Nov 6th 2017 by Andromeda321 • 15 Questions • 4192 Points
Hi everyone! I work at a retirement home/demantia and due to there being prohibit rules workers aren't allowed to speak about whats going on and people will always ask me a lot of questions about my work so Here I am! I will of course still follow this prohibited to talk rule by not speaking in details about the individuals or places or who I am but I will still answer questions about the work. Atm I work on night shifts and it is pretty quiet so I was thinking I could spend the night answering your questions. So fire away!
(EDIT:) Reading your stories and other caretakers experiences warms really makes me smile! I had no idea that this AMA would get this kind of exposure
(EDIT EDIT:) I think some my comments got deleted or I just forgot to save them so RIP. I wanted to make sure that I read every question thoroughly. So back at it again.
(EDIT 3X:) I will go to bed. Im pretty tired at the moment. I will look through the comments when I wake up and answer some more and then I'm gonna close the AMA. Im really happy that I could help out some of you and give you some clarity. Take care!
(EDIT 4X:) Alright im gonna end it here. I have had so much fun reading your stories and answering your questions. Never thought this would be such a huge AMA. Take care everyone and I wish you guys all the best! <3
I have an 8 year old daughter who is fascinated with everything space related, I encourage her in anything that keeps her curious and I suspect that a telescope may be under the Christmas tree this year.
What should I look for? Reflector vs. refractor, dimensions, focal length, etc?
Has anyone ever recognized their (or their great-granddad's) invention that was used in Creepy IP?
What are some fruit-bearing (or otherwise commonly eaten) plants that share the closest ideal conditions (and similar cycles) for growing as marijuana?
What's your opinion of journalists after your personal experience? Was there any good for you that came from them and their reports, did you see some/many as exploitative?
What was the worst thing you had to endure while filming Idiot Abroad?
I have 2 questions really that if you could answer would be amazing!
1 - What’s the best way to deal with their confusion?
2 - Is there any other advice you can give to someone trying to support a relative who has it? How to calm them or reassure them?? We’re trying our best but it’s such a unique illness and we just want the best for them
I think the type doesn't matter as much as having a good, solid mount that won't wobble the second you accidentally touch something, like most "for kids" telescopes unfortunately do. So frustrating!
I always recommend people who buy a telescope also get a copy of Turn Left at Orion. It's a great book to tell you how to find stuff in the sky with a small telescope, including pictures of what things will actually look like!
Laura: No one on social media has told us they’ve recognized a family members’ patents during #CreepyIP yet. But among the staff, most of us will admit to doing a quick search of the archives to see if any of our relatives are listed there. Anyone can search them -- you can search by the inventors first and last name, and limit by date, so that’s one way to find out if “Uncle So-and-So who had a patent” actually did, and what the patent claimed to do.
In my office I have several copies of patents issued to my husband’s maternal grandfather. He worked for DuPont on fiber technology/science. He also invented something he called the “wrinkle-o-matic”, which was a device to scientifically measure how much natural fabrics wrinkled versus some of the new “wonder” fabrics of the time, like polyester!
Sometimes you also find weird things, like this hairdressing patent by “L.Larrimore” [Note: not me and not related to me] which are just neat. I printed out a copy and have it taped to my office door, next to my nameplate.
Great question Cory.
Most annual fruiting plants will have similar growth cycles and enjoy similar conditions. Examples would be tomatoes, peppers, tomatillos, and hops. The ideal growing conditions for these kinds of plants would be slightly above moderate temperatures and moderate humidity.
If you're looking for genetic similarity to marjuana hops are one of the closest genetic corollaries and produce similar aromas and flavors (terpenes). Let us know if you have a more specific question we can help with here regarding plant types you're interested in growing.
I think the media is like a double edge sword it has huge power for good but at the same time it can come at a cost. For me the majority of my experiences have always added to the greater good there are a few exceptions, however.
It usually different from each individual. My best way is usually playing along in what they are seeing or telling. Also talking them away from subjects that will anger them or anything like that helps. One of the women living here would always think the employees stole her items and get angry but just asking about her dog or her husband or something like and instead she would tell stories about her life and that would make her in a good mood.
Dementia is one of the worse things to deal with. Not only for the afflicted but also for those around. I don't know how far your relative is because it gets worse. But talking about things they know or memories always helps. Personally my grandma had alzheimers and she thought I were my dad. I totally understand how you must feel.
In your travels, have there been any places (in Europe if at all possible) that you'd recommend visiting for stargazing? I'd absolutely love to buy a telescope (and that book!) but live in a very densely packed, light polluted country and will never get the chance to see much of anything here.
Alternatively, do you have any tips to bring down a power grid in a couple hundred km radius?
That's not weird at all. A similar design is employed in practically every hairdressing salon in the UK and probably elsewhere... Prevents water dripping down your neck.
Hi Warwick, How different did it feel working on the newest Star Wars films to how it was back in the 80s?
My mom’s mom worked in a nursing home for years and when she heard that my dad’s mom had Alzheimer’s, she said it’s a disease worse than cancer; it steals a person’s soul before their life. It never really hit me until I saw my dad’s mom days before she died; she looked just like my grandma lying in her bed but she wasn’t my grandma anymore.
Do the Canary Islands count as part of Europe? I observed at the top of La Palma once and that was AMAZING!
Laura: That's cool to know! I don't think this design is as popular in the US -- the ones I've seen use a u-shaped dip in the sink bowl, where you rest your head.
I think the invention itself is totally practical -- what I found slightly eerie was finding a patent that looks like I was the inventor, even though it was patented decades before I was born. :::cue spooky music:::
It's really not that different. I find it just as exciting as I did when I was 11 and many of the techniques used have not changed at all.
So true. Losing a person while them still being around is weird and hard. I hope you coped it well.
Thanks for answering some questions, today! I have a few regarding our nearest neighbor, the Proxima system
What are your thoughts on Dr. Hawking's Starshot Project?
Assuming they succeed in sending a flock of microships to Proxima, what kind of information would you expect and/or like to see returned?
If, as presumed, it turns out Proxima b is tidally locked, what challenges would that eventually present whenever humans try to visit?
I've always found the TESS interface pretty creepy - any plans to do a refresh?
Hello!!! If you could adopt any fantasy beast or creature from the various universes you’ve acted in as a pet, what would you choose?
My grandfather has dementia and currently lives with me. He has this incredible aversion to showering and just refuses to clean himself, and also refuses help from myself or other outside staff. Have you seen this behavior before, and if so have you found a way to effectively promote self cleaning?
Side note: he’s also completely deaf, so communication is difficult to say the least. Thanks!
I think the biggest issue in the starshot project is probably not getting there, but getting any sort of signal back to Earth! We could probably not even detect our normal radio broadcasts from that distance, so how are you going to tell it from a nano bot thingy?! more info here on this problem
Paul F: We're always working to upgrade our IT tools, including TESS, which is part of our Trademarks Next Generation project. You can tune in to today's TPAC livestream for updates from CIO John Owens, starting at 10:50 am ET.
I could imagine. Seeing it from their point of view. Maybe he is embarrassed about the whole situation? Trying to convince him that it really isn't a problem and it will be over in a second could be a solution. Otherwise try making it as comfortable as possible so when you get him in a shower try to have fun and make him laugh so he won't have a negative view on it.
I've been using Fox Farms for the last few years, but am interested in going 100% organic, will I get the same yield & quality?
What would you most like to tell us that no one has asked?
1.Do you tell them the same jokes they love over and over?
2. Are there any therapies that they do to promote brain health?
3. Do they just deteriorate to the point of staring off into the distance?
4. If you were in their shoes would you want to end it?
5. Do you ever mess with them, like calling them Mom/Dad?
My favorite movie is Eddie The Eagle. I can eat Ben & Jerry’s Cherry Garcia by the pint, and my toughest boss is my two year old daughter.
- I do! Their favorite one is ''A blind mand walks into a bar... A table... And a chair''
- There are! It is simple things like watching old photoalbums, sitting alone with them talking about their life asking about specifik details, also taking them out for walks.
- Depends on the diesease. Worst cases are just them talking a lot about strange things or disjointed and don't remember very well.
- Tough question. I have heard a lot of people saying they would kill themselves if they ended like that but to those who deals with it - everything is normal.
- Most of them actually has really great humor! So they would mostly mess with me. A day I was really tired I laid my head on my hand and rested my elbow on the table. One of the men living there smacked my arm away from under my head so my head fell directly into the table. He then laughed like a evil genius.
How did you decide on astronomy instead of some other branch of physics?
Favorite Halloween candy?
With there often being little, if any, direct proof of harassment: how can punishment (termination, sanction, character assassination) be justified when there is a contradictory account by the accused?
Why did your group feel the need for you to go undercover?
Hello Mr. Davis, out of all the prosthetics and makeup you’ve had to wear, which was your favorite and which was the most difficult to have applied?
What was the best moment of your career?
Honestly, I've always been mainly interested in astronomy, and then learned you need to know physics to do astronomy (I have a BSc and MSc in physics, actually, not astro). So I confess I never really was interested in particle physics or solid state or anything else.
As to why astronomy, the answer is I had a long bus ride as a kid to school so spent the time reading, and one day picked up a book on astronomy in the library when I was 13. By the time I was done with that book, I knew I wanted to be an astronomer, and haven't wavered in that since!
Liz: Kit Kats, always. I also wish more people handed out fun-sized bars of Skor.
This is Amanda Farahany. This is why an independent investigation by a neutral third party is so important. There rarely is direct proof of harassment, but a thorough and impartial investigation will uncover what is really going on
This is a really good question. HOPE not hate do undercover research for a number of reasons. Firstly, many far-right groups portray a far more moderate image to the outside world than they do in private. Going undercover allows us to expose the true hateful politics behind the scenes. However, it also gives us an unparalleled understanding of how these far-right movements organise and interact. We also gain information about their plans which gives us time to plan our response. We are always one step ahead!
The Griphook make-up in Harry Potter was the most challenging. It was very heavy and restrictive but I think it looked incredible. I have so much respect for Nick Dudman and his team of artists.
Hard to tell :D But there are usually moments that I will remember. I took one of them to the graveyard so they could visit her husband. She started crying and gave me a hug. We went for a long walk around a lake where she told stories about her husband and kids.
Which Leprechaun movie was your favorite, and if you could pick any setting for a future movie, what would you choose?
Thanks for doing a Q&A, I hope I'm not too late and this comment doesn't get buried as this is something quiet close to my heart and it would mean a great deal if you could offer a little advice and guidance.
A little back ground information. My Nanna was diagnosed with Alzheimer's around about 4 years ago, she is 91 years old and still lives in her bungalow, alone. My Grandma, my Nannas daughter, is her primary carer. She is adamant not to have to put my Nanna in a care home. Over the past few month my Gran has started paying for some carers to come in at certain intervals during the day just to ensure that my Nanna is OK as it had gotten to a point where my Gran was basically living with my Nanna after a recent event of her taking a weeks worth of medication in a matter of hours.
The week before last it was my Nannas birthday, my grandparents took her an hour out of town for afternoon tea. They stayed for about 3 hours then drove home, when they got home my Gran did my Nannas hair and her nails for her for the family coming round to my Grans for food that evening. Family arrived, stayed 4-5 hours, we all had something to eat, then my Gran took my Nanna home.
The following day my Gran went to my Nannas, as she does every morning, and asked her if she enjoyed her day yesterday to which my Nanna replied 'what happened yesterday?'. It's truly heartbreaking to see.
I have a few questions below, some seeking advice, some wondering the normality of what my Nanna and we all are going through:
1) Repetitive conversations are something which stands out the most with my Nanna, she can ask how work is and you'll tell her it's going good and by the time she has processed the fact you've said it's good she has asked you about it again. Is there any tips on reoccurring conversations? It feel rude just to ignore her. 2) Whenever we try to start conversation with my Nanna it is unsuccessful, she just smiles and nods whenever you ask her a question, as if she is not really listening, again, is there any advice you have for this? 3) This is a bit of a strange one which I'd love to know the answer to; my Nanna constantly folds up pieces of tissue paper and stuffs them down the side of the sofa, in her handbag and hangs pieces on door handles, is there any reason for this? 4) Crisps. All she eats is crisps. If we walk into the supermarket the first thing she asks is where are the crisps? Is there a reason for a certain craving of food?
Again, thank you for doing this.
Lep 3. I think it would be fun to do a Leprechaun / Pirates hybrid movie.
Hey you! You are just in time! I will do my best to go over the whole thing. First of all your grandma sounds like the sweetest thing! The short team memory loss is sad. But most important of all if your grandparents had a lovely day then it was all worth its a memory to cherish. Actually had kinda the same with my grandma. Took her out in her wheelchair to the local bar where she had a beer and we went for a walk in the local park. I rode her home and my parents came by with food. She didn't remember it a couple of days after but she was so happy that day and I really had a great day with her!
- Repetitive converstations are there a lot of. I deal with this everyday. My best take on it is to force the conversation to something else she might remember. Like where she lived when she was a kid, hobbies, school etc. It is also a great treatment against memory loss but again in your case she is very old.
- She might be having trouble with coping with more than one thing. Try having conversations with her alone without music or radio or anything else. And use few and simple words.
- A lot of elderly people do this. Moves pillows, folds napkins, constantly has to do something with their hands. I think when their brain can't stay engaged they need to something with their hands. As long as it doesn't hurt anyone or is annoying I'd suggest you just would let her do it cause it isn't something that is going to change. Otherwise try giving her some towels so she has something to fold also consider stuffed pets. They tend to enjoy petting and taking care of them its sweet!
- Not sure. She might just love crisps! We have some who are the same way with beer and wine lol.
Thanks for your question!
Hi! Space is my favorite thing, and you're my favorite redditor because of the things you do.
My question is, what do you do in your spare time or days off?
This one creeps me out.
I absolutely love Willow. I killed my vhs as a kid I watched it so much. Would you be willing to do a sequel even after so long? It would be cool to see you ask the next generation what finger holds the magic to change the world.
I care for an elder with stage 4 Alzheimer's. Any advice on how to convince her to shower? I always make sure the bathroom is warm, same with the water and I still outside the door while she bathes (she won't let me help, sometimes she will let me help dry her off but she's pretty shy) and sometimes let's me help her into her clean nightgown.
But often she doesn't want to bathe and gets a full shower maybe once every 2 weeks. I'd try for weekly but that just isn't happening. I also gave shower wash caps and bathing wipes if necessary.
I've read that bathing is a common issue and done everything I can to make it more comfortable, but are there any tricks or I guess trade secrets you've come across in your time working with multiple people? Thanks!
Firstly, I love to travel, even if it's just for a day trip- I have only lived in Canada since January, so there's been a ton of those to do. Last weekend I finally made the weekend trip to Ottawa, and was pleasantly surprised at how nice it was given how much Canadians knock it.
Beyond that, I am really into geocaching, cross stitch (here's one I made of Orion!), reading, downhill skiing, and trying new beers. I also am one of those people who bikes everywhere, but more because I lived in the Netherlands for several years than being one of those bike people.
That's technically not a question, but it IS pretty creepy!
We have one who is hard to make her take a shower but promising her to wash her back always seems to help lol. But some of the aggressive ones or who is really confused it's easier to just to start the shower and say ''alright take of your clothes'' in a friendly manner. Offering to give coffee afterwards will always help!
Do you feel people not directly involved in the #metoo movement are just reposting it just to be part of something? How do you verify legitimacy of harassment cases?
Hi, did you uncover any connections to current or former politicians?
Warwick, if you could cast any spell only once each day, what would it be?
Has any of your patients suddenly become lucid, and knew what was happening to them?
What techniques do you find help to prolong their lucidity?
This is Amanda Farahany. Harassment cases are verified in lots of different ways, starting from looking at the history of the harasser to looking at the credibility of the victim. Often times, there are indications that someone is telling the truth, such as the victim telling her friends about what's happening as it was happening.
It depends which side of the movement you are talking about. The more extreme, racially obsessed ‘alt-right’ side of the movement have very few links to mainstream politicians due to their extremeness. However, I did manage to record Jason Jorjani, one of the leading alt-right figures (co-founder of altright.com alongside Richard Spencer), bragging that he had links to the Trump administration. You can read more about that in the essay I've written here: https://alternativeright.hopenothate.com/my-year-inside-the-international-alt-right
However, the more moderate end of the movement (the so-called alt-light) have far more links to the White House and many even get press credentials! It’s terrifying. My colleague at HNH wrote about that here: https://alternativeright.hopenothate.com/influence-of-the-alternative-right
One of the men living here always say some strange things. When he is in his bed he will tell me to remember to pad the dog when I leave and turn off the car aswell. Stuff like that. One day I had him out for a walk and we walked by a graveyard. He then tells me ''there is a german soldier graveyard in the back of it'' And I have lived here my whole life so I wasn't sure about this but he convinces me to go in and have a look. There actually was a german soldier graveyard hidden behind some trees. I was kinda shocked. But we left the graveyard and walked in a little neighborhood. He then yells into a garden where a guy was cutting grass ''Hey you ugly bastard''. The man comes over to us and im prepared to explain that he has dementia etc. Turns out the man he yelled at was an old work employee from like 40 years ago. He invited us to a cup of coffee and they talked about old times.
Just basic things like going for walks, ask them about their life or look at old photographs. Asking into details like ''what was your address'' or ''what did you do after school'' will always push them a little.
Hello fellow goecacher from a one in Indiana! There used to be a great series caches in Bloomington, IN. The dome on the courthouse is the "sun" and each planet is its own cache. It is a 1:133,700,000 scale model of the solar system. Neptune (GC31N1v) is still active as are a few others. It's very informative and a great way to teach the scale of it all (Neptune is 20.7 miles away from the "sun").
This one creeps me out?
which patient had the biggest impact on your way of thinking and seeing the world?
Cool! I remember I was looking once at an observatory in Australia and they had a similar system there (and there's one across the state of Georgia). Always though it would be super fun to do a series like that.
Sharon (our colleague in Human Resources):Thanks for your interest! The best way for us to understand your qualifications is by doing what you already know to do: apply via USAJOBS. But here’s something you might not already know: you can apply to more than one vacancy announcement for different engineering disciplines. It’s the best way to increase your chances of landing an interview.
For more info on jobs at the USPTO and to stay connected with us outside of Reddit, check us out on (LinkedIn) [https://www.linkedin.com/company/uspto] and at [@USPTOJobs on Twitter](http://www.twitter.com/uspto]!
And if you have any additional questions, contact us at [email protected]!
I am absolutely loving Stranger Things 2. I have resisted watching the whole series in one sitting, instead savouring one episode each evening. If they do make a season 3, I will personally travel to and camp outside The Duffer Bros. house to get a part.
Hard to tell. One of the residents here are the sweetest thing! Always jokes around with me, hugs me, tells me she has missed me when I haven't been to work. She is the most loveable person I have ever met and it would make me sad when her times comes to and end.
Also there is a husband and wife who lives here. They are so sweet! Their tragic story was when they lived at their farm the husband got grumpy and forgot things and the wife and trouble dealing with it so he moved to our home. The wife unfortunately had a blood clot in her brain a week after he moved out. She lost her speech and the ability to walk. They only thing she can say is ''cluckcluckcluck'' but she understands everything you tell her. They live in the same home now and they still sit around every day holding hands and kisses! It makes me appreciate coming home to my girlfriend even more!
Omg I'm early to an AMA that I'm actually interested in!
As a freshman in high school, I've always been interested in astronomy. I am planning on asking around the high school to see if there is a class on astronomy, but where would I start trying to learn about this subject?
Where can I go to view these creepy IPs?
You played three different roles in Harry Potter, how easy was it to keep all the characters distinct when playing them? Were you familiar with the Harry Potter universe before taking on the roles?
Hello, I am sorry but I am hijacking another question. I have another story I would love to share.
Years ago, I looked after a religious man with a rare form of dementia. As his disease progressed, he became nonverbal and bed/chairbound. He became very violent when care was being provided to him. Medication helped some, but he was always aggressive, almost as is he was trying to protect himself. He would hit out at the air, hallucinating.
His care providers would do his care very slowly, leaving and reapproaching, then describing what they were doing for him.Often he would nod and say yes to consent, but it seemed like he would forget what was going on within a minute and start hitting again.
He was started on music therapy. The music therapist would sing religious hymns with him, and he started singing along! It was amazing to see someone who was almost completely nonverbal sing along to familiar music.
The music was opening up some kind of pathways in his brain because he would say thank you and goodbye to the therapist. He would often be very calm after these sessions. He started making eye contact again, and occasionally smiling.
Music is a very powerful tool to affect the human body in positive ways.
I wrote a book list here that might interest you!
Beyond that, it's very likely that your area has an amateur astronomy club, and that club likely has open star parties as well as monthly lectures for members and things like that. Check Google!
You have to approach each character differently. it starts with the way they think, then add body language and posture. They become distinct and different automatically, it wasn't a conscious effort.
No worries! Feel free :D My experience in musical treatment is very small. I will definitely try to implement it way more!
Hello, i am noob but fascinated by astronomy. What is the outcome of the observation of the collision of neutron stars? Is it completing any major incomplete fundamental theory ? Completing our understanding of the universe? of its creation ?
Also quickely checked the proof .... Really ? punched by wild mountain gorilla ? Care to tell the tale ?
How do you guys get paid, and do you guys get paid?
Is there anything you noticed in your captor, whether it be a certain look or manner of speech that would serve as a red flag for you if seen/ heard from another person?
Or, rather, can you sense if someone you encounter is capable of such a thing?
Mr. Davis, what's it like being part of two of the biggest franchises (Star Wars and Harry Potter) of all time?
I just feel like I need to vent for once since I dont like talking about it when I'm sober. Only 3 of my friends knows this but my mom is suffering from dementia. My grandmother has it also. My mother and father separated when i was 21 and now I'm 24. I heard from my aunt that as my mothers dementia progressed it started messing with her head, as it does with my grandmother, making her distance herself from our family.
I was always a "momas boy" but nowadays I rarely see her. She lives alone about 3 km from me but i rarely visit her because every time I see her I know that she doesnt really have full control of her memories and it seems like shes ashamed of that. She doesnt know where I "hold up" nowadays and every time I see her it is like a kind of strained conversation. I know that she still loves me but she cant seem to express it, you could almost compare it to any time we talk it is like talking to an old classmate that you used to get along really well with but you havent seen eachother for a long time so you dont have much to talk about or something similar. I have 2 siblings and I sure as fuck dont want to be the one catching dementia of us when we get older. The worst part is that my mother is 60 and she still has some years left. Her medecine that was meant to slow down the dementia doesnt work as well anymore and I'm not sure if she even will remember me before she dies. Ive been in a carecenter for people suffering from dementia and it wasnt pretty so I really dont want her to be in a place like that.
So since this is an AMA thread i have to ask a question, so what is the most popular ice cream flavour among the elderly people suffering from dementia that you've met?
PS: Dementia sucks. The end.
Which observation? :)
What I study lately is a star that exploded whose light reached us 30 years ago, called Supernova (SN) 1987A. It's a really interesting because even though it's 170,000 light years away from us, in a satellite galaxy of our Milky Way, it's the closest supernova to us since the invention of the telescope! They are that rare!
My research involves making radio images of this supernova over time- here's a simple gif. This is the best detail we can get of how such an exploding star interacts with its surrounding system, and no one's looked at the radio data I'm going to publish since 2013, and lots of cool stuff has been happening lately!
As for the gorilla, I was trekking in Uganda to see the gorillas some years ago, and there was a teenage male in the troop we were going to see named Punchy in the local language. Because he had this game of "I punch you, you punch me back" familiar to teenage males of many species. Luckily it was just a "test punch" so didn't hurt, the rangers dragging you back hurt far more!
First of all. Im so sorry to hear it and I hope you are alright. Maybe take her out and do something fun so the conversation doesn't seem that forced if you guys just sit across a table to each other. Maybe go for walk? You should enjoy your time together before it gets worse. The dementia center isn't always pretty due to most of the residence dealing with the same issues as your mother but sometimes that is a good thing. Feel free to private message me if you would like to talk about it. Well most elderly people likes basic things so vanilla. They are really not into trying anything new.
And yeah dementia sucks dick.
I am a survivor of human trafficking, which actually started around the time you had went missing. When you were found I remember it giving me hope and something to keep working toward because it reminded me that there are people out there who care. What was the hardest thing you faced in terms of speaking out and becoming an advocate? I still have so much guilt tied to my experience and I'm 30 now and while I've worked through so much of that, I can't seem to fully accept that it was something that happened to me, not something that I did. If there was one main thing that you wanted to tell a survivor about speaking out, what would it be?
What was your most fun moment on your adventures with Karl?
- What lead you to do the type of work you do?
- What do you enjoy about your work?
- What do you dislike about your work?
- Do you feel that people with dementia are treated with respect and dignity?
- What type of training do you have?
Thank you so much for doing this AMA!
Ah, ok! I did a pretty long writeup here about just this! Check it out and give a shout if something doesn't make sense. :)
We have a Get Ready Checklist on our site that can help you find resources for clones and other equipment needed to get going. You can find that here:
Tents are great if you don't have a standalone space you can dedicate as a grow room, but has no inherent advantages to any other growing environment.
The hardest thing about speaking out and becoming an advocate was the fear of having everyone know what happened to me. The one thing I would tell a survivor about speaking out is no matter what people’s reactions are, you deserve happiness, you deserve love, you deserve support and you deserve to know that you are worthwhile.
Seeing al the fantastic places we visited and having experiences I wouldn't have had on a normal holiday.
- My mom has always worked with healthcare. So I kinda always knew I wanted to help others.
- I love that it really isn't stressful. My colleagues are also so helpful and sweet.
- Hard to tell. I dont really feel like I have anything that I dislike about it. Even changing diapers or changing sheets cause someone peed in their bed doesn't bother me at all.
- I truly do! After starting this kinda work I have the biggest respect for others who do the same. You kinda get a relationship with everyone who lives here so you are like family or good friends.
- You might have to elaborate that. But I was following one of my colleagues for weeks and just helping giving baths and stuff like that. If that is what you mean :D
Hi Elizabeth, thank you for opening yourself up to us in this manner. I've held you in my thoughts and heart for years, just wishing you the best.
I'm just wondering, in general, how did your friends treat you after your return home? Have you stayed in contact with any of your friends from before your abduction, and were you able to find support in your friends upon return?
Also, were you offended by the way he talks about you (little fella, etc) or did you find it part of his charm?
I work night shifts at a home for people with Alzheimer’s and dementia as well! Two questions for you.
- How has working third shifts/working at a home in general affected you as a person - mentally and physically?
- How often do your male residents get sexual or aggressive (not sexually) with you, family members, and other residents? I know that dementia can tend to bring out some interesting character traits in people that they really didn’t have before, or traits they did have and just kept suppressed. I have one resident in particular who is always groping/trying to have sex with our female employees, and sometimes even me (and I’m a man).
No, the shockwave is destroying a ring of gas that was around the star before it exploded! :)
I am not easily offended. I just took that as part of Karl's charm.
- Physically definitely! After a work shift I always feel like I been running a marathon. So I have trouble hitting the gym in the afternoon lol.
- It can happen. We only have a few residence where we know things like that tend to happen. So you are always prepared for it. Funny story actually. We have a woman who has gotten really aggressive and she don't like men. So the first time I met her my colleagues were like ''wait here and turn your back to her''. So I did that - she then grabbed my butt and said ''Not bad''. But yeah. Some of the men can get really inappropriate at times and asked some of the girls if they want to make a baby or come lie with them.
Has your abduction created any challenges for you as a wife and a mother?
Is he really an idiot?
My dad has FTD. Do you have any experience working with people with FTD? This shit sucks and any tips would be great.
He's at the stage where instead of opening the front door, he locks the door handle and deadbolts the lock then wonders why he can't open it. Speech is also fucked. Lack of nouns and verbs when he tries to talk.
We think it was gas that was expelled tens of thousands of years before the star died, perhaps when two stars merged. :)
Liz: I think we’ve all generally agreed that the patents and trademarks we’ve selected for #CreepyIP have been creepy or strange. I personally think that anything with clowns is extra creepy, but I’m sure there’s been someone on the team who views them as a piece of nostalgia from their childhood. Not. Me.
I agree, there is an assumption that white males should "naturally" agree with them. There were times when I was very angry and what people were saying around me hit me very personally. At those times I was extremely frustrated and it was difficult not to react.
Im so sorry to hear that and I hope that you and your family is okay! Frontotemporal dementia is so hard to deal with. I know there a some medications which can help a little but there really isn't a cure and it will only get worse. When having conversation try just talk about things he surely remembers and ask about details. Like when talking about him - ask him about his birthday, address, first pet etc. But that is probably the best I can do. I really hope you can cope with it. It is hard to deal with.
Are they preparing for a race war?
Mr Davis, if you could choose your last meal on Earth, what would it be?
What's the strangest thing that one of your patient's did?
I do! My mom bought me some for Christmas this past year, because she is awesome.
Not all but some absolutely are. It’s extremely scary. Many of the people I met, especially in the North West of America were armed and genuinely seemed ready to use them!
Strangest thing. Thats a tough question cause there is A LOT. I experience people shaving in the middle of the night, taking of their dirty diapers and hide them, picking up poop from the toilet and putting it in the bin and proceeds to wash hands in the toilet.
What's your favorite song?
Thanks for doing this, and for all of your work!
There is no sound in space. I of course know why they do it- Star Wars space battles would be really boring without sound- but that's probably the most common thing you'll see.
I've noticed lately often the visuals of an explosion or black hole or whatever are pretty fantastic and on the level with what we expect- a great use of applying astronomical theories! ;-)
Good question! I mixed up parts of my backstory a few times and once I said the first part of my real name by accident after a long day. It created some confusion but I managed to quickly explain myself. I think in the moment I came up with a story of how I sometimes was using my middle name...!
Charlottesville was obviously frightening, as was my time with the armed neo-Nazis in the Northwest. Some of the early meetings, before I fully gained trust, was of course nerve-racking but I found myself settling into it quicker than I thought I would.
Case One - 1oz per month. Assuming you smoke a fair amount. Grow two plants at a time, one in veg and one in bloom. You'll need a total of 2' x 4' or a small closet. Grow each plant under a CFL or T5. Each bloomed plant will produce around 2oz.
Case two - Hydro setups will theoretically take up a little more room, because you'll need space for the recirculating water reservoir. Also far more complicated to learn and expensive to buy, but they can also be good systems.
First off, amazing work. Your patience in your research is very clear to see.
From your time observing the alt-right, do you think that a major cause is the two-party system creating these extremists on both ends? Would you be an advocate for a more parliamentary/multiple party system to avoid this divergent trend between people?
I live in a small studio apartment in California so I can't install a 220v. What is my best bet for a small 1 plant grow as far as light is concerned? What kind of yield could I expect?
In 2003 you were known as the girl who was kidnapped, today I think your advocacy work is defining you - in 40 years, when the public hears 'Elizabeth Smart' what do you want them to think of first? Or do desire a life outside the spotlight, where people don't recognize your name?
How was it working with the Yogscast in the past? Would you work with them again in the future?
In a studio, your best bet is to buy a light that doesn't put off a lot of heat. That way you can grow without a big fan to move air. I would say get a 200w LED or a T5 (4 foot 4 bulb with 3000k bloom bulbs). Off of that light unit with our starter nutrient kit, you can probably grow a third to a half pound of pot as a beginner. Once you get a little more experience, you could probably get closer to a pound per bloom cycle. But probably not more than that until you can get more light. Definitely enough pot to get stoned and talk about ancient aliens!
I’d be lying if I said anonymity wasn’t tempting, but I want to continue advocating until change happens. It would also be nice to be known as a wife, a mother, a friend.
They are a great team. I'd be happy to collaborate on further project with them.
Is there anything "in the moment" that you did that you specifically think saved your life until the police came?
What was it like working with Val Kilmer?
There were a lot of things. Every decision I made was with survival being the end goal. Specifically, learning their tactics and eventually using those tactics against them.
I think Val is a brilliant person and actor. We got along great, and still do. He is often misrepresented in the media, which is a shame.
My question is how do we know this? Are we getting all of this info from just the color of it or what? I'm not educated in the field, but I'm pretty sure we don't have a space bartender out there tasting these things for us.
Which is the best season to grow marijuana? Can it be grown out in the open or in a make shift green house with a red light? Also, what some of the best strands to use?
I hope no one misreads this and thinks it is a negative comment, but I was curious in the age of social media with your specific situation how do you deal with chuckleheads trying to get noticed at your expense either by harassing you or just posting flat out lies about you or your situation that thrust you into the media spotlight? Also, how do you handle (mentally and emotionally) any fake news stories written about you?
Will we ever see any more of Porridge on Dr. Who?
Basically what we do is take a spectrum of the cloud (so yes, its light) and see what lines are missing in the light at certain wavelengths. Think of it the rainbow you get from a prism, but way more detailed. Clusters of missing lines correspond with an element or molecule where the electrons took exactly that amount of energy to go to change levels in their orbit, and we can confirm these levels thanks to tests in chemistry labs on Earth.
So in the case of space booze, you would go and see these lines that correspond with what molecule smells like raspberries. TBH usually the real issue in a molecular cloud is actually distinguishing lines because you have so many of them!
Outdoor growing in the open: The best season to start marijuana outdoors is in the late spring, plant in early May. It will grow big through early August then begin to bloom, you should harvest around late September/early October.
Greenhouse/hoophouse: You can grow any time of year in a greenhouse or hoophouse, but there are a couple of constratints.
1. You need to make sure the temperature doesn't get too low or high 68F-85F is perfect 2. You also have some supplemental light. In veg you want 18-24 hours of light. 3. In bloom you want only 12 hours of light. If you want to bloom when the natural sunlight is more than 12 hours, then you need to block the sunlight a few hours a day to achieve 12 hours of darkness. A thick tarp pulled over the hoophouse can do this.
Best strain for beginners: blue dream. Its easy to grow and very forgiving to minor mistakes. If you can't find blue dream cuttings, make sure to look for a hybrid (indica/sativa cross) they are more hardy and generally easy to work with.
The answer to both those questions is the same. I used to read every article and every comment posted about those articles and it made me feel terrible. My older brother one day said, “Elizabeth who cares what these people think? Who cares what these people say? Stop reading them.” So, I stopped reading them.
I'd love to do more Porridge. I think he's a very interesting character with so much more to offer, after all, he is the emperor of the known universe!
I've seen you comment a lot on a few different subreddits answering physics and astronomy questions, misconceptions, etc. How do you feel your involvement in online forums is a part of your job as an astronomer, if it's any part at all?
Which is the best season to grow marijuana? Can it be grown out in the open or in a make shift green house with a red light? Also, what some of the best strands to use?
First want to say I'm so impressed by all your incredible advocacy work, and how you've given other survivors of sexual assault such strength.
My question is, how have your experiences and your abduction influenced how you raise your own children? Would you say you're overly safety conscious or cautious?
Thank you for doing this AMA, you're such an inspiration!
What's your favorite ice cream flavor?
Oh, it's not at all- this is just a hobby/ thing to do during my lunch break! I did submit an abstract though to a communicating astronomy conference next spring though about Reddit, so fingers crossed it gets accepted.
I did once go to a conference (on my research topic) where another grad student said "are you Andromeda321? I've been looking forward to meeting you for weeks!" That was a little weird.
Now for fun lets looks at the economics of micro-greens or lettuce.
Indoor/Greenhouse: System cost $10,000 / 10 years = $1000 per year Number of cycles per year = easily 12 cycles (one per month), probably more like one every three weeks. Production = 750lbs of fresh microgreens Price = $3 per pound for fresh local microgreens, sold to local restaurants Gross profit per cycle = 750lbs * $3 = $2250 Non-reusable Cost per cycle = $400 (lower than pot, because less electricity, less water, and less fertilizer) Net per cycle = $2250 - $400 = $1850 Net per year = (12 cycles * $1850 profit) - $1000 from the hardware investment = $21,200 net profit
Outdoor: System cost = $0 Number of cycles per year = easily 4 cycles (one per summer month) Production = 750lbs of fresh microgreens Price = $3 per pound for fresh local microgreens, sold to local restaurants Gross profit per cycle = 750lbs * $3 = $2250 Non-reusable Cost per cycle = $100 (mainly fertilizer/soil amendments) Net per cycle = $2250 - $100 = $2150 Net per year = (4 cycles * $2150 profit) = $8600 net profit
Both are worthwhile endeavors, but if you're looking to make a career out of this vs just have fun at home, I'd say greenhouse/indoor would be the way to go!
It’s a constant struggle between being overprotected vs. wanting to let my children experience life so they’re prepared for the future. Fortunately, both of my children are young so I control most of their activities but as they get older I think that it will be a constant battle between letting them experience life on their own terms and wanting to protect.
Which would you rather discover, 100 comet-sized Jupiters, or a Jupiter-sized comet?
Do you think social media is a net good for the world?
With well over 30 years of acting under your belt, where would you like the next 10 to go Mr Davis?
Ooooh, I'm actually spending way too much time thinking about this one because both would be really interesting! Probably 100 comet-sized Jupiters because that would drive my planetary evolution friends mad!
I’m still debating that. It could be, but I’m not convinced yet.
I'd love to host a TV talk show. I have a title... 'Small Talk with Warwick Davis'
Hello. Forgive me if this comes out offensive, none is meant.
I really love your work and think you are a great actor. Sometimes I feel like you are somewhat typecasted into rolls inherently designed for little people. Is it hard or even possible to get major roles that are open and not little specific? It's an honest question becuase i would love to see you just act in a position. I feel like every time I've seen you do this its in an project of your own device. Anyway, would love to hear from you mate.
Probably a miniature star because that pressure would be enough to get fusion going.
Practice screaming, encourage your kids to fight back, there is a place and a time when it’s not only acceptable it’s encouraged. An organization that I work closely with is Rad Kids it’s all about prevention education and you can learn more about them at www.radkids.org
I am very happy with the roles I have been getting throughout my career. They have all been interesting and I am constantly being pushed creatively and learning new skills. I have a new quiz show called 'Tenable' on ITV in the UK and I can honestly say I love hosting it even though it is more difficult than playing a character in a movie, for example.
No because we're compressing a ton of mass into a small size was how I read it.
No, my faith helped me survive what I did, but when people justify everything they do through religion it makes me wary.
Never eaten one.
With the JWST launch expected in 2019, when will we expect to observe anything new that previous space telescopes were incapable of seeing? What are some potential discoveries that the JWST could facilitate?
Did your Mormon faith have an effect on how you were able to make it through your experience? Is your faith any different now having gone through what you did?
Hi Mr Davis, I have been a fan of yours since I was very young, I spent many days pretending to be Wicket playing in the forrest near my home. But without a doubt Willow holds the closest place to my heart - do you have any stories about Val Kilmer from your time on the film and do you do any magic tricks yourself? Thanks and never stop being awesome!
So many things! JWST is hopefully going to be able to see the first stars, see how the first galaxies form, and even do unprecedented work in extrasolar planets. You can read more about the science goals here.
We will probably also find a few things we just plain weren't expecting, based on how Hubble turned out.
Yes. My faith period played a big part on how I survived. Yes, my faith has changed. I’ve gotten older it’s widen, it’s expanded. it’s grown since I was a 14 year old girl.
Val Kilmer once broke my pair of fake Ray-Ban sunglasses on purpose. Waited for me to get annoyed, then gave me 2 pairs of real Ray-Bans.
I learnt magic for Willow but don't practice any of the tricks now.
I have two girls who are young school age and they both love space. What are some things I can do to encourage their leaning process and love of space? We have a great science center locally which we visit often, and they have books and some TV they watch in that regard. My oldest is a voracious learner in second grade and needs some direction.
Do you often get recognized when you're out and about? How do people react?
Thanks for hosting the AMA!!
Any chance of them getting a telescope for Christmas or whatever holiday? :)
Yes, I get recognized all the time. Especially when I have no makeup on and greasy hair. But people are always very kind and just want to express well wishes and gratitude, but it should be expressing my gratitude to them.
I think I remember you talked about maybe putting out a book at one point. Is that something you're still considering? Anything in the works?
How do we change the mentality and social norms that make survivors of sexual abuse feel worthless?
Ha I'm just remembering how I once met you when you were in Woolacombe, it always stuck out to me that you took the time to meet and greet people who wanted to speak to you even though you had a bunch of people telling you that you had to get going. So thanks for being cool!
What's you're favourite moment from the Harry Potter series?
I would still love to do it (have a book proposal pretty well done!), but unfortunately this PhD has taken longer than I was planning. :( But I guess my thesis will arguably be my first book.
I will however have the cover story for the February 2018 issue of Astronomy, which will come out late December. Keep an eye out!
Sexual abuse is so prevalent today chances are it’s not just one person you know that’s experienced sexual abuse, but many people that you know that have experienced it. We need to be able to address these issues openly, talk about them regularly, and be supportive when survivors do come forward.
It's hard to choose 1 moment from 11 years of memories. I had a wonderful experience during that time. My fondest memories are of the people involved in the making of the films.
Signs of life? Yes!
Mind, I don't think it will be in the form of radio signals, or flying saucers, or anything Hollywood has led you to believe. Instead, exoplanet research these days is amazing- we can actually detect some elemental compositions of these planets now. Eventually, if someone detects free oxygen in large quantities in an atmosphere, that would be very hard to explain without life actively putting it there like plants do on Earth, because oxygen on its own rapidly oxidizes within a few thousand years.
I suspect though this process will be a bit like finding water on Mars, where first you find some evidence, but lots of caveats, then a bit more, until today pretty much everyone agrees there was water on Mars (and it's probably still there in some form). That's how the real scientific process tends to go, so I imagine life on other planets will be the same.
I’m still amazed at how big my story was and the interest people still have in it. Having everyone know who I was was probably the hardest part about coming back.
A bit grumpy... as a GOBLIN!
Hi there! I am an undergrad at UofT and I am considering becoming an astronomer. What is the most rewarding part about astronomy to you? What recent discovery in any field of astronomy is the most exciting for you and why?
Also, I would really like to hear about what happened with the mild mountain gorilla.
Are you an avid user of reddit? If so, how long have you been among us?
Your own, of course.
We can image them directly! Check out this amazing gif of four planets orbiting their parent star!
I think it’s fine if it’s your belief to teach to wait to have sex until marriage; however I think it is imperative that no analogy like ‘chewed up gum’ be used, because no matter what your sexual orientation, preference, or when to have it is, it will not detract from your worth as a human being. So, yes, change needs to happen in the way it is taught.
Not sure which role but as an actor who just happens to be short!
Does your experience as a woman in astronomy differ from that of men? In what ways (if any) has your gender affected how you’re treated by colleagues?
On a lighter note, what's your favorite movie?
What were Mr Merchant and Mr Gervais like to work with?
Also, how did Johnny Depp fit in? Was it via Tim Burton? Did you meet Helen on Harry Potter?
It does, unfortunately. I was harassed when I was in undergrad by a professor still prominent in the field, and I have had judgements about my work made by men based on my appearance and demeanor.
Unfortunately I'm not at a point in my career where I can share details, just take notes for my book someday. Thanks for understanding! :)
Stephen is very funny and a brilliant writer/performer. Ricky is sometimes like a 6yr old child - mischievous and silly.
Ricky just asked Johnny and he said yes.
What advice would you give to recently returned American hostage Caitlan Coleman for moving forwards in her life now?
Not as much as Reddit thinks it was. It was honestly probably just what's called Radio Frequency Interference (RFI), which is a fancy way of saying "manmade signals."
I have the same advice for all survivors no matter what their story is. That is the same advice that my mom gave to me: What has happened is terrible, there are no words to describe how wicked and evil they are, they have stolen 9 months of your life that you will never get back. But the best punishment you could give them is to be happy. By feeing sorry for yourself and reliving it is only allowing them to steal more of your life away from you. Obviously, the advice is tailored to your own specific circumstance. I don’t think this means you’ll never have a bad day again, or never struggle or feel frustration or anger. I think it just means have your end goal always be happiness.
Hello aspiring astronomer currently attending college for the subject. Space has always intrigued me since a young age. Any advice on how to get more involved in the astronomy scene? I read lots of articles and have tried to find groups for this sort of thing at the university I attend but it has been to no avail. Also what do you think about the trending theory on black holes possibly being gateways to 2D microverses.
You can take 4 trips. Money and time don't really matter--but you have to go only to do the following: 1. Adventure 2. Culture 3. Relaxation 4. Adventure + Culture + Relaxation
Where do you go and why?
If you're an undergrad, definitely try and get into research! Look up REUs if you don't have any profs in your department who can offer research.
My husband just asked me the same question. 1. Alaska for adventure, 2. India for culture 3. Toss up between Bali and Tahiti for relaxation, 4. You tell me where I can get Adventure + Culture + Relaxation.
So a few years ago I saw something I thought was a meteorite, but it was much lower and was on fire. It was fast and lasted a few seconds. It was bright but not light up the sky bright. More like a headlight in the distance. Would you know what it might have been? It also made an whooshing noise.
It could have still been a meteor! (Meteorite= when they hit the ground) My experience is people tend to under-estimate the distance when one's closer to the horizon, and the atmosphere can do weird things if they enter at a low angle.
Unfortunately, I really can't say much more based on your description. Like, it could have also been some rocket reentry type thing, but that's more likely in certain parts of the world over others.
What's your favorite fact about the universe?
What are you the most excited about in the near future?
In the near future, I'm signed up for this super sweet beer and history walking tour of Toronto this weekend. Or did you mean astronomical? ;-)
Soooo hard to choose a favorite fact. I'm gonna wimp out and say that I never feel scared about the universe and how big it is. Instead I just love the fact that we are small but a part of it all, and clearly a rare and special one because of all the places we've looked in the universe we're the only ones capable of staring back.
When articles state the distance to an object in billion light years, I assume it is proper distance. However, with inflation and expanding universe, how old is the light really? How much closer was the object when an event like a supernova occurred?
It depends. Things that are local (in our galaxy or cluster of galaxies) are gravitationally bound more than something like the acceleration of the universe would affect them. When we talk about something much further away (in billions of years) it depends how distant it is to us- astronomers in fact will use redshift as the unit of measure for very distant things.
Does it just feel weird knowing that the signals you are receiving and analyzing happened so long ago?
Side question: Do you have insurance against Mike Tyson? :)
I honestly don't know anyone in astronomy who thinks about things like this, as we tend to always just discuss events in our Earth reference frame. It would be impossibly confusing otherwise, and statistically it doesn't really matter anyway (for example, we saw that neutron star collision millions of light years away, but if one's happening every few years does it really matter which one you see?).
I don't really know what your second question's about, so guess the answer is no!
What mysteries about the cosmos do you wish/hope/think will be solved or better understood in your lifetime?
Thanks for taking the time to answer and do this AMA. You're my favorite redditor. Whenever a post starts with "Astronomer here!" I know I'm about to learn some dope space shit. Please never stop sharing.
Aww, thanks! :)
Beyond life on other planets (aka the boring question), I would really love to see quantum mechanics and gravity reconciled because that would explain so much about the underpinnings of our universe! Unfortunately I think there's a very good chance that doesn't happen in my lifetime- Newton and Einstein were separated by a few hundred years, for example.
No. A few space dresses though!
I’ve heard many theories as to what quasars actually are, the most common I’ve heard is that there young galaxies, is this correct and if not then what in your expert opinion are they?
Quasars are thought to be the supermassive black holes in young galaxies that are very active. Active probably means "lots of material falling into it."