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OtherI’m Chuck Paul. I spent years tracking down runaways and investigating sex trafficking in Texas. AMA.

Feb 21st 2017 by chuckpaulLLC • 16 Questions • 103 Points

Hey guys! I am a twenty-two year old Irish woman, working as a freelance content writer. I love whiskey, sleeping, Drake and dogs. I also happen to be a stage four cancer survivor.

I was diagnosed with Hodgkins Lymphoma in 2013, which had spread and metastasized/spread in the lining of my left lung. I was 18 years old at the time and had just started my first week of university.

After a grueling course of chemotherapy, I was given my NED/remission status on February 24th 2014. I developed both depression and PTSD post-treatment, which I have since overcome.

I have always been a storyteller and writer by nature, and my goal is to write a book about my experiences with cancer and the stigma of surviving. However, I'm not quite comfortable enough with it to write about it at the moment.

The objective of this AMA is to give me a little insight into the kinds of questions people have about cancer, young people with cancer and surviving cancer. It'll also help put me on the path to finally writing my book.

I'd really like to break down the stigma and preconceptions of what it means to "survive" the shit-show of cancer. If I've learned anything from past encounters as a survivor, it's that people are misinformed and often wrong. So with that in mind, there are no stupid questions!

Ask literally anything, it doesn't matter if you think it's dumb, offensive, disgusting etc. I will answer with frank honesty.

Let's go!

Proof: Me today, holding a sign with my username and the date.

A picture of my first ever PET scan results. All of the black is cancer, with the exception of the larger black shadow at the bottom. That's my bladder which was full of dye for the scan.

My lovely baldy head about four months into chemo.

Me on my last day of chemo.

My Facebook page and my Instagram.

Q:

How do you deal with the horrors and dark psychological side of these criminals?

A:

When you were going through chemo, did you ever act like sméagol in front of a mirror and scream "my precious"?


Q:

How stable is the planet configuration of the system? Has it reached a stability over long timescales like our solar system has, or is it a relatively young system were we would expect the bodies to still coalesce into larger objects over time?

A:

What do you wish that non Japanese had done in response to the order?


Q:

If Peeta tried to fight you, could real life you take him down?

A:

How hard do you laugh during movies when two hackers are locked digital combat, typing at 1,000mph?


Q:

Hello Judge Caprio!

What’s the craziest excuse you’ve ever heard in court?

A:

Q. Wash my damn towels!?


Q:

Hey Frank,

I just found out yesterday that you were a writer on INVADER ZIM! What was it like writing on that show? Love you guys and your work!

A:

Hello, Dr. Rojas.

How do you think the Black Lives Matter movement will be viewed 25 years from now in the context of civil rights?


Q:

When you were going through chemo, did you ever act like sméagol in front of a mirror and scream "my precious"?

A:

Joint investigations are the only way to address the criminal. You have to share the load between different experts. Afterwards you need to detox. Have friends, or even a counselor you can talk too.


Q:

Dude. So many fucking times you wouldn't believe it. My mother used to ask me to do it for people.

Other favourites included Lord Voldemort and Sinead O'Connor.

A:

The stability of the system is still unclear, because it is a complex dynamical system, the planets' masses are not yet precisely determined, we don't know yet the orbital period of the 7th planet, and there could be more planets. More on this soon!


Q:

great aunt: I don't know. I was 14. I didn't care at the time

grandma: Haha. You could be like my Chinese neighbors that wore a sign that said "I am Chinese, not Japanese"

great aunt: I don't know. I never really thought about that. It's hard to give an answer. When I was older I thought, you know, they shouldn't have done that. But when I was 14 I was very naive and I didn't think about that

grandma: I thought it was totally unfair because I am an american

A:

fuck yeah!!! well... maybe not. I have a ferocious side that I can tap into.


Q:

I pretty much just role my eyes and chalk it up to non-technically astute writes. However Mr. Robot has changed that and are getting things spot on.

BTW, I do type at 1,000mph, 1,024 to be exact.

A:

One of the craziest excuses I ever heard was from a man who received a speeding ticket, and he said he didn't realize how hard he was pushing on the gas pedal because he'd just bought a new pair of shoes that were tight.


Q:

A. bsolutely!

A:

Working around the designers and animators of Invader Zim was truly inspiring. -Frank


Q:

Great question. In some ways, BLM will be seen as a continuation of the Civil Rights Movement. BLM seeks racial equality and pushes back against policies that are thought to target African-Americans. In other ways, BLM might be seen divergent from the Civil Rights movement because of its focus on cultural nationalism.

A:

Dude. So many fucking times you wouldn't believe it. My mother used to ask me to do it for people.

Other favourites included Lord Voldemort and Sinead O'Connor.


Q:

But you can't talk in detail about ongoing investigations, right?

A:

What would you most like to tell us that no one has asked about?


Q:

My question is simple... What's next? I mean I'm sure all the excitement of discovering and announcing this find is still fresh but what are the next steps involved in finding out more about this discovery? What information do you think is "discoverable" about this system in the near future?

A:

This is awesome that your grandmother/great aunt are willing to do this.

My grandmother and grandfather were also former internment camp incarcerees. I was wondering what their perception was towards the forced internment during the whole ordeal and, now, looking back in retrospect??

After asking my grandmother about these things, it's surprising that she recounts it being a relatively fun time in her life. However, she was still a very little girl, about 6, so all she did was play. She said her older brothers/sisters and parents were much more stressed about it


Q:

What was it like working with Mark Ruffalo?

A:

Keep working at it and you may eventually get up to 2600.


Q:

what is the toughest verdict you had to hand down?

A:

Crashing was amazing why did TBS cancel The Pete Holmes Show 2 years ago?


Q:

HI everyone! I love you guys! Thank you so much for MST3K. You helped me and my kids through some really rough times. Thanks for getting the band back together, you may not realize how much this show means to us fans but the whole cast kinda feels like family. Frank, I love your quips on Facebook about our butthead in chief keep up the good work. Anyway my question , do you all feel rather overwhelmed by your fans? Have the cast stayed in touch over the years? I always got the feeling that there was a closeness to the cast.

A:

How can you compare all the good Martin Luther King did to what these people do?

note the sign that reads kill cops


Q:

Stop waiting, write your book please

with writing like this, i'd buy it in a heartbeat

A:

Correct!


Q:

Oooh, that's a hard one!

I guess I thought someone would ask if cancer is the same as in the movies or on TV. It's not. Not even slightly. The only show I've seen come close to portraying that internal struggle so well is Breaking Bad and the cancer story-line was forgotten about pretty quickly in that.

Forget everything you think you know about cancer sufferers and survivors. We are not delicate flowers or rays of fucking sunshine. Cancer turns life into a battlefield, not a Nicholas Sparks novel.

We have seen death, tasted it, slept beside it night after night in crowded hospital wards. We've felt it burn in our veins and protrude through our skin, trying to kill us from the inside out. It is a part of us now, mapped out in old scars and stubbly heads no matter how quickly we announce our second chances to the world.

We are the ones who knock.

A:

NASA's Kepler/K2 is currently observing TRAPPIST-1! The spacecraft has been monitoring the brightness of the star since December 15, 2016 and will continue to do so until March 04, 2017. That's over 70 days of data. Scientists will be able to define the orbital period of the 7th planet. They may also be able to see a turnover (or reversal) in the transit timing variations which will allow scientists to refine the planet mass estimates. Perhaps we'll even find additional transiting planets. The raw data will be placed in the public archive immeiately after the observing campaign finishes. It should be available to community by March 6th. This is one of the many ways that scientists will be studying the TRAPPIST-1 system. - Natalie Batalha, Kepler Project Scientist

https://keplerscience.arc.nasa.gov/raw-data-for-k2-campaign-12-to-be-released-after-downlink.html


Q:

My great uncle says it was fun for him too. He lived on a farm far away from anyone Japanese. Suddenly as a teenager he was surrounded by all these Japanese friends and Japanese girls his age. He had a blast.

A:

Hes the best guy in the world. I love that human!


Q:

Well said

A:

I am very reluctant to incarcerate anyone unless it's warranted. One defendant was a repeat offender who I thought had become rehabilitated, but unfortunately he continued his old ways and I had to send him to prison.


Q:

it was all numbers! not enough viewers. i think they liked it! at least that's what i tell myself ;)

A:

No, we love all the fan support. -Frank

Yeah, the cast has stayed in touch. Except Frank and I are no longer on speaking terms. -Trace

I met everyone at the MST3K reunion and everyone was super super cool. -Carolina


Q:

Both Martin Luther King, Jr. and BLM were deeply concerned with how the police interact with minority communities. Furthermore, many BLM activists adhere to a philosophy of non-violent protest advocated by King and his allies in the Southern Christian Leadership Council. There are clearly points of departure between classic civil rights activism and BLM, but there is overlap as well.

A:

Omg thank you. I'm actually blushing!


Q:

How much is the drug trade linked with sex trafficking? What's the most horrifying experience you've had.

A:

Wow, no wonder you're a writer.


Q:

Great presentation everyone! When/how will you be able to determine if there are signs of an oxygen rich atmosphere?

There was a lot of speculation before the conference that you may have already detected that.

A:

How do you feel about actor George Takei being a "spokesperson" for those interred? Do you think the work he's done has helped in any particular way? What improvements could be made to make the current world more aware of what occurred?


Q:

hi josh, I'm not very good at english so I can't write a good question but do you like mango?

A:

Kevin! Just completed some of your training from KnowBe4 for work. I have my completion certificate hanging on my wall. But could we maybe get it in a font that's not comic sans?


Q:

Hello and good morning, your Honor!

Born and raised in Lil Rhody here. My question to you is:

Do you get as excited as I do when someone or something from our state ends up on national TV or on a website like this that's viewed by millions?

Every time I see one of your videos pop up on here I'm always very happy to see it. Thanks for entertaining us and thanks for being an understanding gentleman.

A:

Pete you are one of the people my wife has told me she would leave me for. Your portrayal as batman is one of the best I've ever seen. Since rumor has it that Ben Affleck wants out what are the chances we see you take up the role in the Justice League future movies?


Q:
  1. What are each of your personal favorite host segments?

  2. Is the lab in good hands with Felicia Day and Patton Oswalt?

A:

How much are you charging for your textbooks? Do you feel any responsibility for the punishing cost of higher education?


Q:

what were your symptoms?

A:

Drug and sex trafficking go hand and hand. Traffickers use drug addiction as a way to control victims. Traffickers will sell the drugs, and when they have no more drug product, they will sell a child, over and over.


Q:

I'll take that as a compliment. Thank-you. 😊

A:

It's going to be awhile before we find an oxygen rich atmosphere. JWST launch in fall 2018, so we will have to wait to try until sometime after that. It turns out some oxygen-rich atmospheres might exist that are not created by life, so to associate oxygen will require care. I hope we will be able to find, identify, and announce in a few years! --SS


Q:

grandma:There's a lot of people who never knew about our situation. A lot of people didn't know about it like my neighbor. Whenever I mentioned "camp" she thought I meant summer camp.

great aunt: That was the guy on star trek right? I noticed him because they finally got an Asian guy and I used to watch Star Trek. I think I saw wevery one in a while in the Pacific Citizen he would say something. One time he came to the Crocker Art Museum and I was like "oh well there he is"

young aunt: well they don't know about social media. So if they don't ever use social media they don't know him.

great aunt:I'm not a gopher. I just want to lean back and let everyone else do the work

grandma: Maybe if i was an advocate of something. But no one is going to listen to me now

A:

yes... im human. never trust someone who doesnt


Q:

Ha! I'll tell you what, get your certificate over to KnowBe4 with a copy of this thread and I'll make sure that I sign it personally.

A:

I am a big cheerleader for Rhode Island, and I am delighted with any favorable publicity for our great state. I think we have an extraordinary quality of life here. and we should all be very grateful.


Q:

hahahaha, zero. i like muffins too much!

but i'm honored, and don't worry, you put on a batsuit your wife will see it's mostly the mask she loves :)

A:

RE: host segments, mine is the Rat Pack Chess set. I'm a big fan of both of Patton and Felicia. The lab is in good hands. -Frank


Q:

Prices for textbooks are set by publishers, not authors. Since textbooks are often required for classes, publishers can often charge higher prices for them. You can go to Amazon to see how much publishers charge for the books I have written.

A:

I had all the classic Hodgkins symptoms as well as a few more serious ones, as the tumours grew.

  • Swollen, lumpy armpits/groin.
    *Night-sweats - I'd have to get up at night and change my PJs as well as the towel under me
    *Sudden, inexplicable weight-loss
    *Fatigue
    *Wracking, perpetual cough
    *Anaemia
    *Fevers or chills
    *Itchiness in my legs and arms
    *Constant chest infections
    *Shortness of breath when walking short distances or climbing steps

Q:

This is Morgan, a reporter on the series. One of the pimps we interviewed put it this way: "It's like free money. You don't gotta re-up. If you sell drugs, you gotta pay for the drugs at a wholesale and then go back and stack yo' money. If you selling sex, that's something that you don't gotta re-up on."

A:

Hey, absolutely congrats on being here to host this AMA.

Seeing your "Ask literally anything, it doesnt matter if... (etc.)" I am curious about the PTSD.

I tried googling PTSD as a result of cancer and it seemed to be a fuzzy topic. Some people seemed to claim it was just stress and bad memories while others had an acute reaction based on one event (such as the diagnosis).

As an interested party, can you inform me about PTSD in regards to sickness and Cancer? PTSD is usually tied to a specific event, so I am curious what would trigger this during a prolonged ordeal.


Q:

What is the protocol if you do find any signs of life on any of the exoplanets?

A:

Thank you for doing this. I had grandparents also at Amache. Unfortunately, my grandmother passed away in 2015 and grandfather passed away last July. I never had an opportunity to ask them about their experiences and, to be honest, worried that it wasn't something they would want to talk about. What would you recommend for yonseis who want to learn from their remaining nisei relatives and make sure this experience isn't forgotten by future generations? How should that conversation start?


Q:

There's definitely a theme of dealing with mental health issues in your film. Is this something you've dealt with personally?

A:

On a scale of 1-10, how paranoid are you on a regular basis?


Q:

Hi from the UK! Do you think the presence of cameras in the court changes how people behave?

A:

When are you going to be on Doug Loves Movies again? Miss you in there with TJ, Bert, and Garlin! Keep it Crispy


Q:

Will you guys ever make it to seattle? And how does carolina feel about parquet floors?

A:

Hi professor,

What role does class play in race relations?

Have you ever experienced an uncomfortable situation/setting when discussing your research or race in general with a group ? Thanks


Q:

It might be a stupid question, but I actuaöly don't know a single person who has/had cancer... how did you find out you had cancer? What are the symptoms? What made you go to the doctors office? (because obviously not everyone just calls up the doc to check for cancer...) What was the one thing that made you think "uh oh.. Sth is not right..."

A:

This information is from a training I created to introduce the basics of child sex trafficking to organizations and individuals.


Q:

Hi there! Thank you :) I hope my answer helps inform you a bit because before it happened to me, I didn't ever know someone with cancer etc. could develop PTSD as a result.

There's no information on it and cancer together that I could ever find by Googling, but I'm living proof. Even I didn't believe it at first because "only vets and victims of trauma get that" - but cancer is a trauma. Like spending months at war and coming home. There'll be moments from those months that fuck you up. You can't forget them, you close your eyes and you're there again, crying, scared, lost and panicking like fuck.

My formative years as an adult revolved around chemo and death and sickness, so I'd imagine that was also a factor. It was kind of all I knew. Left school, rolled up to the chemotherapy ward. Then I was released to the big bad world with no education, no college place, no more friends, no job, nothing to go home to but my family and myself.

Smells, sounds, "trigger words", being in hospitals, cancer on TV - all of these things had the ability to bring on crippling panic attacks anytime, anywhere at the drop of a hat.

For instance, I was visiting a friend once and we were all laughing, joking etc. I was really stoned which at the time meant no flashbacks, usually. We were watching some show and someone mentioned a bone marrow biopsy. Straight away like a cutaway scene from Family Guy, I was back on an operating table with a doctor shoving a biopsy needle into my hipbone. I excused myself from the room and sobbed in the toilet while trying not to vomit until my boyfriend came and got me to go home.

This was constant. Depression took hold and I stopped leaving the house unless I had to or I was with my boyfriend. Or stoned. (Weed helped a lot, I would credit it for pulling me out of my funk as much as my anti-depressants. )

I couldn't let go of the idea of being sick. It consumed me. I clung to it because it was the only "real" thing about me. I replayed scenes over and over in my head until I wanted to bleach my brain clean. I developed hypochondriac tendencies. A cough or a pain was enough to send me running back to the doctor again.

One day, I told my GP everything I'd been feeling and she told me it was PTSD. Had me referred to a therapist who has been brilliant from day one. After extensive counselling, I've been able to let it go.

No more flashbacks, no more crying in public places, no more smashing dishes when someone on TV has cancer. It's all g.

A:

We do not yet have a protocol. Most likely we will make a tentative discovery, that will take longer to confirm. SS


Q:

granddaughter here: Honestly I'm not sure. My grandma has always talked about her experience. It was mixed in with other stories about life in general. She also refers to everything as "before camp" and "after camp" so it had a pretty big impact on her life.

I recommend asking questions. That's how we recently got my great aunt to start talking about it.

I would also highly recommend visiting the camps. I went to Tule Lake and Manzanar with my grandmother when I was a teenager and going to the places brought back lots of memories and opened up whole new sets of questions and stories that weren't told before.

Shameless plug. Right now the National Parks Service is deciding what to do with Tule Lake, the camp where my grandma was incarcerated. You can put in your comments on what you would like to happen to the camps. I highly recommend submitting comments that Tule Lake should be preserved for future generations so we don't ever forget.

A:

There have been moments where I've questioned my mental state... haven't gone too far down that road but I think it's beyond interesting to try to empathize and deal with people who are dealing with those.


Q:

I wouldn't call it paranoid, skeptical is a better word. It depends on the situation. Let's go with a 6.

A:

For the most part, court proceedings proceed in the same fashion with or without the cameras, however as always there are a few who think they are on a stage and act accordingly.


Q:

we need to bug doug about this!! #BUGDOUG

A:

You say parquet, I say butter. -Frank

Parquet floors? At first indifferent, but now strongly opinionated. - Carolina


Q:
  1. Among sociologists, it is commonly believed that social class can change racial dynamics. For example, a wealthy person may feel less discrimination than a working class person.

  2. Yes. I think a lot of academic feel uncomfortable talking about race. But we work hard at trying to be professional when discussing sensitive topics.

A:

Not a stupid question at all! :)

Well I was consistently sick for a year and deteriorating rapidly. Spent 16+ hours a day asleep. I had all the B symptoms of Hodgkins which I listed somewhere else here. Every cancer has different symptoms but a lot of them overlap like lumps, weightloss and fatigue.

I asked my then-doctor what was wrong so, so many times. Over 20 GP visits in 8 months. And she kept bullshitting me with things like anaemia, low vitamin D levels and eventually she told me I was making it up in my head and being "over dramatic" (her words) so I stopped asking.

I got a real bad chest infection the end of August 2013. I still had it two weeks later. I woke up at 4AM and was coughing so hard I couldn't breathe. It felt like my lung had collapsed. I asked my mother to call an ambulance but she convinced me to wait til 9 and see my GP.

I had a different doctor that day, and thank God. Something felt different this time - I was really fucked up that day, grey in the face and panting when I walked. She sent me to casualty after listening to my lungs. Four hours in casualty later and I was put on a ward, in a bed, and being told nothing about what was wrong.

The next day they told me they suspected it, and I just knew in my heart they were right. The rest is history.


Q:

Hi from a reporter on the project -- the penalties for people who buy sex in Texas are currently the same for those who sell sex. Buyers can also be charged with prostitution; if there's any indication they may have had sex with a minor, they could also be charged with trafficking. When it comes to the offense of prostitution, Texas lawmakers have attempted to make the penalties higher for buyers than for sellers, but they've been unsuccessful so far.

Many argue that sellers are in general punished more harshly than buyers because police tend to go after sellers more. It's also easier for law enforcement to go after sellers; to do a "reverse sting," where police pretend to be sellers in order to catch buyers, can be more complicated and time-consuming.

A:

On a personal level what are since of your favorite films?


Q:

If you do find signs of life will it be a top priority to inform the public?

A:

Hi! think I'm late... :(

I'm from Brazil, the country that has the biggest japanese colony. Here our grandparents were forbiden to give a japanese name to their children, to teach japanese in schools and other mild things.
But an interesting thing happened after the end of the war. Part of the community didn't believe in the defeat of Japan, they were so nacionalists that they thought that Japan was unbeatable and hiroshima and nagasaki was surreal at the time. Therefore they thought that the newspapers were lying, and that Japan actually won the war.
They formed a nacionalist group, called themselves kachigumi (winners), that encourage it's members to kill people that accepted the defeat, the makegumi (defeatist, or dirty hearts). How the japanese community in your country received the news about the defeat? And I wonder if your grandparents still have ties with relatives in Japan, here we lost all the connections with the japanese relatives, wich I think is sad.


Q:

Josh! Favorite 80's movie?

A:

What was the most sensitive/surprising information you found out?


Q:

Hi from Bangalore, India. Love your show. When are you going to run for President?

A:

Did gamefly ever pay you?


Q:

Frank, I have your book "Twenty Five MST3K Flims That Changed My Life in No Way Whatsoever" and enjoy it very much - so what MST3K film did change your life? (And to make it more difficult "Manos" doesn't count, because we all know you changed the course of world history by finding that stinkburger.)

A:

What is government's proper role in race relations? Has government done more to help or hurt our progress towards unity and understanding?


Q:

Are there different odds of it coming back? All the best to you tho man!

A:

Texas and Federal Law have felon charges for Trafficking in Persons and Child Sex Trafficking. These charges can result in as much as 25 years in prison. In Texas victims can also file a civil case against their trafficker.


Q:

Oooh! Pulp Fiction, The Virgin Suicides, Ondine, Silver Linings Playbook, Juno, 50/50 (a cancer movie but they did it right), The Wolf of Wall Street, Natural Born Killers, The Breakfast Club, Girl Interrupted, The Little Mermaid, Trainspotting, Whip It, Clueless, Inglorious Basterds, The Wind That Shakes The Barley, The Great Gatsby...

I could go on but I have dozens 😂 I'll watch anything and I love horror, thrillers etc., but soft, nostalgic, Sofia Coppola-esque movies will always be my favourites.

A:

It's part of our charter that NASA "provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning its activities and the results thereof," so, yes, we would inform the public. -- Stephanie

Here's a link to the charter: https://www.nasa.gov/offices/ogc/about/space_act1.html


Q:

grandma: I'm sure we were happy because it would mean we would finally leave camp because the war was over. For some thing Tule Lake had more pro-japanese people than other camps. that's why most of us were in Tule Lake. We were there because we were all from Sacramento. We went from Walerga to Tule Lake. There were a lot of people in there because they were pro-Japan. Very few though.

granddaughter: Weren't you also no-no though?

grandma: yeah i was no-no. but that's not how i felt. I wasn't going to send my parents back to japan where they didn't know what the conditions are. Just because they are japanese doesn't mean they'd be okay there. In other words we would be going just to protect them. Make sure bad things don't happen to them.

A:

Lost Boys


Q:

That a federal judge in northern California had an intercept on his line. I would check to see if any of my friends had a tap on their lines and stumbled upon the fact that a judge had one on his line.

A:

As a young boy I was told that we all had equal opportunity in the United States, and that through hard work and perseverance, we can be anything even President. I did get involved in politics, and in my early 20's was elected into the Providence City Council. Thereafter, I ran for the Mayor of Providence and was defeated. So, I guess my aspirations to be President were some what unrealistic.


Q:

hahaha. yes! ALL THE GAMES!

A:

No MST3K film changed my life. But meeting with and working with the cast and crew of MST3K did change my life. -Frank


Q:

When the state ensures the protection of all people in society, it is a great help. When the state is asked to choose and pick certain people, then it can be problematic.

A:

The odds of my cancer coming back in the same place, same manner are virtually none.

If I'm gonna get it again it'll most probably be somewhere else. Which is both comforting and terrifying, but hey - variety is the spice of life.

Thanks dude!


Q:

Hi from one of the reporters on this project -- there is definitely a movement to decriminalize sex work, and some make the argument that doing so would help reduce incidents of trafficking and make it easier to catch traffickers. This movement has not made a lot of traction in Texas, but a lot trafficking victims' advocacy groups have argued that law enforcement should at the very least be going after sex buyers, rather than sex sellers. They say arresting people who sell sex only gives them a criminal record or jail time that will make it harder for them to get legitimate work. The state also has some diversion programs for people charged with prostitution, though usually their records would only be wiped clean if they discontinue sex work and follow some other standards (like stay drug-free, etc.)

A:

What were the odds of a positive outcome for you?


Q:

that was your chance to use the phrase "prime directive" in a serious way, you blew it

A:

Where were you incarcerated? How old were you when you were released? What types of discrimination did you face when you were released?


Q:

Hi Josh,

You got second class treatment from Rosemary Telesco and continued with Katniss Everdeen. Does it hurt your feelings?

A:

[deleted]


Q:

Hello your Honor. If you could, what is one thing, about the judiciary system that you would change?

A:

Hi Pete! Did you really walk in on your wife cheating? If not, how did you discover she was having an affair?

Love youuu! Congrats on everything!


Q:

It's truly amazing how big the concept of riffing movies has gotten, considering it was basically nonexistent when you guys started

A:

In one of your answers, you briefly touched upon the fact that mass incarceration affects African Americans and Latinos disproportionately. How much of this is due to culture, as opposed to some vague idea of institutional racism?

For instance, 72% of African American children grow up in single parent households. Statistically, single parent households are among the poorest demographics regardless of race, and it's been shown that there exists a correlation between poverty and increased crime rates.

I'd be very interested to hear your thoughts, since (from what I can tell) society at large would rather ignore what I just said and focus on what everyone else can hand out to those who feel oppressed.

I apologize in advance if I come across as inflammatory. If I did, it wasn't my intention.


Q:

So if you get cancer again, its legit just bad ass luck.

A:

Based on my years of working with men and women in sex work, I have not meet one person who choose to sell themselves. No little boy or girl says I want to be a sex worker when they grow up. Ever person I've worked with in sex work where brought into it either by force, fraud, manipulation, or desperation.


Q:

Because I was so young and "mentally fragile" at the time, nobody would ever give me a straight answer on that one in case I had a second emotional breakdown. Instead they used flowery language and dressed it up to make me think I had a really good chance.

For example, if I asked the odds I would get "your cancer has the highest odds of survival out of every kind!" instead of "in stage 4 cases, the odds of survival drop from 90% to 65%."

Due to my lung tumour, I would imagine I had a 50/50 chance.

I must ask my oncologist the next time I see her!

Also, Hodgkin Lymphoma does actually have the highest cure rate of any cancer - 90% in the first two stages, 80% in the third and anywhere from 65% below in the fourth.

A:

LOL, we don't have a "prime directive," but we do have Planetary Protection policy. It's sort of like the prime directive, but very real. Basically, we don't want to go looking for life only to find that we brought it with us from Earth. Read more here: https://planetaryprotection.nasa.gov/ -- Stephanie


Q:

Tule Lake. Well first I went to Walerga temporary detention center

18.

I didn't because I went right back to Japan town. There was no discrimination there. My parents bought a house for me and my sister and they lived in an apartment across the street. [My parents] rented out space in the house for isseis (first generation Japanese Americans) so they had a place to stay. My mother cooked for them. I think my parents did a good job. I am very proud of what they did.

A:

hahaha.... life imitates art...


Q:

No, I wasn't interested. My goal was to determine that my communications were secure for self preservation.

A:

In my judgement, the judicial system in Rhode Island, ranks among the best in the country.


Q:

no, but that's what it felt like! really she took me to dinner, got my a glass of wine or two and then told me on the bed, where we had all our serious talks. yikes. this one is sad. BONERS!!! BONERS ON CLOWNS!!

A:

RE: deep sadness. Santa Claus vs. The Martians. -Trace


Q:

We know from research on the penal system that race correlates with harsher charges for similar infractions (see Rehavi and Starr's work, for example), often correlates with longer sentences for similar convictions, and so forth. This suggests that at least some the variance in criminal justice outcomes might be due to systematic differences in how people are treated.

A:

Yeah, that or shitty genes. Cancer is rampant on my mother's side of the family.

My dad's side is all fine tho, so I'm hoping the first bout of cancer was the cruddy genes and the rest of my life will be dictated by the good ones.

This is completely unrealistic and impossible but hey, a gal can dream.


Q:

Besides not prosecuting victims, any other methods or practices LE can utilize?

A:

Are there different odds of it coming back? All the best to you tho man!


Q:

So do you call it the prime directive internally? Please?

A:

Wow, so cool that they owned 2 homes so that they could help others! How many first generation Japanese Americans did your family host? Did new people come in as the other ones left (kinda like a typical bed & breakfast), or did they mainly rent it out to just one family for a really long time?


Q:

Hi Josh!

You and I went to the same school, and you even lived in the same neighborhood as some of my close friends. We’ve never met because you always looked like you wanted privacy and I wanted to respect that, plus I’m a shy person who wouldn’t have known what to say. I’ve always wondered if you felt like you sort of missed out on your high-school experience, and if that impacted you on a social and mental level.

I’m trying to pursue my dream of becoming a published author, but sometimes I just feel like it’s never going to happen and that I’ll never be successful in the only thing that I’m passionate about. What advice would you give to someone who’s been told over and over again to give up their dream and focus on a more practical plan for their life?

Thanks for doing this AMA! It’s really awesome seeing someone from Union doing what they love!

A:

I just want to thank you for your business card. Sadly I locked myself out of my house one day and had to take it apart in order to use the picks to break in.

In short you helped me break into a house and got me laid.

Where can I get more of your cards?


Q:

Some of the traffic violations you have been in the favor of the defendant since the signage was wrong or confusing. Do those issues get resolved after? The overnight parking ban is a matter of 3-4 hours. Seems silly, can we get rid of it?!

A:

Petey! First of all I would like to say that I love you and I think you are one of the most beautiful souls on this earth. You have inspired me, given me joy and happiness, and sometimes when I'm down on life YMIW has lifted me up out of those times. You talk a lot about how you learned to worry less about things and say yes more and you're quote "live it up, we all die one day" is one I repeat to myself almost daily. I'm wondering, how did you learn to believe this and apply it to your daily life? I struggle with it myself and am curious to how it happened for you. Thanks for being weird :) oh! Also I saw you at the Gramercy the other night at the first show and I laughed so hard I couldn't audibly laugh anymore, so thanks for that first in my life.


Q:

Love the podcast and hope to see you live soon. Did you guys discuss how much the podcast would focus on good vs. bad movies? I like how much of it is positive despite your background in snark.

A:

How good or bad do you think race relations are now compared to the last 50 years? What makes today's race relations unique from other eras throughout history?


Q:

What advice would you give to relatives/people of those who have cancer?

A:

LE needs to be victim centered when interactive with victims. Think about the victim as someones daughter or son. What would you want for your child if they where a victim? Don't make promises you can not keep, be straight forward, victims can detect when you are not being straight with them, and they will shut down. Don't ever expect a "Disney Moment" it's about the victim first.


Q:

The odds of my cancer coming back in the same place, same manner are virtually none.

If I'm gonna get it again it'll most probably be somewhere else. Which is both comforting and terrifying, but hey - variety is the spice of life.

Thanks dude!

A:

For me personally, inside my brain, sure. :) I guess that's very "internal." -- Stephanie


Q:

I, the granddaughter, can answer most of this question. They hosted a lot of single men that would work in the farms and send money to their families. They did this before and after the war. New people came in as other ones left and my grandma and her siblings would cook the food and clean the rooms.

A:

I think that going for something different in life is for sure the most important thing to do... FUCK THE HATERS!

Only you can stop yourself from going for it.

that should be on an inspirational cat poster...


Q:

Wow! I better raise the price of my cards!

A:

When signage is defective, the bureau of prosecution reports the issue to the traffic engineer.

The overnight parking ban was originally created to allow the streets to be swept by street sweepers. This is no longer the case. However, there is an issue with some narrow streets, which would block emergency vehicles from entering.


Q:

thank you for all these kind words! so nice to hear!

that's a tricky one. i try to live with an appreciation for impermanence (a very buddhist thing, if you're curious) -- meaning, we die, let's live! but i struggle with it, too. for every day i can go out and smile and meet people and have exciting experiences, there's probably a day out there somewhere where i just played video games or watched a movie alone. so it's a daily practice. i keep telling myself to rememeber so one day it will become second nature. let's LIVE IT UP! <3

A:

A lot of it depends on which movie came out that week. If it's good, it's good. If it's bad, we shit on it. -Frank

We're fair. -Carolina

And I like that we don't always agree. -Trace

Agreed. -Frank & Carolina

... -Trace


Q:

Great question - see above! Much better, but we have a lot of work to do.

A:

During treatment: don't smother them. They're the same person, they just happen to have a tumour. Nothing else has changed. If they need help then they will ask. Trust them to make their own decisions, including on support groups, treatment courses etc. Trying to dictate everything feels like you're taking away the last bit of freedom cancer left behind.

Try to keep them busy. Idle hands are the Devil's work, and so is an idle mind IMO. Chemo is boring, staying at home all day is boring, being sick is boring. Get them Netflix and nice blankets, puzzle books, video games, whatever it is that'll give them something to look forward to on the nights where they can't sleep. There'll be plenty.

If they need to scream/cry/rant, let them. Don't try to soothe them if they're having a rage about cancer - it's therapeutic, and no one will ever understand it exactly like they do.

Always, always ALWAYS visit them in the hospital if they're in for a long-term stay. My town was 40 mins from the hospital and I spent so long wishing more people would visit. :(

Post-treatment: don't expect the world. Let them take their time. If they say they're not up for drinks at the bar etc., don't be mad because "hey, they beat cancer months ago, they're fine!" That's not cool.

If you think they might be depressed, encourage them to see a professional. Mental health post-cancer can really take a nosedive if it's not taken care of properly.

And most importantly, don't take any of it personally. If the person was snippy/upset one day, demand an apology because they're being an asshole and then brush it off.

PS: Don't forget to take care of yourself either! It's hard having a relative or loved one who's going through this. My mother struggled a lot when I was sick and it hurt me to see her in pain. Self-love, seeing a support group or a therapist, and taking care of your own needs is v v v important. :)


Q:

Hi there -- unfortunately, we couldn't get further details on exactly what Yvette offered as a part of the plea deal, and those are not public records. We do know that her pimp was not arrested until several months after she was.

A:

So if you get cancer again, its legit just bad ass luck.


Q:

If life is discovered on any of these exoplanets, How long would it probably take from time of discovery to an actual announcement to the public? Would that time differ depending on the types of life found? Would it take longer to disclose sentient beings than it would to disclose microbial life?

A:

I just find this AMA really facisnating. My girlfriend's grandma was also incarcerated for being Japanese. She's 90 also lived in japan town... SF? Not sure if that's the same one but very interesting.


Q:

What are the kind of things you learned while working your blockbuster role in "The Hunger Games Trilogy"?

A:

can you hack my wife's texts so i can find out if she's cheating on me with brett?


Q:

Hello your Honor, Can you tell us about any cases where you saw the defendant years later? And if they did or did not turn their lives around, how so?

Thank you, I love the show. You are so down to earth and sensible even when dealing with the biggest knuckleheads.

A:

Hi Petey Pants! First, I wanted to say thank you for the amount of joy you bring to my existence. Nothing makes me laugh more than re-listening to you and Bert Kreisher belt out some Celine and Kesha. I actually signed my divorce papers this Friday and watching Crashing last night, well, it put everything into perspective. I just wanted to know how you stayed positive after the big D?


Q:

Thinking about your episode on Ed Wood (and your careers in general,) it's prettt obvious that movies as a medium are particularly special to you guys. So my question is simply- why? What is it about movies that has compelled you for all these years?

Another question for Frank in particular, are you planning on doing anymore essays or blog on a regular basis? I enjoyed your book but that old blog you had on Cinematic Titanic just sticks with me as one of my favorite things you've ever done- especially pieces like "Wonderful Horrible" or "It Was a Very Good Year." Thanks for the ama!!!

A:

What's a book that's easy to comprehend that you recommend for someone who is new to sociology?


Q:

How has your attitude and general perspective during daily life changed after having come so close to death?

A:

Traffickers do not care about the victim's age. As long as they can sell the victim than age is not a factor. The main factor is this life is destroys the human body, and ages a person. Traffickers use drugs to control victims, they keep them awake for days, meals are scarce and when they do eat its cheap fast food. After time the victim is no longer marketable, and is either discarded or sold.


Q:

Yeah, that or shitty genes. Cancer is rampant on my mother's side of the family.

My dad's side is all fine tho, so I'm hoping the first bout of cancer was the cruddy genes and the rest of my life will be dictated by the good ones.

This is completely unrealistic and impossible but hey, a gal can dream.

A:

That is a great question and something that has been thought about a lot by many different organizations. There is a great article on this by SETI scientist Dr Duncan Forgan https://arxiv.org/abs/1605.02947 which looks at many different scenarios in the age of 24 hour news and social media - HW


Q:

There was a Japan town in Sacramento and that's where my grandma lived. There's only a couple left - LA, SF, San Jose, and Seattle I believe.

After they were evacuated others took over the buildings and many were unable to return to their homes after the war.

Then governments built freeways and other sorts of projects through the middle of them. After most Japanese folks settled in a different area of town, the government decided to build a freeway straight through it.

A:

TEAMWORK. we had massive crews and it is not possible without all that.


Q:

Brett already paid me to keep quiet

A:

An aggressive panhandler appeared before me more than 20 times, and I told him that if he continued I would have no choice but to send him to jail. I did not see him for one year thereafter. One day, I encountered him on a downtown street and he came running up to me, thanking me profusely for changing his life. Happily, I asked him how I changed his life and he replied: "I now take the train to Boston and panhandle outside of South Station and make 3 times more than as I was making in Providence."


Q:

that's a big one. you have to allow yourself to grieve and process that heartbreak. and it may be quick and it may be long. but allow it and love yourself through it. it's normal and you'll be okay. dive in.

then, slowly you'll see that every moment is a new opportunity to start again. we are swimming in infinite possibilites and your heart will soften. you'll laugh quicker, and, if you keep an eye out, you'll find joy has been there the whole time. joseph campbell says "joyfully participate in the sorrows of this world." with practice, we can!

A:

Thank you for the kind words. I have more books in the works, with one being published next month. Details TBS. -Frank


Q:

Great question! I might recommend some of Malcolm Gladwell's books. I may not agree with everything he has written, but he is great at explaining social science, and sociology in particular, in a way that is accessible. I might also recommend a book like Six Degrees of Separation or Connected, which presents social network analysis (an important part of sociology) in an accessible way. Matt Desmond's Evicted is a nice example of recent work that explores the effect of poverty on people, focusing on housing.

A:

Honestly? It hasn't really, aside from a healthy dose of empathy and humility.

Everyone expects you to come out the other side with the scales fallen from your eyes. You've been given another chance, don't waste it! Appreciate every day! etc.

The reality is a lot bleaker. Between dealing with the fallout of the illness both physically and emotionally, and trying to rejoin civilization after months of isolation and hospital corridors, there isn't a lot of room for new perspectives. Not when you're trying to rebuild your old ones.

Today, three years post-chemo fog, I can say that the only way my perspective has permanently changed is through empathy. I am much more empathetic than I was before. I donate to charities regularly(especially the ones that helped me!), help anyone that needs help, listen to anyone that needs it without judgement etc.. We're not gonna be here for long, so why be a dickhead to people who are already struggling?


Q:

Do you have any statistics as to how prevalent sex trafficking is in Texas?

A:

What advice would you give to relatives/people of those who have cancer?


Q:

How long would it take with current technology to get to this solar system? Assuming it's a good few hundred years, what is the next step in finding out what's going on there?

A:

What sorts of things did you do to make life "easier" in the concentration camps? Do you have any stories of creative things people did to organize events / build community?


Q:

hey josh! the other night i was really high and felt like i was you. did you feel it too?

EDIT: okay guys this was fun but im clearly not actually dave franco, im a 23 year old canadian girl with evidently too much time on her hands. i have zero affiliation with dave franco and honestly don't know much about him this /u/ just happened to be open three years ago... anyway thanks for the 15 minutes (7 hours? idk) of fame.... but my watch has ended

EDIT 2: josh im sorry for hijacking your ama i love you lots bye

A:

Can you use visual basic to create a GUI Interface to track the killers IP?


Q:

Good morning, Judge Caprio! Love your show.

Massachusetts and Rhode Island drivers sometimes rank as the worst in the nation. What common 'driving culture' misbehavior(s) would you correct to most improve New England driving?

Edit: 'sticking your nose out so you block traffic, just so you can turn sooner' drives me nuts.

A:

Was that Doug Benson who yelled "my wife" when you were bombing in the premiere?

Huge fan and weirdo!!! Thanks for all the laughter!


Q:

First off thank you for everything! I havent heard of Movie Sign with the Mads but it is now on my list.

If you all had a superpower what would you want it be? And would you use the powers for good or evil?

A:

Thank you so much!


Q:

Do you live in the USA? Are you or your family in a load debt? Do you have pain daily? Did you ever want to just pull the plug?

A:

2007 to 2015 the Polaris Project National Human Trafficking Resource Hotline received 1,024 calls of Human Trafficking in Texas. These calls have generated 307 criminal cases in Texas this year. 832 Texas victims were identified, with 198 of the victims calling the hotline themselves for help. 2012 to 2015 - 263 south central foster youth were flagged as potential victims of sex trafficking; 48 were confirmed victims. 2013 FBI & NCMEC reported more than 7,000 U.S. children were victims of commercial sexual exploitation. 25% of the victims were from Texas. FBI & NCMEC reported that 67% of the victims were runaways from foster care when they were victimized. In 2015, NCMEC received 11,800 reports of endangered missing youth; 74% were missing foster youth; 1 in 5 were human trafficking victims. 2016 - 51 south center Texas children were confirmed victims of sex trafficking. 2016 the Polaris Project National Human Trafficking Resource Hotline has received 11,220 calls of Human Trafficking in Texas. These calls generated 2,575 criminal cases in Texas and identified 6,521 Texas victims. 2017 University of Texas Austin announced they had completed a two-year study finding that there are approximately 79,000 juvenile victims of sex trafficking in Texas. Pimps can earn approximately $632,000 per year by selling 4 youth or children into pornography & prostitution. The victims are sold 5-6 times per night, 7 days a week, which totals over 2,000 sex acts per year. Nationally, child porn is a $3 billion annual industry, with 55% coming from the internet.


Q:

During treatment: don't smother them. They're the same person, they just happen to have a tumour. Nothing else has changed. If they need help then they will ask. Trust them to make their own decisions, including on support groups, treatment courses etc. Trying to dictate everything feels like you're taking away the last bit of freedom cancer left behind.

Try to keep them busy. Idle hands are the Devil's work, and so is an idle mind IMO. Chemo is boring, staying at home all day is boring, being sick is boring. Get them Netflix and nice blankets, puzzle books, video games, whatever it is that'll give them something to look forward to on the nights where they can't sleep. There'll be plenty.

If they need to scream/cry/rant, let them. Don't try to soothe them if they're having a rage about cancer - it's therapeutic, and no one will ever understand it exactly like they do.

Always, always ALWAYS visit them in the hospital if they're in for a long-term stay. My town was 40 mins from the hospital and I spent so long wishing more people would visit. :(

Post-treatment: don't expect the world. Let them take their time. If they say they're not up for drinks at the bar etc., don't be mad because "hey, they beat cancer months ago, they're fine!" That's not cool.

If you think they might be depressed, encourage them to see a professional. Mental health post-cancer can really take a nosedive if it's not taken care of properly.

And most importantly, don't take any of it personally. If the person was snippy/upset one day, demand an apology because they're being an asshole and then brush it off.

PS: Don't forget to take care of yourself either! It's hard having a relative or loved one who's going through this. My mother struggled a lot when I was sick and it hurt me to see her in pain. Self-love, seeing a support group or a therapist, and taking care of your own needs is v v v important. :)

A:

No technology yet to get to this new planetary system. Fledgling efforts, however, are underway to consider how to send tiny spacecraft to the nearest star which has one known planet. https://breakthroughinitiatives.org/Initiative/3 SS


Q:

great aunt: Whatever you do when you're 15 or 16. You go to school. We just kind of hung around and I don't know. I'd go over to my friend's place.

grandma: Did you live in the same block?

great aunt: We met in high school and we lived in separate blocks. During the winter when it was snowing we'd just see each other in school and then go home and do homework. They used to have dances and we used to go.

(granddaughter: lol sorry the answer to this question is so short. We got interrupted by the news that the Kings traded away Cousins. My family are hardcore Kings fans.)

A:

Wait... was that monday?? I felt something then...


Q:

No need, it's already been done.

Fun fact, when I had my role on the show Alias I was still on probation and not allowed to use a computer. For my scene with a computer I had a prop computer with a monitor that was being operated remotely to follow my actions.

A:

I have found that early childhood education, including safety on the highways, would be the most appropriate way to address this issue.


Q:

hahaha, no but i wish it had been!

A:

I don't know. But I would NOT BE EVIL. -Carolina

The power to answer rhetorical questions. -Frank


Q:

You are welcome!

A:

I am Irish so no, I was covered by the Medical Card - I guess it's like Obamacare. I would have died otherwise because I'm from a low-income family.

No pain anymore. When I was sick I was in constant pain that was usually solved with codeine and Valium. Many blissed-out afternoons spent watching cartoons and drooling on myself.

And yeah, a couple of times I wanted to rip out the IV and call it a day. But I didn't have the luxury of it, so I ambled bravely onward.


Q:

On a personal level, what are since our your favorite films?

A:

How has your attitude and general perspective during daily life changed after having come so close to death?


Q:

Hello, and congratulations and thank you for this discovery! You people are doing amazing work. I have 2 questions for you.

  1. Do we know what kind of a gravity compared to Earth or Mars appears on those 3 planets that could have water in them?

  2. Can we expect to have the technology in the next 20-30 years that we could for see for sure that there would be life in those planets in form of vegetation?

A:

DI'd you have enough to eat? How were the conditions in the camp? We're they as bad as the German camps?


Q:

How do you go about choosing a script that you want to work on, both for this project and other professional work?

A:

What would you say to teens that are into hacking? Are the consequences now worse than when you were phreaking? What projects should they channel their energy to?


Q:

Hi Judge! Thank you for embracing the media and public! I've got a few questions, so thank you for your patience :)

  1. What is the most memorable experience while doing your TV show?
  2. You have such a good heart bringing those kids to sit with you. Has any kid told you he or she wants to be a lawyer?
  3. What motivated you to go into law when you were younger?

Thank you again judge!

A:

I absolutely love your chase bank phone conversation bit! My mom, husband and I are constantly saying "This is SHE" we cracked up so much the first time we heard it! Do you have any other hilarious ways to go about talking to telemarketers?


Q:

Hello Sirs.. Ever considered riffing Trump speeches and or press conferences by Spicier? Seems like a a healthy amount of royalty-free material for weekly postings? a new youtube channel? "Trumpy does stupid things"?

A:

I read Outliers of his and loved it! If you don't mind me asking, what are some critiques you have of Outliers? I reference it frequently.


Q:

Well god bless your brave soul. I'm a 22 year old male in America and I'm curious, what is the most important thing in life to you, if any one thing?

Are you active? Can you run or play sports?

A:

It may sound cliché, but I am a fan of “Taken”, which is very much fiction. Other favorites are “Facing Giants” and “Courageous”


Q:

Honestly? It hasn't really, aside from a healthy dose of empathy and humility.

Everyone expects you to come out the other side with the scales fallen from your eyes. You've been given another chance, don't waste it! Appreciate every day! etc.

The reality is a lot bleaker. Between dealing with the fallout of the illness both physically and emotionally, and trying to rejoin civilization after months of isolation and hospital corridors, there isn't a lot of room for new perspectives. Not when you're trying to rebuild your old ones.

Today, three years post-chemo fog, I can say that the only way my perspective has permanently changed is through empathy. I am much more empathetic than I was before. I donate to charities regularly(especially the ones that helped me!), help anyone that needs help, listen to anyone that needs it without judgement etc.. We're not gonna be here for long, so why be a dickhead to people who are already struggling?

A:

To answer your second question, in order to see vegetation and any other surface features (e.g. oceans, continents), we’ll need future telescopes beyond JWST that will be able to directly image exoplanets. JWST will observe planets transiting their host stars. Transits are when the planet passes between us and its star, and from these transits, we can observe how gases in the planet’s atmosphere interact with starlight passing through the atmosphere. Unfortunately, this technique doesn’t allow us to see the surfaces of exoplanets. To do that, we’ll need farther future technology that may become available in the coming decades that will allow us to block out the star’s light and observe the planets directly. Examples of these technologies are starlight suppression tools called coronagraphs and starshades. The planets we observe directly with these starlight suppression techniques will not be spatially resolved: they will literally be single points of light, but don’t despair because we can still learn a lot from single points of light! By analyzing the spectrum of colors in these points of light, we can search for signs of interesting gases (like water vapor and gases produced by life called biosignatures), and we can look for temporal changes in the light caused by processes like planetary rotation and seasonal variations. However, the TRAPPIST-1 planets, being so close to their host star, would likely be tricky to directly observe in this way. These starlight suppression technologies fail once you get too close to the star, and so these types of observations would be extremely difficult. Other planetary systems orbiting hotter stars may be detectable with these technologies, though! And on them, we’d be able to search for things like vegetation and other interesting signs of habitability and life. –G.A.


Q:

great aunt:No there's no comparison.

(FYI they're talking about the Nazi camps. There was a POW camp next to Tule Lake, and the folks there were free to roam)

grandma:We always had enough to eat. We never worried about that. You may not get what you want, but we had enough to eat.

great aunt:We always got liver. They used to dump it on us. How many isseis do you know that eat liver? We never had liver our whole life but there you are.

grandma:We had liver but we had a good cook so I ate it. It was edible. I didn't mind.

great aunt:The food was okay. But you had a good cook in the mess hall they would make it japanese-like. In block 7-H the cook used to be an actual cook. So they always had food that was geared towards japanese tastes.

grandma:Everyone always knew who the good cooks were and sometimes people would come to your block to eat. They weren't supposed to.

great aunt:They did the best they could.

grandma:But there was a variety. I enjoyed working at the hospital. I enjoyed working at the cafeteria. Especially the baby food. Every afternoon at 3 pm we had to serve baby food and milk to mothers every afternoon at 2:30 or 3 o'clock. They'd start lining up and we'd feed it to them. Our cook was one of the best. So after the war he cooked for a church so we'd go once a month and eat delicious pancakes at the church. Sometimes there was a sugar shortage. In the winter we'd have to wait outside to get into the mess hall. Sometimes the men would make clogs so we'd wear those. I didn't do this but sometimes people wore them all year long. Sometimes young people would come with friends to the mess hall. You weren't supposed to go to other mess halls but sometimes they would come. My father made sake in the barrack. You weren't supposed to. You'd get the left over rice and make sake out of it.

My sister: Were there any bad incidents?

(My sister is trying to get my grandma to tell the story about how guards came into the barrack and dumped out the sake)

great aunt:I think every camp had one incident. It's just like anything. Sometimes some people ratted you out. People were mad that they didn't get their share of something and they'd rat you out.

my sister:Did you interact with the soliders every day?

great aunt:Oh no they were on the outside. They were in the guard towers. We used to wave to them. In Merced assembly center right on the other side of the barbed wire was grapes. Sometimes people would put knives at the end of a stick and you'd cut off a grape. The guards... they didn't care.

grandma:You weren't supposed to go near the fence and one person did go near the fence and he was shot.

great aunt: We never had any incidents like that. Like I said in Merced they didn't mind. But in Amache it was a desert and it was large so I don't know

grandma: The first day we went to the assembly centers and you went to the bathrooms and it was just a bench with holes and no dividers. Everyone kept peeking in to make sure no one was in there. That was the worst

great aunt: Most of the camps... I can't say that. But in Amache they were pretty civilized. I never heard of anything bad. But if something happened in a far away block maybe I never heard about it.

A:

I want originality. Characters that are bold and have clear voices. i also want to push the boundaries of what reality is.


Q:

Don't follow in my footsteps. Become good at offense using virtual machines and the various toolsets that are available. Learn about development and network administration to get your fundamentals before going directly into security.

The consequences are certainly more severe, and likely will only get worse. This is because of rise in publicity of hacking with public events such as the Russian hacking during the recently election and news around Edward Snowden. What your seeing in the making is a "War on Hacking" to replace the "War on Drugs".

A:

Thank you for your questions!

1) There are too many to list.

2) I had one young lady indicate that she wants to be a judge, and I explained to her that she had to become an attorney first. Other than that, one instance, surprisingly I have not had more children respond as favorable to the law. However, I hope that I have inspired some younger people to enter the legal profession. I don't think I was as persuasive as my father was.

3) My dad was an immigrant from Italy, who came here as a fruit peddler, and like so many others had a hope and a vision that life would be substantially better for his children than it was for him. He told me at an early age, around 7, that I was such a fast talker that I had to be a lawyer and that I could not charge poor people like us. He also told me he couldn't afford to send me to college, but that I had no choice but to find a way to go. I never forgot that, and I never aspired to be anything else in life other than an attorney because of my father's influence. I worked three jobs to put myself through college. After college, I could not afford to go to law school so I taught school in Providence, and drove the 15 miles to Boston to attend law school in the evenings at Suffolk University. To this day, I have never charged poor people.


Q:

hahaha, that's my best advice! I'M IN THE BATHTUB!! :)

A:

That's what Twitter is doing, riffing on Trump. -Trace


Q:

I really enjoy Malcom Gladwell's work, so I don't want to be too harsh, but I think there is more to be said about how to move from average to above average. Very few of us are outliers - by definition!

A:

The most important thing I guess would be being happy in myself. Self-confidence and contentedness with my life take top priority.

Yes, I pole dance as a hobby. I can run and play sports, but I've never been any good at either.

I wasn't physically able for a long time, it took about two years for me to rebuild myself.


Q:

Well... Have you ever occurred to found corruption cases related in your investigations? What has happened when you (or other investigators) bust corrupted cops/deputy/tutors? There was any scandal?

A:

Did you smoke a lot of pot / eat edibles during your chemo?


Q:

Does TRAPPIST-1 itself pose any hazards to the planets like radiation or flares?

A:

How strong was the resentment against white people? I assume grudges were held afterwards, but what was the general feeling once you got out?


Q:

Hello, Josh! As an aspiring filmmaker, I know how tedious making any sort of film can be. What gets you motivated to create? Also, what’s your favorite snack? Cause, duh, snacks are some of the best motivators.

A:

Hey Kevin, thanks for the AMA. What motivated you to go into Hacking and what tools did you start with?


Q:

Last question your Honor, growing up with not a lot of money, did any of your friends take the wrong path? Did you ever see what became of them if so?

A:

Hey Pete. Love the podcast and loved the premier of Crashing.

With all the very talented and funny comedians involved in Crashing, I was curious to know how much of the show is scripted and improvised? In my head I imagine you're given an idea of what's supposed to go on in the scene, and then you guys improv some or all of the dialogue. I was hoping you could maybe provide some clarity on that for me?

Thanks, and keep up the awesome work


Q:

Now that there is a functioning information superhighway, is it more tempting to you today to do thorough background research on a bad movie, in order to generate riffs?

A:

Hello Prof. Rojas! As a fellow academic from Brazil we have now a black movement and a distinctive black aesthetic afirmation which are both mainly centered in black American(USA) culture and social movement simbologism. How do you think relationships work on this national level, do you think that there is a movement of reciprocity? Moreover, what are the effects of this simbolic influence in your opinion? And (last question!) do you feel that we should regain inside the black movement and studies the importance of Ancestrality, African roots and tradicional oral knowlegde? Thank for the great debate proposition, hope i didnt arrive too late! A sincere LatinoAmefrican hug!


Q:

[deleted]

A:

Each investigation I was involved in were joint investigations. These means two or more agencies coordinated efforts to locate, recover, rescue and restore the victim. Whenever we encountered a situation where it appeared there may be inappropriate conduct by a public servant, it was referred to the appropriate oversite agency. Trust is very important. When a public servant betrays the trust, they must be held accountable by whatever system has oversite on them.


Q:

Nope, as weed is illegal here it was difficult for me to get my hands on. I smoked once the entire time and it did nothing for the pain tbh but then again it was hash, not green.

My dad was hellbent on getting me to try cannabis oil, but I refused out of stubbornness.

Today I smoke a lot though, surprisingly enough.

A:

TRAPPIST-1 shows one flare (eruption) every week and a strong one every 6 months. Its X ray activity is not yet very well known and could be also a thread for any life there. But if the planets have an atmosphere and magnetic field this could limit the level of high energy flux. This is still work under investigation to estimate those levels.


Q:

No I didn't hate white people

Sister: did you hate the president?

grandma: No it was 4 years later.

great aunt: I don't know. I was 18.

younger aunt: vWere you mad at the government?

grandma: No

younger aunt: Well did you think your rights were violated?

grandma: I thought it was a violation of my rights of course. I'm an american citizen why would they blame me for what japan did? My parents weren't mad. If they were I'm sure it would've rubbed off on me. My parents never sounded resentful over what happened. It was something that just happened. Shikata ga nai. There's nothing you can do about it. I think it's a good word because why carry your resentment?

I think my dad did very well. We didn't suffer

younger aunt:I don't think they would have told you They didn't even live with you when they got out of camp. So you didn't really see them.

grandma:We never felt desperate. When we came back we had a place in an alley and we had one room and that's how we started.

okay so some background information. There's this common phrase in JA culture kodomono tame ni which means "for the sake of the children". So it's common knowledge that parents didn't show that they were suffering and put on happy faces so that the children didn't hold resentment. My grandma and great aunt were teenagers and young adults around this time. I think that's what my younger aunt was attempting to nail down.

A:

Honestly I think i get inspired when i see a dope movie... like when i saw moonlight i just wanted to go out and create something personal and important.

Also sitting in a restaurant looking around and making up stories about the people...

Snack..... kale. Fuk off kale!! frosted flakes


Q:

What motivated me to get into hacking was because I was involved in phone phreaking and used to pull pranks on my friends. I wanted more control of the systems involved and one thing led to another. My first tool was a telephone, after that was a VT100 terminal and a Hayes 300 baud modem. Remember I started in 1978.

A:

Unfortunately, some of the young men from my neighborhood took a wrong path in life. It's very sad because most of them came from caring, loving, families. Some of them have spent time in prison.


Q:

oh, so much was improvised! we'd shoot the script once or twice, then just let loose. the letting loose takes were most of what we used, at least for the comedy scenes. it was so fun!

A:

We just watch the movie. We proved on the original show that you don't need the internet to have a head full of useless information. -Frank


Q:
  1. The movement for Black freedom has always had an international dimension, from King using Ghandi's nonviolence to Black Power activists appropriating Mao's socialism. Each generation has to figure out for themselves what they can take from the movements of other nations and what they need to develop on their own.

  2. Oral tradition is extremely important, especially in the Diaspora. I would see it as a positive development if Black Studies more fully integrated oral traditions into its repertoire.

A:

Firstly, high-five on the remission status. Excellent news. ;)

Secondly, I sought help from my GP. I was 1.5 years in remission when I knew I needed help. I was prescribed antidepressants and went to see a therapist. After about 8 months, I was coming back to myself and today I'm finally okay.

Don't be afraid to seek support. It's there, waiting for you. Find a medical professional you like and trust, and tell them. And if you ever need someone to talk to, inbox me. <3


Q:

Favorite color?

A:

Do you live in the USA? Are you or your family in a load debt? Do you have pain daily? Did you ever want to just pull the plug?


Q:

Literally just signed up to ask this question because I think it's interesting to think about. I also asked on Twitter, and I'm nothing if not repetitive and persistent and redundant.

In order to give context for the laypeople out there: if we had the same intelligence & instruments, what would we know about Earth if we looked from a TRAPPIST exoplanet?

A:

What did you think of the executive order? Did you think it was racist of any sort, or did you think that it was for the "safety" of America at war?


Q:

What do you define as your first "big break" into acting and that business?

A:

Hi Kevin, big fan!

If you had never been exposed to computers when you were younger, what direction do you think your life would have taken? What would be your job today?


Q:

Good Morning Your Honor, What is that one case you've presided over that you will never forget?

A:

Pete! The premiere of Crashing was incredible!

I want to thank you for the past five years of YMIW. Your vulnerability and honesty about comedy, relationships, and spirituality have meant so much to me. I broke away from an evangelical Christian church three years ago, and in that rough transition, I was immensely comforted by hearing your journey.

And then just two months ago, at the age of 26, my wife left me. Again, in the midst of the loneliness and hearbreak, your story has been a huge help to me. You give me hope that I can do the work of self-examination, stay open spritually, and maybe find love again someday. (Congrats on the engagement!!).

Keep being your authentic self! As I commented once, "I don't listen to the podcast to hear my own views represented."

Question: Leon Bridges added a lot of richness to the first episode. What was your process for choosing his music and all of the music for Crashing?


Q:

Never heard of it, what's it all about?

A:

Are you glad that Frederick Douglass is getting recognized more and more these days for the work he's doing? /s

On a serious note, was there much cooperation between the black power movement and the SDS, and if so how did those movements effect each other?


Q:

Did you watch Breaking Bad, and if so, what did you think of it?

A:

army green


Q:

I am Irish so no, I was covered by the Medical Card - I guess it's like Obamacare. I would have died otherwise because I'm from a low-income family.

No pain anymore. When I was sick I was in constant pain that was usually solved with codeine and Valium. Many blissed-out afternoons spent watching cartoons and drooling on myself.

And yeah, a couple of times I wanted to rip out the IV and call it a day. But I didn't have the luxury of it, so I ambled bravely onward.

A:

The next generation of space telescopes, after WFIRST and JWST, to be launched in the 2030's. would be capable of actually getting a spectrum of the Earth, separate from the sun, using an instrument called a coronagraph or a star shade. The current telescopes could measure the size of the Earth as it transits in front of the sun. However, that only happens only once per year, so you have to know when to look, or look for a long time. The latter strategy was adopted by the original Kepler Mission. Michael Werner


Q:

great aunt: I don't know. Who cares? I'm 14. I don't care. But later on they say that it was political. So you should check into it and see how political it was

grandma: but it was sure hard on people who had businesses and whatever. Sometimes people just disappeared and you didn't know until a few years later. The government would just take them.

A:

For me my first ever job was personally my big break.. I was 9 and I held a goat in the backgroud for a bible study video in ohio.... everyone starts somewhere...


Q:

I would probably be competing against David Copperfield as a magician because I love magic.

A:

The case of Ricky Baldwin, who continued to yell "Double Jeopardy", when asked about previous offenses and then threatened to kill me.


Q:

First, thank you and HANG IN THERE! it really does get better :)

Two, judd was the one who picked heartfelt, soul music for the show to juxtapose against my pasty white dorkiness! i think it works!

A:

Carolina, Trace, and I talking about movies. And tangents. That's it. -Frank


Q:

The SDS and Black Power movements did overlap in time and there is evidence that people in one movement attend events in the other movement. I should not that by the time the Black Power movement appeared circa 1966, SDS was already getting shaky.

A:

I flat-out refused to watch it when I was ill because of the cancer storyline.

I started it last year and finished it about three weeks ago. I loved every minute of it and I'm sorry I didn't watch it when I was sick. Heisenberg was a bad-ass and I could have learned a lot from him, attitude-wise.


Q:

What can the public do to help stop sex trafficking?

A:

Well god bless your brave soul. I'm a 22 year old male in America and I'm curious, what is the most important thing in life to you, if any one thing?

Are you active? Can you run or play sports?


Q:

What would be the temperatures on each of these planets and the most likely chemical compositions? Are they likely to have a magnetic field?

A:

I've recently been to Poland and visited some of the concentration and death camps. There we've had heard some testimonials from people who have escaped. Have you ever considered escaping, knew someone who did, or heard of people who escaped?


Q:

What kind of movies would you like to direct in the future?

A:

Kevin, for people thinking of getting into the security industry, what particular skills do you see being the most valuable now, and the most valuable in 10 years? In other words, of which types of current emerging tracks or concepts will tomorrow's infosec managers be skilled practitioners?


Q:

Have you or your brother ever considered writing something about how to implement a similar series through other courts? If my local court did communication like your show, I'd probably find them more easy to appoach.

A:

Hey Pete. I love the podcast. The Not Feeling It bit is one of the hardest times I have laughed. Would you ever consider having a random fan of the show as your guest on YMIW? It would probably get pretty weird.


Q:

Storyteller and writer? Sounds good! Did you have a favourite author/genre?

A:

There are so many options; 1) Become and advocate/mentor with agencies like CASA (Court Appointed Special Advocates) or Ransomed Life or Rape Crisis Center, or any one of the number of agencies working hard to make sure children do not fall through the cracks. 2) Become a foster parent; there a dozens of great Child Placement Agencies that a desperate for people with hearts for these children who truly believe they are unlovable. 3) Become a voice: Organizations like Traffick 911, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, Polaris, Truckers Against Trafficking, all need help from people who can spread the message. 4) Don't let these stories and victims be forgotten: contact your Federal, State, County, and Local leaders and keep this issue in front of them.


Q:

The most important thing I guess would be being happy in myself. Self-confidence and contentedness with my life take top priority.

Yes, I pole dance as a hobby. I can run and play sports, but I've never been any good at either.

I wasn't physically able for a long time, it took about two years for me to rebuild myself.

A:

Surface temperatures depend on the proximity to the central star but also on the composition and thickness of the planet's atmosphere. Since we do not yet know anything about the planetary atmosphere's, all we can say is how much energy a planet is receiving from the star compared to how much energy Earth receives from the Sun. However, because this planetary system is so nearby, scientists should be able to characterize the atmospheres with future instruments and observatories. That's one reason why we're so excited about this discovery. - Natalie Batalha


Q:

great aunt:No. I mean life in camp....we were fed and we had a place to live. If there isn't someone young in the family that could speak English and make a living you wouldn't be able to make it. If you left a camp in germany you could kind of blend in with the population. If you left Heart Mountain or Amache or Tule Lake you'd stand out like a sore thumb. I don't remember anybody trying to escape. Maybe they were but I don't know

A:

I like stuff that bends reality and questions the human condition... bending the rules. I love films like being john malkovich and eternal sunshine of a spotless mind


Q:

Right now: It depends on what area of security, for me I'm always looking to hire expert pen testers. I look for people with skill sets in physical/technical/wireless areas.

What's hard to find today are those that have the skills to find find bugs in web apps.

10 years? I need my crystal ball because I have no fucking idea. I would say that one needs to constantly and vigilantly keep up to date with what is going on on both sides of the fence. It's a matter of keeping aware of the landscape as it evolves. 10 years in this industry is 100 years in any other industry. What did we have to watch for 10 years ago?

A:

That is not part of our future plans.


Q:

i'm trying to figure out how to do that! so yes!

A:

Haha it makes for interesting work anyway!

I'll read anything. Literally any book you hand me I'll give it a flick through as long as it's not something ridiculous like Nazi sympathizing or automotive repair or some other really specific niche.

Lately its been fantasy series like ASOIAF, but I do love me some Stephen King. Goddamn that man can write a creepy book.

In terms of poetry, it's a tie between Sylvia Plath and Charles Bukowski. Cliche, but I love them both. I've also been feeling some Rumi lately, and Jim Morrison's poetry is a trip from start to end.

After I get over my fantasy obsession I have a stack of classics I want to get through. I don't like being an Irish writer who's never read Ulysses.


Q:

I recently read an article about Truckers Against Trafficking and it sounds like a really neat organization. It's not something I ever thought of but truckers are probably fairly often traveling the same routes that someone up to no good would travel.

A:

BAF = bad as fuck


Q:

What are the most promising ways to search a planet that far away for life, assuming it is not intelligent enough to broadcast signals outward?

A:

To the granddaughter:

I'm assuming that you were born and majoringly raised in the US, if this is wrong, please forgive me.

How does hearing these experiences shape your perspective of your country?
Does it make you feel closer to Japan than the US?
Furthermore, do you feel Japan is more your country than the US?
Has learning of these matters caused any sort of cultural identity crisis?

Some context on this last question, I was an exchange student to Japan, loved Japanese culture and pretty much feel Japan is my real home and culture. Now, because I'm white in the US and I tend to do things as close to as how I did them in Japan this rubs some Americans with Japanese ancestry the wrong way.

How can I be more sensitive to Americans with Japanese ancestry of your generation? (In regard to avoiding prejudice or exacerbating cultural identity crisis?)

Edit: I just wanted to say thank you to everyone who has and continues to participate in this discussion it's been very educational, and am very grateful.


Q:

Hey Josh! Congrats on your director debut of "Ape." Were there things you did differently as an actor because you were also the director? How did it change your perspective?

A:

Do you have kids? If so, do they realize they will never be able to pull anything secretive past their father?


Q:

How do you feel about the widespread use of plea-deals for defendants to quickly resolve small offenses, such as possession? Do you feel it forces innocent people to now have a criminal record to avoid court costs and longer sentences?

I love the work you're doing, thanks for doing this!

A:

Pete!! I'm such a big fan, and so grateful for all the times that you've made me laugh and cry, and restored my faith in humanity.

I've always been really curious about what it feels like to have this strange, one sided, intimate relationship with so many of your fans. Sometimes I'll read something, and catch myself thinking "OMG, Pete would think this was so cool!" and then I immediately feel like a huge creeper, because we're not actual friends! But when you've listened to someone be so open and emotionally vulnerable for literally hundreds of hours, it feels like we're good buddies! I promise that I hold no delusions that we are, but I've found myself thinking about how strange that feels many times. What's it like on the other side of that? Do you ever want to pull back and share less with your fans, or is it ever awkward when people that you've never met talk to you like you've been friends for years?

Thank you so much for everything you do, and putting so much joy out there, and especially for that amazing chicken that's never feeling it!!


Q:

The only Nazi book I ever read was Mein Kampf... but just for a research :P

I much prefer novels than poetry. Classics are good... can I suggest you Il Decamerone by Boccaccio?

A:

TAT is an awesome organization, and a great example of how private citizens can rally to this cause. TAT was formed as grassroots organization of truckers who saw women and children sold in the truck lots. They formed an organization to educate truck drivers, and those in the transportation support industries about the evil of sex trafficking. They have since trained thousands of truckers and people in the transportation industry. This creates a force multiplication of eyes and ears on the ground, which has led to dozens of children being reported to police and rescued throughout the county.


Q:

I presume he knows, yes. :P

A:

We will look at the atmosphere for gases that do not belong--gases that might be attributed to life. We will not know if the gases are produced by microbial life or by intelligent alien species. --SS


Q:

Hearing about these experiences prevent me from being blindly patriotic. America is great when people stand up for what is right and for "liberty and justice for all". That didn't happen in my family's case, and it makes me determined to make sure it doesn't happen again.

I definitely feel closer to the US. I went to Japan recently and while there is a small connection, I feel very deeply rooted in American culture. Well actually that's not really true. The 2nd-4th generation Japanese Americans have developed a very distinctly Japanese American culture that's a blend of the two and that's the culture I feel the connection to.

US is more my country without a doubt. I was born here. My parents were born here.

So my grandma is very strange in that she has always openly talked about her experiences in camp, so it's always just been a part of my life. So I never had an "aha" moment where I suddenly learned about it. I know my grandma is a pretty rare case, so I imagine the answer might be somewhat different for other JAs who learned of the experience later in life.

hmm. I'll have to think about the last question more. But for right now I would say to attend community events and to listen and learn from the people there. There's so much more to a culture than cool clothing and good food. It's kind of like a house; you wouldn't barge in and declare yourself a resident of the house and pretend like you've been living there your whole life. Be invited into the house, come to a community event, and come see how cool our house is.

A:

it was hard... I liked it a lot but it was tough because i couldnt watch the monitors obviously so i had to make notes in my mind while acting in the scene... i realy liked this experience though and i have somehow even more respect for directors than before.


Q:

I don't have kids yet but I believe they'll be the best social engineers in the world. They'll get good practice on their parents.

A:

It depends on the nature of the offense, and whether or not there is a valid defense to the charge.


Q:

i think what's weird is that i don't think it's weird! i just did WTF with Maron today (a short talk) and was like I KNOW YOU BETTER THAN YOU KNOW! so i get it. i like that with fans we can cut to the good stuff, the personal stuff and just laugh.

A:

I'd probably read it out of curiosity to be honest - but no other pro Nazi books hahaha

Really? I think poetry is good for a short, sharp burst of emotion. You can pick a collection up and put it down a thousand times over and you'll always get something different from it.

I'm always open for book recommendations! I've bookmarked it for later purchase. :)


Q:

[deleted]

A:

Hey guys! Love this discovery, I got chills when I saw the headline.

My question is regarding the orbits of these planets. How exactly do yall think the planets' gravity is affecting the other planets?

If the innermost planets are tidally locked, would they get slightly disrupted by passing other planets?

Are their orbits not entirely elliptic? Could they be slightly "wavy" due to other planets' gravitational pulls?

Thanks for doing this AMA! I hope my question doesn't get lost in the masses :)


Q:

Had the president made any public remarks that indicated he was capable of doing this or was it not a surprise? I'm sorry America did this to you, and I'm concerned our current government is capable of doing something similar.

A:

Are you looking forward to doing the full length APE?


Q:

Do you still have business cards that are lock pick sets?

A:

How do you feel about accents. Your rhodie accent is pretty distinct, so I'm wondering how you feel about other accents?

Thanks,


Q:

Hey Pete, big fan and aspiring comic here.

So much of comedy is negative and cynical, but people tend to describe your comedy with words like "positive" and "optimist." Did you find it difficult when you were coming up in the open mic scene to keep up that upbeat outlook among a sea of depressed dick jokes and empty audiences?

A:

Conversely, what advantages (physically) do you see being a girl instead of a guy?


Q:

Firstly, high-five on the remission status. Excellent news. ;)

Secondly, I sought help from my GP. I was 1.5 years in remission when I knew I needed help. I was prescribed antidepressants and went to see a therapist. After about 8 months, I was coming back to myself and today I'm finally okay.

Don't be afraid to seek support. It's there, waiting for you. Find a medical professional you like and trust, and tell them. And if you ever need someone to talk to, inbox me. <3

A:

So glad we can finally share the chills! The planets' gravity is affecting each other in leading to what we call transit timing variations (TTVs) which is at the basis of how we can estimate the masses of the TRAPPIST-1 planets. When planets are close together and their orbits are in a certain spacing, they interact with each other through gravity, causing the timing of their transits to change a little as the planets tug on each other. By measuring this change, we can determine the mass of the planets. By knowing precisely the size and mass of the planets, we can determine their bulk density, and geophysicists can then help us better understand their interiors.

Then next to this, there will most likely be some tidal heating and significant tides on the planets that would be water worlds!

The constraints on the orbital eccentricity of the planets are a work in progress and the amplitude of the effects described above will depend strongly on those. So let's see!

It is really just the beginning for the exploration of this system. Spitzer helped us lift the fail on its architecture, now we can initiate its characterization--the venture for the generation to come!

J.d.W.


Q:

grandma:I think the president at the time think he had the right to do it because Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor

I don't understand why he connects japan with Japanese Americans. Japanese Americans had nothing to do with what Japan did. Even my parents were shocked when it happened.

A:

YES!!! The plan is to fastrack this into production after the short comes out. the feature is even deeper and darker... gonna be weird...


Q:

Yes, I don't think I could have any others at this time.

A:

I am a very tolerant person.


Q:

hahah, of course! find the people who are keeping their inner lights alive and stick with them. it'll be less windy!

keep at it and before you know it you'll be in greener pastures. :)

A:

Again, completely off-topic but I did say ask anything.

We get to play with our own boobs.

According to some guys a female orgasm is way more intense and complicated - I like the complication of it.

Also very hairy backs, faces and chests just seems like an awful effort. Shaving to the knee is an effort for me alone, can't imagine having to tackle my titties and my back too.

And penises just hang there, like do they not stick to your leg or flop around a lot? Everything we have is tucked away safely. Mother nature's pocket.


Q:

Did you watch Breaking Bad, and if so, what did you think of it?

A:

What are the primary impacts of being an earth sized world so close to a smaller, dimmer star? From the perspective of a human on the surface of such a world, I mean.

I read that all are tidally locked to the star - does that mean they'd only have habitability bands around the perimeter/twilight region?


Q:

Do you miss working with the Hunger Games cast?

A:

What are your thoughts on Fortran program language, is it good? Is it dead? My university is insisting that I have to learn how to program in Fortran, so here am i asking this.


Q:

Hi Judge Caprio.

You seem to be interested in community development. Are there any community programs in Providence that you would like to give a shout ?

A:

Hi Pete! I'm an old hermit that lives out beyond the Dune Sea. You haven't happened to have found an old R2 unit of mine, have you?


Q:

would you try the bad stuff, like getting hit in the nuts or a boner in public?

A:

I flat-out refused to watch it when I was ill because of the cancer storyline.

I started it last year and finished it about three weeks ago. I loved every minute of it and I'm sorry I didn't watch it when I was sick. Heisenberg was a bad-ass and I could have learned a lot from him, attitude-wise.


Q:

Tidal-locking: we think as long as there is an atmosphere (even a thin atmosphere like that on Mars) heat will circulate around the planet. So habitability location should extend beyond the limbs.

A:

yes... they were the best! family forever. i miss them all dearly... however we still hang now and then and keep in touch.


Q:

Funny thing you would ask, the very first program I wrote was in Fortran. It simulated the login process of my teachers computer and I used that to phish his login credentials. I never did "hello world", I got my teacher's password as my first project.

C and Python make more sense but if the university says you need it, well, you probably should learn it. But certainly don't stop there.

A:

I'm a strong advocate of community development however, I would like to give a shout out to Adoption Rhode Island for the wonderful work they do.


Q:

Old Ben No Bottoms?

A:

These questions are incredibly off topic even if they're making me giggle like a schoolgirl. But no, I would not try the bad stuff.

I only get 24 hours to play with my penis, I'm not gonna fuck that up with a kick to the sack.


Q:

Do you have any advice for families and friends of those suffering from PTSD or serious illness? What support helped you the most?

A:

Do we know the age of the system and planets?


Q:

Hi! What's your favorite television show to watch?

A:

Hey Kevin, big fan. What do you think your biggest accomplishment is both legal and illegal? Also, Did you have any thoughts of harming anyone (including yourself) when the FBI was coming?


Q:

Hello, what is usually the best route for a fellow to take, if he has been busted turning right on red without stopping, or caught going 55 in a 54, if he wants to receive clemency?

No disrespect intended, Sir. I am bringing examples of minor infractions where there were times when the judgement was strict at times, and lenient other times.

A:

Hi Pete! Just watched the first episode of Crashing, really dig it... congrats!

Judd asked you on the last YMIW if you were ready to face the possibility of losing your anonymity as a result of the show's success. Is that something you've seen people struggle with? Have any friends/colleagues dealt with there success in a way that you didn't like or that you would want to mimic?

Also any chance there's a second life for FrontPageFilms? Y'all were my favorite early youtube sketch comedy .-)


Q:

I answered something similar already, but it's all about finding the balance between suffocation and isolation. Don't try and micromanage everything they do, but don't leave them feeling as if they have no one.

The greatest support for me during cancer was my best friend. She never let me wallow in self-pity; instead she just let me be who I was in that moment. She'd call around and we'd sit up all night shit-talking girls we didn't like and watching movies, just like always. And when the shit hit the fan, she was there; surgery appointments, shitty chemo days, every single day she was only a phone call away.

Throughout the depression and PTSD, my boyfriend was my support. He helped me take care of myself when I couldn't even find the will to get dressed or brush my hair. He made me laugh, took my mind off it, and when the time came to get help he actively encouraged it.

Be the person you've needed in hard times. That's all. <3

A:

not precisely because such little stars evolve very veryvery slowly ! they live for hundreds of billions years compare to 10 billions for our own Sun... we can say that it is older than 500 million years, but it could be several billions years and even older than our own system (4,7 Gyear)


Q:

the Bob Ross painting show... i can benge for hours

A:

My biggest accomplishment was turning my life around, lemons to lemon-aide. I'm able to take all my skills and use them to improve security. I'm extremely fortunate that I've been able to take this "mischievous" behavior and use this to help businesses to protect themselves from the other Kevin Mitnicks that are out there. Look at it this way, it's like Pablo Escobar becoming a successful pharmacist.

Edit, to answer your last question, I never thought about harming myself. I did think about trying to escape but I didn't want to end up getting shot, that would go directly against my general desire not to harm myself or others.


Q:

The best route is to always tell the truth.

A:

i WISH we had more time for FPF! i love oren and matt dearly. so maybe!

i haven't had a friend lose their privacy to fame just yet. maybe Amy Schumer, but we're "work friends." so far, everybody is at a nice, even, workable level. which is great :)


Q:

What was the funniest moment during your ordeal with cancer?

A:

Any chance we could name these planets after the 7 dwarves?


Q:

Was this role challenging for you to play and how do you think you did?

A:

What is your favorite tool? What tool blew your mind the first time you saw it?


Q:

Good Morning your Honor,

Have you seen the series "OJ, Made in America"? And if so, how accurately was a real court room portrayed? Thanks!

A:

How are you balancing all these projects?


Q:

There were honestly so many!

My BFF used to put her hands on my head and pretend to be a faith healer when we were in public. She'd be saying things like "Praise JesusAH! Exercise the demons from this sick child!" and I'd roll my eyes and pretend to speak in tongues.

Not a lot of people found that one funny. I did.

Another fave was when I got drunk and ripped my wig off at a Drake concert to get him to notice me.

It worked. Got a shout-out. Regret nothing.

A:

That would be a lovely idea.. With the TRAPPIST team, we were more considering using names of the few trappist beers ;) !

J.d.W.


Q:

It definitely was challenging... its a deep and dark place to go to and I like tapping into that side of myself... I think I did alright... Im my hardest critic

A:

Burp Proxy Pro is really a great tool. XKeyscore is what blew my mind the most. Back in the 90s it was direct access to the DMV in CA.


Q:

I have not seen that series.

A:

When it's all done and coming out it seems like i'm very busy. in truth i nap a lot and have played Witcher 3 almost to 100%.

i've also seen every episode of black mirror. and tons more. and naps.


Q:

It might be a stupid question, but I actuaöly don't know a single person who has/had cancer... how did you find out you had cancer? What are the symptoms? What made you go to the doctors office? (because obviously not everyone just calls up the doc to check for cancer...) What was the one thing that made you think "uh oh.. Sth is not right..."

A:

What information will you guys receive from these planets if the James Webb telescope is ready and functional?


Q:

what is the number one thing on your bucket list?

A:

I know nothing about hacking. Just out of curiosity, if someone really pissed you off with a question here, could you hack them? Is that how it works? Do you need a certain level of ability or could anyone do it with a YouTube tutorial?

If the answer is yes please don't demonstrate on me! Thanks for the AMA!

Edit: Aw, downvoted... hope I didn't seem rude...

Edit: Aw, upvoted! Glad I didn't seem rude!


Q:

What court case left you restless at night? Thank you :>

A:

Donde esta los drugos?


Q:

Not a stupid question at all! :)

Well I was consistently sick for a year and deteriorating rapidly. Spent 16+ hours a day asleep. I had all the B symptoms of Hodgkins which I listed somewhere else here. Every cancer has different symptoms but a lot of them overlap like lumps, weightloss and fatigue.

I asked my then-doctor what was wrong so, so many times. Over 20 GP visits in 8 months. And she kept bullshitting me with things like anaemia, low vitamin D levels and eventually she told me I was making it up in my head and being "over dramatic" (her words) so I stopped asking.

I got a real bad chest infection the end of August 2013. I still had it two weeks later. I woke up at 4AM and was coughing so hard I couldn't breathe. It felt like my lung had collapsed. I asked my mother to call an ambulance but she convinced me to wait til 9 and see my GP.

I had a different doctor that day, and thank God. Something felt different this time - I was really fucked up that day, grey in the face and panting when I walked. She sent me to casualty after listening to my lungs. Four hours in casualty later and I was put on a ward, in a bed, and being told nothing about what was wrong.

The next day they told me they suspected it, and I just knew in my heart they were right. The rest is history.

A:

NASA's upcoming James Webb Telescope, launching in 2018, will take over with a much higher sensitivity. It will be able to detect the chemical fingerprints of water, methane, oxygen, ozone, and other components of a planet's atmosphere. Farisa Morales


Q:

go to patagonia...

A:

Let's take this offline, I'll email you later ;)


Q:

I have on occasion thought on some of my decisions, and hoped that my judgement reflected a just disposition on the matter before me.

A:

yo no se. ask harvey dent! :)


Q:

Storyteller and writer? Sounds good! Did you have a favourite author/genre?

A:

Hello,

I have few questions :

1.Given that numerous earth sized planets have already been discovered, what makes Trappist-1 system discovery different? Will it alter the way exoplanets are searched?

2.From https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/the-search-for-life/life-signs/

Even without listening in on their conversations, the aliens’ reasonably advanced technology would be known to us by its pollution.

If the aliens are sufficiently advanced, that they have mastered pollution and don't pollute, how would one know the difference?

3.How would discovery of intelligent life, affect geopolitics? Miss universe and similar contests?

4.Lastly, how did planet 9 go undetected for so long?


Q:

Do you want to repeat the experience as a director??

A:

What's the most important, or foremost thought process when attacking or protecting a digital entity?


Q:

Hello your Honor. What's the specific reason that your brother start the show?

A:

What is the very best cheese?


Q:

Haha it makes for interesting work anyway!

I'll read anything. Literally any book you hand me I'll give it a flick through as long as it's not something ridiculous like Nazi sympathizing or automotive repair or some other really specific niche.

Lately its been fantasy series like ASOIAF, but I do love me some Stephen King. Goddamn that man can write a creepy book.

In terms of poetry, it's a tie between Sylvia Plath and Charles Bukowski. Cliche, but I love them both. I've also been feeling some Rumi lately, and Jim Morrison's poetry is a trip from start to end.

After I get over my fantasy obsession I have a stack of classics I want to get through. I don't like being an Irish writer who's never read Ulysses.

A:

Kepler taught us that temperate (i.e. Habitable Zone), terrestrial-sized planets are relatively common in the galaxy. The name of the game now is to find those near enough for atmospheric characterization. Of the few dozen Habitable Zone planets that have been detected to date, most are hundreds of light-years away whereas TRAPPIST-1 is just 40 light-years away. - Natalie Batalha


Q:

No doubt. I loved it. its extremely addictive and Im feining fo some mo.

A:

Really thinking out of the box, expecting the unexpected. Really to me, the thought process is like puzzle solving. It's much harder to protect than it is to attack, the attacker needs only to find one hole to make it in.


Q:

My brother was filming the Mayor of Providence, and other events in the city, and my wife said to him "You film everyone else, why don't you film your brother(me)?". I resisted at first, because I didn't think that there would be an appetite for it. The first week it aired, it became very popular to my surprise.

A:

i don't really fuck with cheese. but it's blue cheese. SORRY GORGANZOLA!!


Q:

The only Nazi book I ever read was Mein Kampf... but just for a research :P

I much prefer novels than poetry. Classics are good... can I suggest you Il Decamerone by Boccaccio?

A:

How is the habitable zone estimated for tidally locked planets? How does knowledge of this system affect theories of planetary formation?


Q:

Do you have any directorial advice?

A:

Hi Kevin, Do you think the rise of crypto currency (Bitcoins, etc.) will have a net positive or negative effect on society?


Q:

Hello your Honor.

In your years on the bench what were some of the strangest cases that were brought before you?

A:

Hi, Pete, huge fan (obviously by my username) I was just wondering if you ever kissed T.J. Miller and if he's good at it (better than Kumail?) Also wondering why Leif's Laverne and Shirley tattoo was never mentioned in the show because it had me rolling and no one brought it up.


Q:

I'd probably read it out of curiosity to be honest - but no other pro Nazi books hahaha

Really? I think poetry is good for a short, sharp burst of emotion. You can pick a collection up and put it down a thousand times over and you'll always get something different from it.

I'm always open for book recommendations! I've bookmarked it for later purchase. :)

A:

The habitable zone is estimated based on the luminosity of the star and recognizing how far away can you be from it such that water can exist in it's liquid form on the surface of a terrestrial planet like the earth. Too close and the water evaporates; too far and the water freezes solid. Thus, the habitable zone is independent of whether the planets are tidally locked or not. Farisa Morales


Q:

prepare!! Its so important to know what you want to make so when youre there on set you have it all set up.

The script is the absolute base for everything. understad it inside and out.

A:

I think it's a positive effect, it gives the public another way to pay for products and services somewhat anonymously. It's just another tool that can be used by society in a positive manner.


Q:

One of the strangest cases you may have seen on our YouTube channel titled: "Hibernate Like A Squirrel". A gentleman was having a dispute with his neighbor over parking in his driveway, and as a result he hit his neighbor with a 5lb hammer.

A:

hahahaa! that's george's real tattoo!! hahah. so funny. it's real!

and no i don't think i've ever kissed TJ on the lips. but on his scratchy face for sure and it was as good as kumail. BOOM! :)


Q:

Hello from Liège :D

My question is about the host star. I read that red dwarf stars are likely to eject a lot of solar particles therefore the habitability of planets around this kind of stars is less. What about trappist-1 ?

A:

Hi Josh (my brothers name too) What is the most Hollywood thing you have done/seen so far?


Q:

What are your thoughts on Ed Snowdan?

A:

Good morning judge, a simple one here: what's your favorite color?


Q:

How challenging was it to decide which details of your breakup story (such as being left alone on your birthday) should be told as they truly happened vs. dramatizing for a better story?

A:

The stellar winds of ultracool dwarf stars like TRAPPIST-1 are significantly fainter than for more massive red dwarfs, because their atmospheres is cooler and thus less charged. Still, habitable conditions on the planets require them to have magnetic fields to protect the atmospheres from these stellar winds. We don't know if they have. If we detect dense atmospheres, this will make planetary magnetospheres very likely.


Q:

dont ever come to hollywood for a vacation... its tacky and nothing like they make it seem. hah.

A:

My position is that Ed is a whistle blower, not a traitor. I was happy when he revealed that the US government was breaking the law by spying on our citizens. That was an illegal activity and needed to be revealed.

It's my position that Ed shouldn't have revealed our operations related to the monitoring of foreign entities, that's what the NSA is expected to as part of their mission, just like foreign entities do with us. That's the spy game.


Q:

Blue.

A:

that was Judd's expertise! he knew all the stories and picked the ones that, frankly, weren't TOO sad (like birthday, perhaps) and just right. Like Goldilocks, but for sadness!


Q:

So if we were to imagine earth as the planet closest to this star, how many of the other 6 planets would we have visited with satellites, rovers, manned orbits, manned landing, etc.?

I am trying to imagine how close they all are together in a way that is fun.

A:

Because Im sure you get the same questions over and over - what's your favorite day of the week, and why?


Q:

Hello Kevin, Big fan, Have read you book tons of times. I am also a fellow ham radio operator and living in North Carolina. After reading your book I had some questions.

When was the last time you ever messed around with radios and police scanners? This is one of my current hobby's.

Also, to me one of the most interesting people in your book was Jonathan "JSZ". Have you ever talked to him since 1995?

After reading you book and reading about you editing the firmware and disabling registration in the Motorola MicroTac Ultra lite , I also have always wondered how knowledgeable you are in programming languages such as C and other languages.

Hope their is sometime in the future I can meet you in NC.

A:

Good morning your Honor! What do you do to unwind after a hard day in court?


Q:

Pete! I feel like too often I hear you ask your guests questions that I really want to hear you answer yourself. My biggest one is, "Dead over?" You are a beautiful soul and send my love to SLV

A:

All of them. They are very, very close together All are much closer to one another and to their host star than the Mars-Earth distance, for example. Michael Werner


Q:

Thursday... not becuase im here... but because i like how the word looks. and wednesday is finally over.

A:

Nice to meet you as well. I haven't messed around with police scanners since the 90s. I do occasional ham radio.

I've spoke Jonathan very few times, he had really distanced himself from me due to the prior history with the Shimomura hack. Now that the statue of limitations has run he has nothing to worry about.

Regarding languages, my first programming was at 21st Century Fox as a COBOL programmer. I'm familiar with many languages but modifying the existing assembly was how I did the work on the Motorola.

I look forward to meeting at some point, I don't have anything scheduled in NC at the moment. Check my website as I keep my speaking schedule there. Mitnick Security


Q:

Good morning! My favorite ways to relax are to read a good book, watch a sporting event, or weather-permitting play golf.

A:

i like what ramana maharshi said when he was dying: "Where could I go?" the question isn't what happens when we die, it's "Who is dying?" The universe certainly seems to be into recycling, so while i don't think my ego makes it persay, i think our essence isn't going anywhere! :)


Q:

For the future of Exoplanet research, would it be more fruitful in your opinion to continue looking at different batches of stars for more planets, or would you rather we focus more closely on the planets that have already been found?

A:

Hey Josh! What's your all time favorite movie or a movie you think everyone needs to see?


Q:

How did you meet JSZ on IRC? , Also on your laptops were you running MS-DOS?

A:

Hi

Do you some times feel like the minor cases are wasting resources?


Q:

Pete, we discovered YMIW on a cross-country road trip this summer and your podcast made the miles fly by. But more importantly, when my Dad died in December, the many conversations you have had, especially in the lightening round, have brought me a weird peace in what is (still) a difficult time. The quote (I think its from Dana Carvey?) about not knowing where he came from before his life, so why be upset about what comes after, brought me a lot of peace especially. So thank you so much for your part of this thing you didn't know you were doing.

I also appreciate your silliness. It makes the dark times easier to weather. And from that, I pose my question: How do we make the world a sillier, more fun place?

Thanks.

(P.s., my dad also had Dupeytron's contracture. I wonder if CW CBD would have helped him with it and his illness. If only Louis had been on a year ago. I have since tried it, and I think I need a stronger dose, but think it's a great, quality product, so thanks for that too!)

A:

Actually, we're going to do both! Certainly scientists will use tools like the Hubble Space Telescope and soon the James Webb Space Telescope (https://jwst.nasa.gov/) to study the planets that have already been discovered in an effort to learn more about them. At the same time, the Kepler/K2 mission (https://kepler.nasa.gov/) and soon the TESS mission (https://tess.gsfc.nasa.gov/) will continue the search for new planets, particularly those in our neighborhood of the galaxy. DMH


Q:

Two for the Road. 60's film that was way ahead of its time and has inspried so many modern love stories. its great!

A:

I believe I was introduced via friend, we did communicate via IRC and telephone. At that time we were running MS-DOS, primarily to use comms programs and store data.


Q:

No, everyone is entitled to his or her day in court regardless of how minor the offense is.

A:

we're only not silly or fun or joyful when we're not locked into and tuned into the moment! when we can put aside our anxieties and fears and problems for a second, we can see silliness was there all along, just waiting for you to bounce the ball with it!


Q:

How long have NASA known about the discovery?

A:

JOSH is there anything you couldn't live without?


Q:

Could you start a nuclear war just by whistling into a payphone?

A:

What is the most common type of case you have to decide on?


Q:

Do you believe in aliens?

A:

What is really important about these types of discoveries is that they are checked by other scientists and confirmed external to the original team this is called the peer review process and has to occur before any scientific work is made public, to make sure we are giving the best information available -HW


Q:

my freedom of speech and gluten

A:

I can not confirm or deny


Q:

The cases that come before my court are mostly traffic offenses, environmental issues, and misdemeanors.

A:

of course! i'm a big believer in most things. guys like me ruin medical studies. "This DID improve my eyesight!"


Q:

Hi, and congrats on the amazing discovery! Although I'm aware we can't see the Trappist-1 star, where in the night sky would it be if we could see it?

A:

JOSH. Huge fan, you're awesome, yadda yadda ;)

You're such a strong ally to the LGBT community. How did you get involved with your organization, Straight But Not Narrow? What is your advice to the community in the wake of certain political events?


Q:

Back in the day, when you were wanted, the tech was different, you did't have tools like Metasploit, Armitage, etc. Was it easier or harder to break into stuff? And also how long did it take you to adapt to the "new ways of hacking" after getting out and serving probation? Or did you need time to adapt? And, also, it this day and age it's unimaginable to be AFK for even a day let alone for the time you were, so how was it? Big fan! Keep whistling those launch codes!

A:

Hitting someone with a 5lb hammer falls under that?


Q:

This message brought to you by CW hemp and Alpha Brain.

I actually love your openness to try new unverified things. Pseudoscience can be fun! (I apologize if it's verified, I just assume both of those things are not evaluated by the FDA)

A:

Aquarius is visible in the night sky in October. There's a nice graphic at the link below showing the position of the star in the constellation. Scroll down to the bottom of this page. Keep in mind that his particular star is too faint to be seen with the unaided eye. http://www.trappist.one/#about - Natalie Batalha, Kepler Project Scientist


Q:

We started SBNN becuase it felt like there was a lack of outreach to bridge communities together... especially in schools where bullying is brutal. I think now more than ever showing your support to your neighbors is paramount in surviving whats going on.

We are all here and human

A:

I would say it's the same. Systems were less secure but to compromise them you had to write your own exploits. An effective method was social engineering the operators of the systems, a tactic that is still very successful today. That part works the same today as it did yesterday.

While I was in custody I continued to read and follow what was happening in the wild. I couldn't use a computer for 3 years so there was some catch up to do but I wasn't completely in the dark about what had been going on. People sent me books on HTML and whatnot while I had no access to computers.


Q:

He was before my court for the parking violation, not the assault. If you watch the case, titled: "Hibernate Like A Squirrel" he was explaining to me why he was going to Superior Court.

A:

hahaha, there are a lot of studies but honestly, those things make HUGE differences for me. not just wishful thinking, promise!


Q:

Where can i find a video of this announcement? Seriously I can't find a video.

A:

Do you believe in a real life happy ending? If yes, what would you tell someone who kind of lost hope?

I love you, you're amazing! & congrats on your directing ❤

Love, Dana


Q:

In your opinion, how much protection does software like Norton provide for a personal computer?

A:

What tips do you have for winning elections?


Q:

Who would you rather actually have to crash with, big jay or Jim norton?

A:

Hi, you can see a replay of the news conference here: http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/100200725 -ERL


Q:

I think a happy ending is possible. I really believe its all about perception. If you can learn to manage that then you can find ways to be happy all the time

A:

AV is a necessary evil for a personal system. That said, whenever I'm involved in ethical hacking we always work our way around AV.


Q:

Personal contact with the voters, and being honest, forthright, and transparent.

A:

oh my god. that's a no-win situation.


Q:

How can a young aspiring astronomer like myself get involved in this kind of work? At my university it seems like undergrads get funneled directly into academia. What does it take to work at an institution like NASA? I've already started getting involved in research as a sophomore, and my dream research topic is exoplanets.

A:

Yooo RV was a dumpster fire of a movie...that being said, how awesome was it to work with Robin Williams??


Q:

How often do people try to hack you?

A:

I've been really enjoying your videos and its very refreshing to see a judge with an excellent sense of humor and common decency. Generally I do believe you are doing a fantastic job as a judge, however, recently there was a case I did disagree with and I would just like to hear a little of your input provided you have the time. Now, I am fully aware that you don't necessarily put the fines in place in regards to minimum/maximum, but you definitely do hold some power over adjusting the final amount paid, pay length, etc.. Red light violations typically carry a charge of $85 in Providence, running a red is a serious problem which can certainly end up in something disastrous. For the consequences which may come from running a red, I really don't feel the $85 is enough even for first time offenders (if they are flat-out guilty), but that's really just my opinion. My question is in regards to a young man you had on not too long ago who was fined $100 for playing loud music at noon. Why, as a judge that has been very fair and compassionate to his fellow man, did you see a $100 charge for a "crime" which has no victims as fair, but regularly (at least what is shown from the videos) reduce charges on more serious violations that have potential to hurt people? Thanks so much for your time and have a great day Judge Caprio!


Q:

Loved the show and the soundtrack. Can you send a link for the music?

A:

There are many possibilities. You can log into the NASA Planet Quest site and see tools and data bases about the planets as they are discovered. Try logging into "Eyes on Exoplanets". JPL, Goddard, and other NASA centers have summer internships and lots going on in the world of exoplanets; this would be a good way for you to get some firsthand experience. Most NASA scientists like myself have PhDs but have chosen to work for NASA rather than in universities. You could start in a PhD program...possibly doing your research in direct conjunction with NASA, or working for a professor like Sara Seager who does lots of NASA-funded work on exoplanets. Following that, try for a postdoctoral position at a NASA center; many good postdocs go on to become regular NASA employees. I appreciate your interest! Michael Werner


Q:

hahahahah! Robin is a saint... biggest heart in the world and never a dull moment. he was the best.

A:

Constantly, all the time. Since there are so many ways to compromise a target I completely reload all of my systems at least once every 6 months from a trusted source. If I was on Windows I would do it every week.


Q:

Loud music is an environmental offense which is a civil penalty and not a crime. The original fine for the offense you mentioned was $500 and I reduced it to $100.

A:

I don't have one! Leon Bridges!


Q:

Detecting exoplanets by their transit of their sun presumes that our angle of observation of their sun crosses the path of the planet's orbit. Isn't that really unlikely? Or, are all planets orbiting on parallel planes?

A:

Hi,

What is your dream role, if you could have any in the world, and what is your dream directorial role (genre, plot, cast to direct)? If you had to pick one of these, dream role or dream directing opportunity, which would you prefer to do?

Now this is the obligatory thank-you part that I could not pass up the opportunity to post, considering how much your LGBT+ work has meant to me:

I figured this would be a good opportunity to send some well-deserved thanks your way and hope you see it…! This idea of wanting to thank you started in a letter I started writing a good few years ago now… which I still happen to have in my bedside table, because it never got sent. (I don’t think I ever figured out where to send fan-mail to you, which didn’t help my cause.)

I don’t remember, when I was younger, knowing of any out actors. I’m 20 now, but up until my mid-teens, there was a big blank space around the ideas of ‘LGBT+’ and ‘the world’ being connected for me. I’ve known I was gay since I was 11, but the experience was very isolating, not knowing any gay people in real life. I had no foundation to go on, no experience in this, and obviously felt as though I couldn’t talk with anyone about it, even though I remember very few support-type services.

I remember seeing you in Zathura (my Dad loves Jumanji, so it was bound to happen) and ever since then, I think I’ve just sort of stuck with you. I must have seen that movie when I was about 12/13, and I think that’s when I started to hear what it was you were saying, because I noticed it was relevant to me. I followed what you were saying, and as I got older and more aware of myself and the world, it really started to have an impact on me. I felt as though that was my connection, as though that was my way of learning partly about who I was.

Even though you weren’t gay, the fact that you were only a few years older than me and were into the things and the field I also enjoyed really helped me relate to you. Because I related to you and because you actually meant something to me, the message you seemed so passionate about really resonated with me and it gave me a sort of courage and hope I don’t think someone older (or just generally someone whom I didn’t look up to) would have been able to instil. For the first time, someone I liked and someone I respected was talking about this thing I wasn’t able to share with anyone else. And they were a proper force in the ‘wider world.’

I never really struggle with ‘being gay,’ but I struggled with what other people might have thought, and again your dialogue helped with that. It was just so amazing to see someone whom I respected acting in a way that showed me he would treat me and people like me just as he would any other person. Even though it wasn’t a two way conversation between us, I felt that because you were a person with such a big stature who was brave enough to say this in public, that surely you knew people like me were out there and you were at least partially talking to us.

In the big scheme of things, I didn’t have it as hard as some others do, and I never want to take that for granted. My parents are relatively liberal and Australia is an OK climate to LGBT+ in. But I still found that it was hard to relate who I was with something bigger, and it was scary thinking about whether I would have to start a journey of discovery (not just self-discovery, but a discovery of ‘everything LGBT+’ I suppose you could say) on my own. Simply said, you helped me bridge the gap that I think sometimes people forget exists, even for young LGBT+ people in “supportive” environments. Just because they’re supportive doesn’t mean they’re informative or comfortable.

Nowadays, I’m so happy when I see younger celebrities come out, because I know how much that visibility and that platform means to young LGBT+ kids who simply want to see someone like them on television or in the media. Ellen Page, Charlie Carver, Tom Daley, Troye Sivan, Gus Kenworthy, etc, are all fantastic people that I just know will help make all the difference in someone’s life, as you did in mine.

So, all in all, I just wanted to thank you for everything you’ve done and continue to do for me and everyone else like me! I think it’s fair to say you’re not just an ally, but a friend too. I hope one day I get to shake your hand and thank you in-person for what you’ve done.

(...well this is the most personal thing I've ever written on this website.)


Q:

Hey there Kevin, What is one area of security/hacking that you would like to improve at? What is your favorite story in hacking history that you were not a part of?

A:

You are one of the most infectious happy people in the business and it's hard not to smile when you're on screen. Also a few of my friends and I quote "DOUBLE SNAKES" often because of you.

Who is one of your biggest inspirations for becoming a comedian?


Q:

You're correct! Using the transit technique, we can only find the planets passing in front of their star from our perspective. And as not all planets are on aligned plans, not all planets can be detected with this technique. Fortunately, other techniques exist to help us detect non-transiting planets (e.g., radial-velocity, direct-imaging, and astrometry techniques, among others). J.d.W.

A:

Of course! I think its beyond important to give people their voice and fair shot at what they want from life. GET OUT OF THE WAY HATERS!

Only light can drive out dark.


Q:

In the security and IT field there are so many things that are changing on a daily basis so you can't be good at everything. Right now there is a big need for people with the ability to find exploits in web apps.

An interesting bit of data is that when my company does engagements I still involve myself because I really enjoy the hacking process.

I have many favorite stories but I really enjoyed Kevin Poulsen's attack on Pacific Bell. I was very impressed by his bravado and how he would physically go into facilities. I would have liked to have met him earlier on in my hacking career when I was hacking the phone companies as that was my true love back in the 90s.

A:

thankyou!

steve martin, bill cosby was big before all the awfulness, seinfeld, brian regan!


Q:

For the 9-12 year olds in my class, what space futures might these kids look forward to? What will we need from their generation of kids to make these space dreams possible in the future?

A:

HEY JOSH! I'm so glad you have finally done an AMA!

What advice would you give you're teenage self when entering the theatre/acting community?


Q:

How accurate was the book/movie takedown ?

A:

Hey Pete! I started listening to your podcast and stand-up when I was in middle school, and now I'm a college freshman. You've helped me all through growing up, and I couldn't be more thankful. it's so cool to see you succeeding in such a big way. congrats! It's much deserved. I'm living in Manhattan and just starting to do stand up and writing things, and I'm sure you get this a lot, but, any advice? Thanks for all you've done for me and others, keep it crispy.


Q:

It's an exciting time to be a kid, and to be an explorer! If students out there are interested in joining us here at NASA, taking as much math as possible is always good. That said, it's also important to study language arts, too, so that you can communicate your discoveries and innovations. In the meantime, check out the exoplanet travel posters for inspiration about worlds we might someday visit: https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/alien-worlds/exoplanet-travel-bureau/ -- Stephanie

A:

thick skin. actors are the most insecure and insane types of people... with that you need to have thick skin to deflect the dissapointment and let downs and judgements.


Q:

I would say the book was 90% false and defamatory, the movie was 99%. The good news is that Jeff Estin, creator of White Collar, is doing the script for Ghost in the Wires. I hope that the script is picked up and it turns into something picked up by a production company.

A:

1 get on stage as much as you can 2 do the comedy that would make YOU laugh 3 ask yourself WHEN would i laugh if i was listening to myself? if the answer is "i don't know" then neither will the audience 4 hang with people who don't tear you down or break your spirit 5 listen to the greats, let them influence you, then shed them when you find your voice 6 don't be a dick! good luck!


Q:

In the presentation, one of the someone said that Spitzer was not originally designed to look for exoplanets and that it had to be re-engineered to do so. Assuming that the telescope stayed in space, how was this done?

A:

Josh Do you have any Tips for a Happy life?


Q:

Dear mr Mitnick,

Did you stay up to date on developments concerning your field of work during your incarceration and (iirc) supervised time? And if so, how?

And following up on that question; is it getting harder to stay up to date with the current developments while getting older?

A:

Hi Pete! Loved Crashing! Congrats on it and your engagement to SLV!

I would love to hear you discuss the art of cartooning and creating new yorker cartoons! Any chance you will be having a cartoonist on the podcast again?

Also, I'm obsessed with seeing other people's writing process and habits, would you give us some insight to yours?


Q:

Observations such as those described today require precision much higher than 1%. At this level, we discovered in the initial data on exoplanets various "systematic effects" having to do with both the telescope and the instrument which made it difficult to achieve this level of performance. So the re-engineering really meant using the telescope and analyzing the data in new and different ways; this continues as we strive to achieve higher and higher precision. - M. Werner see spitzer.caltech.edu for more information.

A:

Inner happiness... you wont find it in anything else in the world. thats the only way to get by and be happy


Q:

My kind supporters sent me lots of materials, including books, emails and information. At one point my watchers tried to stop this, saying that I was getting encrypted data on how to escape in the mime headers of the printed emails.

A:

I'd love to have another one on! So fun. Maybe Bob Mankoff himself! (The editor)

I get up early and write before i have a chance to remember that writing is hard. :)


Q:

Which one of the new discoveries is the one your team is most excited about?

A:

How would you beat up Donald trump?


Q:

Hi Kevin, do you think overall computer security is getting better as we devise way's to make things more secure, or is the growing number of tech illiterate people, or even techie people who just can't be bothered to keep to good security practices off setting the gains we are making?

A:

Hi Pete! Loved the first episode of the show! One thing that I enjoyed was how natural the dialogue between characters were. And Artie's improv was fantastic!

Question: I hear you talk about meditation and it has really peaked my interest. I think it would be a good way to teach myself to be more present and decrease stress levels. Do you have any recommendations for some reading or people to look up about this?

Also, saw/met you in Philly this month and you were the best. Thanks for being so cool!


Q:

The 3 planets e, f and g are the so called habitable zone and are the best candidates to harbor liquid water and... maybe... life !

A:

With knowledge.... it seems to be his biggest weakness...


Q:

It's really hard to find skilled security people, we really need to help develop people's skills in security testing. Testing security is an important step that needs to be taken.

A:

the buddha (the story goes) just sat in a comfortable, seated position, straight back, and focused on his breath. the feeling of air going in, the feeling of air going out. if you have thoughts, send them love but go back to the breath. it's all in the going back. do that for 10, 15, 30 minutes! it's great in the morning or before bed. or before a party you're too anxious to go into.


Q:

When the JWST is launched, how will it be used to analyze this system? What will it be looking for, and what will it be able to tell us about these planets?

A:

Is it harder to be an actor or a director?
Have you thought about being in another large franchise such as the hunger games?


Q:

What's the most immoral/questionable thing you've seen while being involved in this whole hacking thing?

A:

1) In 7 words or less, describe groping Lauren Lapkus' breast.

2) What does Rich Roll smell like?

3) Marry, Fuck, Kill: Kumail, Emily, TJ.


Q:

We’ll want to search for signs of interesting gases in the atmospheres of these planets with JWST. A high priority gas we of course want to detect is water vapor since water is necessary for life as we know it and is a fundamental part of our definition of planetary habitability. We will need to stare at these targets for a long time with JWST to be able to collect sufficient signal from them for a chance at determining their atmospheric compositions. During transit events (when the planets pass in front of their star), gases in the planets’ atmospheres can absorb starlight, producing potentially detectable signals. These will be very difficult observations, however, and obtaining better constraints on these planets’ properties beforehand (e.g. their masses) can help disentangle the signals we obtain with JWST in the future. -G.A.

A:

Hmmm. I would say that directing definitely requires a shit ton more focus and work!!! Id say thats more challenging for sure


Q:

The Albert Gonzalez case, you can read about it here

A:

no no no no no no no. Francensense. i'd have a polyamorous marriage with all three of them.


Q:

How can you know that existing life are in need of liquid water? We don't know anything about extraterrestrial life, do we? Just because we breathe oxygen and are dependent on water, does that mean that all other potential life have the same criteria?

A:

Hey Kevin. Big fan of your books, and you in general. I was wondering if you still have those nifty business cards, and how hard it would be to get one in Canada?


Q:

Did you laugh as hard as I did at Artie's line about his cousins best man speech?

A:

Very true! We have a very Earth-centric perspective on Life and habitability. But this is the beauty of exoplanetary science. We are exploring other worlds, finding unexpected planet types (e.g., hot-Jupiter, super-Earths), planets around completely different types of stars. All this is helping us broadening our perspective on planetary systems, which was based on a century-long study of our own system. Now, let's hope exoplanetary science will provide us with a similar perspective shift on habitability and Life--in the Universe! J.d.W.


Q:

Thanks man. I do still have those cards and Canada shouldn't be a problem, you can get them from my website if you like, or catch me at a show.

A:

oh my god, it was SO HARD to not laugh at artie the whole shoot! he killed it!


Q:

How come you don't have an online store? Why do you only take cash?

A:

Hey Pete how bout you break out those testies?


Q:

Seriously,because then I don't have to deal with fraud.

I actually prefer to give them out for free in person but I have them for sale if someone can't make it out to see me.

A:

hahaha, not now. ask when i'm drunk.


Q:

If you could go back and give yourself any advice just before you started hacking, phreaking etc, what would it be or would you?

A:

Pete,

I've been a huge fan for a while now. The podcast has helped me through a few down times in my life and honestly shaped my personal growth quite a bit.

I once had a dream about you in which you told me you were a little offended I hadn't come up to say hi when you were at the High Plains Comedy Festival in Denver. I said I just didn't want to bother you. This was the real reason I would have told you in real life, and plus I was pretty sure I'd frightened Kumail the day before when I recognized him on the street, so I was a little wary in general. Either way, after the dream, I was listening to your podcast, and you mentioned your therapist, Dr. Gary Penn, asking you about one of your dreams, something along the lines of you being every character in your dream. I applied that same question to myself, realized I want people to admire me for my restraint, and decided maybe I was being a little too critical of people not noticing something designed to be unnoticeable. In effect, you ended up helping me learn about myself by being your own inter-dimensional translator.

I've always wanted to tell you that story, and I don't think I'll be relevant enough to be on the podcast in a short enough time that it's worth saving.

I'm not under the impression that putting a question here is going to make this less self-indulgent, so let's just lean into it. If you had to fight Paul F Tompkins for the title of my favorite comic, what would be your strategy, and do you think it would work?


Q:

Don't get caught and if you're using cell phone to dial in always keep moving :P

A:

I'd mess up his dapper hair and pull on his bow tie, of course! (Not IRL, love PFT!!)

and thank you! SEE YOU ON THE ASTRAL PLANE


Q:

Hey, What OS/tools do you use on a daily basis?

A:

I went to the Comedy Cellar my first time in NYC but you weren't there (I was hoping to line up the trip so that I could see you, but it didn't work out). But then there was a pic of you there that very night, and Judd Apatow was there too, apparently I missed you guys hanging out. Which seems cruel of life to do. So I guess my question is, why?


Q:

I use this bad boy

A:

oh man. i just don't know.


Q:

Oh are you the one they call 4Chan? Such a good hacker. In all seriousness, anything us average computer users should be doing/avoiding that may not be common knowledge?

Finally, what did you think of the show Mr. Robot?

A:

Pete! The show was so great, I can't begin to say how happy I am to have you on my HBO lineup. It's you and girls so thanks Judd!

I've been shopping for religions. I was raised not practicing religion but I want spirituality in my life now. I can't help but feel that religion will be a superficial way to get this but I'm giving it a try. If it doesn't work out, what advice do you give in getting spirity in daily life without religion?


Q:

I'm not actually 4Chan, sorry to break that news.

Not common knowledge? Use 2 factor authentication, use a password manager, use VPN when on public WiFi, and be aware of phishing attacks. Phishing is likely the number one way someone would be able to get you.

Regarding Mr. Robot, I love it. I've had the pleasure of meeting several of the people involved with that production.

A:

the buddha said, when you're looking for water, don't dig six one foot wells, dig ONE six foot well. so, pick a practice and stick to it until it's time to shed it. i love Buddhism, Sufi, all that, but really my MAN is Ram Dass who calls himself a Christ Loving Hin-Jew!


Q:

What's your reddit password?

A:

Hey Pete, I'm a big fan of the podcast, Crashing, your standup (you really knocked it outta the park with faces and sounds) and just wanted to thank you for being your vulnerable, hilarious, loveable self.

I'm a standup comic from Canada who is about 3 years deep. I love every second I'm onstage and when I'm around my peers, comedy has really been my rock for the past 3 years. I'm wondering what your opinion on moving to a bigger city (New York/LA) would be for a canadian comic? I don't want to stay here for too long as it seems there is a real ceiling here for success but I also don't want to get swallowed by a bigger city. I really do want to do this for the rest of my life and would love any advice you have for any new(er) comics who are in my shoes as well.

Keep it crispy!


A:

stay where you are until you're PRETTY sure you're one of the best. THEN move when you're 90% sure you should move. it will always be scary, but that's the whole game. you do things JUST AS you think you MIGHT be ready... if you wait until they ask you to come it will never happen. be bold! believe in yourself! but listen to what comedy is saying back to you, your path could be a multitiude of things. :)


Q:

Recommendation on a Laptop? And what do you use and why?

A:

Pete. I am a massive fan. I have heard every episode of the podcast and I am on my relisten.

I am an aspiring comedian and writer.

College may not work out for me and I am trying to figure out how to move to la and fully dive in.

I just wanted to know what advice you'd have for someone who is moving out to la to do comedy but more importantly

Can I be your prodigy?


Q:

I could tell you but then I would have to kill you. Are you trying to do reconnaissance on me?

I will say I like OSX and I like the aesthetics of the Apple hardware. I'll use VM for my Windows systems. I do use Linux and I typically go with Debian or Ubuntu.

A:

haha, i'm honored! hopefully if you move to LA or wherever you do comedy you'll find a supportive scene filled with proteges for you to learn from and show things yourself. best of luck out there!


Q:

With all the news we've seen lately about security, what do you feel is under reported or over exaggerated?

A:

Riddle me this, If you aim to give us a shot, we'll riddle you. What are we?


Q:

I think sophistication that was behind the John Podesta phishing was highly exaggerated. This was a case of standard phishing, basic security awareness training would have prevented this. It wasn't a huge technological achievement, it was simple spear phishing.

A:

Helicopter?


Q:

What does your playlist consist of and what is your fuel when locked in a long work session?

A:

Loved the show Pete!

First I just want to thank you for being so open with your life on your podcast. Many people including myself share a similar background of youth groupy closed-mindedness, and it's refreshing to hear how you had to change the way you experience the world.

How do you prepare for your podcasts? I hear you taking and referencing notes that you take on the fly, but how much prep goes into a show that ends up being a 2+ hour session? What are your tactics for working with a guest who doesn't want to open up?

P.S. Dear Sweet Lady Val, you are the spirit of positivity and perfect for Pete. Congratulations to both of you!


Q:

I don't play music while I'm working because it's distracting. When I am listening it's Def Leppard, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Eagles, AC/DC and other classic rock. And throw in some Eminem and Black Eyed Peas.

A:

thank you for the kind words!!

i spend the 30 minute drive to meltdown just thinking about the guest and how i want it to go. picture them laughing, myself listening, us connecting. a little visualization. then a quick Wiki search, three Alpha Brain (for real, not a plug -- www.alphabrain.com/weird) and ONE sip of coffee. :)


Q:

Why did you choose Condor as your hackername back in the day?

A:

Pete! Congrats on the show. Is 30 too old to get into stand-up will we ever get treated to more You Made It Movies? Thanks


Q:

At the time one my favorite movies was 3 Days of the Condor. In the movie Robert Redford called up the CNA bureau to get someones number. I was impressed that the writers had included such an accurate detail.

A:

no, and maybe! tim allen was in jail when he was 30. and rodney dangerfield didn't break till way later in life. it's never too late to try and live creatively and authentically! just take small steps.

i like to say, follow the dream that's following you. it has to want you back. so listen when your dream speaks back to you!


Q:

What's your favorite pizza topping?

Also, thank you for being such an incredible human being.

A:

Why do people argue about the humor of women? Isn't comedy universal and therefore gender neutral?


Q:

Thai chicken pizza from CA Pizza kitchen!

A:

i think men are scared of giving the authority to women to make them laugh. it's a powerful position and sometimes my gender can be a little backwards when it comes to giving women a chance at driving the car, so to speak. but anyone who says women aren't funny needs to watch Natasha Leggero, Maria Bamford, Sarah Silverman and countless others.


Q:

How's your day? :)

A:

Have you ever thought about writing a screenplay about Harris Whittles? Do you think it's appropriate? Would you help me write it?


Q:

It's well, thank you

A:

I love harris and whatever is done to honor him would be lovely and welcome. i don't feel like i'm the right person because we weren't SUPER close, but i do love him and miss him lots. but godspeed!


Q:

Is penetration testing as exciting as it sounds?

A:

How many seasons do you envision the series lasting assuming everything goes well?


Q:

Yes, I love it. It has been my passion since the 70s, hacking is the ultimate game. I love playing and I love winning.

A:

Six! PLUS A MOVIE (jk). But six is what i imagine when i map it out


Q:

I saw Takedown 15-ish years ago, so obviously I already know the whole story, right? :P

A:

P. Pants,

I've read you saying here & there how responding to, or even checking comments on all the various sites is both tricky & sticky, and you generally abstain . . understandably !

But if you'd ever joined the weirdos ( and many of my friends ) who greatly enjoyed the "mash-up" I did just under a year ago, entitled You Made It Weird Again ( Not Feelin' Crispy ) (Pete Holmes - with Guests & Friends vs Steely Dan) . . would you say so ? ( Don't pause this AMA for a 6 min, audio w/ video just now . . maybe after ! )

You got me into "game-changing" hemp-oil a few months ago, and if I can distill the wide-ranging spirit of YMIW and give a bunch of heartwarming joy back to You, it would mean the whirled !

( I'd surely make my "joy noise" )


Q:

Yeah, not so much. Check out Ghost in the Wires for the full story.

A:

i'll check it! thank you!


Q:

If you suspected your wife was cheating, how would you catch her?

A:

Hey Pete! Congrats on Crashing! I'm a huge fan of all your work, YMIW in particular. I love the episodes with other comedians where you really break down the art that is standup. Who are some new or lesser known comics that you like? Also, what advice would you give to someone interested in the humiliation that is getting started in standup? Thanks Pete! Keep it crispy!


Q:

Hire a private investigator

A:

if you want to try it, just go to an open mic and watch. if it speaks to you at that level, try it out! it only gets better from there.

and i like Jo Firestone and, he's not new but, Matt McCarthy, Sean Donnelly, Aparna N


Q:

Do you have any plans to write a feature film?

I can't wait to see The Big Sick - though I can't look at Kumail without hearing your impression -- "EEMMIILLYYYY".

A:

I'd love to at some point!

BIG SICK is amaze. OH GOD EMILLLLY!


Q:

Hey, I like your new show. Are you really religious IRL?

A:

I'm hugely interested in who we are and what we're doing here, absolutely. Ram Dass represents my views perfectly. He has talks on YouTube and iTunes!