dedicated to the IAT/measurement for future reading)

Sorry to just copy and paste to another response but I believe this is the test you are referring to. I think it's one of the best tools for assessing implicit associations/evaluations. That being said, no tool is perfect and it's not the only options out there. In my personal opinion, I often recommend using the IAT. Thanks!

A:

I had great relationships with everyone. But Stanley kubrick and I became friends. I used to go to his house at midnight and discuss events related to the film over turkey sandwiches. This evolved into a discussion after he had fired his fourth composer. At that time I suggested that he use many of the pieces of music that became part of the movie 2001 Space Odyssey. This includes the now well known theme song.


Q:

Ahh, Covetous Shen! Good call, great voicework there.

A:

hey there! I'm a bioinformatics undergrad interested in primarily the 3d modeling and animation of subatomic structures, specifically proteins. I was wondering if you can see such 3d technology being especially applicable to my underdeveloped interest?


Q:

At that time I suggested that he use many of the pieces of music that became part of the movie 2001 Space Odyssey.

Just wanted to show my appreciation for this. 2001 is one of my favorite films, and while I couldn't possibly say what the best thing about it is, the music is certainly way up there. Did you have anything to do with the use of The Blue Danube during the docking sequence? One of the highlights of the film, in my opinion.

For those unfamiliar: https://vimeo.com/42097740

Edit: better quality source with full scene

A:

What are some pragmatic things you could suggest an actor do to come across charismatic and engaging on screen?


Q:

Can i play with my grandma ?

A:

That handout is an interesting read for sure. Would you happen to have any handouts like this that cover privileges others have (red and yellow black and white etc.)? I'm really interested in seeing them.

The book looks like a good read, I'll be sure to check it out.


Q:

At that time I suggested that he use many of the pieces of music that became part of the movie 2001 Space Odyssey.

Just wanted to show my appreciation for this. 2001 is one of my favorite films, and while I couldn't possibly say what the best thing about it is, the music is certainly way up there. Did you have anything to do with the use of The Blue Danube during the docking sequence? One of the highlights of the film, in my opinion.

For those unfamiliar: https://vimeo.com/42097740

Edit: better quality source with full scene

A:

Cat food.


Q:

Yes, absolutely - email me at smf [at] lookingglassfactory.com and I'd love to go over how to get started!

A:

found

All of the other music, but the Blue Danube was Kubrick's idea


Q:

To stop thinking about trying to come across as charismatic and engaging.

A:

It wouldn't be the first time. All depends on your Grannie's humor ;)

Some cards would be a bit awkward, we imagine.

So, how cool is this Grandma?


Q:

Great! Here's a link to a buzzfeed video that included other factors like gender, class etc. As a research conscious person I won't go on record for vouching for buzzfeed's reporting accuracy, etc., but it is a good illustration of how privilege intersects multiple identities. Additionally, a lot of research focuses on the Black-White dichotomy, but there are a good bit of studies that go into the types of implicit biases that we all hold for other groups--one example is a study that showed that kids as young as middle school internalized the stereotype that Asians are good at math. A write up of the article is found on page 34 of our review: http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/2015-kirwan-implicit-bias.pdf

A:

found

All of the other music, but the Blue Danube was Kubrick's idea


Q:

What has been your most memorable voice acting so far? And, what kind of equipment is required to get into the industry?

Ninja edit request: Please say "Franky says relax." I tell so many of my co-workers this lately and no one seems to catch the reference. So sad.

A:

How did you wind up working on Star Wars?


Q:

How does the tabloid press of today compare to 25, and 50 years ago? Is it really that much worse?

A:

Definitely the coolest . She suggested that we play this ;)


Q:

This is helpful, but I was hoping for something more like the first link you had that was relevant in the same scope applied elsewhere. Does anything like that exist? Or is something like that in the works by any chance? I really am interested in seeing the full scope of privilege in a neat list like that first one you provided.

On a side note, I have found that the black-white dichotomy is a very good starting point. There differences between the two that make them unique are staggering, and can really open the mind to how people are different, and would view and interact in the world differently.

EDIT: I'm sorry, but I do not see a link to the buzzfeed vid. Try again?

A:

How did you wind up working on Star Wars?


Q:

Give Me Shelter most definitely. It was the first big break for the production company which put my voice acting to a higher degree of scrutiny. Lots of back and forth!

For equipment, that takes some research. Start with a good mic. I use a Neumann TLM102. That isn't required for the industry but you need to look for something you won't have to replace any time soon. A good vocal booth is necessary to reduce ground noise and external noise. I use a RealTraps Carrel. This keeps your voice "trapped" and eliminated vocal reverb. It's also beneficial if no one is leaf blowing outside.

A:

I built miniatures of my own space ship designs and built terrains. I had friends that worked on American Graffiti who introduced me to George Lucas. George saw some of my minatures and liked them well enough that he invited me to discuss a project… which eventually became Star Wars


Q:

Woops, too much multitasking :). Here you go: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hD5f8GuNuGQ

A:

I built miniatures of my own space ship designs and built terrains. I had friends that worked on American Graffiti who introduced me to George Lucas. George saw some of my minatures and liked them well enough that he invited me to discuss a project… which eventually became Star Wars


Q:

Whats it like voice something and How do you feel about your past voice acting was it good or bad?

Can you say "gee I love reddit a whole awful lot".

A:

well that didnt take long to take down..


Q:

Are you going to be in any Marvel movies or Star Warses?

A:

Is the original game not a drinking game? And the expansion pack turns it into one?


Q:

As a professor of communication I'm happy to see you engaging with the material in such a wonderful way.

A:

well that didnt take long to take down..


A:

Keep trying.. It'll be up again


Q:

No but our hilarious and romantic leading man in Rules Don't Apply, Alden Ehrenreich, is the new Han Solo.

A:

The original has both. It's a bit more casual, like a dirty-man's uno: but with the occasional: Chug a beer/take a shot card (about 1/3 of the deck has drinking rules).

The "Extreme-Drunkard" expansion has 18 cards that mix-up additional mini-games and challenges into the set, all resulting in drinking and other silly stuff (Never have I ever, Beer Pong, and various twists on popular booze-oriented party-games).

The video on the expansion page shows a collection of the cards, and explains it a bit


Q:

Thank you so much! I'm better inside the internet than I am in-person haha

A:

Keep trying.. It'll be up again


Q:

With your background, do you think it's easier to pick up women?

A:

Hello Mr. Cantwell, thanks for this AMA!

So for my question(s): How much artistic freedom did you have when working with George Lucas? Did you brainstorm designs together or did you pitch a selection of which George Lucas then picked his favorites?


Q:

Are you surprised Mickey One never found a big, cult audience?

A:

Cool! Thank you for the explanation.


Q:

Have you done any research about the autistic brain and implicit bias? From my experience it seems that bias is one of the byproducts of having social programming, which autistic people are missing to a large extent.

A:

Hello Mr. Cantwell, thanks for this AMA!

So for my question(s): How much artistic freedom did you have when working with George Lucas? Did you brainstorm designs together or did you pitch a selection of which George Lucas then picked his favorites?


A:

I had freedom from the getgo. And for a particular story, questioned him about the various scenes and what they would need. I remember asking him about the size of a satellite by asking if it was bigger then Burbank.


Q:

I have not, nor do I know of any. Because of how psychological research is conduct, studies almost always rely on a random sample or a sample similar to that being tested (e.g. matching participants based on race or gender). So I don't think the field as a whole knows much about individual differences in the population.. That is a very interesting point!

A:

I had freedom from the getgo. And for a particular story, questioned him about the various scenes and what they would need. I remember asking him about the size of a satellite by asking if it was bigger then Burbank.


Q:

Can you say "The world is but a illusion created by our minds in reality we are but a small part on A creature much bigger than us And in the years to come technology will allow to see the entire creature and we will be destroyed when we do so to see or not to see that is the question"? Please say it in a deep narrator voice

A:

Damn, that is very impressive, you did some amazing stuff! My question is, how did you get into movie industry? Oh and another one, who did you enjoy working with the most?

Thank you, sir!


Q:

Got any good Hunter S Thompson stories?

A:

Advice on how to deal with this on-again-off-again-mostly-mist bullshit storm we are stuck with for the next couple days? The storm is ruining one of the last fun outdoor weekends of the year.


Q:

Hi

Im an unpaid full powers police officer who has been required to undergo Implicit Bias training, my day job has me working upper management at a mid-sized defense industry company.

I have been through the training and been instructed that I was inherently racist through a testing process that was designed to produce that result (either "overcorrecting your internal racism" or demonstrating a "negative racial preference in enforcement").

What do you have to say to the scores of officers who believe that "Implicit Bias" does not exist as a meaningful externality?

A:

Damn, that is very impressive, you did some amazing stuff! My question is, how did you get into movie industry? Oh and another one, who did you enjoy working with the most?

Thank you, sir!


A:

I was the first animation major UCLA and actually suggested that they add that department. I created some of my own animation and then worked on some industrial shorts and expanded from there. Each person had special qualities. I respected and liked them all. No Favorites.


A:

What are you into? We just read about a rave that's taking place in Brooklyn tonight - called "Tomb Raver".

On the lighter side, a movie-night is always good. Or maybe shack up at your favorite bar.

Let us know what you dig, and we'll see if there's anything floating around we can grab and relay to you ;)


Q:

Well... I'm a very nurture over nature leaning person, so I don't believe that anyone is "inherently" racist. I do believe that most people hold implicit negative biases as a product of things we see and learn in our environment (not that we intend to do so). There are many situations in an officer's day (like all of us) where these biases are likely to come out at one time or another. There are sometimes in a day where someone's biases won't impact their behavior. But I think in any case, it is good to be aware of them in order to stop and check ourselves during key decisions, and reminding ourselves that we cannot always be objective. That being the case, I don't believe officers are unique in that they are the most biased, it is just that that job is very high stakes and a biased decision can alter someones life (whereas if I act on my biases, I might just say something awkward of no consequence). But I think the criminal justice system is one that needs a lot of healing on both sides, both officers and civilians are hurt by racial trauma in the system (both current and historic) we need a lot of empathy and we need to move away from pointing fingers or "choosing sides" Thank you for your questions and I'm sorry that your experience with implicit bias training was not a positive one.

A:

I was the first animation major UCLA and actually suggested that they add that department. I created some of my own animation and then worked on some industrial shorts and expanded from there. Each person had special qualities. I respected and liked them all. No Favorites.


Q:

Could you please record something in your best foreign accent? Any country you choose of course!

A:

Mr. Cantwell -

First thanks much for doing this. I'm a huge fan of your designs. I recently visited the Udvar-Hazy location of the US National Air and Space Museum in Dulles, Virginia and saw the original model for the mothership from Close Encounters of the Third Kind there. I noticed quite a few easter eggs hidden in it (I think there was a small R2D2?).

Being a Cold War kid, the movie War Games had a tremendous impact on me growing up. Still one of my favorites. What were your primary responsibilities with that film?

Bonus question: what was it like working with Walter Cronkite?


Q:

Tell us about working with Lily Collins. She seems like an actress with a lot of talent who hasn't gotten a chance to showcase it. Thoughts?

A:

I love dancing, adventure, art, restaurants (particularly the ones with "exotic" cuisine.) I am planning on going to Applefest in Warwick on Sunday so maybe I will dig out a movie for tonight. Which one do you say would be a good fit for the weather?


Q:

There are a number of reasons to bring in an outside trainer and/or coach. Negative attitudes, lack of trust, internal silos, inefficient communication, conflict, and inability to utilize diversity (and instead a push to simply 'tolerate it'), an increase in diversity of internal org or an increase in diversity of external context. An outside consultant can be in a better position (say, rather than from someone internal) to respond to questions that people may be fearful of being evaluated in terms of job promotion, etc. That being said, I would say that 90% of 'diversity consultants' shouldn't be brought in. I say this for two reasons. They don't take a developmental approach and they cause feelings of shame and/or guilt. Any intervention that makes people feel shamed will not be effective. I've been asked to do so many 'repair jobs' where the consultant actually did more harm than good. Part of it goes back to that first reason - they don't take a developmental approach. Should I apply for a job to be a mechanic? No. I like cars and can change the oil and air up my tires, but my my conversations with a mechanic tend to be short as the complexity of their experience and knowledge of cars is way deeper than mine. Same goes for thinking and talking about 'diversity' - it's developmental and if this isn't considered and people are thrown into 'anti-racism' or 'anti-bias training', the result is just like that of all the comments in this thread. Some think "yeah it's useful" and some think "this is a load of bs". So this gets at your question of what is 'diversity'. It's a developmental question (and one that maybe hints at your more developed mindset). For me, diversity is differences that exist in people coming from factors including, but not limited to, race, gender, ability, religion, communication style, personality, nationality, region, SES. If you're debating whether to bring in someone, I'd be more than willing to offer some pointers and/or make some suggestions.

A:

Mr. Cantwell -

First thanks much for doing this. I'm a huge fan of your designs. I recently visited the Udvar-Hazy location of the US National Air and Space Museum in Dulles, Virginia and saw the original model for the mothership from Close Encounters of the Third Kind there. I noticed quite a few easter eggs hidden in it (I think there was a small R2D2?).

Being a Cold War kid, the movie War Games had a tremendous impact on me growing up. Still one of my favorites. What were your primary responsibilities with that film?

Bonus question: what was it like working with Walter Cronkite?


Q:

I don't even know what this is.

A:

What were your primary responsibilities with that film? Bonus question: what was it like working with Walter Cronkite? All of the graphics on the big screens in the War Room were my designs, programmed during the previous night before filming. At that time I had "key man" insurance in case I didn't survive the pressure, since I was the only person doing the graphics.

Working with Walter was great!!


Q:

I feel Lily Collins has an unlimited potential in movies. She makes brave choices, it's hard to take your eyes off of her on screen and her chemistry with Alden Ehrenreich was both hilarious and moving.

A:

Are you into Horror? If so, what type / decade? Literally staring at a massive DVD collection and would be happy to pick something appropriate ;)


Q:

Hi again. Great observation, heuristics and biases are very closely related and are often referred to as synonymous (i.e. heuristics are the rule, and the bias is the proclivity we lean to based on the rule). Although implicit bias training have shown positive results, the training are unique to an institution so I do not believe there is any research to say that all implicit bias training are helpful, but they depend very much on the content and the context. Usually this research focuses on one domain (e.g. a way to talk about bias in healthcare probably won't show up in the criminal justice literature, but it may).

a) decision for police officer -- who to stop in a traffic stop, when to let someone off with a warning vs citation, decisions to shoot, perceptions of neighborhoods--this is the majority of where the lit. lies for policing b) corporate: hiring decisions, promotiong, mentory, perceptions of competence.

So in each of these decisions/evaluations its important for all of us to think of what external factors may contribute to actions and perceptions at that time. Hope that helps!

A:

What were your primary responsibilities with that film? Bonus question: what was it like working with Walter Cronkite? All of the graphics on the big screens in the War Room were my designs, programmed during the previous night before filming. At that time I had "key man" insurance in case I didn't survive the pressure, since I was the only person doing the graphics.

Working with Walter was great!!


Q:

Who wrote your IMDB page?

A:

Where did the inspiration for the star ships in star wars come from? Which is your favorite ship you designed? Which ships from other franchises are your favorite?


Q:

If someone made a biopic about your life, which actor would you want to play you and why?

A:

I am not but I am very open and decently receptive so throw your best at me, corny or terrifying, and I will give it a shot!


Q:

The decisions for an officer to stop someone for a traffic violation is almost always impossible to tell their race or gender. Warnings and Citations are pretty much based on the severity of the infraction/history (lots of tickets v. few) as well as the attitude which the subject they had during the stop which varies from officer to officer. Perceptions of neighborhoods are shaped more by presence of drug dealing (and what kind of drugs), gang activity, and crime rate/rate of call out.

As far as the shoot/no shoot repeated studies show a bias for white officers to take longer to shoot a black suspect than a white suspect under the same conditions whereas black officers do not have that problem.

As far as corporate I am totally unsold on diversity for the sake of ethnic or gender diversity. Show me diversity of ideas, politics, or education but I could give a fuck less whats between your legs or what color you are.

A:

Where did the inspiration for the star ships in star wars come from? Which is your favorite ship you designed? Which ships from other franchises are your favorite?


Q:

I provided the text. I had NO IDEA what to put in there. I'm surprised I didn't include my high school team mascot and my mother's Maiden name.

A:

Check out the earlier answer about the X-Wing . I knew the Tie Fighter had to be so Alien, so different from all of the Star Wars ships that it would remain a surprising mystery. It took lots of deep thought, but I think I succeeded. It just came out of my mind. They are all an embodiment of the Star Wars adventure as a whole… no favorite


Q:

Ronald Reagan. Or maybe Barack Obama. I might add that Ronald Reagan, who was a friend of mine, once said to me (not joking) that he did not know how anyone could be President now without being an actor.

A:

here we go....

  • Hollywood Chainsaw Hookers (some vintage silliness)
  • Dead and Breakfast (if you like Shawn of the Dead)
  • Street Trash (Oldschool Splatter)
  • Jack Frost 2 (it's like Saved By The Bell meets Leprechaun)
  • Tromeo & Juliet (Troma - doesn't get any better/weirder ..+ LEMMMY for Motorhead)
  • Zombi 2 (Italian Zombie film that takes place on an island)
  • Frankenhooker (NYC Times Sq Sleeze and Comedy; also see Basket Case)
  • Dead Alive (Peter Jackson before he became THE Peter Jackson)
  • Diabolical Dr. Z (Oldschool B/W film; trippy and was introduced to us by a Satanist on the Lower East Side.lol)
  • Prince of Darkness (John Carpenter film that's part of his endof the world trilogy of films: The Thing and Mouth of Madness being the other ones. People give this one shit, but we found it terrifying. Mouth of Madness is awesome too.
  • ANY of the Return of the Living Dead films (funny, entertaining ..BRAIIINSS)
  • Cannibal Ferox (a less appreciated film, in the vein of Cannibal Holocaust)
  • Brainscan (A cheesy semi-slasher flick, featuring the kid from Terminator 2; great 90's flashback)

Could. Go. On. Forever. :)


Q:

Thanks for replying. I'm on mobile now so I apologize for any errors or lack of clarity. To the last point I would posit that it is very difficult to gain a plurality of ideas backgrounds and experiences if the applicant pool is homogenous in term of gender or race but I'm also ok with agreeing to disagree. To your first couple points, this may not have been your personal experience but there is a wealth of public data that demonstrates disparities in traffic stops and searchers based on race. This year even states like NC, Vermont, and Minnesota demonstrated disparities by race that couldn't be attributed to the demographics, in fact disparities are often highest in areas that are predominantly White. The same is true for use of force data compared to the representation within the larger population. Many of these disparities are attributed to the tendency to perceive the behavior of racial monorities as more disruptive than if the same behavior was exhibited by a white person. Similarly, other studies showed that the number of black people in a neighborhood influenced people's perception of how dangerous that neighborhood was more than the actual presence of crime ( as indicated by the crime rates from those areas).

I feel compelled to share those things because it is what I read and what I do for a job; however I can also acknowledge that it seems like you don't feel like those findings reflect your lived experience. That is ok. I am not here to convince you otherwise, but to uplift the role of implicit bias or unconscious associations rather than saying that cops are racist or bad when these disparities are present. I am not anti cop by any means and have had officers come to my assistance in times of need that were greatly appreciated.

A:

Check out the earlier answer about the X-Wing . I knew the Tie Fighter had to be so Alien, so different from all of the Star Wars ships that it would remain a surprising mystery. It took lots of deep thought, but I think I succeeded. It just came out of my mind. They are all an embodiment of the Star Wars adventure as a whole… no favorite


Q:

How did you get into voice acting?

A:

If you weren't doing what you're doing now, (which is awesome by the way) what do you think you would have pursued as a career?


Q:

There is a long standing rumor in the imdb trivia section that you were at one time working on a Pokémon movie. Is there any truth to that rumor?

A:

Looks like I'm taking October off of work to watch everything haha thanks! Stay dry


Q:

To your first couple points, this may not have been your personal experience but there is a wealth of public data that demonstrates disparities in traffic stops and searches based on race.

The National Institute of Justice — DOJ study — disagrees with you the differences are the direct result of "differences in offending" rather than racism or implicit bias.

My problem is I see your role as something destructive to society in labeling everyone a racist and your research being used tp further that goal. I believe like many others that your research is pseudoscience that is more about correlation that causation where you are working backwards from your conclusion.

A:

If you weren't doing what you're doing now, (which is awesome by the way) what do you think you would have pursued as a career?


Q:

After a long amount of time doing impressions and unique voices, people passively stated I should get into it.

I got my first few clients through reddit, actually, through a different account name. I would voice act comments I deemed worthy here and there and the appropriate eyes saw it.

Social networking is a powerful tool, but word of mouth gives me my most work. There are "pay to play" websites that I didn't think we're for me, so I've settled on networking myself (and why I'm here doing this).

Mainly, getting decent equipment and jumping right in and working hard is the solution.

A:

LOL ...Too many to count. But I was accepted by Frank Lloyd Wright to Taliesen to study architecture with him. Unfortunately, he died before I was able to work with him.


A:

Rock on.


Q:

I have no intention of labeling anyone as a racist, in fact implicit bias helps explain why these disparities occur in the absence of overt racists. I should note that The report does not meaure implicit bias in order to rule it in or out as a factor ). It also notes in the profiling section : "Despite training to avoid discrimination, officers may still rely on cultural stereotypes and act on their perceptions of a person's characteristics (such as age, race or gender)." The DOJ is also a huge proponent exploring implicit bias research to better understand these disparities. I do however acknowledge and respect the concern that police should not shoulder the ultimate blame for these disparities. I agree. I also believe that monorities should not be charterized as offending more than whites. Both of these perspectives involve stereotypes and miss the full picture . Instead implicit biases explain how how perceptions from Both the officer and civilians perspective can be shaped because of race.. And these perceptions are all influenced by a long history of race relations in the criminal justice system. I've enjoyed chatting with you and hearing your perspective

A:

LOL ...Too many to count. But I was accepted by Frank Lloyd Wright to Taliesen to study architecture with him. Unfortunately, he died before I was able to work with him.


Q:

Hi there! What's your favorite thing that you've built over the years, for work or for yourself, and why?

A:

one of my fave lines from REDS - 'well its Thanksgiving - why don't you come as a turkey" Written or from history?


Q:

Question for OP or anyone that's played: How is the replay value?

I've found a lot of these games are fun ~3 times and then get really old really fast once the shock value is gone. Exploding cats and un-expanded Cards against humanity come to mind.

And to OP, what were some unexpected challenges going from an idea to production. What problems occur that you just don't read about in "Buisness for Dummies" or what have you?

And thanks for the AmA, this is a super chill thread.

A:

If minority kids grow up believing in negative biases about themselves, could that cause them to under-perform and would they then still be at a disadvantage even with a blind evaluation of their accomplishments?


Q:

Hi there! What's your favorite thing that you've built over the years, for work or for yourself, and why?

A:

An 8x4 foot model of the Copreties canyon on Mars in three dimensions created by using the shadow angles of the first images of the planet. I finished it in a few days then photographed it with a travelling snorkel camera for the San Diego museum.


Q:

Written.

A:

Excellent question. Honest answer: depends on the crew. When you first play, or show it to people who have never seen it, the fun is in reading the cards out loud as you play along, etc. It's a freaking reward when people laugh from something in the game and/or find something hysterical or amusing. When it's familiar, you can play it like any other card game where, if someone drops down the Anal card -- you know what that action is. So, it becomes a nice time killer. A literal card game. When used as a drinking game at parties, the replay value is much higher.

Like anything else, it's all about what mood your in. Sometimes we play and go nuts, other times -after 15 minutes we get side tracked and the party moves on. Not everyone feels like playing a game all the time. So, truthfully, it fluctuates.

Re: your second question- It's interesting as, despite available resources, every experience is unique and you figure it out as you go along. From day one, our intention was to go by the books and make sure we secure the concept, business, taxes, yada-yada. We still have a LONG way to go, and would dance like mad monkeys if we obtained even 1% of CAH's success. As mentioned in a previous reply, showing support for the companies and people who influence and inspire you goes A LOT further than screaming into the void. A lot of the friends and business partners made was a direct result of showing love to the artists and companies we look up to; additionally, the greatest asset any company or business has is it's employees and customers. It's imperative to value and respect them -otherwise, you're nothing. From day 1, we've made a lot of friends and have kept in touch with a lot of the people who supported our first AMA and releases of the game. Everyone's trying to do something -we're no different. We're not special.


Q:

Great question. This reasoning is exactly why desegregation occurred in the first place. The iconic doll study (more modern recreations shown here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkpUyB2xgTM .. sorry for bad video quality) Gave evidence of the harm in internalizing negative stereotypes. This isn't implicit bias research, but stereotype threat research shows just how detrimental those internalized biases can be for our young people.

A:

An 8x4 foot model of the Copreties canyon on Mars in three dimensions created by using the shadow angles of the first images of the planet. I finished it in a few days then photographed it with a travelling snorkel camera for the San Diego museum.


Q:

What was the atmosphere when making 2001? Was it "this man is a genius and this movie will be amazing" or "what in the hell is going on?"

A:

You've been such an influence on my personally since Dick Tracy when I was 12. My passion for film and acting are thanks to you. Also your love of politics encouraged me to vote at 18. How do you feel about this years election??


Q:

Greetings Captain! Would you be so kind as to rank your top 5 poisons to imbibe while playing this fantastic game?? Rock on! 👊🏽

A:

How do you think implicit bias affects education? I'm doing a big paper about this, and it'd be interesting to hear your perspective on it.


Q:

What was the atmosphere when making 2001? Was it "this man is a genius and this movie will be amazing" or "what in the hell is going on?"

A:

Three years of "What the H?" and genius? By the end of production there was no question of extraordinary genius. I was so happy to be involved.


Q:

I’ve spent a lot of my life in political activism. I campaigned for Jack Kennedy, I campaigned with Bobby Kennedy and quit movies for a while to work with George McGovern and help him try to get us out of Vietnam. I’ve remained a lifelong Democrat although I have as many friends who are Republicans. What concerns me most at the moment is that the commercialization of the use of technology may be creating a cacophony of opinions that obliterates voices of wisdom.

A:
  • Jack on the Rocks
  • Gin and Tonic with Cucumber (Hendricks)
  • Shots of Jameson
  • Guinness
  • Moonshine (Grapa, Souma, etc)

-honorable mention: Blanco Absinthe made in the U.S with legit wormwood. It's heavy duty and different.


Q:

It affects it a lot!! This is actually my area of interest and the last couple years of our State of the Science have some really interesting studies related to implicit bias in education. http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/implicit-bias-2016.pdf starts on page 34 for the 2016 version. the Okonofua and Eberhardt piece is my favorite. We also have work specifically dedicated to school discipline on our website (although not solely IB we do use that as a lens for understanding what the data analyses reveal : http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/researchandstrategicinitiatives/school-discipline/ Hope you find something you can use and good luck on your paper!

A:

Three years of "What the H?" and genius? By the end of production there was no question of extraordinary genius. I was so happy to be involved.


Q:

Hi Mr. Cantwell! Big fan of your work! Can I ask; what id the best thing a director can do for you?

A:

How was it working with the great Robert Altman? Did you pick up anything from him ?


Q:

¿Qué es esto?

A:

I was born in America but my parents were both born in Italy

they came over...my mom became a citizen and my father,well, um he isn't a citizen

I refer myself as being "American"

That prefaced--am I correct in calling myself "American" and not "Italian American"?

I only have citizenship to this country


Q:

Hi Mr. Cantwell! Big fan of your work! Can I ask; what id the best thing a director can do for you?

A:

Make movies


Q:

Bob Altman was a lot of fun to work with. He was brilliantly flexible and improvisational.

A:

...funny you ask lol

PORN: THE GAME! es un homenaje a la picardía de antaño; una era, antes de internet, donde tiendas sórdidas y teatros sucios era donde los pervertidos se divertían.

We actually made a Spanish version; didn't pick up as much traction as the English one. Either way, we plan on expanding into additional languages.


Q:

You are correct in identifying yourself in however you feel best represents you. People choose both ways and there's not right answer. But people may refer to you as the other just out of habit so just let them know if that doesn't feel right to you. Hope that helps!

A:

Make movies


Q:

Do you have any of your original drawings, designs, or mock-ups for any Star Wars concepts that you can share?

A:

Who is an actor that you admired starting out, that doesn't get their due?


Q:

Have you ever considered repenting for your sinful ways?

A:

the fuck kinda PC answer is that?!


Q:

Do you have any of your original drawings, designs, or mock-ups for any Star Wars concepts that you can share?

A:

None of the actual originals, but you can see the original concept prints on my website http://colincantwell.com/home2


Q:

Steve Hill who unfortunately passed away recently.

A:

Our standard is held against those we care about, and the values we hold.

Obligatory


Q:

Great point. Knowledge of implicit bias is really great for correcting the biases that each of us have internally, but gets pretty depressing if you are on the receiving end of one of those biased groups (and we all are to some extent in one identity/setting or another).

First, I think knowing about implicit bias or "microaggression" provides a language for talking about these experiences without pointing fingers.

But this is only one step, there are all sorts of other structural, historic, and policy issues to consider for what perpetuates disparities in job interviews (keeping with your example). I am not one to say that there is a "best process" for grappling with the experience of discrimination. This is unique to everyone and can be very traumatizing. Unfortunately, it is often the task of the person who is discriminated against to educate the discriminator. This is why it is so important to uplift implicit bias work, to help everyone have a more healthy skepticism of our thoughts and actions.

A:

None of the actual originals, but you can see the original concept prints on my website http://colincantwell.com/home2


Q:

Were you always interested in space?

A:

To me there is something special about Shampoo that I can't put my finger on. Would you say that It's a Hal Ashby movie or Hal Ashby/Warren Beatty movie? What was your involvement behind the scenes?


Q:

I love you guys \m/

A:

How can we try to minimize the effect of implicit bias in our actions?

Is their any way for an institution, for example a police department, to implement procedures to try to minimize implicit bias.


Q:

Were you always interested in space?

A:

Yes, from early childhood.


Q:

I would call it a Hal Ashby/Robert Towne/Warren Beatty movie. We were all happily involved.


Q:

Instituting accountability is the first step for any major organization. Having traceable goals and ways to measure them. For police officers it may be analyzing race or gender disparities in traffic stops and instituting internal checks and balances to work against those. This could also mean body cameras or simply just using professional development time to learn about how biases manifest in any given system. The effects of bias in the criminal justice system look very different than the effects of bias in education, even though some of the same implicit associations or stereotypes fuel those decisions. The State of the Science (my organization's publication) includes a section on mitigation strategies in each edition. They are all available online here http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/researchandstrategicinitiatives/implicit-bias-review/

A:

Yes, from early childhood.


Q:

Mr. Cantwell, first I wanted to thank you for inspiring a childhood of space dreams and imaginings. Second, I was wondering if any of the EU novel authors consulted you when they designed ships and weapons, or wrote about their in-universe designers?

A:

So Dick Tracy reboot?


Q:

So you said you wanted to kill some time. Why didn't you just play your own game?

A:

She said there is nothing different about police - we all have a problem with bias. It's just that police bias leads to violence. Meaning the only thing stopping most of us is the opportunity. If we were put in that situation, we would act the same.

Go watch it again. She says everyone is implicitly biased against black people, not just police.


Q:

Mr. Cantwell, first I wanted to thank you for inspiring a childhood of space dreams and imaginings. Second, I was wondering if any of the EU novel authors consulted you when they designed ships and weapons, or wrote about their in-universe designers?

A:

No authors knocked on my door. Where did I go wrong? Maybe next time.


Q:

Yes.

A:

Daytime, at work, some of us are juggling a few things, + we're not drinking at the moment (4 more hours 'til 5pm: Happy Hour ;). --although, truthfully, a bit hung over from last night.

Just like any game -it's all about the timing, mood of the people, and setting.


Q:

Hi and thanks for your question! First, I apologize if I misinterpret any aspects of your question. I think that saying that someone has an implicit bias and is more likely to shoot unarmed Black teen does not mean the same thing as saying someone is racist and violent-- I think that the racist and violent language implies intent to do harm where implicit biases can influence behavior even when someone is trying not to. Unfortunately, implicit bias shooter studies are well documented (e.g. the tendency to shoot an unarmed black target vs and unarmed white target). This goes back to the general association between Blackness and criminality, many folks harbor this bias (regardless of race) because it is a reflection of the stereotypes we all see on TV. I am in no position to interpret Sec Clinton, but i think that pointing out the implicit biases that influence officers and all of us to are the result of a flawed system, and not big bad racists that want to cause harm (even though those types of people do exist too). Some of our partners at Fair and Impartial Policing do a good job of talking about these shooter tasks and implicit bias in policing, their website can be found here http://www.fairimpartialpolicing.com/bias/ Again, great question.

A:

No authors knocked on my door. Where did I go wrong? Maybe next time.


Q:

Were the panels on either side of the TIE fighter originally designed to be Solar Panels or Radiation Vents? I would love to know how you mixed practical "realism" into your ship designs.

Thank you so much for your vision and work.

A:

Do you ever miss living in Virginia?


Q:

Hey guys! Great work on the game! I was wondering as to what you guys do in your free time? And what other games do you guys play?

A:

Hello Kelly! I brought this up to my science teacher last week and he wouldn't answer my question. And whenever I bring this up as a genuine inquiry online, others are fast to call me names instead of engaging in an honest discussion.

We can talk about animals honestly and objectively. For example, no one get upset when you state that Siberian Huskies and Beagles are both dogs who can mate with each other, after all they are of the same species. But they also look different, have different colored eyes/fur, and most importantly have different temperaments that allow them to good at different things. No one finds these differences offensive, they are just what they are. But apply this line of thinking to people and everyone gets up in arms. Is it that hard to believe similar genetic differences exist between people and even genders? Whenever these differences are pointed out you will find words "racist" or "bigot" attached to them. For example there is nothing bigoted about pointing out that men physically stronger than women. Or that African Americans are more prone to diabetes than Caucasians. Why is the topic so snuffed, even when the science behind genetics all proves that the differences are there?

I guess my questions to you is why are discussions that focus on biological and hereditary differences so taboo in social science? Don't you feel like they stifle honest discussions? Furthermore, what are you doing to keep these discussions honest?


Q:

Were the panels on either side of the TIE fighter originally designed to be Solar Panels or Radiation Vents? I would love to know how you mixed practical "realism" into your ship designs.

Thank you so much for your vision and work.

A:

The other early Star Wars vehicles were echoes of the Fifties, but the TIE Fighters had to be instantly perceived as something Alien and somewhat timeless. Above all they ship and panels had to be mysterious and threatening.


Q:

I love Virginia but I love where I live – California.

A:

This reply is better suited for bullet-point style ;)

  • Music/Concerts
  • (not a surprise here) Boozing
  • Getting involved in various subcultures (Events, Arts, etc - the stuff a city like NYC has to offer)
  • Horror Movies (we're total suckers for them, and it somewhat bleeds into our product)
  • Reading (the best form of meditation)
  • Eating (going out to favorite spots, discovering new places, etc)
  • and just like anyone else, trying to figure out what the future holds and what moves to make, while remaining happy -not compromising our ideals, and doing one's best despite the hurdles we all come across and the possible mistakes we all make.

c'est la vie

Everyone has their outlets.


Q:

Thanks for sharing this question! Especially since talking about race and gender can be difficult. I think where there may be a potential barrier in this conversation is whether differences are in fact genetic/biological or environmental. First, these difference influences on behavior, skin color etc.. are not mutually exclusive (see some discussion on epigenetics for review.. this is not may area of expertise but is a very extensive body of work). Race in a purely skin tone sense is a very poor predictor of genetic ancestry-- If you can see my profile picture, I am very White but my mom's side of the family is actually from Columbia-- this is an example of why race as we understand and perceive it is more socially constructed that biological or genetic. For gender it is a little more complicated because both biological and social factors construct gender. In terms of your specific diabetes example, many health adversities experienced by minority groups are a product of having poor food access, or living in a more adverse environment (we would call this an environmental determinant of health or structural disadvantage) vs. any biological differences.

To your other points, I think having an open honest dialogue around race is exactly what we need. Hope this helps your searching. I think there are ways to facilitate productive dialogue and challenge ourselves regarding our own biases, but there are a lot of factors to consider. We have some resources for facilitating discussions around race if you are interested. Just PM me if so!

edit: TLDR: Skin tone does not equal race or ancestry so much of how humans understand race is socially constructed, gender too (but not to the same degree in all cases) and our environment is a huge determinant of social differnces edit 2: typo

A:

The other early Star Wars vehicles were echoes of the Fifties, but the TIE Fighters had to be instantly perceived as something Alien and somewhat timeless. Above all they ship and panels had to be mysterious and threatening.


Q:

Were there any parts of the moon landing broadcast that you thought looked questionable at first, or was your analysis pretty much open and shut?

A:

Will you ever write an autobiography??


Q:

Thank you for a thoughtful answer!

A:

Were there any parts of the moon landing broadcast that you thought looked questionable at first, or was your analysis pretty much open and shut?


Q:

I was deeply involved in Apollo 11 both before and during the mission. I sat a few feet from Walter Cronkite and functioned as the "Hal 9000" computer that fed information to Walter as he was broadcasting live online. Half way through the final descent, I alerted Walter to my detection of an orbit change that would consume more fuel, but allow coasting a little further than the planned target. When the other TV stations had the ships landed according to their NASA manual, I determined that the the Apollo had not yet landed. This was later confirmed that I had the accurate version of landing.

A:

Yes.


Q:

Thoughtful questions deserve thoughtful answers (even though I might not be the most thoughtful or coherent at this time haha!)

A:

I was deeply involved in Apollo 11 both before and during the mission. I sat a few feet from Walter Cronkite and functioned as the "Hal 9000" computer that fed information to Walter as he was broadcasting live online. Half way through the final descent, I alerted Walter to my detection of an orbit change that would consume more fuel, but allow coasting a little further than the planned target. When the other TV stations had the ships landed according to their NASA manual, I determined that the the Apollo had not yet landed. This was later confirmed that I had the accurate version of landing.


Q:

I may be too late for this to be seen and/or answered, but here goes nothing! I'm a young industrial designer trying to find my way into something I enjoy, and design of this nature for movies has always been one of the things on my short list of "pipe dream jobs". So I suppose I have 2 questions!

  1. What was your design background and how did you use that to get into design in film?

  2. What advice would you give to a young designer such as myself about venturing into the realm of prop, set, or any other type of design in the film industry?

Thanks so much!

A:

What is your connection to Nova Scotia?


Q:

Hi Kelly:

I'm a recruitment advisor who trains search committees on best practices in recruiting. Part of my training goes over how implicit bias (we call it unconscious bias) can affect decision making in the hiring process. Two questions for you:

1) Any recent studies you could link to that demonstrate bias in hiring practices with regards to women and/or people of color?

2) In your opinion, what is the best way for someone to limit implicit bias in their hiring decisions? (My advice to them is to be aware that they have bias and acknowledge it, then to be vigilant in the applicant review process by slowing down and not letting "autopilot" take over.)

Thanks!

A:

I may be too late for this to be seen and/or answered, but here goes nothing! I'm a young industrial designer trying to find my way into something I enjoy, and design of this nature for movies has always been one of the things on my short list of "pipe dream jobs". So I suppose I have 2 questions!

  1. What was your design background and how did you use that to get into design in film?

  2. What advice would you give to a young designer such as myself about venturing into the realm of prop, set, or any other type of design in the film industry?

Thanks so much!


Q:

I came early to trade shows and helped unload trucks to get to know people. You can learn about my background in earlier posts.

A:

My mother was from Nova Scotia.


Q:

Hello! Finally something I can do ;) Fortunately the implicit bias literature for hiring is quite rich!

1) As far as resources go, I have to keep shamelessly plugging our State of the Science Reports http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/researchandstrategicinitiatives/implicit-bias-review/ I believe all except the 2013 edition have an entire section dedicated to employment decisions!

2) The two that are great first steps are coming up with objective evaluation criteria (preferably numeric) around the job description. Bias happens when we subjectively think someone is a good "fit" esp. if that person reminds us of ourselves (affinity bias). Giving someone a 4/5 on a leadership experience rating is much less likely to invite bias than a written summary of "is a good leader" .. etc, Second is to have a blind review as part of the search stage. That doesn't mean resumes always have to have identifiers removed (e.g. race, age, gender, name) but it should happen at some part in the process to ensure that quality ratings are consistent with and without identifiers (it helps if half the committee gets blinded resumes and half doesn't, or organizing it some other way). I hope that's a good starting point!

A:

I came early to trade shows and helped unload trucks to get to know people. You can learn about my background in earlier posts.


Q:

How do you keep comng up with different and unique designs for vehicles for so long?

A:

What is your favorite memory filming Ishtar?


Q:

Thanks for the response! We definitely use rubrics with the criteria as relevant to the job as possible.

Wondering what you think about this: our organization values diversity to the extent that we ask our candidates to talk about diversity in their cover letters and during interviews. We believe that diversity in the workplace has an inherent benefit to all, and therefore are willing to consider a candidate's diversity (and cultural competency) along with all the other more standard job relevant criteria.

A:

How do you keep comng up with different and unique designs for vehicles for so long?


Q:

Not so much anymore. I no longer have my 1000 nurney drawers.

A:

Standing holding two camels on a street in Marrakesh with Dustin Hoffman staring at one another.


Q:

THAT IS AWESOME!!! I think a lot of folks fail to realize how much an institutional culture can do for countering the norms of society. If your organization champions diversity internally, then that becomes the new norm/expectation! Great work! You should be doing an AMA haha

A:

Not so much anymore. I no longer have my 1000 nurney drawers.


Q:

Conversations with Kubrick, Star Wars design of the awesome X-wing (every boy's love in the 80s), writing sci-fi, what a great experience. Did you work with McQuarrie at all? What's your favorite beer you're drinking this month?

A:

Hi Warren!

Thanks for doing this ama!

Do you see any relation in the character you played Senator Bulworth and Donald Trump? Both guys that didn't give a fuck what they said and somehow get more popular for doing it?

Also what is your opinion of Donald Trump?


Q:

WHat do people misunderstand the most about "bias"?

A:

Conversations with Kubrick, Star Wars design of the awesome X-wing (every boy's love in the 80s), writing sci-fi, what a great experience. Did you work with McQuarrie at all? What's your favorite beer you're drinking this month?


Q:

Yes, I was designing in the same room as Ralph was doing his wonderful paintings of my designs. No beer.

A:

What Jay Bulworth is saying is very, very different from that which Mr. Trump is saying.


Q:

Great question! I think that people are so defensive and afraid of being called a racist that they infer having bias means the same thing. In reality it is just a natural proclivity based on how human interact in the world. Even if someone has biases there are ways to prevent oneself from expressing bias in a way that harms others. Bias doesn't equal intent. Thanks for asking!

A:

Yes, I was designing in the same room as Ralph was doing his wonderful paintings of my designs. No beer.


Q:

In working with such famous figures like Lucas and Kubrick, what has the most memorable moment with them?

A:

What was your favorite location to film in?


Q:

do you watch game of thrones?

A:

In working with such famous figures like Lucas and Kubrick, what has the most memorable moment with them?


Q:

Attending the Premiers.

A:

Hollywood.


Q:

Yes.

A:

Attending the Premiers.


Q:

Have you discussed Cosmic Biodesics with any major physicists? Have you been able to establish a mathematical foundation for it?

Are you watching Elon Musk's presentation about colonizing Mars which is happening in an hour? http://www.spacex.com/mars
Any advice for his spaceship designs?

A:

favorite character?


Q:

Have you discussed Cosmic Biodesics with any major physicists? Have you been able to establish a mathematical foundation for it?

Are you watching Elon Musk's presentation about colonizing Mars which is happening in an hour? http://www.spacex.com/mars
Any advice for his spaceship designs?

A:

I am continuing to explore Cosmic Biodesics and allied subjects and will be coming back to it shortly. As of yet it has not been discused with any major physicists. Have been too busy to track Elon Musk's work, but thanks for the heads up.


Q:

Hmmm tough one but either Tyrion or Khaleesi

A:

I am continuing to explore Cosmic Biodesics and allied subjects and will be coming back to it shortly. As of yet it has not been discused with any major physicists. Have been too busy to track Elon Musk's work, but thanks for the heads up.


Q:

Mr. Cantwell, I was wondering if there are any plans to bring 2001 A Space Odyssey back to the theater? I was born around the time it came out, and had only ever seen the movie on regular tube tv's. A few years ago I got to see it on an HD TV shown in HD and was absolutely blown away. I can't even imagine what it must have been like back in 1968 to see this in the theater. I would love to see it on the big screen.

A:

I just took this online test, https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/selectatest.html, what can you say about its accuracy?


Q:

Mr. Cantwell, I was wondering if there are any plans to bring 2001 A Space Odyssey back to the theater? I was born around the time it came out, and had only ever seen the movie on regular tube tv's. A few years ago I got to see it on an HD TV shown in HD and was absolutely blown away. I can't even imagine what it must have been like back in 1968 to see this in the theater. I would love to see it on the big screen.

A:

Certain theaters do bring back 2001 upon occasion, but this is random. I would also like to see it on the big screen again.


Q:

I think it's the best tool we currently have to measure implicit biases in terms of the scrutiny it has been though ( it is a very controversial topic of course) but of course there's other opinions in the field and I respect those as well. Here's a link to our lit review.. In the section on the IAT we include summaries of articles capturing both the criticism and support of this measure http://kirwaninstitute.osu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/2014-implicit-bias.pdf it starts on page 31. The test website itself has an excellent FAQ page that gets into the details of how thy actually score bias and how the trials are ordered. Each FAQ also links to the original article as well

A:

Certain theaters do bring back 2001 upon occasion, but this is random. I would also like to see it on the big screen again.


Q:

Hello Mr. Cantwell! thanks for doing his AMA!

First off, I'm a huge star wars fan - and pretty much have been for as long as I can remember.

My first question; what is your opinion on the derivative ships from your original designs? Most notably the ARC-170 (X-Wing) & to a lesser extent the Jedi Starfighters.

Do you like the designs from a 'lore' standpoint that dictates these designs eventually became yours?

Second question; what was your favorite ship design in the Star Wars universe? (Made by you or not, whichever answers the question!)

Thanks again!

A:

Hello Mr. Cantwell! thanks for doing his AMA!

First off, I'm a huge star wars fan - and pretty much have been for as long as I can remember.

My first question; what is your opinion on the derivative ships from your original designs? Most notably the ARC-170 (X-Wing) & to a lesser extent the Jedi Starfighters.

Do you like the designs from a 'lore' standpoint that dictates these designs eventually became yours?

Second question; what was your favorite ship design in the Star Wars universe? (Made by you or not, whichever answers the question!)

Thanks again!


Q:

I am happy that my basic concepts have been given new life in the current Star Wars versions. I have no favorite design. They all served their individual purposes.

A:

I am happy that my basic concepts have been given new life in the current Star Wars versions. I have no favorite design. They all served their individual purposes.


Q:

Mr. Cantwell, Did you have any input or ties to the Force Awakens or any of the new Star Wars films? If not, what did you think of the new takes on your classic ship designs? I was a big fan of the redesigned X-Wing myself.

A:

Mr. Cantwell, Did you have any input or ties to the Force Awakens or any of the new Star Wars films? If not, what did you think of the new takes on your classic ship designs? I was a big fan of the redesigned X-Wing myself.


Q:

No ties to the recent Star Wars movies. But I enjoyed seeing the new life of the originals in recent films.

A:

No ties to the recent Star Wars movies. But I enjoyed seeing the new life of the originals in recent films.


Q:

What was it like working with George Lucas? I got into filmmaking watching you both behind the scenes on DVD.

A:

What was it like working with George Lucas? I got into filmmaking watching you both behind the scenes on DVD.


Q:

Fun and exciting.

A:

Fun and exciting.


Q:

Do you own any of the Lego sets of the ships you designed? The Star Wars Legos were always my favorite.

A:

Do you own any of the Lego sets of the ships you designed? The Star Wars Legos were always my favorite.


Q:

Since I created the space ships for the very first Star Wars movie, there were no Star War's Lego sets. However, I worked with plastic model parts. I called them nurneys and had a thousand drawers of nurneys which I dragged around from place to place until a couple of years ago. .

A:

Since I created the space ships for the very first Star Wars movie, there were no Star War's Lego sets. However, I worked with plastic model parts. I called them nurneys and had a thousand drawers of nurneys which I dragged around from place to place until a couple of years ago. .


Q:

How does it feel to have the same exact name as me, a lame 9th grader?

A:

How does it feel to have the same exact name as me, a lame 9th grader?


Q:

Pretty good to me

A:

Pretty good to me


Q:

So, who designed the Y-Wing?

A:

So, who designed the Y-Wing?


Q:

I did. Along with the original Millennium Falcon concept, the X-Wing, the original Imperial Cruiser concept, the TIE Fighter and the Death Star

A:

I did. Along with the original Millennium Falcon concept, the X-Wing, the original Imperial Cruiser concept, the TIE Fighter and the Death Star


Q:

What is your favorite fictional starship that you did not design?

A:

What is your favorite fictional starship that you did not design?


Q:

Too many to remember. I enjoy sci-fi including stories that take place in higher dimensions.

A:

Too many to remember. I enjoy sci-fi including stories that take place in higher dimensions.


Q:

What was it like working with Stanley Kubrick?

A:

What was it like working with Stanley Kubrick?


Q:

My best memories were 1. Making 2001 2. Driving a Mini Cooper in a parking lot 3. Watching rushes with a dozen apes I worked closely with Stanley and shed tears while he was Moviola editing HAL's demise.

A:

My best memories were 1. Making 2001 2. Driving a Mini Cooper in a parking lot 3. Watching rushes with a dozen apes I worked closely with Stanley and shed tears while he was Moviola editing HAL's demise.


Q:

What do you think of the prequel trilogy and the sequel trilogy?

A:

What do you think of the prequel trilogy and the sequel trilogy?


Q:

I think the prequels were too "animated" and lacking character development. The latest film was getting back to the original Star Wars roots and I enjoyed it.

A:

I think the prequels were too "animated" and lacking character development. The latest film was getting back to the original Star Wars roots and I enjoyed it.


Q:

Having such a successfull carreer that you've had, and hosting this AMA, do you ever contemplate on changing your name to Canwell?

A:

Having such a successfull carreer that you've had, and hosting this AMA, do you ever contemplate on changing your name to Canwell?


Q:

Good point... I'll think about it

A:

Good point... I'll think about it


Q:

Hi Colin! I grew up playing with and enjoying your designs.

What is the best book you've read recently, and could you name a couple of your favorite authors? Where does a maxi-nerd like you go to get his maxi-nerd fix?

A:

Hi Colin! I grew up playing with and enjoying your designs.

What is the best book you've read recently, and could you name a couple of your favorite authors? Where does a maxi-nerd like you go to get his maxi-nerd fix?


Q:

Well, actually the best and only book I have read recently is the space adventure I wrote, CoreFires. It has consumed most of my time for many months. You can learn about it on my website http://colincantwell.com/home2

A:

Well, actually the best and only book I have read recently is the space adventure I wrote, CoreFires. It has consumed most of my time for many months. You can learn about it on my website http://colincantwell.com/home2


Q:

Were the models in the original Buck Rogers and Flash Gordon film serials a big inspiration to you?

A:

Were the models in the original Buck Rogers and Flash Gordon film serials a big inspiration to you?


Q:

Not really.

A:

Not really.


Q:

What a great AMA. Some of your designs don't quite seem to make sense even though they look really cool, so I'm curious how much you allowed aerodynamics vs "photodynamics" ( space aerodynamics) vs art influence the designs? Given the amount of influence that sci-fi has on technology, you think some future development might make them practical?

A:

What a great AMA. Some of your designs don't quite seem to make sense even though they look really cool, so I'm curious how much you allowed aerodynamics vs "photodynamics" ( space aerodynamics) vs art influence the designs? Given the amount of influence that sci-fi has on technology, you think some future development might make them practical?


Q:

80% looks, 10% aerodynamics, 10% whimsy

A:

80% looks, 10% aerodynamics, 10% whimsy


Q:

What new technology are you really looking forward to seeing become a reality?

A:

What new technology are you really looking forward to seeing become a reality?


Q:

Breakthroughs in genetic engineering

A:

Breakthroughs in genetic engineering


Q:

Your house must be full of amazing things. Any pictures of anything you made, or you particularly enjoy, that you would like to share with us?

A:

Your house must be full of amazing things. Any pictures of anything you made, or you particularly enjoy, that you would like to share with us?


Q:

We moved into a small house about 2 years ago, se we don't have anything in our house. However, if you go to my website http://colincantwell.com/home2 you can find Star Wars stories, information about my book CoreFires and also concept prints of the designs I did before George hired me.

A:

We moved into a small house about 2 years ago, se we don't have anything in our house. However, if you go to my website http://colincantwell.com/home2 you can find Star Wars stories, information about my book CoreFires and also concept prints of the designs I did before George hired me.


Q:

What was Kubrick like as a director? Was he as uncompromising as people say he was?

A:

What was Kubrick like as a director? Was he as uncompromising as people say he was?


Q:

He was beyond compromising and continually creating the NEW that we'd soon call genius.

A:

He was beyond compromising and continually creating the NEW that we'd soon call genius.