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TechnologyWe are Richard Clarke and R.P. Eddy, two national security and counterterrorism experts, here to answer your questions about terrorism and other threats to mankind.

May 31st 2017 by RichardAClarke • 26 Questions • 605 Points

Update: Back to the #entrepreneurlife... You can find me here:

Instagram: http://instagram.com/garyvee Facebook: http://facebook.com/gary Snapchat: http://snapchat.com/add/garyvee Website: http://garyvaynerchuk.com Soundcloud: http://soundcloud.com/garyvee/ Twitter: http://twitter.com/garyvee Medium: http://medium.com/@garyvee Planet of the Apps: http://planetoftheapps.com Podcast: http://garyvaynerchuk.com/podcast

Update: Starting at 1:40 PM EST.

About: One of the world’s leading marketing experts, Gary Vaynerchuk has built his career by being exactly where consumer attention is going next.

Just out of college, Gary grew his family wine business from a $4M to a $45M business in just five years. Now, he runs VaynerMedia, one of the world’s hottest digital agencies. Along the way, Gary became a prolific angel investor and venture capitalist, investing in companies including Snapchat, Facebook, Twitter, Uber and Venmo and co-founding the VaynerRSE fund.

Gary will soon appear with Gwyneth Paltrow, Jessica Alba and will.i.am on Apple’s original series “Planet of the Apps,” launching in spring 2017.

You can find Gary here: Instagram: http://instagram.com/garyvee Facebook: http://facebook.com/gary Snapchat: http://snapchat.com/add/garyvee Website: http://garyvaynerchuk.com Soundcloud: http://soundcloud.com/garyvee/ Twitter: http://twitter.com/garyvee Medium: http://medium.com/@garyvee Planet of the Apps: http://planetoftheapps.com Podcast: http://garyvaynerchuk.com/podcast

Proof: https://facebook.com/events/1034546673313618

Q:

What risks come with developing and stockpiling weapons (like nuclear weapons in the 40s, 50s and 60s or like zero-day exploits nowadays)? Is it worth the risk?

A:

How do Odinists spread their message and maintain their network? Also how do you get these subjects to cooperate and talk to you? Are the interested because they want to promote their cause?


Q:

What advice would you give to someone basically starting over at 28 years of age?

A:

I am very much against NSA stockpiling Zero Day attack tools involving widely used software. If they find a vulnerability, they should tell the software developer so that the problem can be patched. If NSA can find the vulnerability, so can Russia and China. It is more important that we have secure networks on our critical infrastructure than that we are able to attack others' systems. This was the recommendation that President Obama accepted from the Review Group on Intelligence and Technology. Clearly, NSA did not comply with that policy.


Q:

Good question. Mainly through social media, as well as through the prison system, where Odinism is VERY big. Lots of these guys become Odinists in prison. Most of the Odinists I talked to didn't want to talk to me, or anyone in the media. A few of them did. I'm sure there was some narcissism involved, but also these guys have very set beliefs that they're proud of. They're not ashamed and want to spread their word.

A:

Realize how lucky you are that you are in a position to start over. You're still a baby!! You don't realize how young you'll feel when you're my age.


Q:

In the case of the Manchester bombing it has been reported that the bomber was reported to the authorities on numerous occasions. If that's the case, where did the breakdown in the warning system happen? In your opinions, should this tragedy have been avoided? What changes would you make to ensure future tragedies are prevented?

A:

what was the strangest contradictory behavior you've seen among this group (e.g. they are big fans of Seinfeld and Drake)?


Q:

When you say work your face off/hustle, what exactely are some tasks to do to move your business forward? What tasks can you do to occupy yourself a whole day and feel good that you pushed ur business forward?

A:

I have some sympathy for the British police and security services. They have 20,000 people on their Watch List. When someone is reported too them, they try to check them out, but if there is no evidence that they are planning an attack, the security services can not monitor them closely. Someone can go from being radicalized to being willing to die in a terrorist attack with a matter of days. How can security services know when this state of mind has changed? Inevitably, some attackers will slip through the cracks of any system designed to detect them.


Q:

I find it really interesting that a lot of these guys consider themselves "historians" and a lot of them are very (technically) smart, yet they ignore certain overwhelming evidence that would show their beliefs up as hateful and small-minded. That's pretty weird to me.

A:

I let zero minutes waste. 15 straight hours every single day. Constantly doing. Just work. You can not waste time on stupid stuff.


Q:

Did you see any such instances where they seem self-aware of this?

A:

Gary, my family has a pharmacy business which is now really struggling, my parents are working their asses off. I'm currently studying industrial engineering, my question is: should I put my efforts in helping them with the business or carry on with my studies? Btw I'm 19 turning 20 on monday


Q:

No. Indeed, the opposite. A lot of people have painted themselves into a corner, intellectually.

Actually, that's not true. The case of Leo Felton/Leo Olamidu did show a lot of introspection. Leo turned his back on Odinism and white supremacy because he ultimately read and studied more and decided he'd been wrong.

A:

If you think that you can come in and save the day but you also have the air cover from your family to quit your studies then you should do it - BUT that's a big IF.


Q:

do they ever say things like "Odin's Beard!"?

A:

What advice would you give to someone who's doesn't know what to do with their life?


Q:

I haven't heard that tbh.

A:

To try as many things as possible and get into the YES business instead of the NO business. Think about what you can potentially do.


Q:

psh. These guys are lame. Are they at least racist towards the dwarves and ice giants and other creatures of the nine realms?

A:

Where will influencer marketing be in 5, 10 and 20 years?:)


Q:

I can't say I ever asked anyone this question ;)

A:

Far bigger than most people thing in 5 yeasrs - Billions and billions and billions and billions -- 10 years - understood with more billions : ) -- in 20 years might start looking like television which means it will be a mature market or overpriced


Q:

Is this a US-based phenomenon, or does it have ties in Europe as well?

What is your favorite story you've covered outside of the hate report?

A:

Gary, what are the three biggest trends you see in digital advertising today that are here to stay?


Q:

There are certainly ties to this is Europe. For example, the story examines the case of Anders Breivik, who killed 77 people in Norway. Breivik self-identifies as an Odinist.

My favorites story outside this one was my lengthy investigation of pedophile priests in the Catholic Church who moved to South America and continued preaching: https://www.pri.org/stories/2015-09-17/fugitive-fathers-how-vatican-s-alleged-sex-abusers-hide-and-preach-south-america

A:

Audio (Podcasting and alexa skills) Audio will save people time. It's not only my #1 but my #2 and #3


Q:

However, Brevik specifically says "I believe in the only God, Odin" which is a direct contradiction to ancient Nordic religion which was polytheistic. On the same note, these self professed Odinists have seemingly no ties to Scandinavia as they're from America and express their belief in monotheism. Your thoughts?

A:

Hey, Gary! I'm a web developer with entrepreneurial tendencies; I've been watching/reading your content for a couple of years.

Have you experimented with chatbots or other AI-related web technologies? The AI market seems to be heating up thanks to cloud-delivered services, and I'm wondering how you think AI will affect digital marketing?


Q:

I disagree with your point about monotheism in America. Most of the Odinists I've communicated with are polytheists. They have just zeroed in on Odin as their "primary" god. And your point about Breivik is interesting since it does, indeed, seem contradictory. I'd like to learn more about his beliefs.

A:

Obessed. Time is the most valuable thing. AI is built on saving us time. BUT the people that try to eliminate the human element will lose. People still need to be a part of it. Needs to be a good blend. Those people will win


Q:

Interesting because in your story these North American Odinists are saying as much. That they believe in one God. How can they zero in on a "primary" God but believe in one God? I don't quite understand

A:

How do you vet the people you work with?

What's a trend you're glad is over?


Q:

Honestly, tt runs the gamut from the people I've talked to. Some people believe primarily in Odin, some in the full pantheon. Some believe that the gods are simply exemplars or parables, while others believe they are very real, or even living and present.

A:

I vet people 100% intuitively. As quickly as I hire, I'm willing to fire. I'm glad people are no longer using a tragedy to get a follower account i.e using donating to cause for every new follower.


Q:

Interesting, thanks for clarifying for me. Very interesting investigative work on this and glad you did a AMA session! Good luck with all your future work!

A:

On what level do you get to know your competition personally?


Q:

Thanks for reading!

A:

Zero. I get uncomfortable because I am unbelievably competitive.


Q:

What surprised you most in your research?

A:

How likely is it that you'll buy the Jets one day? What needs to happen for you to get there?


Q:

I think the breadth and spread of racist Odinism. I had no idea it was so prevalent. I had never even heard of Odinism before I started researching white supremacy.

A:

100%. I have to stay alive.


Q:

Have you found any evidence that ancient Nordic people were themselves racist?

A:

What are your thoughts on cryptocurrencie?


Q:

No, and indeed this is a bone of contention within Odinism -- whether there are actual overt references in the poetic eddas and other texts that could be identified as overt racism, or the supremacy of one race over another. Certainly most heathens don't believe there are any such points. But some racist heathens do.

A:

I'm bullish on it. I haven't gone deep enough so I stay away. Technology always eats the world.


Q:

Hi Will, when we published this piece on Public Radio International (PRI) https://www.pri.org/stories/2017-05-25/white-supremacists-are-killing-name-ancient-nordic-religion some felt that the piece made a blanket statement about this religion. One comment stood out on our FB page: Implying that Odinism IS the ancient Norse religion is much like implying that the Salafist Islam practiced by Isis IS Islam. Reductive, insulting, potentially dangerous, and evidence of research-free clickbait journalism How would you respond?

A:

You have spoken before about a college ambassador.

What are you looking to get out of in particular from that position/person in the future?


Q:

This is certainly the main criticism I've received: Several mainstream heathens are upset that this radical strain of their religion gets so much attention. And they wonder why mainstream heathenism isn't covered more by the mainstream press. My job, however, is to cover hate and extremism. And there's no question that racist Odinists are a real and credible threat to the American public. I therefore wholeheartedly defend the choice to cover this group. I think it's an important story. And I believe I make very clear in the piece that these people are a small subset of the broader heathen population!

A:

People with attention and influence is what I trade so that's what I'd be looking for -- but there has to be an exchange in value. What I love is that influencers can go out to dinner and get paid for it because they're posting for the restaurant -- those are getting paid and those are making fun of it.


Q:

What are some examples of the religion that haven't been co-opted by this radical faction?

A:

Hey Gary, what is the best strategy to gain a following and to get known for a musician (Hip Hop) with a very poor following?


Q:

Good question. I would definitely check out Heathens United Against Racism, as well as other mainstream heathen groups. In general, I have found that anyone identifying themselves specifically as "Odinist" or "Wotanist" tends to be more likely to be of a racist or extremist persuasion than someone who identifies as "Asatru" or simply "heathen." That's not cut and dry, but it's a good rule of thumb.

A:

Nee to get you music hear - make good music first cause if you're product sucks you're finishe - but if it's good - offer your music for free and reach out to other influencers so they can use your music in their content - bring them value !!


Q:

Another reader really wished that people wouldn't go around thinking that everyone with a Viking tattoo is a racist.

A:

Gary, what's on your homescreen? Whose homescreen do you wish you could see?


Q:

Absolutely. I'm in daily contact with heathens who are extremely frustrated about this portrayal of their religion. I would just say that I hope mainstream heathenism gets more attention in the future. It's a legitimate religion with millions of dedicated followers.

A:

My screen - social sites, nuzzel, calendar -- I would like to see the collective homescreen of every 15 year old in America so that I can learn about what opportunities might be out there.


Q:

Using the term legitimate religion made me laugh. Thank you for that.

A:

Gary, What are you getting out of being a volunteer for Pencils of Promise? (Thanks for being you)


Q:

Ok. I don't see anything that makes heathenism any less legitimate than other religions, but that's my personal opinion.

A:

Scratching my intuition. It just felt like the right place to be giving back. It made sense for my time and I loved the founder, Adam Braun.


Q:

When you think of yourself not as a global citizen, but rather a citizen of a certain group, it is easy to think in subjective terms. Why does it matter that whites were not indigenous to the region? It is not like at the end of time you will be rewarded for following the rules and not encroaching on other's indigenous land.

A:

What are your top priorities in life?


Q:

Indeed

A:

The health of my family.


Q:

Did you know that an Oklahoma inmate was executed in 2012 and his last words included "Valhalla, Odin slay the beast"? http://www.reuters.com/article/us-execution-oklahoma-idUSTRE80424R20120106

A:

HOW MANY CLIENTS did you have when you started to put systems in place and outsourcing? Thanks for all the content!


Q:

I came across this case during my research. I didn't include it since the murder was not "terrorism" per se. The inmate spent a lot of time incarcerated, which means he almost certainly was confronted with Odinism repeatedly. Odinism is extremely common and popular in prisons.

A:

I never outsource work.


Q:

Will,

You talk a lot about these individuals becoming radicalized in prison. In your research, did you find anything to suggest Odinists groups were also showing up on college campuses? "Identity Evropa" posted fliers all over my school and I just wonder if this group is related to the ones you looked at.

A:

What is it about you that frustrates the people in your life the most?


Q:

I did not look into the spread of Odinism on campuses. That could be a good follow-up! I'm well aware of Identity Evropa, and have written about them, but I don't believe they're affiliated with any heathen traditions/religion. I would be very interested to hear about active Odinist groups on campus, if you learn about them!

A:

Getting time with me. Access is a real challenge. You can have a 5 minute facetime for #60secclub but only 1 minute with my own employees.


Q:

What other stories are you working on for the near future?

A:

What is it about you that frustrates the people in your life the most?


Q:

I don't want to scoop myself :) I'm interested in several elements of what we have broadly termed "hate in America." I'm still looking into white supremacists/white separatists, as well as other extremists.

If you have any story ideas or tips, please send them my way! [email protected]

A:

Getting time with me. Access is a real challenge. You can have a 5 minute facetime for #60secclub but only 1 minute with my own employees.


Q:

Have you done any work on La Raza or the Black Panthers or similar hate groups?

A:

Where and how do you learn more about your intended audience (not you specifically)? What do you use to gather your data on your audience? I'm trying to find the pain points and make sure I'm targeting the right way.


Q:

I have mentioned hate crimes by black nationalists in my weekly Hate Report: https://www.revealnews.org/hate/ But I haven't investigated any of these groups as I don't see evidence that they're active in the same way

A:

I personally use doing. By creating and putting out, I use my intuitive nature to understand. Analytics tells you what has already happened, Not what you should do now.


Q:

Their religion sounds like blend of Wicca and Christianity.

A:

Hey Gary, I'm 19 how do I get people in the fashion industry to take me more seriously?


Q:

Yes, but remember the racist extremists are the minority. I would say they have co-opted the religion to their own ends.

A:

By executing. Don't expect anything until you've actually done it. Nobody owes you shit. Look at Kobe and LeBron - they executed and got the attention they deserved. Don't blame it on anything - especially your age.


Q:

Okay now I'm more confused.

A:

how do you provide people more value than they give you without being a "pushover"?


Q:

That's not my name :)

A:

By learning how to say "yes" and "no." You're only a pushover if you allow it. Learn how to take, not at the expense of what your giving. I am always willing to give because it is not transactional. I pay attention to the Macro.


Q:

How about Will Carless then

A:

When changing careers to a different industry, any tips on best way to convince hiring managers that your previous experience is relevant?


Q:

That's my real name.

A:

By not trying to convince them. Never sell. Make them believe you and your story.


Q:

I got the impression he had. He was from an area of Northeast Ohio where there are a lot of Jewish people. He also was more into the Odinism than the White Supremism, like the whole Viking warrior, pure blood stuff was his thing. He sort of passively hated. Just don't try to mingle and keep your shit to your own people kind of stuff. He also believed in multiple other gods and multiple creations; so he believed Yahweh created a weaker race, while Odin created a superior one. And he kept a copy of the Edas, and actually studied it and took it literally.

He was down for murder and had been down 12 years when I met him, so, he had kind of had leeway to craft his own reality.

A:

Gary, we know you are a Mount Ida Mustang alum however I've never heard you say what your major was?

Thanks for all you do!


Q:

It sounds like there's some Christian Identity thought mixed in there too, that's well worth reading up on

A:

MADDEN!!


Q:

Any of them seeming to stand out more recently?

A:

Hi Gary, long time follower/fan and love your work and thanks for doing this AMA. You always give advice that perspective is the highest “virtue”- no matter what, the right perspective gets you out of any tough situation. I’m wondering if you could explain your process of meta-perspective, aka, getting perspective on your perspective.

To re-word, how can someone analyze their own perspective if they are unaware that it’s fundamentally incorrect?


Q:

Yep. I just wrote a story about it ;)

A:

They can't.


Q:

The official police report gives direct quotations from the murderer as he spewed his hatred for liberals from the back seat of the ride leaving the murder scene:

I told him [The victim], "you ain't. gonna heal punk." And he still wants to put hands on me. Die bitch. Fucking die. Stupid motherfucker. That's what liberalism gets you.

The defendant continued:

I hope they all die. I'm gonna say that on the stand. I'm a patriot and I hope everyone I stabbed died.

The specific victim to which he referred can be construed based on the facts available to us within the same police report. The only victim to die on the scene was Ricky Best, 20 year patriot and military veteran. He received several more stab wounds than the other victims and was the only victim not to arrive, life intact, at a hospital for treatment.

Not to be redundant but I believe it will be an effective message to simply repeat your own question in response, "how does that square with the narrative you're trying to tell?"

A:

What is your process for making difficult decisions quickly?


Q:

I don't understand your point.

A:

Believing in my intent. That's all that matters.