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AcademicIamA Economist Brad DeLong AMA!

Jan 27th 2017 by braddelong • 12 Questions • 146 Points

Q:

Brad,

Hello from r/badeconomics. Let's talk about rhetoric for a minute. We get trapped in conversations about a strong dollar versus a week dollar, and of course that language manners because on its face to a non-economist you want to be strong!

What can economists be doing to better communicate our work and our findings outside our small research circles?

Lastly, given the high likelihood of a trade war with (a) China (b) Mexico, what's your updated bayesian probability of a recession now?

A:

So if you used a phased array could you make the lights rotate around the arena?


Q:

What does he believe would have happened if they won?

How does he view his time serving his country now?

A:

That exoskeleton looks really sleek. How much does the whole thing weigh?


Q:

What is your favorite memory from your time with Guns N' Roses?

A:

Have you ever had word come down to report with a bias or to omit facts in order to push an agenda? Had an article edited or denied due to the information not swaying a certain way? Or have you heard of other who have?


Q:

So, Steve, my man. How does it feel to be introducing brand new Dragon Ball material on Toonami again? =]

A:

What kind of reactions did you get from friends and family? Any notable stories?

How many people work your farm? Do you have a photogenic burro?

Have you considered some sort of rental accommodation on site? Have you had an influx of friends and family wanting to visit?


Q:

Hi Andy - Did you ever pay for WinRAR in your lifetime?

A:

Why did they cancel Red Road?


Q:

Never say "strong dollar policy": say "overly strong dollar policy" instead, for one thing...

Perhaps we can go on Reddit more often, and more frequently?

I do think we need to do something to clean our own house: we know an awful lot about both microeconomic and macroeconomic market failures, about government failures, and about when to try to treat them and when to leave them alone because the cure will probably be worse than the disease.

Something like the Chicago Business School's economic panel that it polls periodically can be very useful. But this requires economists who keep up with the literatures, and are willing to say "the literature says that..." rather than "I think..." That's very hard to get...

A:

Dude that's brilliant. We have done waves and other things like that, but with a section-entry UI, so the users could tell the program they were in section 101, for example.


Q:

"Many more soldiers would have had to stay in combat and in Russia." He doesn't talk about other things that would or could have happened in Germany.

"I wasted five years of my youth there." He is very negative about it now, obviously.

A:

Not entirely sure, but not a lot


Q:

Steven: The whole five years that we were together. Every moment. It was magic. It was really magic. We couldn't do wrong and it was excitement 25 hours, 8 days a week. So, just being a part of those guys was great. It was like I was part of the cool kids in school.

Deanna: That was his family. When he was in a band, that was his family. And that was okay.

Steven: Assholes.

[laughter]

A:

Yes I have.

Fusion told me and many other staff to "side with the audience." Which they clarified as young people being liberal or left leaning so that's the angle we take regardless of the facts. It was not a fun time.

Most companies don't force journalists to be biased they just hire biased journalists in the first place.


Q:

S: Just like the good old days. Appreciate you tuning in. Only Toonami!

A:

What kind of reactions did you get

A lot of surprise and some envy. Most people were really supportive and congratulated us for making the change. Our immediate families were probably the most worried because they didn't want us to lose all of our savings doing something stupid.

How many people work your farm?

My husband and I are the only full time employees but we do have a couple of work traders who work about 10 hours a week in exchange for living in our employee housing (individual rooms but with a shared bathroom and kitchen).

Do you have a photogenic burro?

I wish! I am dying to get a donkey because they are so cute. But my husband says it would be a waste of money. We do have some really cute goats though.

Have you considered some sort of rental accommodation on site? Have you had an influx of friends and family wanting to visit?

No Air BnB set up or anything like that but we do have an area where pickers can rent during the picking season. And yes tons of friends and family have come to visit. We love having visitors because our island is pretty rural and it can be nice to break things up.


Q:

No, I use 7-zip ;-)

A:

Hmmm. Sadly it was too good for this world...


Q:

Hi Brad,

If you were the Treasury Secretary would you rather fight one Okun gap sized Harshberger triangle, or a hundred Harshberger triangle sized Okun gaps?

A:

Having them scan their ticket's barcode may be easier.


Q:

Hi, how was it to be a prisoner during that time? How did you deal with everything mentally when the war was over?

A:

Would you completely remove the body parts that don't function properly and replace them with cybernetic parts if we had the proper technology?


Q:

What's a crazy story about raising Steven and the Guns N Roses?

A:

Thank you for the response! Following up on the question, who do you feel is the most reputable agency/journalist to consistently publish current events?

What reasons do companies report to the masses or hire biased journalist? Is it strictly a business decision to drive traffic or is it politically motivated?


Q:

Hi guys! I'm really into voice acting for video games, so I'm pretty happy I got to this AMA early!

What was the weirdest thing you've had to say for a role? The one line or lines that really took you a moment to process?

A:

My family vacationed out there a few times. Lovely space. We spoke with another Coffee farmer who mentioned this work trade concept, and my daughter was intrigued. Where can we find out more what other places offer similar circumstance on the islands? Is there a posting forum?


Q:

This will determine how guilty I feel for the rest of my life.

A:

What do you like most about what you do?


Q:

As Larry Summers says, all Harberger triangles are small. All Okun gaps are large. Thus I would rather fight the first...

A:

Yes, someone actually mentioned that to me last month and it's definitely something we should implement.


Q:

"I went through everything. Hunger, thirst, cold, heat. Th worst thing was home sickness, with 17, 1/2. Only after two years were we allowed to write our parents. They didn't know where I was for two years. I had to work for what the Germans did to the Russian people. We worked four years for free for that. That is what the Russians told us at least.

"I didn't talk about it at all afterwards. Only some rare times." (Nowadays he talks about it some more though).

A:

Hell yeah


Q:

Deanna: One of the most exciting times for us is the first time we saw him play.. We went in and we saw Steven and he says "stand over here so you won't get hurt." So he leaves us and all of a sudden the light goes down, pitch black, and then all of a sudden we hear Steven bang on the drums, the guitar, and it was so loud, I actually thought a 747 landed on my head. That's how loud it was, I immediately got deaf, I lost my hearing. My head was going boom boom boom! There was so much weed in that place!

Steven: And that was just from me! That was just me smoking!

Deanna: I was high, I had a headache, I mean my brain was going crazy, I couldn't hear nothing. So I lasted about 3 songs and then we left. On the way home, don't even ask me what was going on in the car, I couldn't hear anything, Jamie fell asleep, he was probably stoned already and he passed out. On the way home I got scared. I said What's going on? What's this all about? What's happening? I never in my wildest dreams thought that they were gonna make it big, that they were going to be the number 1 band in the country at that time.

A:

Money and Politics, but usually money.

An article about violent trump supporters will get waaay more shares than a balanced piece about violence on both sides.

EDIT: i suck at speling


Q:

A: Basically every line I had to say for Tiny Tina. S: Having to articulate the thoughts of a landscape made of human feces. T: For a Spiderman game, the girl that was working with us that day was wrapped early, but she ended up having several more scenes. So I had to wrap tape around knees and put blocks of wood under my heels to simulate a woman in a pencil skirt in heels.

A:

Yeah check out WwoofUSA and Wwoofhawaii. That's where we originally got people. The work traders we have now are from just posting on facebook - they are much more long term people though and are all living here indefinitely and not just for a couple weeks/months.


Q:

the next hardest thing is dealing with keyboards

A:

I love that I work for myself, or rather I get to work for the common unconscious. This is what makes me happy! I get to work in the land of the dreams we do not even know we are having- that is where I like to spend my time and I have a life that lets me do it. Who knows how long it will last but it is pretty cool now. I love docs because you get to enter worlds. If I were smarter or more courageous I would probably be a busker or a surfer. (but I don't have the chops!)


Q:

What was the best advice you received as a grad student?

Or, more generally, do you have any advice for current (Econ) grad students?

A:

We have done waves and other things like that, but with a section-entry UI, so the users could tell the program they were in section 101, for example.

I think this is one of the most innovative and clever apps I've seen in a very long time. Congrats man!


Q:

Was the news of Hitler's alleged suicide a feeling of relief or despair?

You say that you believed in the war effort, but at the same time you had to see the momentum shifting in the waning months of the war toward the Allied powers. I'm curious if German soldiers were starting to lose their morale and wanted the war to just be over, knowing that Hitler's death or a Wunderwaffe was the only way to achieve this.

A:

What is the best and worst part of your day that might come as a surprise?


Q:

Steven - what advice would you give to someone just entering into recovery after most of a lifetime of drug addiction?

Deanna - what advice would you give to the friends and loved ones of someone just entering recovery?

A:

Fucking hell. Thank you for your honesty, man. VICE gets more shit from their audience than any other news outlet I can think of. I understand there's a bottom line to think about, but a lot of us started following VICE because you guys didn't appear to be focussed on that bottom line.


Q:

Hey Steve, big fan of your work, so I hope you see this question. What needs to be done exactly so the strike can end?

A:

Assuming that you took a pay cut, at least at the beginning, can you tell us what makes it worth it?

Thanks.


Q:

How long was RealVNC in development before the first version was 'good to go'?

(It seems to have always been around, but it'd be great to know how much went on 'behind the scenes' before we'd heard of it!)

A:

what inspire you to make alive inside? how did this idea come to you? was it like one morning in the shower?


Q:

Focus on things that matter for the real world. And always work on exactly what seems to you to be the most interesting problem on your agenda. Getting started writing things is very difficult. And you will get over the hump only if you are thinking about and writing about something you find fascinating. Thus I think "you should write about this! It's a hot topic!" is ultimately likely to be bad advice...

Find friendly rather than famous advisors. Best is to find friendly advisors and peers who then become famous...

A:

Thanks!


Q:

About Hitlers suicide he says: "Then we knew that the war was over and that we had lost it. It was more of a feeling relief." He mentions the assassination attempt of Stauffenberg and says: "It was really a shame that it didn't work. If that assassination had worked, then a lot of things would have been better." It was his opinion back then already as well.

Him and the other soldiers believed in the war until the last days. THey believed in the Wunderwaffe, there was not a loss of morale in a way.

A:

The best part of waking up is Folgers in your cup. (I don't actually drink coffee). The worst part is not being independent. I need help with everything. With eating. Getting things. Not being able to go to the bathroom on my own.


Q:

Steven: Be patient. Just live your life one second, one day at a time. Hang around with people who are not addicts. You are who you hang around with. If you hang around with junkies, you are going to be a junkie. If you hang out with nice, happy, good loving, caring people, you're going to be good, happy, loving, caring person. Definitely go to meetings and listen, and talk. One thing that is really cool about my mom writing her book and then me writing me book was that you should take a pen and paper and write down your life. Be completely honest, it's yourself, you can't lie to yourself, even though people do. Be completely honest and write down your life, everything that was good and bad, and read it, and then burn it and move forward.

Deanna: I am so glad that Steven is back with me, he's back on top, He knows what he's doing. To make sure that everyone out there can find strength and inspiration from this book and hopefully free themselves from addiction.

Deanna: I would also say the same thing, go to these meetings. You can go to Al-Anon, you could go to AA, talk to your friends, talk to your minister, talk to your Rabbi, just don't keep it inside. Don't be like me, where I kept everything inside and denied everything. When I finished writing this book, it was so cathartic for me, because all of a sudden I don't care if anyone knew what was going on in my life. It was wonderful. I'm not ashamed anymore that my son is called a "drug addict" and "alcoholic. “it’s okay I'm not alone. I want people to realize this, that they are not alone.

Steven: Don't give up on this person that you love and just realize that it's a disease. Just like if you had asthma or cancer, you're not going to give up on that person because they need an inhaler. It's a disease. When I was doing drugs and I was hurting my mom, my family, my wife, people around me, I wasn't doing it on purpose. I wasn't waking up like "I'm gonna get high just so I can fuck with my family and piss them off and hurt them." It's a disease and you have to be patient. Don't give up.

Deanna: The book "Sweet Child of Mine" has everything that I went through. I never gave up on my son. He'll tell you, he can stop calling me for a year, and as soon as he called me, I was there in five minutes. I never gave up on him and these parents should never give up on their children because they're babies! They're children.

A:

well Im not there anymore.

But VICE has a different business strategy than most media outlets that allows them to be less biased. Nobody is perfect though


Q:

S: Management would agree to pay actors fairly, respect their safety, and let our reps know what we're working on. There's already some companies (indies and AAA) that have agreed to those terms, so really it's just up to the game corps to come to the table.

A:

Yes we both took a huge paycut and we will probably never replace that with farming. But what were we really working for in Chicago? We were saving to buy a house (which we now have) and working until we could take our next vacation to a place like Hawaii (where we now live). It's not that we have EVERYTHING we could want (I would LOVE a pool), but I am a lot more fulfilled than I was in Chicago.


Q:

VNC started life inside a research lab back in 93/94. we used it a lot internally and developed it quite extensively before deciding to give it to the world in 1998... the rest is history!

A:

I got hired to make a website for a guy. He took me into a nursing home. It was like Dante's Inferno!

Henry was in a wheelchair, parked in the hallway. He spent every day for the last 10 years like that. We gave him some Cab Calloway and he woke up- as you may know- the clip of Henry from "Alive Inside" first went viral on Reddit! https://www.reddit.com/r/videos/comments/1h50hy/old_man_in_nursing_home_reacts_to_hearing_music/

I knew in that moment I had to make "Alive Inside"- it took me 3 years.


Q:

Thanks so much for doing this!

  1. With the rise of large passive investors, do you think noise trading is a bigger or smaller part of our financial markets today?
  2. What's your favorite Dumas novel?
A:

Which 4 books did you use and in what order? Did you have a history of programming? I'd love to know where to start.


Q:

Good morning! Thanks for taking your time to answer questions. What was your daily routine as a POW? Do you remember ever feeling a sense of "normalcy" during your time as a POW?

A:

How heavily involved in BMX were you at the time of your injury?


Q:

Hi Steven! Thanks for doing this AMA!

Which was the first "hooooooly shit we're huge" moment while on GNR?

A:

Like you say, nobody's perfect and at the end of the day everyone's gotta make a dollar.

VICE makes great documentaries when it comes to the Syria/Iraq war though. Could I ask if you had any part in that?


Q:

What video game character(s) from the 16-bit era and prior would you like to do the voices for?

A:

[deleted]


Q:

How long was RealVNC in development before the first version was 'good to go'?

(It seems to have always been around, but it'd be great to know how much went on 'behind the scenes' before we'd heard of it!)

A:

What was your favorite movie from last year and your most Anticipated movie for this year?


Q:
  1. a smaller. Every person buying a Vanguard index fund is one fewer person to be misled by Jim Cramer or Ron Paul...

  2. It has to be The Three Musketeers, doesn't it? Although the Count of Monte Cristo is quite fine as well... And then I have always been a fan of the BBC series "The First Churchills", which opens with the death of d'Artagnan....

A:

For iOS pick up (1) book on learning Swift; (2) Big Nerd Ranch book on making "practice" apps with Swift. For Android pick up (1) book on learning Java; and (2) Big Nerd Ranch book on making "practice" apps with Java.

With those four books, you should have a very strong foundation for getting out to sites like StackOverflow.com and advancing from there.


Q:

"We had to work for 8 hours a day in 3 shifts. We couldn't do much in our free time and were just happy to lay down and rest. From time to time i could help out at the theatre in the camp and moved the backgrounds. There were also some real actors.

Especially Paul Streckfuß was a good friend of mine during that time, but he was more of a regisseur in the camp and he was a true communist. He also was the negotiator for the german prisoners, despite being a prisoner himself. When the actors practiced or had a show, they would get extra food from the kitchen afterwards, which i got too, as i was helping them.

The food was basically the same every day for month. It was mainly white cabbage soup.

We got loose tobaco once a week which was smoked with the "Pravda", the russian newspaper. I always exchanged it for bread though and i didn't smoke a single cigarette in my life"

A:

Pretty involved. It's all I did. I worked at a bike shop. I rode my bike every day with friends. Went on trips constantly to skate Parks or just looking for places to ride


Q:

Steven: When we played the street scene in 1986, downtown LA. There were 100,000 people in the streets, outside, and we started playing. Literally not 10s, or 100s, thousands of people were spitting on the stage at us. I was in the back, so I wasn't getting hit. The coolest thing was, nobody in the band got pissed off , they started spitting back at them. It was one of those moments like "holy shit! What am I doing here? How did I get here? and Why is this so awesome!"

Deanna: I'm so glad I wasn't there.

Steven: That and playing with The Rolling Stones at the coliseum was pretty fucking cool!

A:

I havent done anything in Syria or Iraq. Though I did field produce a piece on North Korea which was fun.


Q:

A: Luca in Chrono Trigger S: I was Dhalsim in Street Fighter so... T: King Koopa

A:

I lived right by the United Center for awhile (not the best neighborhood but what I could afford at the time) and then when I moved in with my now-husband we lived in Old Town. And yeah Chicago really is the best. I miss it all the time.


Q:

One of the most creative was in what was perhaps the worlds first fully functional smartphone in 1999, a project which I was responsible for too! Check it out here:

http://imgur.com/a/1MJtI

A:

Not sure I have a faborite but I really liked The Big Short

You?


Q:

It seems to me like policy-making is less evidence-based than ever. As a young student, is there any benefit in me doing technical work / advanced degrees in economics, if what happens in the 'real world' is simply driven by who shouts (or tweets!) the loudest?

A:

how much time did you spend learning per day?


Q:

Hello,

Could he tell us more about the propaganda that went around the time that made him believe it was the right thing to do? Also what gave the soldiers hope towards the end of the war? How was it to come back in Germany? How much did it all change?

A:

What was the biggest moment in recovery from the time you were injured until now?


Q:

Hey Steven, First off I'd like to say thank you for all the work thag you've done with GnR, Adler's Appetite, and Adler. Your drumming inspired me to become a drummer myself. My question is: Do you have any advice for up and coming musicians?

A:

What was the weirdest/most interesting thing about N Korea that you saw or learned?


Q:

Ash: Will we see Tiny Tina in Borderlands 3?

Steve Blum: If you could choose one person to play Spike in a live action Cowboy Bebop, who would it be?

A:

[deleted]


Q:

Because your ISP hadn't changed anything the first time you did it. Once they've reassigned your MAC/DNS/IP or whatever was wrong, the easiest way to pick up the change is to reboot.

A:

What was your favorite movie from last year and your most Anticipated movie for this year?


Q:

Well, good knowledge of economics will certainly help you predict where asset prices are going! If you read the Financial Times, you see both Larry Summers and Barry Eichengreen making the argument--the very strong argument--that Trump's policies are highly likely to produce a more valuable dollar.

But you don't sound like you want to go into currency trading.

I think it's very important to figure out what's really going on in order to figure out what is worth fighting for. Fighting for worthwhile things is useful. Fighting for worthless things is not. But rational argument, I must confess, weighs only as heavily as a feather when in the balance with financial interest and with prejudice...

A:

About four hours, seven days a week, for six months. Then I spent the next few months with programming as my basically full-time job, so I was pretty immersed from the get-go.


Q:

About the Propaganda he says: " As a 16 year old, you can believe in a lot. I was in the Hitlerjugend, in the Jungvolk. We did excercises on training grounds. Also when we got a new gymnasium, Göring was there for the inauguration and we all had to attend there. Back then we found it great, it gave us hope.".

About the hope of soldiers at the end of the war, he talked about it in another comment. There was a rumour of a secret weapon that would turn around the odds for the Germans in the war again."

About coming back and the drive back from the prisoners camp in Russia he says: "We were brought to Friedland. There was a camp for us where we got registered. From there we could take the train back home. All of it took a couple of days. I traveled with people from other camps as well. We were all very happy to be on the way back."

A:

I've had a couple. When I was first injured I had actually no use of any my limbs. I was also on a ventilator. So I couldn't eat or speak. When I was finally taken off the ventilator and could eat again that was a pretty big moment. Then I slowly regain use of my left arm. Then seven months later came my right arm. And then three years ago I started regaining use of some of my left wrist


Q:

Steven: Practice, practice, practice. Repetition makes the master. Stay away from alcohol and drugs and you can't lose.

Deanna: I agree with Steven, especially about staying away from alcohol and drugs. He practices every single day.

Steven: Alcohol and drugs are a waste of time.

Deanna: 3-4 hours a day he practices, even now.

Steven: That is because I love to play. Always practice and play with everybody and anybody you can.

A:

I didnt actually go to NK it was actually all shot by the Kiwi's. I went to Wellington, NZ to meet with them and conducted the interview which was used for voice over.

Sorry if I made it seem like I was in NK, that wasn't my intention.


Q:

A: ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ (u/maddking: she literally said, "ascii shrug")

S: Wow. Ummm. I'm not qualified to be a casting agent. But I did meet Keanu Reeves who was very invested in that.

A:

Dude I know. We just rented but definitely could not afford to buy there.


Q:

The idea for the business came much later in 2002, after we had made the software freely available under an open source license in 1998. We founded the company with cash from merchandising and donations - we pioneered the crowdfunding idea before it was even called that, which didn't happen until 2006!

A:

Dear Reddit,

I'm going to dinner now and will come back one last time to answer any last questions! Thanks for all the support today.


Q:

True, this election has been incredibly depressing for someone who before thought a PhD would be cool/impactful.

A:

cool. any tips on staying motivated and getting disciplined?


Q:

What was the education in Jungvolk, HJ, etc...about? Did they ever focus so much on race theory and how Germans were the master-race, as is often said today by historians?

Did they push people to have kids very soon with girls, be promiscuous, with the idea of a Germany with high population? (Considering he had many kids, that may have had a part in it)

A:

Just how close are we to having an ironman suit?


Q:

I Steve, big fan here, missed you in the Chile show a couple of months ago. Do you think that your stroke, affected in someway your actual drums play? Also, I think your the most resilient rock star ever, you're an example to a lot of people

A:

I first started following Vice because I felt that it was mostly unbiased but was also tailored to the interest of the younger generation that I'm a a part of. It was very refreshing. I don't follow anymore as I've felt that they're catering mostly to the liberal leaning crowd. Maybe they sold out maybe they didn't idk. Thank you though for what you've done.


Q:

Hey guys! I've been curious about this. How do you guys work if you're sick? Like if your nose is congested, and you end up sounding nasally all day, what do you?

A:

Mahalo for the AMA

Which varieties do you grow?

What kind of roaster are you using?

Do you plan to offer single varieties or your peaberry solo in the future?

Do you grow any 'Awa?


Q:

Had you played with stuff like Timbuktu - which does similar things but was developed in the late 1980s for Mac?

A:

Hi Brian, when you wrote your songs, what where the bands that inspired you?


Q:

Yep. A Ph.D. is still cool. There is something to be said for knowing just why things are going to hell in a handbasket...

A:

For me, it's always just been a lot of pressure I put on myself. I want to succeed so that this pressure will finally go away. Me_irl.


Q:

They did talk about race theory and such things in the Hitlerjugend.

He went to a Wehrertüchtigungslager (paramilitary training camp) with 15. They had to learn how great the war is and had to crawl through a field with gas masks on, while it was raining. When they would come back to the shack which you were living in with 10 people, all their clothes were thrown on the floor from their lockers. Then they had to sort through all their clothes and after half an hour there was roll call and everything had to be clean. The supervisor came in with white gloves with which he checked all the doors and stuff for dust.

When he was a soldier there was this thing called Selbsterziehung (self-discipline). If someone stole, then everything had to suffer from that. In the night the Holy spirit would come into the shack and the person who stole didn't know about it. He would get a blanket over his head and then his trousers would get dragged down. Then he'd get hit by the leather of a belt and afterwards get black boot polish rubbed on it. In the morning for the Roll call he had to be clean again then. This was called self-discipline.

A:

That information is classified


Q:

Steven: Hi u/f3lip3, thank you very much. And no, I had a mild stroke when I was shooting cocaine. The only thing that it affected was my speech. I basically had to go back to Kindergarten and learn how to speak again. Dr. Drew, when I did that celebrity rehab, he had a special speech therapist come in and actually teach me how to speak again. I mean I can barely speak fucking English, as it is, but it's much better than it was in 1994.

Deanna: When I found out he was in the hospital because nobody would tell me when he would have an overdose. Nobody would tell me because they didn't want me to know because he has numerous times he's had an overdose, but I never knew. Well, this time, I found out because the nurse from the Century City Hospital calls me up on the phone and says, "Your son needs dialysis". I said, "What do you mean?". And she says, "Well, he came in yesterday from a drug overdose". I said, "So, give him dialysis. What's the big thing?". Well, I had to sign a paper for him to have it. So, she faxed me over a paper. I signed the paper. He had dialysis. So, then I went to the hospital to see him. I walk into this room and he is attached to so many tubes. And I said, "Oh my god, I've never seen anything like this before". So, I sat down next to him. I says, "Steven", cause I heard that people in a coma they can hear you, so I sat down next to him and said, "Steven, Steven, please wake up. Everything's going to be alright". And then what happened was, he opened one eye and a single tear came out of that one eye. A single tear. And then he closed his eye again. And then, of course, I burst out crying. I mean, it was so horrible. I told the doctors. When I was at the hospital, that day, his lawyer came over. Former lawyer, came over to see him.

Steven: His name was Satan.

Deanna: His name was Satan.

Steven: Louis Cypher, I recall. Louis Cypher. Lu-ci-fer. Louis Cypher. Yea.

Deanna: I said thank you for coming over, but he's in a coma. He said, "I just wanted to check up on him". I said, "Fine". A few weeks later, I got a bill. He charged us for going to the hospital to look at Steven when he was in a coma.

Steven: For 30 seconds.

Deanna: 30 seconds!

Steven: He just looked in at the door and went, "Okay".

Deanna: That's how people take advantage of people that are drug addicts and alcohol abusers. They take advantage of you and it's not right. So, I called up the lawyer. I says, "What it this? I see you're charging him for him for you coming to visit him in the hospital. Are you nuts?". I said, "You better take that off the bill". And he took it off the bill. But, can you imagine going to the hospital to check on a client, just to say hello and see how you're doing and he charges for that? That was sick.

A:

I dont think its as bad as everyone says.

Honestly I think VICE News on HBO does such a good job that its kind of boring!


Q:

A: If it's really bad, you have to call it. Because you don't want to mess up your voice OR get anyone else sick! TJ: For mocap, unless we're injured, we have to do it. Mo-cap studios are booked months in advance, there's a lot of money at stake for the companies. I've been injured and still had to perform. S: For fear of contagion, I generally stay home if it's bad. Sometimes I can record from home.

A:

Which varieties do you grow?

We grow almost all Arabica (Kona Typica specifically). We have about 10 trees of a hybrid called Kona Passion as a test and we may plant more of those because they are turing out great.

What kind of roaster are you using?

I roast on a Sonofresco. It's a really nice roaster for small batches.

Do you plan to offer single varieties or your peaberry solo in the future?

Yes! I actually just got that graded out a couple weeks ago for the first time so we now have about 50lbs of it that we can sell this year. I am just waiting for the peaberry stamp to come in the mail that I ordered for our labels and then it will be added to the website for purchase!

Do you grow any 'Awa?

No we don't, mostly because even though the effects are cool I think it tastes like mud.


Q:

we knew of it but our vision and philosophy was much broader particularly because we were using windows, linux, mac and proprietary embedded display systems in the lab

A:

Townes Van Zandt Muddy Waters Guy Clark Hendrix Dylan Beatles Steve Earle Jerry Garcia John Prime Clapton and Townes Van Zandt


Q:

When you were in graduate school, what helped you smooth the transition from being a consumer of knowledge to a producer of knowledge?

A:

The only question that actually matters: do you indent with tabs or spaces?


Q:

Hi, what was your opinion of the war during that time? Like who did you think was right or wrong?

A:

oh hey, I saw your post earlier, and I've been waiting for this AMA since then, would you mind telling me what company made that exoskeleton and how much does it costs?


Q:

Hey Steven! I have a few, hopefully simple, quick questions.

  1. Why do they call you Steven 'Popcorn' Adler? Is it cause you're energetic, and bounce up and down when you're beating on the drums?

And

  1. Will you be joining GNR for a larger portion of the NITL Tour? Rather than a few appearances here and there?

Those are my two questions that I had to ask. Ps you fucking rock dude much love ❤️

A:

I don't know much about you and haven't seen much Vice news, but this seems like a good place to ask, what is happening in the world of journalism? I mean specifically speaking, could you shed some light on what your world is dealing with right now and how your able to maintain this daily life?

Much thanks, and glad you made it out of D.C. okay.


Q:

This one is for Steve:

I'm a moderator over at /r/CODZombies, and I think there is one question on all of our minds over there.

Do you, personally, hope that Tank Dempsey will return, or is this it for him?

Love your work man!

A:

I hope this isn't prying too much, but what did it take for you to get started? I've always had a dream to do something similar. Was it very risky? Did you need loans etc, or start with savings? (Trying to figure out what it would take to start myself).


Q:

What are some of the popular names using this technology and what do you think is the next big thing in your field?

Bonus question: Does 'taking over' devices shown in movies come remotely close to what real-life hackers can do? If so, how?

Thank you.

A:

Do you have any directorial advice?


Q:

"What helped you smooth the transition from being a consumer of knowledge to a producer of knowledge?"

Fear of Larry Summers. And the example of Larry Summers. The idea of having to go to my scheduled appointments with him and have him say, at the end "So we're still in nowheresville, right?" was a powerful motivator. And watching him formulate, look for evidence to assess the fruitfulness of, and then figure out a way to test an idea was extremely enlightening...

A:

100% tabs


Q:

"It was wrong but we did believe in it. Back then though, we didn't find it wrong. Back then there was the hope of a Wunderwaffe (wonder weapon) that would still win us the war. That was a rumour going around. My view changed when I was a prisoner of war. Then I realized that it was wrong."

A:

I'm not exactly sure on cost but here's the website


Q:

Steven: I think that's what Axl was thinking. We played that show at the Ritz that was live on MTV one night and he introduced me as Steven Popcorn Adler. That one and only time. He would always introduce me as Steven California Indica Bud Adler. I'm a big pot smoker. So, that one night that it happened to be live on TV, out of nowhere he just called me popcorn and it just stuck. I think it was like when I play my hair bounces up and down. Like popcorn popping in a machine. I don't know. He's insane. I don't know why the hell he did it. It just happened. He just called me that.

Deanna: I never like that, by the way. I never liked that.

Steven: I had a great time last year doing the couple shows that I got to do with them, but it was everything that I thought it was going to be. It was the complete opposite. If it was going be just the five original guys with Dizzy and Axl, Slash, and Duff and myself, then yes I will, but otherwise, it's not the magic and it's not fair to the fans. Me and Dizzy actually really do wanna be a part of it.

A:

There is no money. Companies are struggling and firing left and right. The companies that are doing well learned that hyperpartisan content shares better than real news.

Then you get "ad rights" purchasing, basically companies buying traffic to claim they get more viewership than they do.


Q:

I always hope... BANG!!! Explodes in a red mist

A:

We started with a pretty sizable amount of savings but we did get a mortgage (the mortgage process is tricky with a farm but do-able especially because there are farm service agencies to help you).

If you are wanting to come to Hawaii, it is much cheaper to buy a leasehold than a fee simple property. You are supposed to commercially farm your leasehold though so unless you plan to do that, I wouldn't consider one.

If you want to start a farm yourself, I would recommend visiting the place you want to farm (if that is HI, then come here) and meet with local farmers! The farm bureau in the area you are looking at should have some great resources also the Farm Service Agency is great (at least in Hawaii) and has all the info on grants and special loans for beginning farmers.

Also, idk if you are a woman or a minority, but there are even better FSA loans if you are. Good luck!


Q:

Bonus answer: no, not really. the real world is always far more complex than the few minutes that filmmakers have to depict a scene.

A:

Yes.

Act. Write. Shovel dirt. Read. Doubt. Watch films more than once.

Don't cross the line. Unless it is cool.


Q:

On a scale of one to Ed Prescott, how bad is Trump's economic team?

A:

How did you extract the inaudible signals from background noise?


Q:

What was it specifically about being a prisoner of war that made you change your view? Were you just given the bigger picture by the guards etc.?

A:

C5 complete here! If you don't mind me asking, what level are you? I'd be cool if I could try something like that!


Q:

Hi Steven, have any crazy stories from touring in Canada?

A:

What are your thoughts on journalists using distributed data storage like https://morph.is to publish articles with near zero hosting cost and accepting recurring donations from patreon and cryptocurrencies so readers can fund the journalists so they don't have to rely on ad revenue, "sponsored content" and "fake news" for money?


Q:

Fine, I'll say it.

Hey Ash, whatcha playin'?

A:

My wife and I are constantly dreaming of moving to hawaii and growing our own food, and living simpler. We will actually be on the big island at the end of april. Part of our trip will be spent right up the hill from two step (which I know is coffee country) Could I send you a PM and maybe set up a time where we could come check out your operation? I would love to pick your brain about leasehold land, growing seasons, etc.


Q:

Also generally less exciting!

A:

What was it like touring the festival circuit? How did you get there?


Q:

Is there a Trump economic team?

A:

A fast fourier transformation. There are some great libraries for doing this in Android/iOS like audiokit and jtransforms.


Q:

" We got political education during my time as a prisoner of war. But there we were educated on the great things that communism does. I did everything that was asked from me. Hitler and the dictatorship, communism as a prisoner of war and afterwards democracy. Only when I came back from Russia did I see the Good of democracy." He's having difficulties being able to describe what made him change his views and understanding the question. But he says: "First of all we lost the war. And then we saw how everything got better here in westgermany." So I guess that gave him a change of heart?He became a prisoner of war on the day that Germany lost the war, so during his time in Russia he was always aware of that fact.

A:

I'm C4-C5 complete. If you get the opportunity to use one definitely do it


Q:

Steven: I love Canada. You're so lucky that you live there. Yes, we were touring with "Iron Maiden" and one night me and Nicko McBrain went out to this bar. We were in Quebec, French Canada, and it was just a beautiful town and it was snowing. Me and Nicko, we were hanging in a bar and we were doing shots. We did like maybe 8, 9 shots and then the 10th shot he did, everything was going great between us, we were having a good time, and then once he took that 10th shot, he got so crazy and turned into a different person and was going to kick my ass. All we were doing was just sitting there talking and that one drink just was the one that broke him. And you've seen this guy. This is one ugly motherfucker, okay. He'll kick your ass just by you looking at his face. So, I was all whooah, one second, one moment here, I'm gonna go outside for a second and I'm gonna come back in and we'll try this again. I walked outside and I left. I remember walking through the snow on these cobblestone streets, freezing my ass off, going what the fuck just happened? What the hell just happened?

A:

I mean thats basically what I do... shit should I be promoting my patreon?


Q:

A: I am playing The Last Guardian, and I love Trico more than life itself.

A:

Yes absolutely! We're just up the hill from there. Shoot me a PM or feel free to email me (contact info is on our site).


Q:

Every industry, every sector, government, education - fortune 500 last time we looked. It's everyone from Disney to Phillips, Intel to NASA, Google to Honda.

A:

OMG, the Festival circuit is so much fun! Really- I can't wait to do it again!


Q:

Hello Brad

Given the conclusions of Autor Dorn Hansen, what do you think we can do for these unemployed workers?

I personally worry relocation could have unexpected results. Namely, moving people out of manufacturing regions away from their family could have adverse consequences (more expensive child care etc.). I also worry that job training might not work?

Do you have any solutions? Are there any tweaks you'd like to see to TAA (trade adjustment assistance)?

A:

Did you have a background in DSP or math already, or did you learn that as you went too?


Q:

It's always amazing to me that people find goodness, friendship and bright moments in the middle of terrible events and circumstances. Do you have any good memories from your time as a prisoner of war? What helped you get through that time?

A:

What's the realistic goal and the dream goal for you in using the exoskeleton?


Q:

What do you miss most about the rock n roll scene from the 80s compared to today?

A:

Have you had any experiences with possible government targeted surveillance because of any stories you have reported on?


Q:

Hi all! Steve - you are my favourite VA of all time, I always wondered tho, have you trained your voice to be this epic or is it your natural voice? And if you do train your voice, how do you do it?

A:

answer the money question for fark's sake. break it down. farm price. equipment, etc. startup costs. monthly expenses. ballpark. no one's judging, get over it. please. jeebus why is everyone so avoidant of money questions.


Q:

That's sounds good, but how does the pricing work out for that? Say we have 100,000 end users, but on one day our support team only need to connect to <50 systems throughout the day to troubleshoot, probably <4 running at the same time.

Also can you configure it just to show our application rather than the whole desktop, and restrict connections only from our IP address for safety? I guess we'd set it up as requiring them to launch it from within a menu.

A:

Do you have any advice on set control?


Q:

Full employment is the best labor adjustment policy. I think that there are compelling reasons for the Federal Reserve to adopt a 4%/year inflation target and keep pushing until we get there. It's the way to get ready to fight the next depression when it comes. And if we were doing that our unemployment, underemployment, and out-of-the-labor-force problems would be so much smaller...

A:

My background was economics.


Q:

"We were allowed to write short cards/messages home, that gave hope. He also says that "the Russians that worked with us Germans in that factory had it worse than us. We were treated less worse than them." I am not sure if that was a bit of hope for him (as macabre as it is), if he sees it positive. He mentioned it though. He also says that helping with the theater in the Camp helped.

A:

I'm like Forest Gump. I just like walking.


Q:

Steven: It was more exciting back then 'cause you didn't find out everything like you do now. Everything is instantly over people's phones and everything. It was like exciting to read magazines and read about your bands and what's going on and it's just a completely different world now. I think I got to catch the end of when rock was really rock. That's what I miss. I miss going to record stores and hanging out. I miss going to magazine stands and reading magazines and looking at pictures. I miss looking at record albums and reading all the liner notes and looking at the pictures in the sleeves and reading how they did the record and what happened. That was exciting. Nowadays, it's nothing. You just push a button and you're on the computer. There's no liner notes. There's maybe one goofy picture that's been photoshopped. I like the real stuff. I like real instruments. Reality. Real. People practicing. I've never known one person that practices as a teenager and looked in the mirror and was air guitar playing practice to see how they look and thinking in their head, "Oh, I just wanna play for myself". No, it's that I wanna play for the world. And I miss that whole real kinda rock thing, ya know. Music.

Deanna: I miss him. That's it.

Steven: She misses me practicing my drums in the bedroom. Oh god, please stop! Pleeease!

Deanna: That's exactly right.

Steven: When he goes to school, I'm throwing these out.

A:

Ooooh yea.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UJyC3to8ODA

EDIT: Ok here goes.. here is the full story.

While covering the NoNato protests in Chicago I got word that the apartment I was staying at in Chicago had been raided. My crew was 4 others. Our driver decided they would head to the apt to see what was up and sure enough the door was open and several officers were outside. He decided to head back to us without confronting police.

After the protests started dying down I called the national lawyers guild for advice. They told me that unless we directly interact with cops they can't help us. Funny thing, about 15 minutes later as we drove we got surrounded by maybe a dozen police vehicles, some all black and tinted windows. They approached us with guns drawn and demanded they see our "fucking hands."

Here's the funny thing.

Because we had been planning on how to deal with the earlier police raid our adrenaline was high. When the cars surrounded us one crew member yells

"ITS HAPPENING!"

They approached the vehicle pulled us out and searched everything. They asked me who I was, where I was from, what was I doing, why was I doing it, and more. They took our credit card numbers, passport information, etc.

After about ten minutes a shorter cops walks over and waves his hand at me. A cop then uncuffs me and the shorter cops says "youre vehicle matched a description" and tells us we are free to go.

This is when we called the news and NLG.

I decided that because of the raid and then the detainment only me and one other person with a large following would be allowed to re enter the apartment and we would livestream everything. Any perishable items would be discarded, vitamins, pills anything edible would be trashed.

As we were leaving another person who had been sharing the apartment with us arrived and asked for a ride. I said it would be fine as long as he followed my rules. This person became slightly agitated and stated they needed to grab something from inside the apartment. I refused, "you enter the apartment thats fine, but you wont be riding with us." So he decides to just get in the car and stay quiet.

As we were leaving, heading to safe place to sleep, I got a text that the police had been talking about us on the radio scanner. This text came from someone we all trusted very much. I couldnt believe it though... seriously? Cops are actually targeting us?

I get another text "THEY ARE TALKING ABOUT YOU ON THE SCANNER STOP GIVING INTEL"

I aimed my livestream down so you couldnt see where we were heading.

We got to a safe place on the southside of Chicago and went to sleep. Everything seemed fine.

The next day as we laughed about it, the one guy who tried to get something from inside laughed and said

"Isn't it weird they[person who owned apartment] wanted me to bring adderall in the car?"

I basically shat a brick at that point... Apparently the person who lived in the apartment texted this guy asking him to grab drugs from inside and bring them with into our car.

"What the fuck are you talking about?" I said

He responded "Yea they asked me to bring adderall into the car"

To which I said "Why the fuck would they want you to take their drugs from their apartment? If we got pulled over and had that bottled we'd all be locked up right now."

We heard a rumor that the person who lived there recently started dating a cop. I don't know if they actually tried pulling some bullshit on us, but I can say that it was possible. If it was true, I credit my planning for keeping me and my crew safe.

Thanks for reading!


Q:

S: It's the only thing I know how to do. I'm terrible at brain surgery.

A:

Okay our farm price was slightly over a million. However that included a house and barn, catchment tanks and all 20 acres was fenced. So the land itself I would guess would have been around 500k. We own it in fee simple which makes it a lot more expensive than leasehold land.

Startup costs were high. We didn't buy that much equipment but the trees were approx $10 each and we have over 3000 (8 acres planted). We have a tractor now but that has a payment plan. One of the biggest costs of startup was grubbing the land (bulldozing the existing grasses and shrubs - we left the trees) which IIRC was around 5k/acre. We also had to install a ton of erosion controls, plant a cover crop, get all our permits in order etc. Startup costs were certainly over 6 figures.


Q:

that's getting a bit salesy - happy to have someone talk to you about this. pm me your e-mail.

A:

Not really, I am a doc filmmaker.

With docs- no babies or pets.

or crazy people. Well, you can't avoid crazy people- so no advice.


Q:

I think that there are compelling reasons for the Federal Reserve to adopt a 4%/year inflation target

yes!

A:

Is selling to Google the dream?


Q:

Thank you for posting those pictures.

I had a good friend who was a German about your Opa's age during the war and was drafted into the labor army and later the anti-air auxiliary in Eastern Germany operating 20mm cannons. I like to imagine that somewhere in your pictures he might be there. Ever meet a man named Vern Morrow? He would have been about mid/late teens during the war like yourself and with a similar vocation, he was also a troublemaker :P worth a shot!

My actual questions:

  1. My friend told me that their gun crew was mainly captured Russians overseen by a couple young Germans. Was this the case for your crew as well? If so can you tell us a little about them or your gun crew's situation? My friend seemed to have forged quite a bond with his fellow crew members (despite obvious barriers to friendship) and was very sad to tell me that most fled the advancing Red Army as the war went on, fearing reprisals.

  2. What's your funniest personal story from that time? I know this sounds strange, with the war being such a heavy topic, but you were a young man and young men always try to have fun despite the circumstances. Soldiers tend to be a bit of a goofy bunch at times. My friend's memoirs are dotted with funny experiences during the war, mostly having to do with his many run ins with authority.

A:

I know this question is very vague, but how do you go about your daily life? Things like school, using the restroom, hanging out with friends, etc...


Q:

What music are you listening to these days?

A:

You said in the report that credit card numbers were taken? Did have to do with supposed "match of suspects car," or what? I've never heard of that before...


Q:

Hey Ashly. As you might have heard Nik Shriner and Hannah Telle gather together from time to time to play Life Is Strange. Any chances you will be joining them eventually?

A:

Thank you! Very informative.

Interesting you managed to own the land outright versus the usual 30 year leaseholds in the area. Oftentimes there are chunks of land that require Hawaiian ethnicity to own the land or get the leasehold. Mind shedding light on what you had to do to own the land outright versus the usual leasehold? Just ask and pay?


Q:

you're behind "hallo world" ? :O

A:

Anything to help with the fact that I always feel like a nuisance asking for favours or calling in chits? Anything like this happen to you when you first started?


Q:

The way I see it, back in 1950 we had 30% of the nonfarm workforce in manufacturing. Now we have 8.6%. 18%-points of that decline, from 30% down to 12%, is due to "automation": us getting much more productive at making manufactured goods in a world in which most of us want only one and not two or three refrigerators. Another 3%-points, from 12% to 9%, is due to policy mistakes--inappropriate tax cuts for the rich that diminish the nation's saving through budget deficits at the wrong time and for the wrong reason, and an inappropriate overly-strong dollar policy pushed well past its proper sell-by date. From 9% to 8.7%? Because of our assisting the extraordinarily rapid industrialization of China through PNTR and its joining the WTO. From 8.7% to 8.6%? Because of NAFTA.

A:

Yes


Q:
  1. He says that they had captured Russians for their crew. They had to carry the ammunition. In times of of bombardment, they would hide in the bunker and the german officers forced them to go outside again using their guns. They halso ad Russian gun carriages which had 8,5 caliber. They were extended to fit the German 8,8 caliber.

His crew was mostly people from his class and from his village and from around the other villages.

  1. He can't remember anything in particular unfortunately. That weren't the times for it, he says.
A:

I just applied to go to VCU so we'll see how that goes As far as restroom, to go pee I have what's called a supra pubic catheter. It's a catheter that comes out of my abs that drains into a leg bag hooked up on my ankle that I have to have someone drain To go poop I sit in a chair with a hole in it then someone shoves a suppository up my ass that makes me go. Then if all the poop doesn't come out someone has to reach in with their finger, which is called digital stim, and scoop the rest out. Then we roll the chair into the shower and someone bathes me. I do this every other day in the morning. Hanging out with friends is just like it used to be except I'm always sitting down


Q:

These days, I still listen to the same music I did when I was growing up.

A:

Yea no idea. we think they tried planting drugs on us too but thats the longer version of the story.


Q:

A: I would love to. All the times they have in the past, I've had scheduling conflicts, but hopefully one day.

A:

Land here is already set aside as being "leashold" land or fee simple land. The land we wanted was already listed as fee simple in the regular MLS. We didn't do anything special just bought it like anyone would through a realtor.


Q:

is "hello world?" an application? #philosophy :)

A:

You must serve people! You gotta remember your project does not matter. How you are helping the other is what allows you to ask people to help you!!!


Q:

Brad,

I recall (but can not find) a blog post where you discussed why you worked in Democratic politics - that, at the margin you could do the most good by improving Democratic policies (specifically by teaching the lessons of Hayek and Friedman, moving (to some extent) towards free trade and (to some extent) away from regulations and price fixing.

I am concerned by the utter rout of any commitment to evidence based policy making in the Republican Party, and the weakening of existing commitments in the Democratic Party. Where do you think that economists can do the most good in the next decade?

A:

Do you have an example of your code? (not necessarily the code you wrote for these apps.)

Mostly I'm curious how far you've managed to get in 18 months. I find that most people who start learning how to program don't actually get very far and level off quickly. They seem to get stuck writing procedural code and never learn software engineering architecture. Though I suspect you may have pushed yourself to actually learning OOP and Design Patterns and Architecture and things like Unit Testing / TDD.


Q:

Good afternoon :-). I would like to know if your grandfather knew anything about the extermination camps and what was his response too it?

I know it is a emotionally difficult question. I am a Dutch guy living on the border with Germany and know many German people. The German side is often forgotten.. indoctrination is a thing that many people should read more about. And thank you for this AmA

A:

Do you feel physically comfortable? I mean, I understand that you'd feel numb but is that something you have been able to adjust to and become familiar with?


Q:

Hey Steven and Deanna! Thanks for doing this AMA. Question: is rock & roll dead once your generation is gone? If not, who is going to keep it going?

A:

The car possibly matched another suspected vehicle

Yes, surely


Q:

Hey, Ash! How's Papa Burch doing these days?

A:

Have you guys had any difficulties being accepted by locals?


Q:

what's the tap-drill size for a 12-28 UNC?

A:

After I said it I looked up the movie and you are gong to be alright i think. That movie was made so long ago. Not that many people can know of it.


Q:

Oh, we Democrats are still evidence-based. The bashing of Bernie last spring when we thought he was getting a little too eager to embrace Rosy Scenario seems to me to demonstrate that...

I don't know if you can identify as a Republican and be a real economist for the next decade or so. I wish I had better advice to offer them...

A:

Yes, I recently posted this software to GitHub. I typically don't work with other devs so my style may be very different, but this is the software that got me to where I am and I'd be lucky if others thought it was good enough for them to use as well.


Q:

"We didn't know about it before and during the war. Even in Russia we didn't know about concentration camps. Only after the war we got informations about it." He is laughing a bit about the question what his response to it was since it is clear to him how wrong such things are.

A:

I guess so. I forget a lot of times that I can't feel so sometimes I'll hit my foot and instinctively yell ouch then remember that I can't feel it. I get surprised by my farts a lot too. Since I can't tell when I have to fart they just happen. i then look around and see who did that and I'm like oh yeah that's me


Q:

Steven: All I know is that the gods of rock are pissed! I think I am afraid Rock and Roll might be dead. There are just no great bands out there. The last great band that I know of was the Foo Fighters, and that was 25 years ago.

Deanna: I don't believe it will ever die. When he was playing in the 80s, we would go on sunset blvd and see all these guys with the black leather jackets

Steven: But that was the 80s, this is 2017. Music is completely different now. It sucks!

Deanna: a few weeks ago we were going down sunset blvd. There are so many young people. I don't think it will ever die. What goes around comes around, it's always gonna be there. I still listen to oldies but goodies. Good music comes back.

A:

The full story is significantly crazier.

Long story short, the cops followed up sort of. We have reason to believe they tried planting drugs on us.


Q:

A: He's good. He continues to exclusively smoke cigars and read romance novels to pass the time.

A:

I think there is a lot of racism towards outsiders in Hawaii but on our island at least that is focused on the other side of the island (Hilo side). But also, I think a lot of that centers on dislike of snowbirds who drive up housing costs and do not even contribute to our economy 6 months out of the year. I can tell you it is really hard for farmers/restaurants etc. to make money during the summer which is off-season. Personally I haven't experienced many problems like that but also I try to be respectful of locals, of the land and supportive of "local" issues like schooling etc even though we don't have any kids.


Q:

if you mean 12-28 UNF then no. 14 (0.1820 decimal inches) that's what google tells me anyway... :)

A:

I agree. I even like the idea that I'm doing a nod to it!

But I do appreciate your analysis


Q:

With hindsight, what do you think the optimal macroeconomic policy should have been over the past 40 years, as opposed to the strong dollar policy you cite? What industrial policy, if any, would have been appropriate? You mention the budget deficit and managing the dollar, but don't go into much prescriptive detail.

A:

[deleted]


Q:

How do you feel about neo-Nazism and what would you like to say to someone who believes in it?
Thank you for answering these questions. Have a nice day!

A:

Hello! I'm a software engineer at a large tech company (whose products you likely use every day) who works on accessibility.

What is the biggest annoyance you run into using software and the web on a daily basis? What can we do to make things better?


Q:

Hi Steven, how surreal was it to be in a band with your friend growing up and make it big? Does your mom have any funny/interesting stories about Slash from when he was younger?

A:

You said at some point that they "banged our hard drives against the ground."

Now, couldn't that potentially be evidence tampering?

It's a good thing you were streaming.


Q:

I know Ash showed up in that Goblin-based special for Tabletop Day, but what does everyone think about Critical Role and the possibility of guesting on it?

A:

Hey! I've found this diving on the internet. What do you think of making flour from the cherries?

https://youtu.be/1z34kIq2BWk


Q:

May be a little off topic idk, but, what do you use to program android?

A:

Well I have the advantage of starting this in my forties, I have tried to get my sixteen year old daughter to read the Art of Communication to try and get her to quiet her mind and take some time away from her iPhone and being connected. Just left Sundance and spent stayed with a legit hip hop star and he and his wife are working on TM. You work really hard and then you start to wonder why, divorce, stress etc... and you look around out how messed up everyone is so you try and find something that makes sense....


Q:

Germany is a good guide: run budget surpluses to boost national savings, keep your currency at an appropriate value so that an overly-strong dollar does not send market signals to highly productive factories that they should shut down, invest heavily in training, more of a focus on engineering education, don't imagine that finance--or private health insurance companies--are the industries of the future that should grow rapidly. Germany has done a good job in keeping its working class from getting the shaft in an age in which that is depressingly common...

A:

Yes, I actually have yet to cooperate with a single other developer so I've ended up (unfortunately) with a different style that might be hard to work with. It's something I'll need to fix in the future, but thanks for the tips!


Q:

"They should go to Russia and see what happened there." He does not like people like that at all. Also I have to say that I don't think he met a lot of Neo-Nazis in his time. Our village thankfully doesn't have any, as far as I know.

A:

I'll have to think about this and get back to you. I want to make sure I give you the best answer I can. I'm terrible at thinking of the spot right now that with all these questions


Q:

Steven: It was a dream come true. Every musician that I can imagine, having a friend that was as talented as Slash was and being able to be a part of him and his life and us doing it together was just so fun and so magical. Everything in our lives just fell into place. It's not like we had to do anything extraordinary. We just woke up in the morning and did what we did and it just worked. It was magic.

Deanna: I didn't really know Slash when he was young because Steven was living with his Grandmother and so they hung out together, of course. But I don't really have any stories about him.

Steven: It's funny, I was the bad influence on Slash. I'm the one who got him to start ditching school. And turned him onto Rock 'n Roll.

A:

I guess they wanted to see if they had anything in them? I have no idea, it was a hell of a ride though. They actually raided our apartment that day too.


Q:

S: Critical Role is badass, but I am not yet qualified. Starting my first game this week. A: I will always come back for Critical Role under any circumstances. T: Matt came to our D&D game right before he started the show, and I love what he's doing. I'm an old-school player, and I'd love to be on his show.

A:

I know of one other farm here doing it and it seems pretty cool but honestly such a pain that I probably wouldn't do it. In a zombie apocalypse situation though, that is definitely a good thing to know about lol.


Q:

we use android studio and the android ndk, writing in java and c++

A:

Yeah man, it's really interesting journey this thing called life. And the twist of it all is the truth of it is nothing like what "they" say it is! 40 is a great time to master this stuff, actually it's about the time most people do.


Q:

Thanks for doing this AMA!

I have some questions, maybe unsurprisingly, on trade.

I understand the general logic of comparative advantage and am aware of the general consensus that free trade is good and tariffs are bad. That being said, I feel like a lot of the "new" trade deals, e.g. TTP TTIP and CETA, are less about tariffs and more about harmonization of regulations.

Do you feel that basic economic logic still applies, or does opposition to these deals might have a point, albeit one not based on economic considerations alone? For instance, a lot of the opposition towards TTIP in Germany seems to be the resistance towards the American style of consumer protection. As I understand it (and very very simplified), the burden of proof lies with the consumer in the US and with the firm in the EU. It seems entirely reasonable that harmonization of these two things might not be desirable to people and this can be reasonably put above welfare gains by way of liberalization. Do you think these arguments have merit, and if not, why not?

A:

Did you have do anything to protect yourself and your development from the minor hockey team you first intended to use it for? Like claims that it should be exclusively theirs?


Q:

I too have a Grandpa that was captured by the Russians at the end of the war. He was an officer and had to wear a regular soldiers uniform to avoid being killed when he was captured. Once he got to the prison camp though, he said he was treated better because he was an officer. He never had anything particularly negative to say about the Russians and said he was treated ok. Does this reflect your experience? Were the Russians cruel to the German POWs in camp? Were captured officers treated any differently (my Grandpa said he was allowed to walk into the nearest town to buy things for the camp)?

A:

How did you get access to an exoskeleton?


Q:

Hi Steven, If you had the choice to play any Guns tune other than Appetite/Lies material, which one would you choose?

A:

Why is Vice so shit nowadays? They flood Facebook with bullshit articles.


Q:

Hello Steve! Huge fan since you flexed vocal powers in Dawn of War series. Do you play any Tabletop games or Pen and Paper RPGs?

A:

Neeeeaaaaat!

Do you grow other foods for yourself in the farm or just the coffee?

Is this kind of a retirement fun thing for you guys, or an active and goal-oriented moneymaking thing?

Do you sell your coffee as a single sourced bean product or is it combined with other farms' beans for sale?

I haven't looked at the website yet, not sure if it might answer that last question...


Q:

How do you feel about the fact that Teamviewer will shit all over RealVNC in terms of performance and features?

A:

Harmonization is good. I think that the U.S. tends toward harmonizations that are a little too much "race to the bottom" and tend toward underregulation. Therefore requiring the U.S. to harmonize with Europe--where the bias, if there is a bias, is definitely not in that direction--is surely good.

Setting particular rules in the stone of treaties that are then nearly unamendable, however, strikes me as a mistake.

I think that WTO should be in charge of getting the regulatory harmonization balance right...


Q:

This is a very tricky subject. Basically the issue was solved by letting the owner of the hockey team in on the software startup.

A:

"We were not really treated badly. Officers had to work as well in our camp. The Hungarian officers, they did not have to work.

There were camps that were not so good, but ours was comparatively okay." (He mentioned somewhere else that he liked the Russians more than the Americans in general).

He goes on to note that the Russians that worked with them often had it worse than the Germans. When they got money from work they'd spend it on vodka. And there is nothing really negative that he can say about them.


Q:

My mom found it online as a trial and signed me up. When I went to use it the trial was already over but they decided to use it as physical therapy anyways

A:

Steven: Back Off Bitch, Don't Cry, You Can Be Mine, Coma, Civil War.


Q:

welcome to news in 2017. Its a race to the bottom.

A:

S: Nope. I'm about to do my first one.


Q:

Do you grow other foods for yourself in the farm or just the coffee?

Yes we grow tons of other food - mostly vegetables but we raise goats for milk and meat, chickens for eggs and meat and sometimes trap wild boar that is in the coffee field for meat.

Is this kind of a retirement fun thing for you guys, or an active and goal-oriented moneymaking thing?

Haha not at all a retirement thing. I am only 30! We are trying to make a living doing this but we are still fairly new and our coffee isn't quite old enough to be producing enough for us to turn a profit just on that. We also do events, have a CSA and run a local homebrew supply shop out of our farm to suppliment our income from the coffee.

Do you sell your coffee as a single sourced bean product or is it combined with other farms' beans for sale?

We only sell coffee from our farm. We do sell green to a couple roasters who roast it and sell it under their label, but the majority of our coffee we sell ourselves under our label.

A:

teamviewer is a great product, but performance is very subjective and differs according to the environment you're working in. our philosophy re: features has always been to keep things simple and ensure that vnc works everywhere and is backwards and forward compatible. this is something that our customers tell us they really value. it gets harder and harder the more features you add. also, by sticking to that philosophy our codebase is highly relevant to embedded systems where footprint and resource constraints are still crucial. with IT trends pointing to IoT, simple and lightweight could become even more desirable...


Q:

What kind of changes do you think would be needed to remove the "stigma" associated with macroeconomics among professional economists? I know that my micro professors, and most of my fellow grad students (the ones who aren't doing macro, at least) take a highly skeptical view of pretty much the entire field - something I share, to be honest.

Why do you think this is, do you think it's a problem, and if so, what needs to change to solve it?

A:

What do you credit as the biggest resource that allowed you to be successful at programming, and how do you rate resources such as Code Academy?


Q:

What is your opinion on the many European (and American) far-right populist movements that have become so popular in the last year - do you have concerns that what you went through may happen to your children's or grandchildren's generations?

A:

I'm not 100% sure what quadriplegic means but how do you type?

Also do you still miss BMX and what do you do now instead?


Q:

What is your biggest regret about the years you lost to the hard drugs you took?

A:

Well I came here to criticize Vice and saw this and appreciate the honesty. I will now shove my foot in my mouth


Q:

Ashly, Steve, TJ, what were your most painful and strenuous experiences behind the mic for game va work?

A:

Reply to THEIR comment, not mine, or they won't see it.


Q:

Fewer macro- and macro-finance economists saying stupid things would help. John Taylor and John Cochrane saying that Ben Bernanke's policies carried a strong risk of high inflation and currency debasement did not help. Robert Lucas saying that the short-run marginal propensity to consume out of wealth was not 4% but 100% did not help. Ed Prescott saying anything about the economy or about economic policy does not help. Chari, Christiano, and Kehoe saying in October 2008 that there was no disruption to financial markets really did not help.

A:

Definitely StackOverflow. I haven't used Code Academy but have heard really good things about it. For me it was a few good books and a very large dose of SO.


Q:

He doesn't like these movements at all. There was a recent comment from Höcke, an AfD politician about the Holocaust memorial which my grandfather found awful. He says that Höcke should be send to Russia to a prisoners camp to experience what he experienced and then he wouldn't say these things. He says that these populists have no idea what they are talking about.

A:

I use a combination of both voice recognition and typing with my knuckles one letter at a time since I have no use of my fingers. If I'm on my phone though, I have it velcroed to my armrest and I use my thumb to type and navigate.


Q:

Steven: Losing those years to the hard drugs and alcohol! It was a waste of time.

A:

Ha, well I dont work there anymore


Q:

S: Passing out while screaming during a Spider Man audition. Then they recorded it, and passed it around to other directors who played it for me at other sessions.

A: I was on a game where there was a lot of screaming, and while I was trying to maintain my voice the director was talking shit about other actors who wanted to tap out. I felt pressured to maintain and not ask for breaks.

T: Voice: Doing two action games in a row on the same day, and at the end of the day, actually spitting blood. And I was unable to speak above a whisper for 4 days. Mocap: Common days for "navs" (when you're playing the main character and all his possible movements) means that you spend the entire day running in squatted position, or on your knuckles, or in some uncomfortable twisted position while performing sometimes in combat gear. Show Business!

A:

Usually good advice but I am just reading through the thread to make sure I don't miss anyone.


Q:

You spent time at UMKC. Is their brand MMT compatible with your understanding of economics? How so or how not?

A:

How did you market yourself initially?


Q:

How has your relationships been with people before and after the accident? Did people just stop hanging out with you because of the accident?

A:

Hi Deanna. How did you deal with noise from your son when he was growing up?


Q:

How do you stop people from participating in the race? how do we stop people from being taken for a ride?

A:

This one is for Steve, Whats it like knowing at least 2 generations of kids have grown up learning about excellent anime thanks to Tom?


Q:

Reply to THEIR comment, not mine, or they won't see it.

A:

MMT is Abba Lerner's "functional finance", updated. It believes in the efficient market hypothesis a little more than I do--that the bond market cannot get itself wedged in an unsustainable position that will produce a crash without inflation showing up first. But it's a creditable position, and it may well be correct. Certainly it was much closer to being correct than the doctrines of Chicago-school macro over the past decade...


Q:

Strictly emails to marketing guys at college/pro sports teams. Literally, look the guy up, snoop for his email address, and send him a letter asking if he's interested. We finally started getting some traction as fans started sharing our videos, and this has made it more of a they-come-to-us instead of we-spam-them business model.

A:

Yeah some people have disappeared but some of my relationships and friendships have grown to a new level that I never thought possible. I've had some friends do more than what's asked of them. I can truly say that I love them with all my heart.


Q:

Steven: You tell ‘em the truth. You threw my drums right on the sidewalk.

Deanna: I didn't deal well with it.

Steven: I went to school, the drums were on the sidewalk.

Deanna: When he was a baby, he was 2 years old, he would sit on the kitchen floor, while I was cooking and he would take out the Tupperware and the wooden spoons and he would be pounding on the Tupperware. I would play oldies but goodies!

Steven: 50's. Frankie Valli, Frankie Avalon, Veronica.

Deanna: Yea, that's what I listened to.

Steven: Frankie Valli is god.

Deanna: So, when he would get the drums, yeah, it was very hard because the neighbors would complain. I would go to work and I'd come home and the neighbor would say, "He's been playing the drums all day. How much can I take?". No, it wasn't good. I don't suggest getting the drums.

Steven: It wasn't just that. It was just he's playing the drums all day. He's playing the drums and he stinks! If he played good, it wouldn't be so bad. Tell him to take lessons. That goddamn loud Rock 'n Roll he keeps playing.

Deanna: I don't advise any parents to buy their children a drumset.

Steven: Nowadays, you have electric drums, so you can wear headphones, so you don't bother anybody. Me personally, I love fucking with my neighbors.

A:

I wish I knew.

Thats what I try to figure out everyday.

I hope that by being straightforward and honest we can collect some accurate data and say "here is what happened, here is how to fix it"


Q:

S: I hope I didn't screw them up psychologically. I've been apologizing to parents for 10 years.

A:

Website is www.Sunshowercoffee.com and coupon up in the top - 15% off with code "reddit."


Q:

Do you believe that Bitcoin (and the underlying blockchain technology) has the ability to shift global economic policy? If so, in which area(s) would you foresee the most significant changes occurring?

A:

We finally started getting some traction as fans started sharing our videos,

That's exactly how I heard about it for Purdue. A buddy sent me a video of it when he was at a game.

Have you looked into getting it into an Olympic opening ceremony? That would be huge.


Q:

How long after your accident did you come to terms with your situation?

A:

When you guys finally broke out, I'm assuming you had a chance to meet alot of your idols. Who exceeded expectations for you and who disappointed you when you met them?


Q:

What's your relationship with Gavin Mcinnes like?

A:

Why do you think Jesus Christ 64 had no sequels?


Q:

Hi there! Hope you see this when you wake up. We're a couple in our 30's in a big city and are considering giving up the corporate life for something like what you've done. What's a typical day like for you managing the farm? In the course of a year, is there an off-season or time when you leave to visit family or take vacations? Do you work the farm yourself or do you hire help?

Finally, have you visited the [vanilla farm](www.hawaiianvanilla.com)? I did on my last visit and thought it was a really cool family operation.

Mahalo

A:

Blockchain is a wonderful technology. BitCoin is a really lousy asset. BitCoin could become a great asset if some very large player would take it over and start using it, however. Follow Izabella Kaminska for a reality-based take on BitCoin...


Q:

Awesome to come across someone who's heard of my work! Yes, I've thought (dreamed) about doing something with the Olympics but easier said than done. We have recently gotten into some other continents though, such as for Cricket in Australia and we plan to work with some Soccer teams in Europe as well.

A:

I don't know if I've ever come to terms with it really. I accept where I am now and Still trying to move on but I have both good and bad days


Q:

Steven: My favorite person that I have ever met was Steven Tyler, from Aerosmith. Nobody that I met has disappointed me. Everybody that I looked up to was already as cool as I thought there would be.

A:

I actually just met him for the first time going to the Deploraball.

He seems eccentric to say the least.


Q:

A: We're all still waiting for the second coming.

A:

Our days really vary! We wake up usually around 7 and to-work around 830 or 9. Not every day is spent working outside - Doug likes to do a one on one off if possible just because it is really tiring doing manual labor. I usually start by doing things on our website, social media, filling orders etc. in the morning because that makes most sense with the time zones to the US. Then in the afternoon I work on projects in the garden or wherever. We are in dry season right now so a fair bit of my time is spent irrigating and hand watering the gardens around our house.

There isnt really an "off season" for us but I guess summer is the easiest time to leave because we don't have any harvesting going on then. We do work the farm ourselves but we hire a lot of help when we need it - especially for picking.

I haven't visited that vanilla farm but we did visit one when we first moved here. I LOVE local vanilla.


Q:

What do you like most about what you do?

A:

How much of your own money did you spend before making money?


Q:

What is your inspiration when you're feeling down? What keeps you going so infectiously positive ? - Love from Holland

A:

What's your favorite dessert?


Q:

How do you feel about comedy/satire being a huge part of modern journalism? My theory is that you can't fake a laugh because you need honesty in some form for comedy.

A:

Hi guys, mod from /r/VoiceActing here, and personally a huge fan of the CoD zombies series and your work as Tank, Steve.

Can each of you talk about how you acquired your first agent? What were you looking for in representation? Also, what classes do you attend/who do you coach with to stay on top of your game? I know the training never stops, even at your guys' level of work, so if you have recommendations you'd like to drop on classes or coaches, please do!

Thanks for talking with us, and being great educators for the on-going strike. Cheers!


Q:

Hi and thank you for taking the time. I've got a couple questions for you :). I've been to a couple coffee plantations around Kona, and enjoyed every minute.

  • What spurred your move as professionals in a big (and cold) city to farmers on the relatively sleepy island of Hawaii?

  • Have bore weevils become an issue on your farm? If so, have they had a big impact on your business, and if not, how have you managed to avoid them? They were a common topic on the plantations I visited.

Thank you!

A:

That every day I learn something interesting or teach somebody something important--usually both. That and living the outdoor life in California...


Q:

We didn't invest a single dollar. It was all contributions of time, way way too much free time.

A:

When I'm feeling down I try to remind myself that I'm still alive. I may not be able to do what I used to but I still have a lot of potential. I also have the ability to choose which something that can never be taken away from me. I also have the greatest friends and family the anyone could ask for. They're always there when I need them. I try to stay positive and laugh at myself because if I don't the injury wins


Q:

Steven: Cheesecake with whip cream. Plain New York cheesecake with whip cream in the microwave for 6 seconds.

Deanna: And my favorite dessert is chocolate cream pie with whip cream. Lots of whip cream.

A:

Ehhhh I dont like it. John Oliver has done some good content but also some really bad and misleading content. They try to get away with misleading people by saying "Im not a journalist"

Yea great... thanks for making the world shittier.

People actually believe that Sarah Palin said "I can see Russia from my house"

I get it, comedy is great and we joke about politics. It is what it is.


Q:

S: I slept with her. And her husband. For realistic path go to Iwanttobeavoiceactor.com

A: I had the most roundabout way. I was writing at valve for a second and a person from Nickelodeon said, "You should put her in cartoons she's a voice actor." And then when I came down to LA that I did a general audition at nickelodeon and then the casting director did me a huge solid and recommended me to some agencies.

T: My first VO job was playing my own agent, pitching myself as being awesome for various jobs. I got my first 15-20 films off of that, including a movie called 'Once Upon a Time in China 6' with Jet Li and Sammo Hung.

A:

That's cool that you have been to a few farms in Kona! It is a really great area for ag tourism, and there are some really cool tours (especially of historical coffee farms)!

What spurred your move as professionals in a big (and cold) city to farmers on a the relatively sleepy island of Hawaii?

We knew we wanted to move to somewhere with warmer weather and where we could buy a bit of land. I don't think we ever imagined we would be farmers (maybe that we would just have a nice big garden) but when we fell in love with a farm right in the Kona Coffee Belt, the only way to justify the purchase was if we planted coffee and made the property earn a little income for us.

Have bore weevils become an issue on your farm? If so, have they had a big impact on your business, and if not, how have you managed to avoid them?

I assume you mean Coffee Borer Beetles (CBB) and yes, they are a huge issue for us (and I think all other coffee farmers). We are especially hard hit because of our elevation (2400 ft.). Lower elevation coffees have an easier time of it because they have a portion of the year when their trees are totally bare of coffee cherry. At higher elevations, we have the next year's coffee flowering on our top branches before this year's coffee has been harvested at the lower branches which gives the CBB the opportunity to eat our cherry all year round.

They do hurt our business (in that we have less high grade coffee), but there is a fungus that we spray every three weeks on our coffee and it significantly reduces the CBB populations. This year we lost about 5% of our coffee to CBB which really isn't that bad compared to what farms were losing before the bassiana Fungus became available.


Q:

What is your opinion on getting companies like Apple or Facebook to be accountable for paying what they rightfully owe in taxes to the U.S. government?

A:

How did you pay the bills while you were learning / coding for 18 months?


Q:

What are your dreams like? Are you injured or paralyzed in your dreams, or do you have full mobility? Thank you for sharing :)

A:

Hi Steven your an amazing artist and your work with GNR is awesome! Really good to hear that you were able to get clean, and that your mother helped you. Mothers are the best, what do you think was the most important thing she did that helped you? Also what are you listening to now in terms of music?


Q:

Did you expect to get out? Have you, or colleagues, been arrested in a situation like that before?

A:

Hey Ash,

What's your favorite Say Anything song? Are you going to see them in April? Also what other music are you into?


Q:

How do you and your husband brew your coffee? (French press, drip machine etc). And finally now that coffee is your career how has it affected your coffee drinking habits both at home and when you are traveling?

A:

We need to fix our corporate tax system so that it is not so easily gamed. That means that we need to make it a lot simpler--and a lot more dependent on things that can be directly observed. But that means that voters need to be willing to penalize representatives who create loopholes by not voting for them in the future. And we are doing very badly at that...


Q:

Doing econometrics for the hockey team. It was a place where, say I finished my work at 1 PM, I could spent from 1 to 5 PM studying how to code.

A:

My dreams are still the same. Depending on the dream I can be paralyzed or not. Mostly I'm walking in my dreams. It's really weird because I think to myself oh this is so easy why the hell am I still sitting down.


Q:

Steven: The most important was love, support, and not giving up on me. No matter what an asshole I was, she didn't give up on me.

Deanna: I'm so happy that Steven is clean and happy now and that's a miracle. You can never give up on your child. I want people to read the book "Sweet Child of Mine," I think it will inspire people never to give up on their child.

A:

I didn't know if I was going to be released but the only other time I was placed under arrest I was released after about half an hour as well.

Many journalists have been arrested covering these kinds of stories.

I cant speak for why they all get charged, but in 5+ years I have only ever been arrested officially twice but released shortly after with no charges.


Q:

A: I haven't listened to them in so long, but my fav was 'Alive with the Glory of Love'. These days I'm listening to Anderson Paak, and feverishly listening to Haim on repeat, waiting for their next album.

A:

We typically brew our coffee pour over (if we just want one cup) or french press in the morning. We have a bodum insulated french press that I love and we will make it first thing and drink about 12-14 oz each of that. We also have a nice burr grinder which we never had in Chicago but is pretty much essential to good coffee.

When I am traveling in the US I seek out good roasters and always want to try their coffee. The main thing I look for are roasters who are supporting their farmers. You can tell by the price of their coffee and usually their marketing materials. If they can sell coffee for $10 or less a pound, they are not paying producers enough (in my opinion) no matter where in the world it comes from.

When I was in Europe last year I barely drank any coffee because everything was roasted so dark! It is common for coffee to be roasted really dark in Hawaii too but personally I only drink light or medium roasts. Even medium tastes burnt to me now. You can't taste the origin with coffee like that so I just loaded mine up with cream.


Q:

The difficulty of modeling all important variables seems to apply to micro to me.

A:

How much time average did you spend to develop your programming skills? Daily average, weekly and monthly or whichever is easier to quantify.


Q:

This may sound dumb, but where do you see yourself in 10-25 years? Do you think technology will make your quality of life significantly better? What type of things do you see yourself wanting to do?

Thanks in advance!!

A:

Hey Steven! Love ya, man! What's your favorite GnR song to play?


Q:

Thank you Tim. I assumed it was something of an occupational hazard, but the Twitter reaction has been "look at what's going on in Trump's America"

A:

Ashly, Bae or Bay?


Q:

What percentage of the coffee in a bag must be grown in Kona in order to market it a "Kona Coffee?"

A:

I think that the reason that we do not have Eisenhower-style taxes is because the Republicans believe that they are counterproductive and destructive. We had Eisenhower-style taxes up until 1980, and then Reagan and his team made an argument that the economy would grow much faster with a less progressive tax system--a system that made the not-rich pay more and allowed the rich to pay less. They convinced the voters and passed their tax bills. Yet the faster growth that was promised has never appeared...

Clinton shifted the tax system about 1/3 of the way from Reagan back toward Eisenhower. Bush 43 undid that. Obama shifted the tax system about 1/4 of the way from Reagan back toward Eisenhower. And now Trump is about to undo that...


Q:

Daily is probably the easiest. For the first six months after I picked up my first programming book, I put in about four hours a day. Then I started actually working on apps. At first these were minor league apps for hockey teams, and they kinda sucked. But it helped me improve to the point where I could pretend to hang with the big boys. Classic tale of fake it till you make it.

A:

I don't know where I'll be in the future but I do hope I'm walking. I do think technology who do something amazing. Some things that I would love to do would be something space related. I love science in Space. Maybe working at a telescope or something? I also like to give standup comedy try. I'm also trying to learn voice acting so I'd like to see if that whould get me anywhere


Q:

Steven: Every single one of them. I still play the ones that I recorded the demo tapes I helped write on "Use Your Illusion". At least 12, 13 of those. I'll still practice to those because I love them so much, but obviously, I play em my way, which is the right way.

Deanna: Steven is the greatest drummer in the world. He is my king. He is the best.

Steven: I'm the biggest asshole you're ever gonna fuckin meet.

[laughter]

Deanna: No son, don't say that.

A:

yea, thats basically why I wanted to do the AMA


Q:

A: I can rewind time, so I choose both.

A:

Legally only 10% must be from Kona and it has to be prime grade or higher. Those are supposed to be labeled "Kona Blend" and say the origins of the other coffees but SO MANY people get away with not doing that. To make sure you are drinking real Kona coffee, it should say "100% Kona Coffee" on the bag.

If it says that it will also be above a certain grade because to protect our brand quality as a region, you are not allowed to use shit coffee, even if it is grown in Kona, and call it Kona. Mediocre coffee can be called "Hawaiian" and worse than that it can't even be called Hawaiian. At the lowest grades people don't even drink it - it gets used it for face scrubs and stuff.


Q:

You often refer to Communities of Engineering Practice (and Excellence), but I feel I've never gotten a history or formal definition (feel free to say it's in your book). Where does this idea of being technically competent and innovative come from, and what policy ideas should it make me think of? More university spending? Thank you for the addictive blog! Nathan Lazarus

A:

This is awesome, did you make a lot of $$$ from it?


Q:

Does the exoskeleton also give you function in your arms? Or is it only to assist with mobility?

A:

My father has been a huge fan of yours as long as I can remember. You two are around the same age, so I'd like to ask you a question for my father, if I may. Over the years, have you developed any changes to your technique, due to aging, that I can pass on that may assist him? Edit: feel free to use whatever lingo you want.. I'll be passing it on verbatim (I'm a bass guy and don't understand the shit you silly head beaters talk about)


Q:

What do you like most about what you do?

A:

Ashly!

Are you a soprano or an alto? And can we sing a duet together? Pleeeeease


Q:

Do you guys sell/ship coffee internationally?

A:

May I direct you to:

  • My friends Steve Cohen and John Zysman's book "Manufacturing Matters"
  • The World Bank Report "The East Asian miracle : economic growth and public policy"
  • The MIT Commission on Industrial Productivity's Report: "Made in America: Regaining the Productive Edge"

?

But I think it is an area that requires much more thought. As I said elsewhere, the consensus seems to be that Germany has done a good job at this...

?


Q:

Considering our initial investment was $0, the ROI has been infinite.

A:

It only assist with mobility


Q:

Steven: u/Mafiya_chlenom_K I owe no money to you. No money.

Well, yes. I've gotten better. The more you practice, you know. Like I said in the past, the repetition makes the master. When I first started doing "Appetite for Destruction", the timing on that, you cannot use a metronome to that record. It will not work. It was all feel. Back when I was younger, I didn't have that much of a grasp on what timing really is. It was more about just having fun and kicking ass. And now, I'm more into learning a lot of style and perfecting myself. So, I'm practicing a lot more and watching more like Buddy Rich. I watch a lot of him playing and I'm just practicing that song. I'm definitely a lot better. I'm way more comfortable and repetition makes the master.

A:

Traveling.

I was on 78 flights last year and flew 130,000 miles


Q:

A: I think I'm still a soprano. My voice has dropped. And I'm singing right now! Sing with me! "Somewhere Out There!"

A:

Unfortunately no. We do ship to Canada on request but it is $25 shipping so usually no one is interested.


Q:

Which are the best empirical analysis of gravitational trade models you would recommend? (I'm from the UK, where the whole concept is completely missing from the political discourse)

ps. I'm a huge fan and really enjoyed you're recent Vox article (and the extended version you made available too).

A:

Well you had to buy the books...


Q:

What's a typical day like for you?

A:

What songs did you play to when starting out as a drummer?


Q:

Business Class?

A:

Hey Steve how was working with Logic on his album? Also, if you have played any zombies maps which is your favorite?


Q:

How much do you pay the people who pick coffee for you? by the hour? by the bushel?

A:

email me at [email protected] and I will dig out the reading list when I manage to grab one of the trade economists in the suite next door...


Q:

You're right. That lowers our ROI from infinity to around 3.50%.

A:

I get out of bed. Which I need assistance with. Someone dresses me and puts me in my chair. That I either listen to music or watch TV. Trying to read stuff. A lot of times I get sucked into the dark hole of reddit. Then I go to bed which I also need assistance with. Then repeat


Q:

Steven: My favorite songs, like I said earlier, were Kiss, Queen. I loved Disco. I loved Jazz. I love 70's Rock. I love 60's Rock. Just music that made me feel good, that I still listen to today and I still practice today. It's so cool. You just go on the Internet and get 70's hits, ya know, a collection of all these different 70's songs. And I went this one, this one this one, and I picked all these different ones, so I got all these great songs I practice to and they're such great songs 'cause they're stories about something that's meaningful. Nowadays, I listen to these bands and for one, you can't understand what they're saying, two it doesn't mean anything. I just like a good story and something that makes my heart feel good. And then 30, 40 years later I listen to it and I still get that euphoria. I love Rock.

A:

mostly, because I have status with American.


Q:

S: So much fun. Love that dude. He's my brother now. A MONSTER talent I'm not a gamer, so can't comment on the second part.

A:

We pay our pickers by the pound. They make $.70/lb and can typically pick around 200lbs in a day on average. In your final pound of coffee from us between $6 and $8 of the cost is picker pay.


Q:

What is it about the German-speaking peoples that allowed them to develop so many communities of engineering practice?

A:

What was your educational background before you started programming?


Q:

Firstly, you're inspirational as shit.

Now, questions!

  1. Given that you injured yourself in a BMX accident I take it you were active before - has that made being a quadriplegic particularly hard?

  2. What does the future look like? With physio how much improvement can you expect?

  3. Have your hobbies/general interests changed post-accident?

  4. How do you stay so positive? It's such an amazing outlook to have on life.

Apologies if you've already answered any of these, I'm about read now!

A:

Hi Deanna

Could you tell us when and why you decided to write this book?

Thank you!


Q:

So, would you say that you were treated fairly as a journalist during this rather tumultuous time?

A:

Cats or dogs?


Q:

Sounds like they work in exchange for a place to sleep. I lived in Maui for a time, and found this is quite common on the islands. Google 'WWOOFing' if you want to know more!

A:

They have long had a huge focus on practical and technical education. Centuries long. Centuries old. But I would not claim I understand it...


Q:

Economics degree from Northwestern. I have always been really introverted but had a love of learning, so I finished up high school and moved out at 16, and was probably very lucky that Northwestern chose to let me in at that age.

A:
  1. it's made it very hard.
  2. no idea what the future looks like but I'm hopeful for the future with technology
  3. well besides BMX I also love playing guitar so that's another thing I can't do. But now I have a huge fascination with space. I'm trying to give voice acting a go. And I watch a lot of TV and movies
  4. I just try and laugh at everything as much as possible

Q:

Deanna: I decided to write the book after the time I first saw him perform. I couldn't sleep, I was so wound up, so I just wrote down my thoughts. Eventually every time I would see him, whether it was a good time or a bad time, I would just write down my thoughts on a piece of paper, on an envelope, on a-

Steven: Like a diary!

Deanna: Like a diary! So I never thought about writing a book per say, it just happened.

Steven: Writing things down that go on in your life, it's so helpful to be able to get it out of your head, put it down on paper or talk to someone about it to someone who understands. In my book I talk about when I was 13, I used to hang out at clubs, with grown ups, and drugs. I got taken advantage of, I was drugged and sexually abused by an older teenager and an older guy. I couldn't talk about that for decades but once I talked to someone who understood and I got it out of my head, I can move forward, I have closure. Writing shit down is just closure. My mom doing these diaries was closure so that she could sleep at night. If you don't write, you're just thinking about it, it will drive you crazy and you can never move forward in your life. It's the best thing in the word, just write your crap down. If you have an addict in your life, video tape it. everyone has videos on their phone. Videos don't lie. When an addict sees themselves in denial and actually see the truth, it's an eye opener and a heart breaker.

A:

I would.

This was one of the first times an officer talked to people being arrested. This is a situation where a large organized black bloc is destroying cars, windows, spray painting everywhere. The police decided to hold the whole group and sort it out later.

The idea of mass arrest sucks, but when people form a black bloc specifically to avoid the police's ability to target those causing destruction the only thing they can do is wrap up everyone and sort it later.


Q:

A: Are you trying to get me killed? S: Why not both? Let's crossbreed! T: Both!

A:

No the people who work-trade for us just help out milking the goats, cleaning the chicken coop etc. They usually don't pick coffee but when they do they get paid just like all of the other pickers.


Q:

While I'm a bit put off by your "bash Trump" comment, I would like to ask two questions.

  1. Do you think the private market will solve the excessive executive pay problem?

  2. If they don't, what do you see that needs to be done?

A:

You started undergrad at 16 years old?


Q:

Can you still feel your penis? And can you ejaculate? If not what do you do in your free time?

A:

Hey Steven, I'm such a big fan of yours!!!

I think you are the best drummer in the world and you are one of my biggest idols!! You are so inspirational to me as you have kept on going, no matter what! You are the type of guy that people will always admire.

I love what you did for Guns N' Roses and the work that you've done since, my question for you is:

What bands and/or artists are you a fan of???

Love from Saffron (17), UK xxx


Q:

But the other journalists arrested were not. Why do you think this is?

A:

Hey Steve,

Do you get to play any games much? If so, Do you have a favorite genre? :)


Q:

Hello! I was just on the big island a few weeks ago and visited another Kona coffee farm, mountain thunder, my question is does your coffee differ from theirs at all? and how? also what is the best/ your favorite way to brew Kona coffee!

A:

The private market ought to have solved the excessive executive pay problem long ago. It is, after all, shareholders' money that they are taking home. The fact that the private market has not solved it is remarkable.

Emmanuel Saez down the hall points out that in the non-English speaking parts of Europe the problem is much smaller and has grown much more slowly, and thinks that higher tax rates on the highest incomes would do a lot of good to cure it. I think he has thought about it more deeply than I have and is smarter, and so is probably right here...


Q:

16 and a half

A:

Sadly no. I haven't had an orgasm since I could walk. Honestly I don't know if I can ejaculate. I watch a lot of TV in my free time


Q:

Steven: Hi Saffron, Thank you very much! I appreciates that. My favorite bands and my influential drummers were Roger Taylor from Queen, Peter Criss from Kiss. Pretty much any 60's, 70's drummers because in the 60's is first when they started using Jazz drumming and started turning ti into rock drumming and then the 70s just took it to another level. In the 80s it just went completely out of style until I came around and changed that.

Deanna: Because you are the king!

Steven: It's good to be king.

A:

If they had stayed where I was and acted the way I did I am 90% sure they would have been released immediately.


Q:

S: I don't play games. But I have a brand new PS4 sitting in my house in shrink wrap for a year and a half.

A:

Yes our coffee differs a LOT from theirs. Mountain Thunder (while a seller of 100% Kona), does not grow their coffee all from one estate. They buy cherry (or green maybe?) from a bunch of different farms all of whom have different elevations, farming methods, tree varieties, level of care etc. Their coffee could sometimes be great and sometimes (more often) is shit but always it is over roasted.

I think aeropress is a great way to brew Kona but really if you are brewing properly (right temp, right grind etc.) I think any method tastes good. I even had our light roast as espresso which was really unusual but tasty!


Q:

I started coding apps 1.5 years ago, and am doing very well. However, I have reached the point where I'd prefer some more advanced content to follow rather than Big Nerd Ranch - Any materials you could share that are practical, yet significantly more advanced (tutorials)?

A:

What exactly does your physical therapy consist of? Is your therapist just there to make sure you don't fall or is she actively teaching you how to use that cool ass exoskeleton?


Q:

Hi Steven, thank you for doing this! Was there a drummer who inspired you to play while growing up? Did you ever try to emulate that person?

A:

acted the way I did I

Forgive my ignorance but what do you mean by this?


Q:

Is there anything we can do to help you and other VA's?

A:

This is so annoying. My wife and I stayed at the sheraton kona resort in 2015, and if we'd known we would've paid a visit!

My question is, do you ship to Europe?


Q:

If I were you, and past that BNR point, I would just start coding projects and start looking to build a reputation or earn some additional income. Maybe look into freelance (some of those freelance mobile developers really rake it in) or try to build a reputation on GitHub. StackOverflow is the only resource material I've really needed following those first four books. There is just so much info on SO, if it goes down the internet is history.

A:

Therapy consist a lot of strengthening what I do have and also maintaining what I don't. Ordinarily I do physical therapy in Baltimore at Kennedy krieger Institute but I'm doing it now in Richmond as a test run in case I get into VCU. The exoskeleton is good because it's good for my bones by weight bearing. I also use a FES bike for my legs. I attach electrodes to my muscles and it fires as I ride the bike. This helps keep my legs from atrophying and it is good for cardio


Q:

Steven: Piano because Freddie Mercury is God! If I could do anything, I would do anything close to being Freddie Mercury. Even if I had to be gay. In fact, I wish I was gay but I just don't have it in me!

A:

I stayed away form the chanting group, I moved as far to the right/back as possible.

I waved over the Lt. and said "I just want to let you know I'm press" I informed the police around me everytime I would move to open my bag or swap cameras.

I was trying to be as unobtrusive as possibly, kept calm, kept my mouth shut.


Q:

ALL: Absolutely! 1.) Visit SAG-AFTRA’s website (sagaftra.org/interactive). Get informed. 2.) Vote with your dollars. Be aware of what games the corporate 11 are releasing. Look at games put out by other publishers. 3.) Dispel misinformation with facts. For example, we’re not asking for royalties, they’re bonuses, which is an important distinction. 4.) On social media, talk about the performances you love in games, and use hashtag #PerformanceMatters.

A:

We would ship to europe but I have no idea about the customs or shipping cost. If you are willing to pay for the shipping, yeah we would ship!


Q:

Like you I had ideas and issues which I solved. Any tips on discovering cool libraries to work with? or Apis? Stack is so huge, how do you find out whats "hot"?

A:

Okay... So... If they offered you built in fog machine and lasers... Would you wear that bastard all freaking day?


Q:

Were members of the press corp doing things differently? Were they chanting and being belligerent to the cops? Seems like they would move from journalists to participants at that point.

A:

Hey Team,

With the advent of new media, and the decline of traditional media, there seems to be subconscious fear building within the union community. What would you say is the biggest obstacle between traditional media and new media in regards to fair wages, unions, work protection, etc?


Q:

Was just in Kona over winter break I heard a some people talking about you business but didn't get the chance to check it out while I was in town, congrats though.

What's the average temp and weather conditions up on the mountain?

A:

I love to browse GitHub. I typically do keyword searches, but they have trending pages as well.


Q:

You forgot the disco ball

A:

the reporters by me kept quiet and we all got released. I saw one of the people in the report screaming at the cops though, Im not surprised he was arrested.


Q:

T: I'll take this because mocap and VR (which is rising quickly), and are combining, need to be addressed in the areas of wages, credit and safety, large issues in the current negotiations. For example, I've been Iron Man in Civil War, but I'm not credited because of the nature of the industry.

A:

You heard about our business! That's great! Because we're new we don't have much of a following built up. Average temp is right about 70 - it's 67 right now. The weather here is truly perfect as far as temp. Winter is dry season and summer is wet. It rains basically every day over the summer.


Q:

great job, what books did you read?

A:

What is it like walking in the exoskeleton?does it feel like it's holding up your body weight well or not?


Q:

Would you say some of the reporters could have been acting out to help drive their stories? Like if they wanted to drive the idea that Trump is using the police to silence the media, etc?

A:

Steve how has your perception of Tank Dempsey changed over the years?


Q:

Hello! I hope you're still responding to questions as I'd love to know a bit more about what you do. I co-founded a roastery based in Southern California, and one of the big interests for me is sourcing. I'm fascinated by the work that goes into it and we're so fortunate to be able to buy coffee from our friends, and involve them in projects that we're excited about. So what I want to know from you, as an American producer is this:

What is the future of American coffee production? Where do you feel it will be headed, and how will you create a sustainable situation for yourself?

I ask because one of the big things stopping Hawaiian coffee (and a lot of coffee around the world) from getting big, in my opinion, is cost. We're fortunate to have some of the coffees that we have, that are (relatively) expensive but go a long way towards helping the people who produce it. But American coffee, due to labor and agriculture regulations, will never be that cheap. That makes it a challenge for you, as a producer, to get the attention of roasters, because the opportunity just isn't there (so many people I know roast Panama geisha lots and are very fortunate to barely break even on them).

So I'd love to hear the thoughts on that. Is it a huge goal for you to turn it into a massive growing operation? Or do you like where you are, and don't plan on making it bigger? And if so, how do you create a sustainable situation that allows you to maintain that with the creeping popularity of coffee elsewhere?

Thanks! Looking forward to (hopefully) hearing your thoughts!

A:

The exact four books I read are:

Learning Obj-C

Learning Java

iOS Programming: The Big Nerd Ranch Guide

Android Programming: The Big Nerd Ranch Guide

However, I would now recommend learning Swift instead of Obj-C. At the time when I was looking into iOS books, good books on Swift were few and far between.


Q:

It's hard to explain but it's awesome I can't help but smile when I'm using it. It's so strange seeing my feet move below me and not being able to feel it. I forget how tall I actually am. It holds me up pretty well but I still need three people around me at all times. One person behind me to hold my hips. Someone in front to guide the walker. And someone to my side to hold my chest in case I lean too far forward

A:

There are some articles that try to paint this as "trumps america" and thats why I did the AMA.

It was a black block riot, police arrested people. Not every journalist got charged.


Q:

S: I've grown to love him more as a brother than just a zombie-splattering muscle head.

A:

Yep I am still here!

That is awesome that you are a professional roaster and you care about sourcing! Personally I think that it is roasters (even more than the consumers) - and how they educate their customers - who will shape how the coffee industry moves going forward.

What is the future of American coffee production? Where do you feel it will be headed, and how will you create a sustainable situation for yourself?

So to clarify, by American coffee production, you mean American coffee growing right? Coffee is really only grown in Hawaii (although I did hear that UC Davis is trying to do some test trees) which makes it a little easier to sum-up.

I think Hawaiian coffee is actually in an okay place. We have the CBB which has been hard for our industry, but we are fighting it and most farms have been pretty successful in mitigating losses. We still have a ton of people around the world who seek out Hawaiian coffees - particularly in Japan - and I know a lot of farms that sell ALL of their coffee as green to Japan. We don't do that because I haven't wanted to work with a distributor and prefer to sell directly to the roasters and know the people who will be taking our green to the finished product. I don't think we will ever get rich farming Kona coffee, but my hope is that in the coming years we will have a pretty loyal customer base and a few great roasters so that we can project out sales and spend less time on the marketing end. If we are able to do that, we can plan for potentially adding more trees or just working less in general on our coffee business and spend more time on other areas of our business that make money (like our event space).

I ask because one of the big things stopping Hawaiian coffee (and a lot of coffee around the world) from getting big, in my opinion, is cost.

I mean, Hawaii isn't that big and we don't produce that much coffee (in comparison to many other growing regions). I don't think anyone here wants or needs Hawaiian coffee to "get big" because most farms are able to sell their coffee. However, what I would really like to see (and this is where roasters come in) is an overhaul in coffee consumer education. I want people to understand (especially roasters!!) that our coffee is expensive not because we just think it is worth more but because it costs more to produce.

I have had roasters say to me "why do you think your coffee is worth 4x and much a ___ coffee when it isn't 4x as good?" And really that is a hard question to answer because it isn't "worth" more unless you place value on your coffee being produced with (more than) fair labor conditions and in compliance with real environmental laws. It's a hard road to convince someone to care about something they don't care about and it really comes off "preachy" which I hate.

Is it a huge goal for you to turn it into a massive growing operation? Or do you like where you are, and don't plan on making it bigger? And if so, how do you create a sustainable situation that allows you to maintain that with the creeping popularity of coffee elsewhere?

Our property is only 20 acres and right now 8 of that is planted in coffee. Even if we planted every possible area with coffee, we probably could only plant 15ish acres just because of how our house and chicken area and stuff is. It's in the works to maybe consider adding 4 more acres if it makes financial sense a few years from now - but even that is not a big operation at all. We would only add that section if we were easily selling out of our entire crop of coffee from the 8 acres, so it would be I hope sustainable even though other origins are gaining in popularity.

I want to be clear though that I don't see other origins as our competition because I feel like there is a ton of market share for all of the great coffee from around the world. Our competition is starbucks, dunkin, k cups, shit grocery store coffee etc. and I hope to eat away at a (admittedly very small) part of their customer base just through consumer education. Which is actually part of the reason I did this AMA.

I think the craft beer industry is a good example - for years and years there has been room in the market for more and more craft breweries and those craft breweries were barely competing with eachother. They were taking away business from bud light, but not from each other. Now days there is SO MUCH great beer that breweries are starting and failing all the time, and only the good ones are succeeding. But coffee isnt there yet. Third wave coffee is still on the rise, we haven't reached that over-saturation point (not even close I think). But I am not an economist or anything - that is just my opinion based on totally anecdotal evidence.


Q:

Did you read them in that order or sort of all at once? Is learning obj C your first introduction to code at all or did you have any prior knowledge whatsoever?

A:

Did you lose touch with close friends after the accident?

What new hobbies did you pick up after the accident?


Q:

So the stories yesterday about ~200-250 arrested for "felony rioting", those were the mass arrests of the "black bloc"?

Of those arrested, roughly how many were actually doing serious felony destruction of property, burning cars and stuff? 10%? 20%

Now are they negotiating plea deals? Being offered deals to testify against others?

A:

Out of all contributors to video game development, do you guys feel like there's a certain amount of expendibility behind voice acting work? I.e., not much job security?


Q:

Hello, and thank you for your thorough and insightful response! It's wonderful to know that you have a great understanding of your market, and your end goal.

So to clarify, by American coffee production, you mean American coffee growing right? Coffee is really only grown in Hawaii (although I did hear that UC Davis is trying to do some test trees) which makes it a little easier to sum-up.

There's actually a farm just north of us in Santa Barbara that is growing! It's also cool to know that UCD is trying to test as well. I think the hard part is that due to the climate here (neither Santa Barbara nor Davis are particularly humid relative to other coffee growing nations, and the frost point isn't low enough that the comparative altitude doesn't make for much of a similar growing situation as like...2000masl in Kenya), so the coffee...tastes like low altitude coffee. I'd love to try to roast some of their coffee though, to see what's up, only problem is that we can't afford it.

I have had roasters say to me "why do you think your coffee is worth 4x and much a ___ coffee when it isn't 4x as good?" And really that is a hard question to answer because it isn't "worth" more unless you place value on your coffee being produced with (more than) fair labor conditions and in compliance with real environmental laws. It's a hard road to convince someone to care about something they don't care about and it really comes off "preachy" which I hate.

This is tricky on our end too! The thing is...as we have the direct line to consumers and wholesale accounts, we have to explain to them why the coffee is expensive. And while we've been able to do that, we still get a bit of pushback (we spend a lot for our coffee, so our wholesale costs might not be easily as approachable). The thing is, if we are having trouble making an argument from a price perspective despite the fact that we source from dry mills in Africa that provide some of the only opportunities for employment for women in the area, it's going to be a lot harder for us to make the argument that even more expensive coffee is also worth it. So it's one thing that someone like me sees the value in paying a lot for coffees that really do a lot to bring opportunity to the people that grow and process it, but it's another for me to create a sustainable business plan off of it (because even if it just represents one part of our entire product offering, it's still money and effort). It's hard, for sure, but I totally empathize with where you're coming from!

However, what I would really like to see (and this is where roasters come in) is an overhaul in coffee consumer education. I want people to understand (especially roasters!!) that our coffee is expensive not because we just think it is worth more but because it costs more to produce.

I completely agree with you that a consumer education effort is huge, and absolutely necessary, because so many consumers are blasted with information and farm names just become farm names. One of the things we wanted to prioritize, and to educate on, is the story of our coffees, and the real people behind them, but consumers just aren't interested yet (though we're trying). Once consumers understand the effort that goes into producing the coffee, we hope that our prices will be more justifiable (because specialty coffee tends to be expensive, but what people don't see is the slim margins on both the producer and roaster end).

I want to be clear though that I don't see other origins as our competition because I feel like there is a ton of market share for all of the great coffee from around the world. Our competition is starbucks, dunkin, k cups, shit grocery store coffee etc. and I hope to eat away at a (admittedly very small) part of their customer base just through consumer education. Which is actually part of the reason I did this AMA.

What I mean is that for a roaster, we only have so much ability to take on so much coffee, and we want to have a well rounded selection of offerings but there are a lot of situations that make it difficult for us to pick up coffees from a lot of different locations that we'd otherwise love love LOVE to work with. You may get a roaster who looks at coffee and says, "At that price, I'd rather get something from PNG" because...(and I hesitate to say this but I feel like it might be true) some of them only care about rounding out their offerings. But I guess that's why it's up to you to vet your roasters and choose the ones who really want to focus on sharing your story and product at a price that is fair to you, and hopefully you can get a sustainable relationship from that!

I think the craft beer industry is a good example - for years and years there has been room in the market for more and more craft breweries and those craft breweries were barely competing with eachother. They were taking away business from bud light, but not from each other. Now days there is SO MUCH great beer that breweries are starting and failing all the time, and only the good ones are succeeding. But coffee isnt there yet. Third wave coffee is still on the rise, we haven't reached that over-saturation point (not even close I think). But I am not an economist or anything - that is just my opinion based on totally anecdotal evidence

I hope this is the case. I think a lot about coffee and then I meet people who are into specialty coffee but aren't as into it as I am, and I suddenly realize that it's a very deep pond with not a lot of people who are on the deepest end - we just feel that way here (cause there's a LOT of roasters and shops in Southern California) because we see each other and hang out so much that it just feels that specialty coffee is everywhere.

Out of curiosity, what is the total production / acre that you guys are at right now? And what varietals do you guys have going on?

A:

No prior knowledge whatsoever. Learning Obj-C was my first introduction.


Q:

Yeah. Some friendships were based solely on BMX and sometimes people just grew apart regardless Still trying to find new hobbies, any recommendations?

A:

Wellll yes a small percentage of the group actually committed violence.

But the thing is, by organizing and wearing all black you are aiding those who destroy things. It is a tactic to hide people committing crimes. Police will just arrest everyone in that case.


Q:

T: I would say there's more job security. It's a specialized skill set. And as games become more cinematic, performance matters more and more.

A:

There's actually a farm just north of us in Santa Barbara

I had no idea about that! Cool! I haven't tried the CA coffee and I don't think it is likely to be that good just based on climate. But I think more people doing coffee research (especially in the US) will only be good for me. So the more the merrier.

Re: cost and consumer education:

I TOTALLY get it that not all roasters can buy Hawaiian coffees and I don't think it is necessarily even a bad thing that they don't. It is just frustrating to me personally when they flat out do not even consider it because of price. Roasters are businesses though, not charities, and you have to plan for what your customers will buy and do what is best for staying in business. You won't be helping any farms if you go under.

That said, the roasters we do work with have found that they can work our coffee into their business plan when they don't buy that much. We sell our green by the pound, not by the 100lb bag, so that roasters can buy the exact amount that will fit in their business. One of the roasters we work with primarily sells our coffee buy the cup in his coffee shop and he only buys 10lbs at a time. Even though 10lbs of green isn't that much for us, we still really appreciate the business and every little bit helps. And he is educating his consumers 1 cup at a time about Hawaiian coffee, and they may come back and want more which means he will be able to buy more.

Re: margins - yes I think it is very hard for consumers to understand the difference in pricing between commodity coffee and single origin estate coffee. The margins are huge in commodity coffee and even "fair trade" coffee. That is how you can buy an $8 lb of coffee at Dunkin donuts or whatever.

What I mean is that for a roaster, we only have so much ability to take on so much coffee, and we want to have a well rounded selection of offerings but there are a lot of situations that make it difficult for us to pick up coffees from a lot of different locations that we'd otherwise love love LOVE to work with.

Ahh okay sorry I don't think I understood what you meant. So I get that roasters want to offer a variety of coffees and can't always justify sticking a Hawaiian coffee in a slot when they could get a great Nicaraguan or whatever for a 1/4 of the price. There are only so many slots (packaging and stuff costs money for each type) and you need to focus on what will sell.

The roasters we sell to now solve that by offering our coffee on a really small scale or rotating basis just in their coffee shop and/or offering it more for the holidays or up-scale gifts. One roaster in Michigan we work with buys our extra fancy pretty much just for valentines day and christmas because people are willing to spend more then. So I guess what I am saying is that if a roaster wants a Hawaiian coffee, there is a way to sell it, but it doesn't fit in with every business model and that is okay.

it just feels that specialty coffee is everywhere

Haha I never feel like that living here. The line is sometimes around the block at starbucks and we have locally grown coffee in tons of independent coffee shops. I don't think we (my farm) needs to target the "deepest end of the pond" so to speak of coffee consumers. A lot of our customers buy our coffee just because they like us and they like supporting local farmers. It isn't always a matter of being "into" coffee. We actually send out guides to brewing coffee with our orders just because a lot of people don't know anything about water temp or grind size and I want to make sure they are getting their money's worth after dropping a lot of money (comparatively) on coffee.

Out of curiosity, what is the total production / acre that you guys are at right now? And what varietals do you guys have going on?

We right now have primarily arabica (kona typica) trees but we have a small section of about 10 trees of a hybrid called Kona Passion (also an arabica). They are working out great though (high production, beautiful big beans and tasty!) so we will probably plant more of those.

On our 8 acres our production for the 2016/17 harvest was about 30K lbs of cherry. We project to have more like 40-50K lbs next year and hopefully around 60K lbs going forward after that. Of that coffee about 4,000 lbs of green was produced. Then when it is all graded out we will have about 3,400lbs of sale-able green (some of it is too low of a grade to sell and we either drink it ourselves or if it is really bad compost it). Of that our goal is to sell about half of that in green and the other half as roasted. We have sold about half of our green goal already for the season and we haven't even finished our last pick which is great! On roasted coffee, we are slowly plugging away but still have a lot left to sell.


Q:

Thanks! I mean had you ever even used a terminal before that?

A:

Start a podcast, especially if you're looking into voice acting.

Write a book (audiobook).

Karaoke

The first two are things I enjoy listening to, so I'm biased in my recs.


Q:

Police will just arrest everyone in that case.

But the tactic worked so well for Spartacus.

A:

Hey Ash, what caused your brother to lose his mind and go crazy?


Q:

Do you use a natural, honey, or washed process?

A:

Lol I had no idea what a terminal was. Well, actually once at age 11 I bought a "hacking" book and managed to completely destroy my parents desktop. Everything was gone, and ubuntu was now the operating system.

Edit: destroying my parent's desktop was totally on accident.


Q:

A: He was always that way.

A:

Only washed process right now but I would like to do some natural next year if there is a demand for it. A lot of farmers here seem to look down on it because it can kinda hide bad coffee with sweetness.


Q:

How old are you? I'm a 30 year old civil engineer and I sometimes feel like my mind is not "plastic" enough to learn something new.

A:

How's the dating life going? I mean you're Iron man so I imagine you're just killing it out there. Also wishing you the best on PT and recovery!


Q:

What happened to the guy who used go around the world taking drugs with Vice?

A:

Hey Ash, what are some of your favorite books ever?


Q:

Your website states that the coffee is roasted to order for maximum freshness. For how long will the beans retain the freshness? What can be done to extend it?

A:

I am 23. If you ever feel like you can't do it, do what I do and head over to r/CrappyDesign. If some of those guys are professional programmers why can't I be?


Q:

it's meh. The last girl I dated said the chair was too hard for her. But I can't be mad at her because she was honest and upfront with me and to be honest it is pretty hard. Luckily I have some awesome friends that really make me feel loved

A:

Ha no idea. Youre talking about Hamilton Morris? I think he has a show on Viceland


Q:

A: It's a bit morbid, but I'm reading a book called "Stiff" by Mary Roach. Anything by Douglas Adams. I've read a lot of David Foster Wallace's essays and non-fiction books.

A:

Beans are usually super fresh and great just in their package (we use a special coffee bag with a valve) for up to two weeks after roasting. They stay pretty good (like only super coffee tasters can tell the difference) for up to a month. After that they slowly lose flavor and can become stale. You can extend that by storing your coffee with as little exposure to light, air and humidity as possible. (In the pantry in a sealed opaque canister or jar is great). Also don't grind your beans until right before you drink them.

Personally I will drink coffee that's even months old but I'll just make it into iced or into a coffee cocktail or something (Baileys can make anything taste good imo lol).


Q:

Hi congrats on the app and more importantly teaching yourself a valuable new skill. Have you received any flack from purist event attendees who don't believe audience members should be encouraged to be waving their phones around all night?

A:

What is your favorite leisure activity?


Q:

If you had to make one prediction about the next 4 years, what would it be?

A:

What's your favorite Nic Cage performance, and why?


Q:

Hi, and thank you for all the knowledge passed on here. Quite amazing.

Searching the IAMA, I did not read about decaffe, so apology if you have commented? From your web-site, did see this... "Our lightest and most caffeinated roast." Sounds great! But, alas, doctor told me to slow down the caffeine, so which of your blends would be lowest?

EDIT: P.S. How are yours shipping charges determined? Like to an idea before signing up in the checkout buying.

A:

Actually, not yet! Have received a lot of spam though.


Q:

I just like being outside and hanging out with friends. It's hard to pinpoint exactly my favorite leisure activity is since I'm on the spot

A:

I will take at least one shower.


Q:

S: I kinda liked him in "City of Angels." I'm ashamed to say that.

A: "Bangkok Dangerous."

T: "The Rock"! The first time I did extra work was with Nic Cage. We had a great conversation. I had no idea who he was at the time.

A:

No one has asked about that actually! You're the first! So we don't sell decaf (as far as I know the beans have to go through a special process to be decaf and we don't have anyone on our island who does it). I think your best bet is a dark roast because it does have less caffeine or just drink less coffee. Probably if I were in your situation I would just drink a small amount of great coffee and hope to be satisfied with that.


Q:

Did you enjoy working with Clemson? How much work did you do with them? I am an undergrad there in compsci

A:

Are you first in line for experimental exoskeleton stuff or are you a customer/commercial supporter for stuff already on the market?


Q:

Hey Tim, it's refreshing to see a journalist that's frustrated with how polarized the media has become. Would you be open to coming on a podcast episode for a brief interview?

A:

I read some where that only a couple of games qualified for bonuses last year. If very few games are qualifying for the bonuses, what's the point of have them when only a handful of actors will benefit from the bonuses? Even then the maximum is around 3k.

Also, if a voice actor has one line in a game, does that actor qualify for bonuses? If so why do you think that actor deserves bonuses?


Q:

best bet is a dark roast because it does have less caffeine or just drink less coffee. ... drink a small amount of great coffee and hope to be satisfied with that.

Ahh, like this! My doctor will not, but too bad, haha. Also, in my first post, just now added a question about your shipping charges, how are determined?

A:

Clemson has been the nicest team to work with. After publishing their app, they sent me a signed thank you card and a bobble head. Class act all the way.


Q:

Just a customer/commercial supporter

A:

sure, drop me a line

[email protected]


Q:

ALL: There isn't an actor that has just one line in a game. It never happens. Most actors will do one or two lines for myriad characters, or multiple lines for one character. Either way, their contribution is substantial. And, yes, only the blockbuster games would qualify for our proposed structure, because those are the games that turn a profit and where most union actors are found. And they employ hundreds of actors in many cases. Also, that $3000 (at max) for the working actor can make all the difference in being able to support themselves and continue their profession. It's small, but not insignificant.

A:

We ship in flat rate boxes or envelopes. Anything that fits in a flat rate envelope (generally 1.5lbs or less) ships for $6.10 priority mail. The next size up is $11.50 I think which is a medium box and holds quite a bit.


Q:

[deleted]

A:

Have you ever considered a stem cell transplant to regenerate some feeling in your body?


Q:

I heard some journalists arrested on inauguration were being brought up on felony charges. Were you charged? Do you know anyone else that was charged?

A:

Why should voice actors get all these perks before say the developers?


Q:

How much did he have under management and what were his annualized returns? What was his cut of the p+l? How competitive was it to get in the role? Securities he traded? Was it super algorithmic or more flow? Was he involved in trading during 07/08, and if so, what were his returns then? Did he know Ray Cahnman? Is kona coffee different from regular coffee?

A:

Yes, I've always been pretty decent at math, but math has so far not played a major role in my programming. There are usually libraries that can take some of the heaviest math problems (like fourier transforms) off the table for you.


Q:

I would love to but it's still in early phases in the US

A:

I know one of the people who got charged. I was not charged. About 6 journalists received felony charges I believe.

The Lt. on scene informed me that I was under arrest and not free to leave, after about 45 minutes pulled me and two NBC reporters out and let us go.


Q:

http://www.gameperformancematters.com/faq

S: I haven't met an actor yet who doesn't support developers organizing. It's a shop in need of a steward.

A:

Lol I have NO IDEA what the first questions mean but I will ask him later and try to get back to you. Yes he knows Ray Cahnman and actually was on his desk when he first started out! (small world!)

Kona coffee is different from other coffees but not from "regular" coffee. If you are drinking single origins roasted correctly, you should be able to taste differences in coffees from all over the world. Kona is known for a really smooth easy drinkability. Not a super high acid coffee. There are tasting notes on our website if you are interested in specifics.


Q:

[deleted]

A:

how did you become quadriplegic??


Q:

What is the difference between you and those journalists who did get charged? Were you just lucky?

A:

Here's a question mostly for TJ: since motion-capture has a lot more in common with doing theatre, with its full-body engagement, what kind of warm-ups do you do before sessions? Physical, vocal, etc.


Q:

Ah, ya. I saw that he worked for transmarket and had to ask, since Ray is pretty big in that space. Very cool that he got to work directly w Ray.

A:

It had a lot to do with math, but not necessarily in the way you'd think. I did some alternative schooling in high school, which ended up in me teaching myself Algebra II, trig, pre-cal, and calculous all from books I bought off eBay. I think having a history of teaching myself new skills made this round much easier than it would have been otherwise.


Q:

I broke my neck in BMX accident. I was trying to grind a handrail and I was going to much at an angle and my bottom bracket caught the rail so I flipped it went headfirst into the ground. No I was not wearing a helmet. The doctor said if I were wearing one it would've killed me giving my neck the extra leverage to internally decapitate me. Having said that I do believe that everyone should wear a helmet. Mine was a freak accident

A:

I dont know but I can say that I saw one of them yell at the cops, that certainly didnt help their situation.

I can say that the NBC reporters and I stayed quiet and calm and politely informed the Lt we were press.


Q:

T: A lot of motion capture actors are part actor, part athlete, so we train as if we're in both worlds. Since the stage is usually well air-conditioned, we have to warm up quite a bit before we begin. Running, skipping, jumping are all common things, as well as some vocal exercises if we're speaking.

A:

Okay so I asked him but he doesn't remember the answers to all the questions. Here is what he said though from 2012 when he left-

  • He doesn't know how much he had in management because it depends on which desk he was working. It ranged from 50K to a few million.

  • He said the annualized returns depend on how many assets were under management but he thinks his returns were over 100%.

  • His desk got 30% of profits and another 30% is put in the firm-wide discretionary bonus pool given out depending on how well you traded.

  • It is much more competitive now than it was when he got hired (although to me his process still seems pretty competitive). When he got hired, he started in a summer group of 15 people and then he was the only one out of that pool that got hired on.

  • He said it wasnt super algorithmic. They did a lot more market making and used a mean reverting strategy.

  • He traded interest rate futures (started with Euro Dollar, then moved to Euribor, Sterling and then moved to Canada and Brazil interest rates)

  • He started in 09 so he avoided that dark period.


Q:

As someone who frequently has ideas for apps but has no idea how to get them off the ground is this more of a hobby or a job for you?

A:

Hey man, what's your favorite movie?


Q:

I am a senior journalism student at a university in the U.S. who is also taking Arabic with hopes of being an independent journalist in the Middle East, among other places. I want to see and report on the best and worst that humanity has to offer. In short, you (almost) have my dream job!

Do you have any advice for me once I graduate? Where should I start?

A:

Are there any days where you regret leaving the corporate world? What do you miss about the corporate world?


Q:

It's definitely a full-time effort. I'd say learning to code was a hobby, but programming has been a job.

A:

Shawshank redemption. And any of the MCU movies


Q:

Buy a plane ticket and just go somewhere interesting and do something journalistic.

Seriously... most people don't even go do journalism.

A:

Yeah sometimes! Even though I was a lawyer, I miss being able to leave my work at work. Now that I own my own business, it is just work all the time. But that work feels better because everything we do benefits us and our bottom line so it feels good busting ass.

I miss the perks! Lunches out, work parties, health insurance etc. Now I eat lunch at home every day and we provide our own health insurance.


Q:

Can you share what languages youve studied to make the apps? Thanks!

A:

Assuming you can use the exoskeleton, would you rather fight 100 duck-sized horses or one horse-sized duck?


Q:

That's the most succinct response I've ever gotten, and, if I'm honest, the one I've been wanting to hear. I'm always told I need to try to embed for CNN or some other major news outlet, but then I have to do the stories that they want me to do.

I want to do the stories that noone else does. As you've previously stated in this AMA, I also want to be in "the center of the world."

Follow up question: How the hell do I fund it? Will I have to go out of pocket?

A:

Hallo, im from germany and currently studying agriculture [sadly we have no classes about tabaco or coffee]. I was wondering where did you get the knowlage to operate a whole farm? From what i learned its pretty difficult to build a new farm and get it running.


Q:

Yes, at the time there were no reputable books on Swift, so I learned Objective-C for iOS and Java for Android. I also picked up some basic PHP for backend server-side stuff.

A:

One Horse sized duck. Then find a way to domesticate it and then give it to my brother. He loves ducks


Q:

yup.

I slept in closets and on floors for the first year I worked at VICE. I saved all my money.

I got started by couch surfing and being broke, homeless, without healthcare.

A:

We hired a consultant for the first few years to help us and teach us. It really has been a long road and learning process and we still don't know even close to everything we need to know. Just tomorrow my husband is going to a class at the CTAHR (College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources) to learn more about a pest we get a lot.


Q:

Guess I'll ask here instead.

How is your stomach muscles? (where is the injury/complete or incomplete?) Doesn't seem to be much stability from the waist up on that suit. I've tried the ekso bionic suit, and there you have like a backpack strap in addition to what you have in this pic. Maybe making it very different to operate? Anyway, really cool to see someone else in almost the same situation as me!

A:

Do you, the people working in media, talk about the filter bubble with each other? Does it concern you, is it something you try to take action against?


Q:

I enjoyed going through your photos on the website but disappointed that there weren't any photos of the coffee shrubs. I think photos of the flowers, berries and raw beans would be nice as well. Could you also take a photo of the coffee shrubs with someone standing by it for scale? I always wondered how big they can grow. I used to grow one indoors for a few years.

A:

I have no use of my muscles from the chest down but the exoskeleton grabs my stomach it holds me up pretty well


Q:

I do all the time but most people, even journalists, are in the bubble and are oblivious.

A:

Ahh sorry there are a bunch on our instagram! I don't know if I have one with someone standing right next to it but there are at least a couple with people standing near by. I will definitely take your tip though and add more coffee plant pictures to our site.

The trees can get really tall if you dont prune them but we only let ours get up to 8ish feet before pruning.


Q:

T7 Incomplete here! I've used an exoskeleton and had a lot of fun with it.

Do you find it heavy and tiring? I did after awhile and I was wondering if that was the general thought.

Wishing you well :) http://i.imgur.com/YY3XCqR.jpg

A:

Glad to hear it!

Any particular ways you try to work around it?


Q:

About how much coffee does your orchard produce on average? Is 8 acres on the large side for a farm on the big island or more average? I'm also curious to know if your land was already a working orchard when you purchased it or did you lease a patch of land and start from scratch?

A:

Nice! I'm a little tired afterwards but not that much


Q:

my facebook has about 5,000 friends of varying political backgrounds so I see a wide range of content.

A:

The average size of a coffee farm in kona is 5 acres but that average is a little misleading because there are TONS of "farms" where people have an acre or less and then a few huge farms with hundreds of acres. I think 8 acres is pretty normal for people who coffee farm as their full time job.

This year we produced about 30K lbs of cherry which is on the lower end but our trees are still very young - many of them didnt produce at all this year or had like one branch producing. We expect to have a bigger harvest next year.

Our land is owned not leased and there was no coffee on it when we bought it. We planted the orchard from scratch.


Q:

How can I help you and other quadriplegics?

I used to ride my BMX when I was a kid and I fell plenty of times. Through sheer luck I never got hurt. Life isn't fair. I want to know how can make your life better.

A:

What other news organizations do you respect as unbiased and insightful?


Q:

what is your favorite type of coffee to grow?

A:

Do you have any spare spinal cords laying around? Just treat us like any other people I think that would be the best way to help


Q:

They all have some kind of angle.

I like CNN for the most part but they are far from perfect. I have CNN running 24/7 for updates, not for commentary.

Glen Greenwald and The Intercept do a great job but will almost always give you an anti establishment pov.

The Guardian is one of my favorites.

A:

We grow almost all arabica coffee (kona typica specifically). We have a little section of another type called Kona Passion but only about 10 trees of that as a trial.


Q:

How many times have people asked you if you can jerk off?

A:

How do people with no journalistic experience break into the field?

Is really just as easy as finding a story and hitting rec?


Q:

Hi Kate and Doug!
I was in Kona recently and took a tour of another lawyer-turned-coffee-farmer and it was delightful.

Do you guys know each other and hang out? (Not mentioning the other company name to be respectful of your AMA)

A:

It's usually the first question once the awkward barrier comes down


Q:

Just go do journalism. Go somewhere important and film, tweet, youtube, facebook. Find important stories and share them. The rest follows.

And as for school, Im a high school drop out

EDIT: Better answer.

A:

No I don't know them! Feel free to post who they are haha if they don't mind. I know another lawyer turned dragonfruit and bee keeper but that's it.


Q:

Are you part of any research or clinical trials?

A:

Have you seen the Documentary Now! spoof of VICE documentaries? What did you think about it?


Q:

Have you ever visited other coffee shops on other islands? If so, which ones? I may or may not have worked at a ton of coffee shops.

A:

Not yet, I'm keeping my options open for the right one. Because depending what you signed up for you can accidentally close the door to others that could be more beneficial


Q:

It was funny.

There was another one done by the onion. Both great.

A:

On other islands? Not really. I do go to them occasionally but I cant remember any memorable coffee.


Q:

What's something that you're burdened by that you didn't expect to be a problem as a quadriplegic?

A:

Do you think news is biased left or right in America?


Q:

What do you sell your coffee for a pound? Why so expensive?

A:

Quite a few things. I have a strong opinion of inclines now. I have to be constantly aware of my body now. I have to do what's called weight shifts a lot. Basically my chair will lean back to 45° angle to relieve pressure off of my ass. If I don't I'm susceptible to a pressure sore. I've had one last year it was the worst thing ever. You can feel your butt getting numv when you sit too long but I can't which is why have to do pressure releases. This also means that I have to be turned when I sleep in bed. So in the middle the night someone will turn me to make sure I don't have constant pressure on one spot. Another thing is, and this is me in particular this doesn't apply to everyone, I can't sweat. So I have to drink a lot of water and be careful in the heat. If I'm outside I usually have one with me to pour on my head to cool me down. And of course going to the bathroom which I answered in another comment


Q:

I think it is biased to the left but the right has been doing a good job of countering on digital

A:

Most basically, it is expensive because it is grown in a first world country. It is the only coffee in the world grown with restrictions like labor laws, minimum wage, workers comp, overtime requirements, insurance requirements etc. The markup you are paying on our coffee over cost is about 25%. And those "costs" do not include our salaries. If we paid ourselves minimum wage, we wouldn't even be breaking even on the coffee. That bad of a return won't be the case forever though - as our trees get more mature, we will have more consistently large harvests and we should be able to pay ourselves slightly better than minimum wage. But no one here coffee farms to get rich.


Q:

Where do you find the motivation to continue pushing? I guess I am asking how you rose out of what I anticipate was a dark depression when you became quadriplegic. I don't know if I could find the strength within myself.

A:

Is it frustrating having to argue with colleagues and members of your profession that being dogmatic ideologues is antithetical to journalism itself?


Q:

What's your personal favorite roast you two have made? I may buy a bag or two ;)

A:

Just laugh and Make sure you have people around you that you can talk to


Q:

yes.

Sometimes I hate journalists but then I realize its just people doing people stuff.

A:

Thanks!! Anuenue is my favorite but if you like a darker roast Kalikimaka is great.


Q:

When viewing an article, how should i properly check that the sources mentioned are correct, so as to not be persuaded by a news article that may or may not be biased/false reporting/ leaving out facts/ etc?

I appreciate all the work you do. Keep it up :D

A:

Its damn near impossible. Just google search the story and read a couple different articles on the same subject.


Q:

You seem to consistently maintain unbiased reporting and is a major reason I follow your work so closely. How is it you are able to keep emotion separate when so much other media is heavily one sided?

Also, how do you feel about the media divide in general? Do you have suggestions of similar news outlets that just report facts?

A:

I have friends who are high profile feminists and friends who are high profile Trump supporters. What makes me unbiased (for the most part, no one is perfect) is that I have both sides talking to me calmly because we are friends.

Most people on one side of the isle only hear anger, attacks, and insults. You can't expect people to get along when they dont want to.

As for media, they play sides on purpose, people like having their biases confirmed and companies can monetize that.


Q:

This comment right here is going to make me start reading your work and see for myself. I would love for this to be true.

A:

I think if everyone stopped turning their political opponents into monsters we would get more done.


Q:

Did you mean to say that your friends are literally on separate islands?

A:

there was supposed to be an 'a' in there. But I'll leave the typo because internet people love typos


Q:

Two questions, if you don't mind.

  1. From what I understand, Obama (despite getting along with the press fairly well) was not always the best president for journalism. Are you worried Trump's combativeness to the press will be even worse, and possibly restrict you from doing your job?

  2. I write for local newspapers, but I want to be a national freelancer, kind of like what you do. How do I go from writing for state newspapers to making the national scene?

Thanks for doing this!

A:

I dont think Trump is as bad as everyone makes him out to be. The "skype seats" announcement for the press corp is actually a great idea.

Seems like they are just taking shots at the big dogs. But we will see, Its not like I trust them either.

EDIT: Oop, forgot second question.

My recommendation is to travel to the biggest stories and report on them, eventually you meet people and build the right network.


Q:

What do you think about CNN and other news sources being biased, and how can we tell immediately news stories which have bias?

A:

Unfortunately you cant.

Your best bet is to read a story from three different outlets.


Q:

Hey, Tim. Was your cell phone confiscated during the mass arrest? Do you know journalists that were arrested that DID lose their phone? I find that development troublesome. Thanks for doing the AMA.

A:

My phone wasn't taken.

I know at least some of the journalists that got charged did lose their phones.


Q:

Hi Mr. Pool, do you think the reason you and your two colleagues weren't charged was down to the size and reach of your respective organisations ? or too put it another way if ye were unknown journalists would things have been different? Oh and thanks for the AMA

A:

I currently don't work for anyone, I just have my press ID I made for my company.

I think it has to do with us removing ourselves from the chanting group and staying to the far side/ telling the Lt. calmly


Q:

Been following you since Ferguson. What's a good resource for finding citizen journalists?

A:

Honestly, there isnt one.

Periscope's map feature is great if youre looking for specific breaking news


Q:

Tim during the protest where you ever personally targeted by either protester or officers?

A:

neither.

In the past I have been targeted by police in one extreme instance in Chicago. I have been physically attacked by protesters about four or five times.


Q:

You said you've been to numerous protests in the past. How commonplace is violence and vandalism at the protests you go to?

Does the media over report it for ratings, or is it more common than some people like to believe?

How do the peaceful protestors react to the violent ones?

A:

I tend to only cover conflict and crisis stories so usually there is violence when I am there. I didnt post anything from the Women's March because I dont actually cover protest specifically.

Peaceful protesters usually object to the violence however there are some "allies" who believe in "diversity of tactics"


Q:

Do you agree that the big media companies contributed extremely to trump's success by giving him more airtime than others?

A:

Yes, definitely.

Trump knew what he was doing in my opinion. He played on controversy to get airtime at no cost and it worked.

It doesnt matter if you love or hate him because when he is all you can talk about he is the top contender.


Q:

Based on what you witnessed, did any of the folks you were jailed with belong there?

A:

Well I wasn't jailed. I was placed under arrest for 45 minutes to an hour.

That being said the good majority of the group I was held with were active participants in the black bloc. I can't say who deserves what, but I can say that this group was causing lots of destruction around the area.


Q:

Vice is owned by Disney. With Disney as a global conglomerate, do you feel that covering a negative portrayal of trump is in favor of the company you work for? Does this affect your reporting? Edit: do you think this relationship has anything to do with why you were arrested? (For the conspiracy theorists out there)

A:

I haven't worked for VICE in two years. I left before Disney got involved but did work for Fusion which was owned by Disney in the past (they sold their portion)

Companies hire journalists who already have the views they want to promote, so there is no real coercion.


Q:

Is there one thing you know, that you wish you could say to every single American right now?

A:

Most news you hear is sensationalized. Life is much more chill and boring than media makes it seem.


Q:

Are you ever going to realize that you can't grow a proper beard?

A:

Oh dude, Im part korean.

My parents told me since I was little about my crippling disability.


Q:

Should I be as worried about the future as I am? I am straight getting sick from the visible decline in intellect, compassion and freedom.

A:

Yes.


Q:

Hello Tim.

It's my opinion that the news media should leave the narcisstic Tweets and controversy over crowd sizes to the late night comedians while genuine journalists should cover things like the executive orders to stop enforcing Obamacare and the Keystone Pipeline.

What are your thoughts on this?

Also, do you think that (at least some of) the controversial things Trump has said/done recently have been a smokescreen for his real actions (e.g. executive orders) or are they really the childish games they appear to be?

A:

Yea, too many news outlets are using opinion to fill the 24 hour news gap void. It results in everything being an op-ed or analyses piece. The facts get buried.

Trump is a master of Media, he knows exactly what he's doing and how to hide certain actions from the press. Obama did the same thing. Its not new.


Q:

Hey Tim, I was there during the protest, I've posted tons of video from the inauguration on my youtube channel SHUTTERSHOT45, From what I saw, there were a lot of "journalist" or at least people with cameras who seemed to be also activist... there didn't seem to be a clear line between the two so I'm wondering if that had something to do with the arrest of the journalist. would you agree or disagree with that assessment? I also have video of "protesters" throwing large pieces of concrete at the police which would merit the police use of flash bangs and pepper spray/cs gas (or whatever it was they were using)... I got hit a couple times myself but to be honest, it wasn't that bad... again, would this be something you agree with or disagree... thanks for the great work that you've been doing... you've become one of my go to sources to check out.

A:

Its really hard to know how is a working journalist and how is an activist filming their friends.

A lot of activists will go to planning meetings and promote the event but try to hide behind journalism.

There is no line anymore, its really hard to figure out the best way to handle the situation.


Q:

VICE did an awesome job on exposing the closed-to-outsiders world of North Korea.

Do you think VICE will ever get around to the shady underbelly of life behind Lichtenstein's Iron Curtain?

A:

No idea.

But I can say; check this piece I produced for VICE about north korea. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JNVCdL908ko


Q:

Do you have plans to go back to NDPL considering it will probably be some tension there soon? I have a close friend up there now if you need to get in touch with anyone.

How do you decide what to cover?

A:

I just like to be in the "center of the world."

Places where the most important events are happening because I want to witness history and better understand the world.

I might go back to DAPL but the people there are very very very anti-press


Q:

Hi Tim, thanks for doing the AMA. What's your drone 360/VR experiment about?

A:

I have to attach a 360 camera to a drone. Pretty simple actually.

I have three 360 cameras and I think the Lyfie Eye 360 will work the best but I have to duct tape a smart phone to my drone.


Q:

Do you have any conservative opinions? I find it hard to take people seriously who are all or nothing. How can you know what you don't believe if you've never really delved into what a particular thing means? Gotta wear the suit if you want to understand the wolf.

A:

Im a little left on some issues and a little right on some issues.