Crime / JusticeIamA lawyer for detainees at Guantánamo Bay. Two of my clients are currently starving to death. AMA.
Oct 17th 2017 by ShelbyS_B • 6 Questions • 61 Points
Edit: Okay! Thanks r/IAmA for all your questions, it's now time for us to trudge home. Thank you for having us and we loved answering your questions.
Answering your questions today are senior reporters Shona Ghosh and Sam Shead, who have been following Transport for London’s surprise decision last month not to renew Uber’s license to operate in London. Catch up on all of our Uber coverage at uk.businessinsider.com. You can follow Business Insider UK on reddit, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube.
How was your original escape to China orchestrated? Did your family help, and if not, how did you plan it as an 18-year-old with restricted contact with the outside world?
You are incredibly brave and your work now to become a social worker shows your nobility and goodness as well. I wish you and your daughter the best
What are your favourite examples of people using Excel for unusual things?
I asked Adam Savage this, I'll ask you too.
When will some one remake Junkyard Wars? It seems like it would be perfect for some one with your skill set.
Was it strange to be back on earth with earth smells and earth people?
Is there any optimism in the research community about finding "islands of stability" higher up in the periodic chart? Or is that considered a dead-end?
Has podcast sponsorship given you guys a good ROI? How has it compared to returns on other forms of advertising/marketing?
When talking to full-time Uber drivers (in a variety of different countries) the general consensus is that to earn a livable wage you've got to be putting in a minimum of 60 hours per week, if not more.
At what point does Uber cease to be a "technological breakthrough" and start to be more of a workaround to circumvent paying livable wages to its employees?
While taxi fares are certainly well above market rates in many places around the world, Uber seems to have gone the other way...instead of being unfair to consumers they are unfair to workers...What do you think ridesharing and the taxi industry will look like 5-10 years from now? There's no doubt that Uber has caused a disruption but how do you see the wage discrepancy correcting itself over time?
Also: Dude...if you want your AMA to take off you've got to be ready to answer the first dozen questions immediately. As in, immediately, as soon as they come in. In real time. The momentum you get (or don't get) in the first hour is crucial.
My step-mother wanted me to marry so I would not be her responsibility anymore. I heard rumors that I could escape to China and be adopted by an older Chinese couple and live a happy life there. My step-mother knew a broker who convinced me to go to China.
The broker guided me to the Tumen river and told me when and where to cross. When I was picked up on the other side the broker told me to pay for my escape or be sold as a bride. I had no money and was terrified of being arrested by the Chinese police. I felt so trapped.
One of my favorites support requests contained a business justification of "this issue is delaying the space shuttle launch". -Ben[Microsoft]
That's funny you say that. We've been talking about revamping that show.
Yes, it was strange, including the smelly earth people.
Yeah, there is. There's a lot of work currently going on to try and find the island around neutron number 184, so that's work with flerovium (although the problem is we can't get the neutron count up). The other possible islands beyond that, say the 120 region, are theoretical at the moment, so we need to get the next few elements before we know.
(Jason) - We love podcasts. Its a captive audience. We try to buy them at an affordable rate (1200-2500). We are selective on the audience. We do well in a more liberal space (its seems like the audience is more comfortable with Taboo topics). Typically, we can put $1 in and get $1.20 back. Its also a guaranteed Brand Build.
That is definitely a common narrative, though there are also Uber drivers who will tell you quite spontaneously they love the extra money and flex. It's more difficult to earn a livable wage if you drive for something like Uber Exec though.
In the UK, there are MPs who already think Uber is effectively flouting regulation and worker rights to make money. I don't see the wage discrepancy correcting itself over time; I suspect politicians will step in to force some level of worker rights. That would probably result in Uber raising its prices and looking more like a traditional minicab company. — Shona
Was there a certain event that happened in your life in North Korea that made you decide you wanted to escape?
For real. This needs to be seen.
Where did you learn the majority of your workshop and building skills? I.E. Welding, carpentry, electronics, etc..
Hello! Thanks for doing this!
Considering your total 520 days in space, do you consciously ever feel any differences in your body or health as a result?
Do you ever dream you are back in a weightless environment, and how realistic are those dreams?
I don't feel any differences now. Took about 8 months to feel back to normal. I rarely have a dream about space, unless I'm in space.
It's not so much the properties of the element, but properties of the isotope of that element. You'd get much longer lived isotopes, so you could have an element that lasts years rather than seconds.
In terms of the properties of flerovium - that's something that nobody's really sure about at the moment. It looks pretty unreactive, but at this point in the periodic table you start getting huge relativistic effects. The most interesting upshot of that theorised so far is with element 118 - which might not have electron shells!
(bobby) Yes, I am actually answering from our shitty private jet.
Interestingly, they have (briefly) talked about how their model would need to change with government intervention, at least in the UK. It would look much more like existing private taxi operators, with set shifts (as opposed to the current model where drivers can log in and accept rides at any time) and salaries.
It would also cost them millions of pounds in additional costs though at no point did they say this would force them out of business.
So, I could see a more restricted, more expensive Uber in the not too distant future. It depends on whether new legislation gets passed here or not though. - Shona
What was the part of the day you looked forward to most when you lived in north korea?
What's the biggest mistake (or regret) thats happened within development?
Who decided on the cars used in non-car specific myths/scenarios? It seemed sometimes that sought after classics got destroyed sometimes, where regular/other cars could have been used
Took about 8 months to feel back to normal.
That's actually an amazingly long recovery time. How did it compare to your time adapting to life in space?
Taking out u/Clippy_Office_Asst -Michael[Microsoft]
It still breaks my heart that we destroyed so many classic cars. Ugh.
What kind of stuff do they teach in North Korean schools about western civilization?
Why can't the auto-scientific notation default be disabled?
Did you ever recover from the emotional damage caused by the infamous bike jump?
If you're allowed to elaborate on them, what sort of projects did you do while in space?
I know that it can be frustrating entering values and having this happen. We are investigating what we can do to make this better. You can help by Voting for this issue. For now, you can select a range and format as text prior to entering the bar codes / id numbers. -Eric [Microsoft]
Haha! Yes, and amazingly I didn't get injured too bad. I need to revisit that jump using a BMX bike.
Over 400 different experiments in all different scientific disciplines.
(Carson) While it's not something we've explored fully, we're definitely looking to try out the pregnant women market more. We actually did a blog post featuring my wife who was utterly saved by the Squatty Potty during pregnancy. She also loves talking about poop so it worked out...
Commuters were initially shocked by the "Uber has been banned in London" headlines but they've now realised that the taxi app might not disappear after all.
Uber has appealed Transport for London's (TfL) ruling and there's a good chance that it will be given an operating licence if it makes a few changes that satisfy the transport regulator.
Right now I don't think any competitors are benefiting. If anything, Uber is probably getting used more in London due to all the publicity. Of course, that could all change if Uber fails to turnover TfL's decision. — Sam
How does the Korean spoken in the South differ from the North?
Hello from the Mod Team at /r/excel!
Will you ever integrate other languages, such as python, into Excel, to complement VBA?
Also, will SQL be integrated better into Excel? The current query viewer is poor, compared to other environments.
Hi Mod Team, thanks for all your hard work!
Lots of options here so folks are aware.. there're several ways to use Python with Excel today already using great open source (including Pandas!) and partner solutions, and through the Microsoft Graph. We also announced ability for Excel to call out to Azure Machine Learning models that could host R or Python within them.
We're working hard to extend the programmability surface area to make sure developers can build very rich solutions that run across platforms, and have been releasing these every month.
For scripting in other languages, yes, this is something we're exploring. Would love the feedback on our User Voice site: http://excel.uservoice.com.
Thanks! - Ash (Microsoft)
Totally. The "Cruiser" was way too heavy. BMX should be a piece of cake. I'll post it on YouTube.
That they were always the smartest kid in the class, and I was not.
The Chicago pile was never permanent, it was basically, well, a pile. so that's why I said X-10 was first.
But technically yes, Fermi got there first.
(jason) think of all the extra yoga time you now have
One of the most interesting things I've found is there are a number of other taxi app companies that are waiting for TfL to issue them with an operating licence.
Via — a startup that has raised $200 million from Mercedes-Daimler and other investors — is up and running in the US but it's been waiting almost half a year for its London licence.
If TfL doesn't issue companies like Via and rival Taxify with operating licences then these companies will turn their back on the city and set up in other European destinations. — Sam
What is a funeral ceremony like in North Korea for the average citizen?
Thanks for doing the AMA. I have a question about a VERY simple yet useful feature that magically disappeared for recent versions.
I have 2 spreadsheets open side by side. I highlight several cells and get the 'sum' of the numbers, which shows in the bottom Status bar. I click onto the second spreadsheet to type that number. The sum in the Status bar below disappears from the first spreadsheet.
This used to never happen and whatever I had highlighted would remain in the taskbar at the bottom while I clicked the other spreadsheet. This would help me transfer new data from one spreadsheet to another, but now I need to manually add a =sum() in the first spreadsheet so that it shows it physically.
What beverage options does one have on hand on the ISS? Did you miss any foods/snacks?
Left field question for you.
What is the standard banter at parties/events in your field?
When chatting with Yuri Oganessian (or similar) in a social setting, what percentage of the conversation is atoms & elements and what percentage is shooting the shit talking about sports or mayonnaise vs. mustard?
Does this device do anything to help treat/prevent hemorrhoids?
Are you on Windows? Open your first file. Then open a separate Excel process by going to Start > Run and type excel /x Then open the second file. Let me know if it works! -Dave [Microsoft]
Why would they do that?
We have a lot of juices and coffee and tea. And something that's similar to Kool-Aid.
Do I miss any food/snacks? from space? no.
Probably 60% old friends seeing each other, 40% discussing who's doing what/interesting ideas/how work is going. It depends how long ago it was that they caught up with each other.
As the community is relatively small, there's a lot of business chat and deal making. In the cold war, the US/Russian teams were competing and not working together; today it's just not possible to do the research any other way.
That said, if it's a conference or something everyone's looking to unwind a little. Nuclear physicists discussing going to an escape room is great. Also scientists LOVE to talk about food.
(bobby) Those bunch of grapes are caused by straining to go. Squatty Potty reduces the straining. It essential un-kinks the garden hose "colon" so the poop can come out with less pushing.
I won't go into great detail (...just in case our future stories don't work out) but the areas Sam, I, and our colleagues are looking into right now are issues around sexual harassment in the tech industry, the gig economy and treatment of workers in the UK, unethical behaviour/lies by some major startup names. Uber's fate in London and the UK generally obviously remains an interesting topic. — Shona
Thank you so much for doing this. You, and LiNK are wonderful.
What kind of stigmas do you face in South Korea as a North Korean? How difficult is it for you to "come out" as a North Korean?
How large is the Excel team compared to the other product teams (ie. Word, PowerPoint, Access, etc.)?
Thanks for your time in doing this. My question is, What does the ISS smell like? Are there ever any issues regarding smells? and if so how do you go about solving them? Cheers!
Were there any instances where they weren't able to successfully recreate the new element after making the claims?
I love you and I hate you for significantly degrading my pooping experience in the office or basically anywhere without my trusty squatty potty. Also will you please bring back the wooden teak model, it looks so much nicer. Why was it cancelled in the first place?
I face the most discrimination when I apply for jobs in South Korea. When I have an interview, the South Korean employer can usually tell I have a North Korean accent. They will then tell me they do not hire North Koreans and end the interview right then. That happens about 7 out of 10 interviews.
We are the XL team ;-)
Probably the superhero episode. I just remember dressing up in costume and running around the shop like a freak.
We store our garbage on board for a long period of time, so sometimes it can get smelly. In general, though, it's not an unpleasant smell on board. Space itself has a very unique smell, kind of like burning metal.
Loads. There are some claims that have never been substantiated, for example the Israeli scientist Amnon Marinov claimed to discover element 112 in 1971 while working at CERN. His claim has never been endorsed. Element 102, Nobelium, was named by a Swedish team who claimed to have discovered the element (they hadn't).
Perhaps the most infamous example is Victor Ninov, who is alleged to have fabricated evidence to claim he had discovered element 118 in the late 90s at Berkeley.
Hello Joy (and Sarah!) This is John From L.A. (I did your hair for the fundraiser last month) I just wanted to ask how can you get your daughter out of China so she can come live with you?
Do you guys have a preference internally between A1 and R1C1?
Also, what new features are you most excited to introduce into Excel that you're able to talk about?
What was the worst injury you have sustained on Mythbusters?
How do you know how space smells like?
Do you still speak with your Shark Tank investor?
Hi John! Thanks again for the great hair style. I can get my daughter if the man's family will allow me to take her. It will be difficult right now to bring her to South Korea because they want to keep her. I also want to finish university so I can get a job which will allow me to provide for her if she comes to South Korea.
Depends on what you mean by "preference". Internally, references are parsed to just row and column numbers, and so the distinction between R1C1 and A1 goes away. It's only when parsing formulas or displaying them back to the user that A1 versus R1C1 applies. -Jeff[Microsoft]
I only went to the emergency room once on MB. Hollywood myths I was trying to hang on to the edge of a building. When I let go I fell 10ft and my shin hit the ledge of a window below. 7 stitches later I was good to go.
When a volume was previously at vacuum, like after a space walk or a resupply ship arriving, when you open the hatch you can smell it.
(Carson) Of course! We actually worked with Lori on the release of our latest video.
Thank you for doing an AMA. I lived in South Korea for a while, and when I would talk to the locals, they all held an opinion not of disdain for North Korea, but more like regret. They seem to all wish very much for a peaceful reunification of the two nations.
My question is this: all the news of North Korea is almost inconceivably dreadful. While I'm sure there is much misery in the country, can you tell us a story of a time when you or your family were genuinely happy? What sort of things bring joy to the average North Korean?
Do you miss me?!
Was there a myth on the show that you were personally afraid to test?
How often did you use the ham/amateur radio on-board the station?
If you did, where was the most rural location you talked too?
Which element do you find to have the most unexpected properties?
- What does the Squatty Potty do that a regular step stool would not?
- My husband is not on board the Squatty Potty train. Might a collapsible version be made in the future?
My fondest memories from North Korea revolve around my family. Everyday when my mom would come home she would give me a big hug and I loved that. I also have great memories of family talent shows where we would sign karaoke late into the night!
Some days, but fortunately they let you out of the Microsoft Archives some days and we get to see you around campus. -Ben[Microsoft]
I didn't have a ham radio license, so the ham radio guy wouldn't let me use the radio.
Oganesson is really strange. It might not have any electron shells, and it's probably a solid at room temperature - which is mad considering it's in the noble gases!
"Bobby" The Squatty Potty is definitely an improvement to a regular step stool. In fact it was created to replace my mothers "poop stool" which was a step stool from walmart. The Squatty Potty height, width angle and ability to hug the toilet give the pooper optimal squatting posture. I liken a regular stool to cutting a steak with a butter knife, yeah you can do it but when you switch to a steak knife (squatty potty) its much easier and quicker
Hi. Your story sounds horrific and harrowing. I’m glad you’re okay. I hope your daughter can be delivered to you safely.
What is North Korea like? Is it anything like the news stories we see on the television? Is it better or worse? Are there any myths about North Korea that are spread by the western media? I’m guessing you didn’t like it, hence the defection.
How likely is it you will see your daughter soon, and how will you be able to get her back?
What action can be taken to help stop human sex trafficking? I’d like to help if I can, but I don’t know how much use I’d be.
Thanks in advance, and thank you for doing this AMA. Hope you see your daughter soon. :)
Have you ever considered integrating excel formulas into other Microsoft Office tables? Whenever I work on a table in OneNote or Word I find myself wanting to type =sum()
Also, have you ever had to work with any celebrities (not asking for names!) that you just refuse to work with again? If so, what sort of behavior was it that caused it?
Do you give your brother a hard time for being an "old man" compared to you?
Good questions! There is so much focus in the western media about North Korea's military and nuclear weapons. There is rarely any stories about average North Koreans, especially those that live outside the capital Pyongyang. Most North Koreans are ordinary people that want to live peaceful lives but the media makes it look like every North Korean wants to destroy America or South Korea.
Everything in the underground broker networks revolves around money. North Korean women that cannot afford to cross the border are told it is free to cross and then when they cannot pay on the other side they are sold instead. That was my experience. If you want to get involved in helping North Korean women avoid sex trafficking you should fund rescues through organizations like LiNK. The safest way a woman can avoid being trafficked is to have her rescue paid for before she leaves the country. Then when she crosses she can enter a safe network that can move her out of China before she is exploited.
Word has some basic formula capabilities ...
No. But thanks for the idea, I will start.
Joy, thanks so much for sharing your experiences, and thanks Ian and Sarah for being a part of such a great organization.
How has your experience in New York City been so far? How does it compare to the culture in which you were raised?
When are we going to be able to play Doom on Excel?
If you can have one piece of tech from all the fictional universes you were involved in. What would it be and why?
Hi Scott, thanks for the AMA.
How was getting used to life back on earth after one year aboard the ISS? What was something you had to "learn" again?
Chocolate lab or black lab? My grandfather always had golden labs for hunting, but I prefer darker dogs. There's no particular reason I do, just aesthetics.
In your travel, which have you found to be better?
Now that I am pooping better, what are you doing to ensure I will continue this path and that your next product will move me further towards my goal of pooping perfect?
I am happy to share :)
New York City is so bright at night! There are so many lights! The buildings are so tall here. I also love the diversity here, there are people from all over the world on every street. In North Korea I never saw someone from another country.
In order to get Couath / Collab working, we had to deprioritize playing Doom in Excel. Maybe an Add-in will be made? - Michael [Microsoft]
Took me about 8 months to feel completely back to normal. The one thing I had to learn again was how to control my daily schedule and decide what I was going to do.
(Carson) Soon we'll be coming out with our brand new religion, Poostafarian. That should help you reach poo nirvana.
I've seen photos of average people in N. Korea. Only the children seem to ever smile. Is this cultural? Or us it due to the awful life adults must face each day?
Is there a way to key into a cell with the writing prompt at the end of the text already in there, so you can add on to it instead of overwriting it?
Edit: Glad there's more people like me.
We see on camera that yourself, Kari, and Grant have a great rapport. Do you continue to see them outside of the office?
The graph of human health vs prolonged exposure to gravity level only has two data points: one at microgravity and one at 1 gravity. Do you think even small amounts of gravity would help greatly offset the negative health effects of microgravity? For example, would astronauts on the Moon (in 1/6 gravity) fare much better than ISS astronauts do?
Hello, my father was a chemist for 30 years and still is really into chemistry news and stuff. Your journey and book sound super interesting and I would love to share it with him, only issue is that he doesn't read English fluently. Do you know if your book will be published in other languages (French in particular) by any chance?
Why didn't you say "maybe you've tried our stool that helps you get your stool out easier"?
It is not cultural, I think young North Korean children are not really aware how difficult life is. But I know plenty of adults that smile too!
Yes you can, using F2 shortcut.
I see Kari all the time and now that our White Rabbit Project Live tour is starting I'll be seeing both of them more.
I think you definitely have got something there. And that would make a great experiment. The Japanese had some fish they were experimenting on at various levels of gravity below 1g.
(Jason) - Hilarious. We had a team of writers. There were so many one liners that didn't make the cut. One day, I would love to do a short film that is longer. Edit: word
Do you expect to see the current regime in North Korea fall within your lifetime?
What's the best way for me to become the 'Excel Guy' at work?
About 10 years ago you were in Windsor, Ontario on a tour speaking to kids. The extra tickets were turned over to the university and I was able to attend. In your talk you showed your Mythbusters audition tape “Do girls fart?” and also a video of a childhood experiment that I think was just a pipe bomb that you filmed from 6 feet away. Any chance you could share those videos again?
How long does it take to get used to looking at Earth and realizing you're not on it? What does it feel like looking at Earth?
I am not sure. If I am lucky, I have another 60 years of life so maybe by the end of my life I will have the chance to go back to see my hometown.
1. do vlookup and pivots 2. ???? 3. profit as the Excel Guy
Oh man! That was a while ago. I'll look through my video files and see if I can find them.
Instantly. You just had the ride of your life, and you know you are not on Earth anymore.
I have interviewed many North Koreans now settled in the UK. Many of them told me they had been caught by the Chinese police and repatriated to the north a number of times, but managed to escape again and again.
Can you explain why they didn't face harsh consequences for escaping in North Korea?
What is the most amazing thing you've done with Excel?
Did the build team get booted from the show by the producers? by Adam and Jamie? or did you guys decide to leave on your own?
Did you really enjoy the skits you guys did re: myths (i.e. the prison break).
Where did you guys go to shoot your machine gun myths?
Did you feel “smarter” once you got back on earth? The same way pilots say flying opens their mind a bit.
Can only humans use it?
Ian here: It all depends on where they were caught and the circumstances around their arrest in China. If they are caught close to the border with China, it is easier to convince the North Korean authorities that they were in China for economic reasons and intended to come back. If they are caught closer to the border with Southeast Asia it is obvious they were trying to defect and that can carry much harsher consequences. If it is discovered that a North Korean had contact with a South Korean or Christians anywhere in China, that can also increase the chances of facing much harsher punishments. The North Korean government is also incredibly corrupt and bribes from family members to local officials can have an impact on one's sentencing.
A long time ago, not very far away, I analyzed my Halo 2 data in Excel and it was popular for 15 mins.
It was a combination of circumstances. The show had run it's course and we were ready to move on to new opportunities.
You definitely have a different perspective when you've spent time in space, and some people refer to this as the orbital perspective: a sense of being more empathetic to the environment and the human condition.
(Carson) I'm genuinely curious what you're wanting to use it for now.
If you get your daughter back from china and the Chinese authorities catch you, isn't there a chance that they WILL hand you over back to North Korea?
VLookup or Index Match?
How did MB change your life the most? Did you begin to be recognised on the street, and did you expect that when you started? Oddest/best fan interaction?
What is your favorite space themed movie and/or tv series?
I am now a South Korean citizen! That means that when I go to China I am there on a visa and they have no reason to arrest me. It will be hard to get my daughter back without the permission of the family who bought me. If I just try to take her back it would be considered kidnapping by the Chinese government.
INDEX/MATCH - Once you get used to it, you can write them almost as fast as VLOOKUP, and the combination is more powerful/efficient. Smitty [MSFT]
Being recognized definitely took time to get used to. The best interactions are when fans recognize me, but can't place where they know me from. Did we go to school together? Do you work at my dry cleaners? So funny.
Apollo 13 and The Martian. I used to watch the old school Star Trek.
Is North Korea really as bad as the media portrays it? Is it better? Is it worse?
1. Any plans for Cortana?
2. What are the major changes in Excel 2019?
3. Have you guys seen this?
Thank you, appriciate the AMA
Based on your time in space, what do you see as being the primary challenge of extended human spaceflight missions outside of Earth's orbit?
I went looking for more information on Calcium-48 and found https://www.sciencealert.com/the-calcium-52-isotope-might-have-just-lost-its-magic-status which says that Calcium-52 was momentarily thought to also be a magic-number nucleus, but then was found to probably not be as its nucleus-radius is larger than theory predicted. Has theory caught up yet for why this is so?
Did you ever think you'd be doing an AMA while someone is writing to you while using your product? Cause that's me, I am doing that right now. Thank you, my partner in poop.
Ps I use your unicorn video whenever I try to pitch clients on making something hysterical and powerful
It is much worse than the way media portrays it. They are so focused on the military and showing scenes of Pyongyang when average North Koreans are really struggling to survive. I wish they would show how normal North Koreans who are trying to live normal lives despite the cruelness of the regime.
On White Rabbit Project I built a 1902 replica race car, the Baker Torpedo. I got it up to 80mph and when I applied the brakes the bolts sheered and I was heading for a cliff at the end of the runway with no brakes. At the last minute I cranked the wheel left and the car came to a stop.
Not sure, to be honest. I know that we're not really looking at Ca beams, even for island of stability. I'll ask and find out, though.
(Carson) That's the only place to be when asking the Squatty Potty team a question. It allows you to channel your inner poop.
How's your diet compare to what you ate in North Korea? and do you plan to stay in South Korea or do you plan to go somewhere else? I hear Canada is nice.
Is it true that the Excel logo is an X (and a small L) instead of an E, to avoid this?
How are you liking retirement?
If someone find a new element, can they name it after themselfs?
What would you most like to tell us that no one has asked about?
The food in North Korea is similar to South Korean food. The food is spicier and saltier in the North.
Unless there is a reason for me to stay in South Korea, I am open to living anywhere after I finish university. I like South Korea but don't feel the need to stay.
The Excel logo has been an X and an L longer than these other products have been around. -Eric[Microsoft]
My retirement does not consist of golf, unfortunately. I'm busier now than I've ever been.
Yes. The IUPAC rules say you can name an element after:
1) A place
2) A mythical creature
3) A property of the element
4) A mineral
5) A scientist
To be honest, IUPAC would probably reject the name unless you'd done something really noteworthy. Only two scientists directly involved in element discovery have had elements named after them: Glenn Seaborg (seaborgium, 106) and Yuri Oganessian (oganesson, 118).
Sort of. Gallium is a bit of an odd one, and Fermi got his Nobel for element discovery, although he isn't credited with discovering one.
(Carson) No one asked how my poop was this morning. It was great!
Was it you or Adam who got on Jaime Hyneman's nerves more? haha
What are your thoughts on private corporations like SpaceX and BlueOrigin? Also what are your thoughts on rocket reusability and why NASA aren't focused on it. Thanks :)
Check out the list of elements discovered by the UC Berkeley Rad Lab or Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Wonderfully self-referencing.
Things like Californium and Lawrencium.
How frustrating was it to get Kathy Griffin for a funny commercial, only to have her create a controversy and subsequently no longer use that advertisement?
I think SpaceX and BlueOrigin and other private companies are doing great work.
I don't know why NASA doesn't focus on reusability. It seems SpaceX has proven it's possible.
The New Yorker magazine actually complained that they didn't name the elements Universium Ofium Berkelium Californium.
Also it's not named after the labs, but the towns. Lawrencium was after Ernest Lawrence.
(bobby) It sucked. I am actually a Kathy fan and support her right to demonstrate her feelings toward a president she feels threatened by. The problem we had is that we just want to help people poop better and not get all political about it. When our spokesperson went there, we decided to just drop the campaign and go back to magical unicorns and awesome dragons who don't give a shit about who is in office.
I just want to say how amazing it is you have been able to overcome such obstacles! Please continue to strive and move forward! I am sorry for what has happened to you, and the obstacles you have had to face. I hope you have a content and hopeful future! Also, my question is. How old are you?
I know it's not the intended purpose of excel, but excel games made otherwise boring days behind my desk wonderful. So thank you for that.
What excel features both built-in or not do you wish more people knew about/or knew how to use?
Ariana's buttock on the stool : myth confirmed or busted ? your opinion ?
Have you seen SpaceX's recent Mars architecture update? Any thoughts or opinions? Would you go to Mars in BFR if given chance? (not permanently)
Why do the Russian team JINR have so much success in creating the synthetic elements? Are they getting the base elements drunk so that the impacting elements have an easier time hitting them?
My son has a birthday coming up. Can we hire the unicorn for entertainment and dessert?
Thank you so much for those kind words. I am now 25! My birthday is soon :)
I love seeing what kind of creative things people come up with in Excel! It makes learning it so much more fun.
For features, mine is PivotTables, especially creating table relationships with the Data Model. Smitty [MSFT]
I have not, but I will take a look soon.
Yes, I would go to Mars on the BFR, assuming it works.
Well, JINR does produce its own brand of vodka (I have a bottle)...
"Bobby" Dookie is incredibly busy. I'll ask his agent for you.
Did you live in Pyongyang or elsewhere? Did anyone that you know get sent to one of the gulags/prison camps? If so, what for? What was your day-to-day routine like in North Korea? How hard was it to cross the border?
Well you apparently worked on a ton of stuff that defined my childhood. Any memorable moments from your movie work?
What is the scariest experience that you had in space or in the atmosphere?
Has ever someone tried to revive dead people? If so, how did he/she tried?
Who came up with the unicorn poop idea? Is there a story behind it?
Only people that are deemed loyal by the regime are allowed to live in Pyongyang. I live in the northern part of the country which made it easier to cross into China. I knew many people that disappeared and it was rumored they were taken to prison camps. There was never a way to confirm it, they just vanished one day.
Starship Trooper was the first movie I worked on at Industrial Light and Magic and it is the one movie I'm most proud of.
That's a tough question. The worst time was when my sister-in-law was shot, and I was halfway through a six month flight.
(Carson) We actually did a video about it. The choice to go with the unicorn pooping ice cream was a fairly big risk to our business that paid off massively.
How many people would you say actually believe all the propaganda by the government, how many think Kim Il Sung is a God?
I just want you to know that is my favorite movie to watch drunk.
Did you socialize much with the Russians on the station? Does it feel like one team or more like 2 separate teams in different parts of the ISS?
What do you do for fun?
Most people that live by the Chinese border know that the propaganda is fake. They have a lot of exposure to foreign media that is smuggled in through China. The people that believe the propaganda usually live in secluded areas with little access to outside media.
I play a loooooot of computer games.
Currently blasting my way through Bolivia in Ghost Recon: Wildlands. It's...eh, it's OK. After that I'll probably revisit Witcher 3 (favourite game) or Fallout: New Vegas with some graphics mods.
(Carson) Plenty of bowel movement over here.
Firstly I want to say that your story really touched my heart! You are an amazing and strong woman, and I wish you the best for the future! My questions are: What culture shocks did you face when you came to South Korea? And how different are the North and South Korean cultures? I'm thinking differences in body language, language, food, customs, values, beliefs, etc... How difficult/easy is it for a North Korean to adapt to Korean society? Is there a lot of discrimination towards North Koreas living in South Korea? (I'm a university student at a university in Sweden and for my final assignment my thesis is how the 65+ years divided have changed the Korean culture, your answers will be of great help, thank you!)
Dunno if you have answer this, but after "Hot Chile Cures" ep, did it made you love or hate spicy food more or less?
Can you describe what it was like to go on your first space walk?
Do you like tactics/strategy games like XCOM? Or tabletop RPGs like DnD?
I still enjoy spicy foods, but I cringe when I smell habanero peppers.
Surreal. Crazy. Type two kind of fun. Fun when it's done.
Yeah, one of my childhood favourites was UFO: Enemy Unknown and I love the new XCOM. Haven't got Chosen expansion for 2 yet; waiting until there's a Longwar mod.
(Carson) The Porta Squatty can actually fit in a decent sized purse. It'll easily fit in most backpacks.
1- What do you think about tourism companies offering trips to North Korea and the people that go on those trips? Do you think that it's just money that goes to the regime or that it helps in some way the locals?
2- Do you still have family in NK? If so, are you considering getting them out?
3- Have you met Yeonmi Park and Hyeonseo Lee? Do you relate to their stories?
4- Are you considering writing a memoir?
5- What city did you live in in NK? Did you ever have some kind of romantic relationship or held hands with someone?
Two quick questions: What was your favorite Myth to bust? And what was the most surprising result or conclusion you and the crew ever came to?
Thanks for doing this!
What are you having for lunch?
I had fish and chips (I'm in the UK). Mushy peas on the side.
(Carson) During father’s day we typically do a post about Bill, one of our founders. We lovingly refer to him as “Poppa-Squat” since he’s the father of Squatty Potty.
How do people in North Korea perceive Dennis Rodman as a person?
Has there ever been a project you took on, regretted half-way through, and had it end up being one of your favorites when done? Or have you pretty much always ended feeling the same way you started?
Hello, great AMA! Just wondering what is the average stability time for some of the newly discovered elements?
do you think you'll expand to working with food products that make things more... regular?
I don't even know who that is! Ian and Sarah just had to tell me about his relationship with Kim Jung Un.
My first week on Mythbusters. I left ILM where I was working on big special effects movies, next thing I knew I was scraping chicken guts off the walls of Jamie's shop. I almost quit, but I'm very glad I stuck it out.
It's all about money. Money can solve a lot of problems, including this one.
The heaviest, Og, is about 7 ms. Others are a few seconds, until you get to the actinides (103 and lower), where you start getting hours, days etc.
Edit: I am a fool and out by a thousand. I mean 7 milliseconds. Corrected.
(Carson) While I don't know if we'll ever get into food products, we're planning on working with some chefs and bloggers to create recipes that help you poop with ease. We'll probably post those on our blog and Facebook pages.
Hi Joy, I actually have two questions:
What is the most outrageous piece of propaganda that you heard regarding the Kim family in North Korea?
Was your relationship with the Chinese man abusive in any way?
How did it feel to work on Star Wars? Were you a fan when you saw it as a kid?
1)What are the chances of discovering a new element that is stable enough for the proton numbers to be registered?
2)How were the researchers able to identify certain particles as new elements while they have extremely short half lives?
Hi guys, fantastic product and advertising. Poop is weird and the word is funny for everyone, and with your unicorn...you made it weirder and funnier.
Can we see what your prototype looked like?
I remember that a textbook once said that Kim Il-song turned a pinecone in a bomb during the Korean War and killed many Americans with it. As a child I thought it was totally true. Now I laugh at how impossible that is!
The man was not abusive to me. I was lucky in that sense. But it was still so hard to be forced to be with someone that bought me.
Star Wars changed my life as a kid. It was a dream come true to get to work on the Star Wars movies.
We have a vacuum we use to clean the filters, and then we have something similar to a wet wipe that we use to clean everything else.
Maybe this is a ELI5 but, does gravity affect your digestion up there? I imagine there's a lot of reflux going on.
Thanks for doing this! I love following the ISS feed.
As an element collector, most of us will never have anything above element 92 in our collections (for the most part). Did you come across any cool novelties that one might use in a collection to represent the superheavy elements?
Which Shark were you most afraid of?
It already exists. It's called a phone. Call your family.
Gravity is critical to our digestive system. Eventually, you sort of get used to it.
I have lapel pins for 116 and 117, a 114/116 discovery medal, a 112-branded LED cube, and some element-branded pens.
Also I've got a periodic table signed by everyone I spoke with, including Yuri Oganessian, which is unique (nobody else has someone from every lab, including the lead discoverers of 107+). I'm planning to auction that for a children's charity.
(Carson) There's that one cookie cutter shark that can supposedly cut holes in submarines. Absolutely terrifying.
How many other guys have you met that also have the name Tory?
I was a child when man took its first step on the moon. It was such a huge event! At that time, it was life-changing. I’d love to see NASA’s funding upped. So many innovations and milestones came from our space program. Thinking about it is immensely huge. You’ve spent a record time in space, another huge event. What kept you going?
Weirdly enough on the set of MB and WRP we had a builder named Tory.
My belief in our mission. And the fact that I couldn't come home, so I had no choice.
Was there any „boring“ time?
Which lab was your favorite and why?
And where there big differences between the labs? I mean, was there a lab which was huge and had super expensive stuff while there were others that were like a classroom or something?
I used the Squatty Potty for a couple months, and I found that simply leaning forward helped just as much as the Squatty Potty, and I found it more comfortable too. What do you have to say about this?
24hrs of Lemons was awesome! I want to do it again. I approached them about doing a tv show.
Never bored. too much to do.
Some labs have funding. Others don't. So I went from somewhere like Oak Ridge, which has an operating budget of billions, to somewhere like JINR, which has some labs (JINR has several different labs, all looking at different things) with buildings abandoned and boarded up for decades because they were less successful.
Funding is the name of the game, here. Funding and beam time.
You are a freak of nature "bobby"
Do you have any favorite YouTube channels to recommend?
There's been more talk recently about the US returning to the Moon. What are your thoughts on this? Should we be keeping our sights on Mars? Or do you think the Moon would be a useful stepping stone?
Which lab do you think was unlikeliest to discover and which one felt like it was inevitable? Why?
I loved that you guys introduced a more aesthetically pleasing slim teak version of the Squatty Potty and ordered it. I was super not enthused that it had the image of a squatting person and your logo huge across the top of it. At $90 (I see now, the price has gone down to $60), it was also not cheap for me to have to spend an hour sanding it all off. Can you offer a version that has more discreet branding (like maybe the underside of the top?), even if you have to charge more for it? Because I and a lot of other people would buy more of them.
In a perfect world, the Moon is a great place to learn and practice for going to Mars. But with limited funding, maybe directly to Mars is a better choice.
Inevitable is hard to say, but the best chance is between RIKEN in Japan and JINR in Russia. The Japanese team starts in a month, the Russians a bit later, but the Russian approach might have the better chance. The Japanese team won't stop until they discover a new element though, so I wouldn't rule them out!
(Carson) That’s a good question! I’ll bring it up to our product development team and see what they think.
Are you still building/making stuff? I see mentions on your Twitter of a comic, anything else? If you aren't, anything you would like to be doing?
What should I do to become an astronaut?
I have a horror movie I'm writing now so I'm stoked on that at them moment.
NASA has minimum qualifications you can find on a website. So, being in one of those fields would be necessary to be a NASA astronaut. And then doing well in that field.
When I was young watching mythbusters I always thought you and Kari Byron were a thing, were you guys together at some point?
Hello Scott, what were you most looking forward to the very FIRST time you were going to space?
The first two minutes and ten seconds, riding on the solid rocket motors.
They brought back that damn sauce, didn't they?
What are your thoughts on the Mythbusters reboot? Do you think the show should have ended when Jamie and Adam left, or are you happy to see the legacy continue?
What are your dreams for the space program in general?
How about one for the near future and one for a couple hundred years down the line?
My dream would be for the government to allow NASA to continue on a single course and not change plans every 4-8 years. Long term, I think we should have an outpost on Mars and other places in the solar system.
I'm still researching. Ask me when I'm done!
Advice... start doing sci comm now. A lot of countries have competitions, meet ups, tweet-ups. Get involved as soon as you can. The UK has Fame Lab and Bright Club, for example.
Also start a blog. Get writing. Talk about what interests you. Build a community. That kind of social interaction is invaluable to learn good writing, particularly in science, and in impressing potential employers.
NASA astronauts have been using the Soyuz to travel to the ISS and hopefully will be able to transition to the SpaceX Dragon in coming years. Do you foresee NASA's SLS program coming to fruition or is cooperation with the private sector the new future of space travel?
Tracking for my of signed copy of your book says it's out for delivery! I look forward to that when I get home today. Saw you speak in Gainesville, FL last year and greatly enjoyed it.
To the low earth orbit, it will be private companies—non-government companies. I hope the SLS program continues. NASA's often challenged when we change administrations, they sometimes change our plans.
Enjoy the book!
With timing, the answer is 'very quickly'. Equipment is set up as close to the target as possible, down the beamline, so you extract the new atom and it goes straight into your experiment. You can do basic experiments (like running it along a temperature gradient, seeing if it forms compounds with things).
Also the more you produce, the more you can experiment on. Known decay chains mean that you can predict when an element will decay (alpha radiation, so losing a helium), meaning you can plan accordingly. 114 becomes 112 etc. That also gives you options.
Aside from basic needs, what is the best thing you have ever bought?
What are the biggest general misconceptions surrounding space travel and/or living in space?
I just bought an iPad pro with Procreate sketch. I can't put it down.
That you get to space by launching straight up. You get to space by going really fast and getting out of the atmosphere, which causes us to fly a much lower trajectory than you might think.
Before this, it used to be boron. Boron is weird.
Now, I'd probably say oganesson. It's really weird to personally know someone who has an element named after them on the periodic table (indeed, the only person alive with an element named after them). Yuri is also just a wonderful guy - really friendly and very generous with his time.
When you signed up for MythBusters did you know it would be so painful or hazardous?
Assuming being in space for a year was similar to a military deployment, upon coming home, did you ever miss the rhythm of being in space? Were there any mental challenges to being fully independent again? Thanks for bringing science down to our level both during, and after your NASA career.
Yes, and yes. Very good questions. A lot of similarities to military deployment.
Very. We had a good night, and they gave me a bottle to take home.
Hello! Thanks for doing this AMA! As a person who is terrified of catching every airborne illness on a plain old domestic flight, I'm curious as to whether there is some sort of long-term quarantine process before heading off to the ISS for virus incubation periods to expire? If not, how do you guys avoid getting sick? Or is it just a matter of accepting you're all in this together, cooties and all?
Yes, generally a week to ten days. Works most of the time. There have been cases of people, though, carrying the cold virus to space.
Some of the stories they have are crazy. Transporting giant magnets through war zones, being bugged by the KGB, trying to ship this highly radioactive material via commercial airliners and it ending up going back and forth over the Atlantic several times.
I think it's the small stuff, though. Once I was going out of a building in Berkeley, and a tour guide was talking about Glenn Seaborg (one of the most famous element creators), and was saying in this wonderful Californian accent 'So, like, this guy Seaborg? His name is an anagram of "Go bears!"'. It's moments like that you can't script - why you need to go and visit people and see the world.
And I guess sports are a big deal at UCB. :D
What did it feel like when Kari was 'mind controlling' you? Did it hurt?
I saw the picture and thought, “What’s Phil Collins got going on?”
I'm a fatty, so I pretty much eat whatever is not good for me.
I do like a good sunday roast though: beef, Yorkshire pudding, parsnips, carrots, roast potatoes, gravy.
How bad is the satellite pollution around the earth from up there? Do you see any projects or initiatives to clear it out?
Did you go to Cornwall where titanium (manaccanite) was discovered?
No, but I do get to torture Kari from time to time.
There's a lot of space junk up there, but you don't see it. There are initiatives to clean it, but that will be a challenge.
No, I'm only writing about man-made elements (except technetium and promethium). I've been to Cornwall before, though.
Were there ever any myths you wanted to test but never got around to it?
How many hours did you spend working on average?
Greetings from Germany!
Have you ever been to CERN? I'm going there on a school trip in March and would love to know more about it.
Going over the Niagara Falls in a barrel. Obviously I would get to build a super barrel out of space age materials.
No, it's on my list. I've been to JINR, the Russian answer to CERN.
I love everyone from Mythbusters, but you, Kari, and Grant seem like great friends in real life. You are a joy to watch together! Thanks for the good times!
How many times a day at the shop did you think to yourself, "I have the best job on Earth and I'm one of the five luckiest mofos alive!"?
I’ve often wondered if astronauts get nervous spending so much time living in the ISS? I mean you’re there for extended periods of time in this amazing structure with so many moving parts and to me it seems like there is so much that could go wrong at any given time, all while looking down on earth.
Thanks for doing good this, I can’t wait to read your book. People have been living up there for a long time now and that’s amazing and I don’t think it gets talked about enough.
Any nervousness, if you want to call it that, for me, was always associated with the bad stuff that can happen to the people you care about on Earth.
Yes, anyone can become a journalist. Social awkwardness and shyness are not boundaries, although most of the jobs do require attending press conferences. You just have to take a deep breath, pluck up some courage and ask.
One of the best shy journos I know is a numbers dork, so she does a lot of freedom of information requests and data journalism, ploughing through the stats to find the story. She's amazing at it, so her skills are really in demand. No awkward social bits required.
Not much. I think his reaction to gravity on return was similar to what I experienced.
Russell Crowe's salty accented tears.
Hi Scott, I wondered what happens when/after you have to sneeze inside the space station? Also, thanks for your great contribution to mankind!
Are you excited for the search for element 119 starting in December?
Which was the hardest myth to get the insurance company/producers to let you actually test rather than putting a dummy in the situation?
How has your space experience changed your outlook/beliefs in life?
There were many. When I fell through the awnings for an Indiana Jones myth they wouldn't let Adam do, but apparently I was expendable. haha! We used the same insurance company that insured Jackass.
Having a good understanding of the size of the universe, I find it hard to believe there's not life out there. Having said that, I don't think the aliens stopped visiting Earth once everyone got a camera in their pocket.
Man Mythbusters steered me towards engineering, whats the most difficult thing you've had to build in your career??? Thanks!
Okay first, have you ever been completely alone up in space or is someone always up there with you?
If you have been completely alone, for how long and how did it feel?
And if you haven't, are the few people that are up there with you enough to not make you feel lonely?
Stoked you were influenced by the show. Hardest thing ever to build was probably the earthquake shake table. That thing was a beast.
Never alone. Correct, I've never been lonely. I was up there, at one point, for six weeks with two cosmonauts, and it was absolutely fine.
I was frozen in a vault along with my wife and infant son. One day I'll get to MIT.
Will you please adopt me as your son and take me out to ice cream?
But seriously big fan I've been watching all your shows ever since I was a kid!
Hi Scott! You're awesome. I was wondering, did you have any free time while on a mission in space? Did you get days off? What did you do with them? What was your favorite activity while in space?
You're friends with joel zimmerman. Whats your favorite car of his that he either previously or currently owns?
Hi Scott, thank you for your dedication to world-changing research. We need more people like you.
What are the top physiological and psychological issues you foresee space travellers facing as we take longer and more extended trips into space and to Mars?
Physiological—radiation damage. Psychological—prolonged confinement.
They're all totally passionate about what they do. They love it, and that shines through. They're not obsessive - they all have lives outside the lab - but they all really enjoy it. It's not work, it's exploring the unknown.
As for people, they differ. Ages range from 90 to 30s, so it's a massive spectrum. Some are huge geeks (Star Wars fans, the Japanese team commissioned their own manga), some are ultramarathon runners, some are family people, some have tattoos and wear cowboy boots in the lab. It's every walk of life.
Being in Micro Gravity ... Wearing a Full Fledged Space Suit, How much weight can you actually notice/feel of the suit?
My dad. He was very creative and loved helping me with what ever crazy ideas I had. He still does.
You can notice the mass when you try to move or stop.
Hi Tory!!!! Im a huge, huge, HUGE fan! You're one of my all time favorite tv heros, I would really like to know when you Kari and Grant will be returning to television- if you are! I miss you guys so much and I was so sad to hear that there wont be a season 2 of White Rabbit Project (I loved the show!) Will you ever be doing a show like that again?
I've spoken to him about this as well, but how did you pull off getting a phone call/song from John McDermott? Did you have many other famous callers?
Thanks! Yeah it's a bummer about WRP. We have some shows in development so hopefully we'll be back soon. We miss you guys!
He's a friend of a friend, and it was great having him sing for us in space.
I didn't have many other famous callers. Bryan Cranston and Vince Gilligan were two folks I talked to on this mission.
Do you sometimes go back and rewatch episodes of mythbusters and laugh at your own antics?
How often would you do space walks? Was there always something to fix up there while you did them? Thanks!
No, but watching some of the stunts I did I do think, "What the $%&* was I thinking?"
The frequency of space walks vary. I did three in the span of a couple of months. My previous flight, I was there for six months and didn't do any. And yeah, there's almost always something to fix.
Are you aware of the new supercomputer installed on the ISS? Do you have any opinion on this upgrade/experiment and how would better computing have helped you during your time on the ISS?
I am not familiar with that, but I will look into it.
What did you have the most fun building/fabricating for mythbusters?
What are your interests now? Would you ever consider working for an organization like The Planetary Society? Or work for a private company like SpaceX?
One of my favorite builds was the rocket surfboard. Figuring out how to attach 200 rockets and have them go off in stages while staying on for the ride was the best!
I spend a lot of time doing public speaking, and I just wrote a book which was a lot of work. I hope, when it comes out tomorrow, people will like it. yes, I would consider all of those things.
Thanks for doing this AMA. How was it emotionally and mentally to be away from earth for that length of time? Was it considerably different than your previous experiences in space?
It was different, because it was over twice as long. But I think I was well prepared for it. But it was still a challenge.
I'm an engineer at SpaceX. Would you ever consider making the one way trip to Mars?
Absolutely not. I would need the return ticket. Would you?
I don't make sandwiches, I only eat them. Anything from a New York deli.
Are you a fan of GOT and if so were you able to keep up while in space?
I wasn't until I got to space and binge watched the whole series twice.
What star constellation is now your favorite to look at after being in space for so long?
It's a toss up between Orion the Hunter and the Big Dipper, because those are the only two I know.
Hello Scott, thanks for doing this.
I am curious: What does a weightless exercise regime look like?
We have a resistive exercise machine that mimics weight very well. We have a treadmill and a stationary bicycle. And we exercise every day...well, I exercised six days a week.
Did u really grow 2 inches? Can u come again to DC after Nov? I will be in military training and I will miss you!
I stretched an inch and a half. And upon returning to Earth, I instantly scrunched back down to my normal height of 6 foot 7.
What were your responsibilities during take-off and landing?
On the space shuttle, I was the pilot and then the commander. So a lot of responsibilities for operating the vehicle. On the Soyuz, I was more like the copilot to the copilot—a glorified passenger.
Does being up there give you any kind of emotion that most of us will never understand? Like a euphoria sort of feeling? Anything simply unexplainable?
I would say that orbital perspective I talked about in one of the previous questions is what most astronauts experience.
Hi scott, thanks for doing this.
My question was originally in Interstellar, but do you ever think about how you are a few feet away from nothing? Do you ever feel trapped?
No, I never felt claustrophobic or anything. But you do feel detached from Earth and realize you're not coming back any time soon.
Hello Mr. Kelly, You're an inspiration for me and my science career!
What would be the one thing during your year in space that Gave you An "Aw" moment, anything which you never imagined to see or happen?
The whole thing is a big "aw" moment. Just absolutely incredible.
Hi Scott! So from everything I've read astronauts go through extensive training for years, were there any times when you found yourself without any training on how to handle something or unprepared for what was going on?
No. Most cases, I felt over-prepared.
You've mentioned space has a smell, does it have a sound?
No. In space, no one can hear you scream.
What planet is most interesting to you? And how hard is it to be an astronaut or a person who gets to go to space?
The fact that it holds everything down.
How truly, utterly, indescribably awesome is space? Like on a scale from one to ten.
It's an eleven!
I wrote down a lot of my dreams, and I have them in my book, which comes out tomorrow! Definitely vivid space dreams that I don't really have on Earth.
When someone says they would "have sex with an alien", aren't they just saying they would "have sex with an animal from a different planet"?
Seems logical, I guess.