TechnologyWe are Blockchain Foundry Inc, creators of the Syscoin cryptocurrency, Blockmarket, the World's First Decentralized Marketplace and soon: A revolutionary blockchain token/asset development platform. Ask us anything: AMA!
Feb 26th 2018 by SysCoin • 19 Questions • 254 Points
I’m a physicist and my primary vocation is doing theoretical physics, on paper, by hand. I also have a passion for explaining science, so I’ve written a number of popular science books—about hyperspace, the physics of the impossible, the future of the mind, and more. My newest is about The Future of Humanity: on Earth, across space, throughout time, all the way to our destiny among the stars.
Read more about The Future of Humanity here!
Fire away! I’m ready for your best!
UPDATE: I have to go for an interview right now, but I'm really enjoying this. I hope to come back and answer more questions later tonight. Thank you everyone!
How does Syscoin make money if there are no transaction fees ("middle man")?
Hey Chris! I have two questions for you:
1) What is your tl;dr version of how we can solve income inequality?
2) What is your most prized possession, something you've had before the FB days, that you have and will never get rid of under any circumstance?
How did you experience Thatcher's politics? As a photojournalist living and documenting back then you must have witnessed a lot e.g. her cuts in welfare and the falklands war. How did the labour class respond?
Hey guys! Love the show
Two parter, 1 who would be your dream guest (living or dead is fair game)
2 Bowser-centric question, as someone who’s had a somewhat similar beginning to their career as you seem to have had, any career advice for someone looking to get into the creative film/editing/media field?
What type of cancer?
Hello Dr. Kaku,
I don’t hear as much about String Theory as I used to. Are people giving up on it? Are we closer to developing experiments that could prove or further the research? What is the state of String Theory?
Syscoin is a decentralized cryptocurrency, it does not in effect make money and does indeed have transactions fees which go to miners (although very-low-cost in comparison to marketplaces and even other cryptocurrencies). Syscoin users can gain Syscoin by selling their goods/services on the marketplace or with simply by being a host via the upcoming masternode release
Sometimes the best solution is the simplest: a monthly stipend of $500 to every working American making less than $50k would lift 20 million people out of poverty overnight and stabilize the financial lives of 90 million people. We can afford this by bringing rates on the income of the 1% into line with the historical average of 50%. We know that when people get modest amounts of cash, they use it smartly, their kids stay in school longer, health outcomes improve, and they're happier. We have the power to rebalance our economic system and provide more opportunity to all -- we just have to develop the political will to do it.
My books. I grew up an only child in North Carolina and books were my best friends. From about age 13 onward, I began to collect books to build a "library" of sorts. I carted them around with me from NC to boarding school, to Harvard, and later to California and now New York. They're my most prized possessions and the thing I won't ever be getting rid of.
I experienced it first hand and covered the coal strikes in the North East of England. And I saw first hand the devastation of mining communities where there was literally no food in many cases that mothers and fathers could put on the table for their children. The police were more like a state agency, administering rough justice to anyone who was opposing the closure policies. The brutality was in many cases appalling and certainly of the same brutality which I had witnessed in Ireland and in other civil wars and riots around the world. I photographed the effects of the strike of both individuals and communities and I saw the levels of poverty into which people were forced. I also witnessed how communities have been divided, between those who worked and those who were forced to go back to work.
The labour class responded with a great deal of resistance on all levels across England. Particularly students were outraged by Thatchers policies and I think even her supporters were sometimes appalled by the consequences of her strategies and her determination to crush the working classes and defeat any opposition to her policies.
Start doing your own stuff! You can't wait for someone to hire you, or bring you into what they're doing. You have to make your own stuff. Shoot a TON of videos, even crappy ones, learn the ins and outs of editing and what makes shots work together. Shoot weddings, Bar Mitzvahs, anything that starts you thinking about how to visually tell a story.
The game is not gonna have multiplayer online. Instead, Horizon Chase Turbo will offer split-screen multiplayer up to 4 players and the "ghost mode".
I had a neuroblastoma on my spine, essentially the tumor crushed my spinal cord meaning nerve signals cant be sent beyond a certain point.
For the Foundation reducing childhood death and malnutrition and ending polio would be the biggest 3 things. For innovation it would be an energy breakthrough and improving the way we educate kids. For my family it is making sure the kids are ready to go to college and have a great experience there. That is more than 3 and I didn't mention my tennis goals yet.
Any theory has its ebbs and flows. String theory is so advanced and sophisticated mathematically that we physicists are still trying to find its ultimate form. So string theory continued to dominate the agenda of physics conferences and physics publications, but there are no sensational results that can generate popular headlines. The problem is that the theory is not in its final form, so it has many, many solutions, each one a universe, giving us a multiverse of universes. Which one is our universe? String theory can predict our universes, but it also predicts parallel universes as well. But I personally feel that once string theory is in its final form, we will understand whether or not there is a multiverse of universes.
I’m well into the events and that sort of thing, I’ll work on trying to start gathering up a group of creative people to make our own projects; that sounds like a solid place to build on!
Thanks for answering to both of you!
If we make contact with alien civilizations, then what? And how will we talk to them?
Great – let me know if you have any difficulties. Best wishes, David
I don't really have a dream guest...maybe, Dan Aykroyd? -Chobot
There was a certain urgency to everything we were doing to stay ahead that meant the speed of activity was very high. I miss this a bit. I had to take Think Weeks twice a year just to step back and see what the longer term trends were. Now I work on things like malaria where I wish there was more competition to solve the problems and things moved faster.
Let me stick my neck out. I personally feel is that within this century, we will make contact with an alien civilization, by listening in on their radio communications. But talking to them will be difficult, since they could be tens of light years away. So, in the meantime, we must decipher their language to understand their level of technology. Are they Type I, II, or III??? And what are their intentions. Are they expansive and aggressive, or peaceful. Another possibility is that they land on the White House lawn and announce their existence. But I think that is unlikely, since we would be like forest animals to them, i.e. not worth communicating with.
Has a release date been set for the web-version of Blockmarket?
Hey Chris, how receptive have politicians been to your proposals of a basic income?
How do you see automation affecting our economy over the next 10-20 years?
Hi Michio Kaku, long time fan.
Who are your favorite scientists today and why?
What do you use to keep up to date with local, global, and technical news?
We have not announced a release date yet. We plan on sharing an update relative to the progress on Blockmarket Web with the Q1 masternode release. We need to let the network stabilize following the hard fork that will accompany the masternode release, after which we'll be in a better position to set dates.
I think like a lot of Americans, politicians are craving some fresh ideas in our politics. Michael Tubbs, the youngest mayor of a major city in the US is leading a demonstration of a guaranteed income in Stockton, California. Congressman Ro Khanna and Senator Sherrod Brown have talked about a meaningful expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit, the framework I argue we should use to build a guaranteed income in America. But we have a long way to go to get back to the early 1970s when the President of the United States (Richard Nixon) and leaders in the House and Senate were supportive of the idea!
Automation has been driving productivity ever since the industrial revolution including things like tractors and garment making. With software this will continue to accelerate so we need to think about how we educate people for the new jobs that will emerge. Overall automation is a great thing - eventually we won't have to work as much but we are still at least a generation away from a big change there.
My short list of the worlds greatest scientists are: 1) Isaac Newton, because he created calculus and found the laws of motion all by himself, without using the great achievements of his predecessors (which were extremely few) 2) Albert Einstein, who created Special and General Relativity all by himself, and was the God father of the quantum theory 3) Charles Darwin, because he found the basic principles which go era all living things. As far as living scientists go, of course Stephen Hawking has done path breaking research on black holes. As far as string theory is concerned, Ed Witten of Princeton has been a path breaker and pioneer. Today, its much easier to keep track of science because of great web sites dedicated to brining the best research to the public.
Yeah you better throw me a few free copies too cause you know, I need to get gud. ;)
jk. Game looks promising. I loved playing Cruis'n USA and Exotica and back in the day.
What would be the best way to ask you out? It came into my mind when I saw a very charismatic girl with a big smile on her face in a wheelchair and I thought of just asking her if she wanted to grab a beer with me someday but:
didn't want to let her feel I would do that out of pity.. I don't know her and the only thing I know from her (apart from her looks) is that she is disabled
normally I don't approach completely strangers because that's kind of creepy. But I know I wouldn`t meet her anywhere else because I don't see wheelchairers in the places I go to often (like the bars I go to)
Is a cure for alzheimer's a real possibility in the near future, and will it be accessible to people on medicare medicaid?
How do you address critics in the skeptical community who have accused you of toeing too close to the line separating woo from legitimate science?
The best advice I can give you is go up and talk to her like you would anyone else! We're really not that different underneath it all! Be considerate of where you invite her like if there are steps in the building, a table that she would have easy access to or cobbles on the route there (cobbles and wheelchairs don't go well together) Hope this was helpful and it goes well for you!
There have been a lot of failed Alzheimer's drug trials. The good news is that the new tools we have are helping us understand the disease far better - for example the role of the glial cells. I am optimistic that in the next 20 years we will have drugs to help if we stay focused on it including pooling data and helping start ups get funded. I am involved in a number of these areas.
It used to be that research scientists who interacted with the public were criticized. Carl Sagan, in a very embarrassing episode, was actually denied entry into the National Academy of Science by scientists who declared that he was "a mere popularizer," not a real scientist. But times have changed for several reasons. First, the Supercollider, the $10 billion machine that was to be America's premier scientific laboratory, was cancelled because the public did not understand the machine. At that point, it was humiliating to know that scientists had no one who could tell the public what the SSC was all about. After that, scientists realized that they had to engage the public, or else the public would cut their budget to zero. Second, the rise of Stephen Hawking showed that it was possible to engage the public without dumbing down the science.
What technology are you most looking forward to in the next 10 years and what impact do you think it could have?
What are you thoughts on Deep Learning and recent AI trends? Any plans to write an updated version of "Future of The Mind" that would include all the success field of AI has achieved?
The most amazing thing will be when computers can read and understand the text like humans do. Today computers can do simple things like search for specific words but concepts like vacation or career or family are not "understood". Microsoft and others are working on this to create a helpful assistant. It has always been kind of a holy grail of software particularly now that vision and speech are largely solved. Another frontier is robotics where the human ability to move and manipulate is amazing and experts disagree on whether it will take just a decade or a lot longer (Brooks) to achieve the equivalent.
In The Future of the Mind, I wrote that, about 50 years ago, we scientists made a big mistake. We assumed that the brain was a digital computer. Big mistake, because the brain has no programming, no pentium chip, no CPU, no subroutines, etc. In fact, you can remove half the brain and it can still function, yet if you remove one tiny transistor a computer fails. Why? Because, as I wrote, the brain is a learning machine, some sort of neural network. Your laptop today is just as stupid as it was yesterday. But I wrote in my book that eventually scientists will begin to explore learning machines. Guess what. A few years later, now Deep Learning is all the rage. But it is, in some sense, 50 years late. This should have happened 50 years ago.
Best books to read on psychopaths, narcissists, and brain washing?
Just so people don't troll me. I am fascinated by the subject. Not trying to be one.
do you believe in ghosts? or the after life?
Hey Bill, how much do you know about Quantum computing, and is Microsoft delving deep into that field?
My question is do you think SpaceX will achieve the feat of getting humans to Mars by 2024 or you are skeptical about this timeframe?
Hi good question. lots of good books on the subject and I suggest you search for them on Amazon or Google. I have conducted the research into the subject of mind control and have even made a short video on the topic which had a post on the www.thewayitwas.uk Facebook. I have one book which could be a special interest to your studies based on the appalling work done on mental patients by a Canadian psychiatrist in the last decades of the last millennium. I will dig out the title and getting across to you in a subsequent email. Good luck with your searches it's a fascinating area. David
Sort of? I like to think there is something left of us after death, whether that is as a ghost/spirit/whatever...but I have yet to have any firm, concrete evidence proving there is. -Chobot
I spent a month learning the math behind Quantum computing with help from the Microsoft team and a lot of online course material. I wanted to understand how Quantum computers could factor numbers so much faster than normal computers. It is amazing how the matrix math with complex numbers works - nature is doing arbitrary computation but it is tricky to access. These are early days but yes Microsoft is making large investments in quantum - particularly in handling the error problems that most approaches have.
I think Elon Musk has made a great contribution in creating a genuine moon rocket, the Falcon Heavy, and doing it with private funds, so now we have 2 (not one) moon rockets, the SLS and Falcon Heavy. That is what is important. Time tables, of course, come and go. So personally I think his time frame may be a bit optimistic, but that is not the point. The point is that he is making it possible to enter a new Golden Age of space exploration, almost free of charge to the tax payer.
What do you feel/know that is one very solvable problem that society (or most likely, government) is ignoring?
Hi Dr Kaku how long do you think it took for humans to terraform planet like Mars? Are there any physical constraints regarding this? Thanks.
There are currently three levels of SafeSearch built into the Syscoin Core:
1) Public - Open to the public and any UI 2) Safesearch - Listings or Aliases marked as potentially offensive or explicit are hidden behind the safesearch wall 3) Banned - Listings or Aliases can be eliminated from appearing on our UI. Because of the nature of blockchains, we cannot censor anything from appearing on the blockchain. We can only control what appears on our UI. On all Syscoin User interfaces, such as the Blockmarket and the current Syscoin wallet, the user does not see items marked as sensitive by default, but they can choose to display them by turning SafeSearch off.
SafeSearch is VOLUNTARY. Vendors who are selling sensitive or offensive things are encouraged to put their listings behind the SafeSearch wall.
The Sycoin team can also manually move a listing behind the SafeSearch wall. If someone fails to put offensive material behind that wall, we can do it for them. For illegal or immoral things, the Syscoin team can block a listing from being viewed in our interfaces altogether. These blockages would be initiated the instant we become aware of them.
I think that health care costs, education and poverty/mobility deserve a lot more thinking and innovation than they get today. The benefit of getting these things right would be amazing. With all the talk about inequity it is interesting that we still work on vertical areas like health, education, housing, food, etc.. as separate things rather than having a full view of the challenges someone faces.
Terraforming, in my book The Future of Humanity, will proceed in slow steps. 1. using lava tubes to form underground bases to protect against radiation 2. mining ice to get drinking water, and oxygen for breathing, and hydrogen for rocket field. 3. using genetically modified plans to thrive on Mars 4. using methane to create a green house effect 5. using solar mirrors to beam sunlight down to the ice caps to melt them.
Would you guys consider making the slack public, or allowing an IRC or Discord bridge? It is such a big part of the community that casual members don't participate in.
Why in your opinion people think the way they do (or don't)? Is there some pattern associated with some specific type of people based on various variables and how does it affects things?
After watching 2010: Space Odyssey; what WOULD happen to Earth if Jupiter became a second, tiny, sun?
Since there have been many fraudulent phishing attempts on some of the most prominent cryptocurrency Slack channels such as Syscoin, it isn't possible for us to have an open and public Slack channel. You can, however, send us your email address to get an invite. See: join.syscoin.org.
We also have an open Telegram channel at: https://t.me/Syscoin_Official
In addition, we have a Discord channel as well, but it has very little traffic. We are testing out other alternatives.
There are many domains to be successful in. I was a success in getting good grades and test scores in high school. I was a success at writing good code by my early 20s. The dream of the PC being an enabling tool came true by the 1990s. Now I am working on being a good father and the ambitious goals of the Foundation including getting rid of polio and malaria. I think it is always good to have goals where your success is in doubt and I have that in many areas including the work I do on climate change.
Actually, Jupiter would have to be many times larger than it is in order to become a star. You have to reach what is called Lawson's Criterion in order to create a thermonuclear explosion capable of creating a star. But if we assume that Jupiter were more massive than it is, and attained Lawson's Criterion, then, depending on where it is locate and how big it would be, there is a change that it might (a) disturb the orbit of the earth around the sun (b) light up the sky with two stars, like in the movie Star Wars (c) raise the temperature of the earth and change our climate.
What are your hobbies, and how do you balance time between them and your work / family / other obligations?
p.s. You're a huge inspiration in my life and a role model too! Thank you for everything you do!
Hello Dr. Kaku. I'm a fan of your work and have two questions for you.
What design of spacecraft do you think is the best for long-term space flight?
How do we balance the need to pursue long-term goals and projects for humanity while also dealing current societal problems that people face?
Allocating time is always tough. Tennis is a big hobby for me and I try and play twice a week (a bit more in the summer). I always try and read a few books every month and a bunch on vacation. Melinda and I look over our schedules a lot to make sure we are balancing things well. I travel about 1/3 of the time for the Foundation which I enjoy.
For sub-light speed rockets, I think a. fusion rockets b. antimatter rockets c. ramjet fusion rockets hold the most promise within 100 years. The ramjet, for example, is like an ice-cream cone that scoops hydrogen in space and then fuses it, so that it can run forever without any refueling. For greater than light speed, the details are much less clear, but it might be possible to warp space in 2 ways. One way is via a wormhole that can rip the fabric of space time, which were first introduced by Einstein himself in 1935 with his student Nathan Rosen (so these are called Einstein Rosen Bridges) and also the Alcubierre drive, which compresses the space in front of you, so you hop across vast distances. Also, I think the urgent questions on the earth (e.g. global warming, nuclear weapons) have to be addressed first. No rush in reaching for the stars.
Hi Michio, if I were to travel to the boundary of our universe right now, what do you think will be there? Is it possible to "fall off" this universe the same way we fall out of our bed? Thanks in advance!
We use many means of communication and have been working on expanding this to many other platforms as well. With youtube, however, we ran into an issue a few months ago(ban with no explanation) and we are hoping that Google will help us with our requests.
I do make myself tomato soup sometimes. It is kind of a comforting food and reminds me of doing the same when I was growing up. I don't make sandwiches much.
No one knows. But one possibility is that the universe is a bubble of some sort. We live on the skin of the bubble. If you travel in one direction far enough, you come back to where you started. So the farthest object is the back of your head. In this way, this bubble universe is infinite in two dimensions, since you never hit the end, but finite in three dimensions, since its just a bubble. Likewise, our universe might be infinite in 3D, without boundaries, but finite in 4D, because it is a hypersphere. Sadly, our data is not developed enough to determine if our universe is finite or infinite. But the leading theories (e.g. inflation) seem to indicate that the universe is infinite. But in inflation, our bubble universe can have big bangs all the time, so baby universes can peel off our universe. In other words, we live in a bubble bath of universes, the multiverse.
Jessica, how did you get to voice Diana Allers from Mass Effect 3 and what was the experience like?
Andrew, do you get a lot of comments about your last name and is it something you learned to deal with?
Is it possible to get in contact with the people responsible for the Windows On-Screen Keyboard? I and a lot of other disabled users rely on it to type but it's missing a lot of features compared to mobile keyboards and even the Ubuntu keyboard.
It takes a lot of time and effort to type like this, it would be great if it got updated so we could type more efficient.
Bioware just knew I was a huge fan and asked if I would be interested in voicing a cameo character and of course, I said YES (I loved that series and have been a HUGE fan of Bioware for many years). That said, I found the experience TERRIFYING. it was my first time voicing any character at all and I was def out of my depth. -Chobot
I would be glad to pass along your thoughts on this to the right person at Microsoft - they care a lot about getting accessibility right.
A simple form of telepathy is possible today. In The Future of the Mind, I write that (in epileptics, for example) one can put a patch of sensors directly on the surface of the brain, connect it to a computer, and have software decipher the messages. Then it is possible for this person to type and communicate mentally. In fact, my colleague, Stephen Hawking, using this. He has lost control over his fingers and vocal cords. So in this glasses ,there is a chip which picks up radio signals from this brain, and feeds this into a computer, which then deciphers the message and types out what he is thinking. (This is, however, a very slow process). Also, it is now possible to upload and record memories in mice. Also primates. Next: Alzheimers patients. So they will wear a brain pacemaker that reminds them who they are and where they live.
As we're developing smarter and more effective machine learning algorithms, it seems inevitable that AI will start to replace human intelligence for more precision and efficiency. Professor Michio Kaku, my question to you is will Artifical Intelligence eventually render human labor and intelligence obsolete? If so, in what areas can humans excel at that machine learning algorithms can not?
Nah. I honestly haven't felt anything creepy from anything yet. -Chobot
When I code I use tabs because you want the columns to line up. For some word documents I use tabs. You want things to adjust when you go back and edit them and tabs help.
Right now, robots have the intelligence of a bug. They can barely walk across a room. Simple tasks done by humans (picking up garbage, fixing a toilet, building a house, solving a crime) are way beyond what a robot can do. But, as the decades go by, they will become as smart as a mouse, then rat, then a cat, dog, and monkey. By that point ,they might become dangerous and even replace humans, near the end of the century. So I think we should a chip in their brain to shut them off if they have murderous thoughts. But what happens centuries from now, when robots and evade even our most sophisticated fail safe system?? At that point, I think we should merge with them. This may sound strange to some people, but remember that it is the people of the far future (not us) who will decide how far they want to modify themselves to deal with supersmart robots
Do you think EVERYTHING that exists could be explained through mathematics and physics?
YES!!!! I was just watching Unsolved Mysteries re-runs on Lifetime the other day. Also loved watching In Search Of w/ Nimoy. -Chobot
Malaria is a super important area for the Foundation. The number of deaths has been cut in half using bed nets and spraying and new drugs. For the future we need new tools since resistance is developing to all the current tools. We don't have a vaccine that protects for long enough to help out yet but we are investing heavily in one. We do a lot of modelling to understand which tools would help the most. One that would be new is called gene drive which would reduce mosquito populations for a number of years to make it easier to clear the malaria from all of the humans - this will be ready for field testing in a few years
There are things which science and math may have difficulty explaining. As Galileo once said, the purpose of science is to determine how the heavens go. The purpose of religion is to determine how to go to heaven, i.e. the purpose of science is to explain natural law, while the purpose of religion is ethics, to determine what is right and wrong, to be nice to each other, how to behave, etc. So science by itself cannot dictate what is absolutely right or wrong. There is no law of physics that tells us what is proper behavior and what is right or wrong. It all depends on the society you are talking about.
Hi! Huge fan of you both and the show/podcast. You both have a lot going on every day in addition to BS - do you ever foresee a day where Bizarre States is your full-time gig, all day err'day? In whatever form(s) it takes?
Hi Bill! What do you think needs to be done to ensure that everyone has adequate food in the future?
Dr. You study string theory. For someone who is scientific illiterate can you explain this study?
I would love it to be. I think getting a TV show deal from it would be the best way, so who knows - but that would be glorious! -Chobot
There is some cool work going on to make meat without using animals which will be far more efficient.
The Foundation is funding research on improving photosynthetic efficiency and the potential there is huge.
If we can get African productivity up then we will be able to feed the world but we need to innovate to help them have much better seeds.
Briefly, each sub atomic particle we see (and there are hundreds of them) are nothing but tiny vibrations of a string, a rubble band. So each particle is just a musical note. That explains why we have so many particles. Then physics is the laws of harmony of these strings. Chemistry is the melodies we can play on these strings. The universe is a symphony of strings. And the Mind of God, that Einstein searched for for the last 30 years of his life, is Cosmic Music resonating through 11 dimensional hyperspace.
How do you respond to criticism that your comments are sometimes over reaching?
What impact do you feel that has on science communication?
I don't see why not. I'm a big fan of LORE although we have totally different tonality. -Chobot
I first saw a computer when I was 13 and it fascinated me then. I spent a lot of time figuring out what programming was - first Basic and then machine language. By the time I was 16 I got a job programming at TRW which helped me learn even more (skipping part of my senior year). So I was lucky to have something I loved to do and which became more important in the years ahead. I have had self-doubts about all of my skills but programming is one I have always had a lot of confidence in.
I am a futurist, in that I have interviewed over 300 of the worlds top scientists (many Nobel Laureates) who are inventing the future in their labs. So my predictions are based on the latest scientific research. But some people come up to me and ask "where is my flying car?" But the prediction of a flying car did not come from a scientist. It came from a cartoon show. Unfortunately, most people's understanding of the future comes from cartoon shows and science fiction movies, which have no obligation to be scientifically correct. So I personally feel that we need more scientists to engage the public concerning future technologies which will affect their lives in the future (e.g. AI, biotech, nanotech).
Maybe. I was so little, I honestly don't remember. This would have been in the earl;y to mid 80s though, so if it was around then, then probably. - Chobot
I benefited from having a great education - public schools through 6th grade and then a great private School (Lakeside). So there is a good chance I would never have gotten turned on to software and math the way I did and therefore not as successful.
Einstein was asked this question. He replied there are two kinds of Gods. The first is the personal God (that answers prayers and smites the Philistines). He did not believe in that God. But he did believe in the Old One, i.e. the God of Spinoza, the God of beauty, harmony, and order . The universe could have been ugly, random, lifeless, but its not. So he believed in the God of order.
Sorry for the two answers...just getting the hang of it.
Dr. Kaku, may I expand on that question:
Which relatively "godlike" beings/civilizations would you deem possible? (e.g. "we're in a simulation", "super-aliens watching us" [& fermi-paradox], "beings of higher dimensions", type 3++ civilizations, classical religion [our existence is a divine test], etc.)
If we eventually (want to?) make contact, could they have "higher" ethics or will universal "Good vs Evil" continue?
- No. it's usually pretty snarly because he's going to a "beach" look.
- Not often. I try to keep him out of the office unless I am strapped to get a sitter. -Jess
I get asked if the aliens are evil and want to destroy us. Maybe, but I think in the main they will be peaceful because they have had thousands of years to resolve sectarian, fundamentalist, nationalist questions. However, they still might be dangerous if they simply don't care about us and we get in the way. In War of the Worlds, the aliens did not hate us. We were simply in the way. In the same way that a developer is a threat to forest animals because he can pave the first, the danger there is from someone who sees that we are just in the way. But for the most part, I think they will be peaceful, but view us like we view forest animals.
Dear Dr. Kaku,
- Are you worried that science & tech evolve way faster than we can "mature" as a species?
- Are most people even ready to hear what this century holds in store?
- How would you envision the most profound societal leaps (culture/religion/education/etc.) for better or worse?
Thanks so much for all your work!
- Nope! Chris' podcast has nothing to do with ours.
- Probably a goblin. ;) -Jess
Melinda and Warren are my two favorites followed by Bono. Most celebrities I don't know very well. I do get to meet a lot of political leaders and Nelson Mandela was the most impressive ever. Jimmy Carter is also amazing.
Yes, Einstein worried that our technology could outstrip our humanity. Personally, I believe that the danger lies in the transition from a Type 0 to a Type I civilization. We are still a Type 0 civilization, so that we still have the savagery that typified our rise from the swamp. However, we are about 100 years away from becoming a Type I planetary civilization, where many of our sectarian, fundamentalist, nationalist divisions have been resolved. So, if we can survive until the transition to a Type I civilization, we might just make it.
What have you found to be the most effective method to help to change the minds of individuals who are firmly anti-science?
MIND CONTROL (all day/every day)!!! -Chobot
There are two amazing books. One is Enlightenment Now by Pinker and another is Factfulness by Rosling. They are both very readable and explain that the world is getting better.
Edit: I recently wrote about Enlightenment Now on my blog: https://www.gatesnotes.com/Books/Enlightenment-Now
Sometimes it is futile to argue with someone who, for deeply ideological and personal reasons, is against science. But one way to win some of them over is to explain how the wonders of modern technology, which have more than doubled our life span and lifted us from poverty and disease, have benefited us. Modern medicine, for example, would be impossible without evolution. The space program and telecommunications would be impossible without understanding basic astronomy. Then explain what our world would look like without science, when we lived to only 30 years of age on average, when most of us died of starvation and plagues.
Any chance yall will ever bring Bizarre States to Austin, especially with SXSW going on!? I already have plans to be at the NERDIST Bash! I would die to hear a live podcast!
Do you think in the near future, we will have another financial crisis similar to the one in 2008?
We've def looked. I actually went to the museum of the weird that was around there and saw their show - VERY FUN! And I know there are a few haunted places there too which might be worth looking into. If nothing else, I'll be taking pics and posting on Insta & the B States FB group & page. -Chobot
Yes. It is hard to say when but this is a certainty. Fortunately we got through that one reasonably well. Warren has talked about this and he understands this area far better than I do.
Despite this prediction of bumps ahead I am quite optimistic about how innovation and capitalism will improve the situation for humans everywhere.
Jess, how did the DICE Awards go? Was flying private as awesomely cool as it looked?
Can you discuss how the Jimmy Carter foundation has shaped your view of philanthropy?
Hahaha! it wasn't REALLY private - it was just a "boutique airlines" that gives you the illusion of that. Which was great in MANY ways, but those planes are small so you feel every bump!
DICE went great overall. Despite what chats say, the crowd there was fantastic and having a wonderful time. I think things really gelled this year :) Plus, it's always wonderful to celebrate the debs and publishers for their hard work. - Chobot
President Carter showed us how to work in Africa and how to partner with groups like WHO through his work at the Carter Center on a number of diseases. I have had a chance to talk with him at length to get his advice. He is great at giving credit to partners to help them stay engaged in the work.
I am not a big beer drinker. When I end up at something like a baseball game I drink light beer to get with the vibe of all the other beer drinkers. Sorry to disappoint real beer drinkers.
While the Gates Foundation is tackling several major issues, it seems like transport is an important issue that is overlooked. Specifically, the impediments of inadequate transportation or inefficient transportation is a major contributor to a number of issues including poverty, vaccine delivery, education, etc. Having spent over 25 years in the transportation analysis field, I keeps coming to the same conclusion that transportation is an important, but undervalued issue in bettering the human condition. Has this been tackled or discussed within your circles?
I think the private market rewards innovation in this space quite well. I think electric cars and autonomous vehicles will be great things. The Foundation is experimenting with drone delivery of medical supplies with a grantee in Rwanda and Tanzania. I am not sure the hyperloop concept makes sense - making it safe is hard.
Hey, What do you think about increasing economic inequality in the world? What do think is wrong in system that is causing such an economic inequality? What do you think should be done about it?
I think the safety net and equal opportunity need to keep improving. 100 years ago there was basically no safety net at all and it is getting stronger. I am surprised more countries don't have Estate taxes since they redistribute wealth and avoid dynasties.
Our economic system has created the wealth that we can now do a better job sharing in an equitable way so our system has done amazing things during the last 200 years despite its flaws.
Thank you for stopping by.
I have two young girls who are very interested in STEM activities, and they have a wonderful mother who is a mechanical engineer. I work in customer service and am not a massively technically inclined person. With all of the technology that you've been involved in, can you point me in any direction that might help me connect with my girls on that level?
My wife Melinda is working with a lot of people on this. Engineering work involves working with people a lot and it is great we are trying to get more women involved. Some professions like medicine have changed to have more women but the hard sciences and computer engineering have been harder to change.
how different do you think your life would be if your name was Gill Bates?
Why is this question so popular? Hello to all the Gills out there. You probably run into someone with the same name less than I do. I don't think my name has affected me much. My formal name is William.